January 4, 1995 – September 29, 2006
|Preceded by||Tom Lewis|
|Succeeded by||Tim Mahoney|
|Born||September 8, 1954 |
Mark Adam Foley (born September 8, 1954) is an American politician who served as a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1995 until 2006, representing the 16th District of Florida. The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the Florida's 16th Congressional District is a US congressional district in Florida. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Year 1995 ( MCMXCV) was a Common year starting on Sunday. Events of 1995 Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Thomas F (Tom Lewis ( October 26, 1924 – August 1, 2003) was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives Timothy Edward "Tim" Mahoney (born August 15, 1956) is the U Events 70 - Roman forces under Titus sack Jerusalem. 1264 - The Statute of Kalisz Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) The City of Newton in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, is an important residential Suburb of Boston, which abuts it on the east Events 70 - Roman forces under Titus sack Jerusalem. 1264 - The Statute of Kalisz Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. Florida's 16th Congressional District is a US congressional district in Florida.
Once known as a crusader against child abuse and exploitation, Foley resigned from Congress on September 29, 2006 after allegations surfaced that he had sent suggestive emails and sexually explicit instant messages to teenaged boys who had formerly served and were at that time serving as Congressional pages. Child abuse is the physical, psychological or sexual maltreatment of children Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Mark Foley scandal, which broke in late September 2006 centers on soliciting E-mails and sexually explicit instant messages sent by Mark United States House of Representatives Page Program is a program run by the United States House of Representatives, under the office of the Clerk of the House in which appointed  As a result of the disclosures, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Florida Department of Law Enforcement opened investigations of the messages to find possible criminal charges. The Government of the State of Florida is established and operated according to the Florida Constitution  The House Ethics Committee has also opened an investigation into the response of the House Republican leadership and their staff to earlier warnings of Foley's conduct. The Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, often known simply as the Ethics Committee, is one of the committees of the United States House of Representatives 
Foley was elected to the U. S. House in 1994 with 58 percent of the vote, defeating Democrat John Comerford. The Democratic Party is one of two major Political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. He was re-elected in 1996 with 64 percent of the vote against Democrat Jim Stuber, and again in 1998 (this time without opposition). He was re-elected in 2000 with 60 percent of the vote against Democrat Jean Elliott and Reform Party candidate John McGuire. Jean Elliott is a professional astrologer. In 2002 she co-founded the Astrology College, a school of astrology that trains astrologers up to professional standard The Reform Party of the United States of America (abbreviated Reform Party USA or RPUSA, generally known simply as the Reform Party) is a Political Constitution Party candidate Jack McLain was his only opponent in 2002. The Constitution Party is a Conservative United States political party. He was re-elected in 2002 with 79 percent of the vote and in 2004 with 68 percent of the vote.
Foley was a moderate Republican. He spent most of his tenure in Congress as a member of the powerful House Ways and Means Committee. Committee of Ways and Means is the chief Tax -writing committee of the United States House of Representatives. He was also the first public figure to quote Vice President Al Gore as having claimed to have invented the Internet. Albert Arnold Gore Jr (born March 31 1948 is an American environmental Activist, author Businessperson, former Politician, and former The Internet is a global system of interconnected Computer networks On March 12, 1999, Reuters reported Foley as saying, "The Vice President is mistaken. Events 538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) This article is primarily about Reuters prior to its 2008 merger with Thomson The only thing he has ever invented is another tax. He did not invent the Internet but he sure did tax it. "
In late 2000, Foley played a large role in aiding George W. Bush during the Presidential election recount controversy in Florida. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. The Florida election recount of 2000 was a period of vote re-counting that occurred following the unclear results of the 2000 United States presidential election between Florida ( is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest and Georgia to the 
In 2006, Foley was a member of the Republican House leadership, serving as deputy whip. Whip is a role in party-based politics whose primary purpose is to ensure control of the formal decision-making process in a parliamentary legislature 
In 2003, Foley was widely considered the Republican frontrunner for Bob Graham's Senate seat, especially after Graham had announced his retirement. Daniel Robert "Bob" Graham (born November 9, 1936) is an American politician Retirement is the point where a person stops employment completely However, longstanding rumors surfaced that Foley was either gay or bisexual and was in a long-term relationship with a man. Bisexuality refers to sexual behavior with or attraction to people of both sexes or to a bisexual orientation The story was initially published only in local and gay press; then the New Times broke the story in the mainstream press. The New Times Media corporation was a national publisher of Alternative weekly newspapers Other alternative press rivals, including the New York Press, then addressed the topic. New York Press is a free Alternative weekly in New York City. Foley held a press conference to denounce the “revolting” rumors and stated that his sexual orientation was unimportant, but did not specifically deny the rumors. A few weeks later he withdrew his candidacy, saying his father’s battle with cancer had caused him to reassess his perspective on life (the seat was later won by Republican Mel Martinez). Cancer (medical term Malignant Neoplasm) is a class of Diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled Melquíades Rafael "Mel" Martínez (born October 23, 1946) is currently the junior United States Senator from Florida and served Foley had raised $3 million in campaign contributions before withdrawing. 
