Marston Morse (24 March 1892 – 22 June 1977) was an American mathematician best known for his work on the calculus of variations in the large, a subject where he introduced the technique of differential topology now known as Morse theory. Events 1401 - Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus. 1603 - James VI of Scotland Year 1892 ( MDCCCXCII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Events 217 BC - Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom. Also 1977 (album by Ash. Year 1977 ( MCMLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays A mathematician is a person whose primary area of study and research is the field of Mathematics. Calculus of variations is a field of Mathematics that deals with functionals, as opposed to ordinary Calculus which deals with functions. In Mathematics, differential topology is the field dealing with differentiable functions on Differentiable manifolds It is closely related to Differential "Morse function" redirects here In another context a "Morse function" can also mean an Anharmonic oscillator. In 1933 he was awarded the Bôcher Memorial Prize for his work in mathematical analysis. The Bôcher Memorial Prize was founded by the American Mathematical Society in 1923 in memory of Maxime Bôcher with an initial endowment of $1450 (contributed by
Harold Calvin Marston Morse was born in Waterville, Maine to Ella Phoebe Marston and Howard Calvin Morse in 1892. Waterville is a city in Kennebec County, Maine, United States, on the west bank of the Kennebec River. He received his bachelor's degree from Colby College (also in Waterville) in 1914. A bachelor's degree is usually an Undergraduate Academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three four or in some cases and Colby College, founded in 1813, is an American private liberal arts college located on Mayflower Hill in Waterville Maine. Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year At Harvard University, he received both his master's degree in 1915 and his Ph.D. in 1917. Year 1915 ( MCMXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year "PhD" redirects here for other uses see PhD (disambiguation. Year 1917 ( MCMXVII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year
He taught at Harvard, Brown, and Cornell Universities before accepting a position in 1935 at the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, where he remained until his retirement in 1962. Brown University is a highly esteemed private University located in Providence, Rhode Island and is a member of the Ivy League. Year 1935 ( MCMXXXV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Institute for Advanced Study, located in Princeton New Jersey, United States is a center for theoretical research Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar.
He spent most of his career on a single subject, eponymously titled Morse Theory, a branch of differential topology. Morse Theory is a very important subject in modern mathematical physics, such as string theory. Mathematical physics is the scientific discipline concerned with the interface of Mathematics and Physics. String theory is a still-developing scientific approach to Theoretical physics, whose original building blocks are one-dimensional extended objects called strings
"Mathematics are the result of mysterious powers which no one understands, and which the unconscious recognition of beauty must play an important part. Out of an infinity of designs a mathematician chooses one pattern for beauty's sake and pulls it down to earth. "