|Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site|
|IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape)|
|Location||Atlanta, Georgia, USA|
|Area||34. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the 47 acres (13. 04 federal)|
0. 139 km²
|Established||October 10, 1980|
|Visitors||624,848 (in 2005)|
|Governing body||National Park Service|
Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site established on October 10, 1980, consists of several buildings surrounding Martin Luther King, Jr.'s boyhood home on Auburn Avenue in the Sweet Auburn district of Atlanta, Georgia. Events 680 - Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, is decapitated Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) Martin Luther King Jr ( January 15, 1929 April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, Activist and prominent leader The Sweet Auburn Historic District is a historic African-American neighborhood along Auburn Avenue in Atlanta Georgia. Ebenezer Baptist Church, the church where King and his father Martin Luther King, Sr. pastored, is also part of the national historic site. Reverend Martin Luther King Sr ( December 19, 1899 November 11, 1984) born as Michael King and later known as " Daddy King These places are critical components in the interpretation of the life of Martin Luther King Jr. and his legacy as a leader of the American civil rights movement.
The area was designated a National Historic Landmark district on May 5, 1977. A National Historic Landmark (NHL is a Building, site, Structure, Object, or District, that is officially recognized by the Events 553 - The Second Council of Constantinople begins 1215 - Rebel Barons renounce their allegiance to King John Also 1977 (album by Ash. Year 1977 ( MCMLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays The site became a national historic site on October 10, 1980 and is administered by the National Park Service (NPS). A National Historical Park, National Historic Park, and National Historic Site are designations for Protected areas of national Events 680 - Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, is decapitated Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) The National Park Service ( NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation In total, the buildings included in the site make up 35 acres (0. 14 km²). The visitor center contains a museum that chronicles the American Civil Rights Movement which follows the parallel paths of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.. A visitor center, centre (see Spelling differences) or visitor information centre may be A visitor center at a specific attraction The American Civil Rights Movement (1955–1968 refers to the reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing racial discrimination against African Martin Luther King Jr ( January 15, 1929 April 4, 1968) was an American clergyman, Activist and prominent leader A firehouse (Fire Station No. 6), built in 1894 served the Sweet Auburn community until 1991, now contains a gift shop and an exhibit on desegregation in the Atlanta Fire Department. Year 1894 ( MDCCCXCIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Sweet Auburn Historic District is a historic African-American neighborhood along Auburn Avenue in Atlanta Georgia. The “I Have a Dream” International World Peace Rose Garden, and a memorial tribute to Mohandas K. Gandhi. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ( Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી moɦən̪d̪äs kəɾəmʧən̪d̪ gän̪d̪ʱi (2 October 1869 – 30 January Also of interest is the "International Civil Rights Walk of Fame" which gives recognition to those courageous pioneers who sacrificed and struggled to make equality a reality for all.
Annual events surrounding Martin Luther King, Jr. Day in January typically draw large crowds. Martin Luther King Jr Day is a United States Holiday marking the birthdate of the Reverend Martin Luther King Jr Speakers have included Presidents of the United States, national and local politicians, and civil rights leaders. The President of the United States is the Head of state and Head of government of the United States and is the highest political official in United States by Remembrances are also held during Black History Month (February), and the anniversary of King's April 4, 1968 assassination. Events 1581 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
The King Birth Home is located at 501 Auburn Avenue was built in 1895, about one block east of Ebenezer Baptist Church in the National Historic Site.  Martin’s maternal grandparents, Reverend Adam Daniel (A. D. ) Williams and Jennie Williams, bought the house for $3,500 in 1909. A. D. Williams was pastor of the nearby Ebenezer Baptist Church. When King's father married Alberta Williams, the family moved into the house in 1926. It is the place where Martin Luther King Jr. was born in 1929. The King family lived in the house until 1941, and the house was then converted into a two-family dwelling. The Rev. A. D. Williams King, Dr. King's brother, lived on the second floor in the 1950s and early 1960s.
The first level includes the front porch, parlor, study, dining room, kitchen, laundry, bedroom and a bathroom. The second level includes four bedrooms and a bathroom. Free tours are led by the National Park Service rangers, and are available by reservation at the visitor center (tours begin at the fire station). The tours are filled on a first-come, first-served basis, strictly limited to 15 people per tour. Register for the tour at the National Park Service Visitor Center in person upon arrival to the park. They fill up fast on weekends and holidays.
Ebenezer Baptist Church is a Gothic revival-style building located within the National Historic Site. The Gothic Revival is an architectural movement which began In 1922, the congregation moved into this church on Auburn Avenue. Martin Luther King Sr. became pastor of Ebenezer Baptist Church in 1931, succeeding his father-in-law, A. D. Williams. Martin Jr. , his eldest son, grew up attending services at Ebenezer, and succeeded his father and maternal grandfather as pastor in 1960. He remained in that position until his death in 1968.
Ebenezer was headquarters for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference where Martin worked as a civil rights leader. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference ( SCLC) is an American Civil rights organization Many of the Civil Rights Movement’s mass meetings, rallies and strategy sessions were held in this historic sanctuary and fellowship hall. A number of Martin's great sermons were given at the church; "The American Dream" (July 4, 1965), "The Drum Major Instinct" (February 4, 1968), and "Unfulfilled Dreams" (March 3, 1968). Events 836 - Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. Events 211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England 1575 - Indian Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
As a final farewell to his spiritual home, Dr. King, Jr. 's funeral was held in the church. 
The Baptist congregation moved to a new sanctuary across the street, the historic Ebenezer Baptist Church is open to the public for self-guided tours, and used occasionally for special services. Baptist is a term describing individuals belonging to a Baptist church or a Baptist denomination.
In 2001, thanks to a Save America's Treasures Grant and the contributions of many individuals and corporations, the National Park Service began the restoration. "Phase I" included design and installation of major systems including, electrical, heating and air conditioning, and fire suppression. Structural repairs were made to the roof system and the historic exterior Ebenezer sign was repaired and lit for the first time since 1990. A chair lift was installed to provide accessibility to the sanctuary. The funding for "Phase I" involved a private and public partnership and cost $1,885,000. "Phase II" of the project will restore the appearance of the sanctuary and fellowship hall to the 1960-1968 period when Dr. King served as co-pastor with his father. Special work items include preservation of stain glass windows; restoration/replication of furnishings; repair of balcony structural system; rehabilitation of restrooms; abatement of asbestos-containing flooring; treatment of termite infestation/damage; installation of a lightning protection system; improvement of site drainage; and restoration of a sidewalk, baptistery, and pipe organ and its antiphonal.
"Phase II" Restoration
On September 10, 2007 Ebenezer was closed for at least a year to begin its "Phase II" Restoration Project. Events 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. "Phase II", an approximately $4 million, federally funded project will focus on the church’s historical architecture and cosmetic design. It will include a combination of restoration and preservation treatments. When "Phase II" is completed visitors will be able to fully experience the church that supported the family, spiritual and cultural development of Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. from the early age of five, when he was baptized there, to his last days of thirty nine years on April 9, 1968. Events 193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans) Year 1968 ( MCMLXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. 
The statue of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was donated by The Indian Council for Cultural Relations, India, in collaboration with The National Federation of Indian American Associations and The Embassy of India, USA. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi ( Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી moɦən̪d̪äs kəɾəmʧən̪d̪ gän̪d̪ʱi (2 October 1869 – 30 January
The inscribed bronze plaque reads:
Coretta Scott King started the Martin Luther King Jr. Coretta Scott King (April 27 1927 January 30 2006 was an American Author and Activist, perhaps most recognized as the wife of Martin Center for Nonviolent Social Change in the basement of the couple's home in the year following King's 1968 assassination.  In 1981, the center was moved into a multimillion dollar facility on Auburn Avenue, near King's birth home and next to Ebenezer Baptist Church, where he preached from 1960 until his death.
In 1977, a memorial tomb was dedicated, and the remains of Martin Luther King Jr. were moved from South View Cemetery to the plaza that is nestled between the center and the church. Martin Luther King Jr. 's gravesite and a reflecting pool are also located next to Freedom Hall. Mrs. King was interred with her husband on February 7, 2006. Events 457 - Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire. 1074 - Battle of Montesarchio in which the Prince Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.
As of 2006, the King Center is a privately owned inholding within the authorized boundaries of the national historic site. An inholding is privately owned land inside the boundary of a National park, National forest, State park, or similar publicly owned Protected However, there is debate within the King family on whether it should remain so or be sold to the National Park Service.
The "International Civil Rights Walk of Fame" was created in 2004. The walk along the Promenade, includes footsteps, marked in granite and bronze. According to the National Park Service, the Walk of Fame was created to "pay homage to the "brave warriors" of justice who sacrificed and struggled to make equality a reality for all. " The new addition to the area is expected to enhance the historic value of the area, enrich cultural heritage, and augment tourist attractions.
The “Walk of Fame” is the brain child of Xernona Clayton, founder and executive producer of the renowned Trumpet Awards and a civil rights icon in her own right. Xernona Clayton (born August 30, 1930 in Muskogee Oklahoma) is a Civil rights leader and Broadcasting executive. Ms. Clayton said, “This is a lasting memorial to those whose contributions were testaments to the fact that human progress is neither automatic nor inevitable. This historic site will serve as a symbol of pride and a beacon of hope for all future generations. We are looking forward to building a monument to the civil struggle that depicts every step taken toward the goal of justice and the tireless exertions and passionate concern of these dedicated individuals. ”