In 2006, as Republican division over the candidacy of Katherine Harris grew, Foley’s name was mentioned as a contender for the race against Democratic Senator Bill Nelson, but he did not file by the May deadline. Katherine Harris (born April 5, 1957, Key West Florida) is an American Republican Politician and former Secretary of State of For other people named Bill Nelson see Bill Nelson (disambiguation.
In the House, Foley was one of the foremost opponents of child pornography. Child pornography refers to material depicting Children being in a state of undress engaged in erotic poses or sexual activity Foley had served as chairman of the House Caucus on Missing and Exploited Children. The House Caucus on Missing and Exploited Children (HCMEC was formed in order to assist the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC and coordinate United He introduced a bill, coined the "Child Modeling Exploitation prevention Act of 2002" to outlaw web sites featuring sexually suggestive images of preteen children, saying that “these websites are nothing more than a fix for pedophiles. The term pedophilia or paedophilia has a range of definitions as found in Psychology, law enforcement and the popular vernacular ” As it was written, the bill would have prohibited commercial photography of children, and it failed due to the unmanageable burden it would have presented to the legitimate entertainment industry.  In June 2003 he wrote letters to the governor and attorney general of Florida, asking them to review the legality of a program for teenagers of a Lake Como nudist resort in Land o’ Lakes, Florida. Naturism or nudism is a cultural and Political movement advocating and defending social Nudity in private and in public. Land O' Lakes is a Census-designated place (CDP in Pasco County, Florida, in the United States. 
Foley’s legislation to change federal sex offender laws was supported by the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, America’s Most Wanted host John Walsh, and a number of victims’ rights groups. A sex offender is a person who has been criminally charged and convicted of or has pled guilty to or pled Nolo contendere to a Sex crime. The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children ( NCMEC) is a private Non-profit organization established in the United States in 1984 under United America's Most Wanted is an American TV show produced by 20th Century Fox, and is the longest-running program of any kind in the history John E Walsh (born December 26, 1945) is the host of the TV show America's Most Wanted. President Bush signed it into law as part of the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006. The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act ( was signed into law by U
Foley also succeeded in getting a law passed that allows volunteer youth-serving organizations like the Boy Scouts of America and Boys and Girls Clubs to have access to FBI fingerprint background checks. The Boy Scouts of America ( BSA) is the largest youth organization in the United States with over five million Boys & Girls Clubs of America (or BGCA) is a national organization whose mission is to “enable all young people especially those who need us most to reach their full potential
Foley’s stances on many social issues differ from his party’s leadership. Although a Roman Catholic, Foley is a member of The Republican Majority For Choice.  He has, however, advocated alternatives such as adoption and sexual abstinence. Adoption is the act of legally placing a child with a Parent or parents other than those to whom they were born Sexual abstinence is the practice of voluntarily refraining from some or all aspects of Sexual activity. He also supports the Patriot Act, the death penalty, and strict sentencing for hate crimes. The USA PATRIOT Act, commonly known as the Patriot Act, is a controversial Act of Congress that U Capital punishment, the death penalty or execution, is the Killing of a person by judicial process as Punishment. Hate crimes (also known as bias motivated crimes) occur when a perpetrator targets a victim because of his or her membership in a certain Social group, usually defined  Foley was a member of Christine Todd Whitman's It's My Party Too and the Republican Main Street Partnership. Christine Todd "Christie" Whitman (born September 26, 1946) is an American Republican Politician and Author who The Republican Main Street Partnership ( RMSP) is a group of Moderate members of the United States Republican Party. According to the National Journal's calculations, in 2005, Foley's voting record on social policy issues was moderate. National Journal is a weekly magazine that reports on the current political environment and emerging political and policy trends Social policy relates to guidelines for the changing maintenance or creation of living conditions that are conducive to human welfare. 
Foley helped pass legislation that expedites the deportation of non-violent criminal aliens serving their sentences in federal prisons; and helped eliminate federal prohibitions on notifying a campus community when a student commits a violent crime. Deportation, not to be confused with Extradition, generally means the expulsion of someone from a place or Country. 
Foley worked to pass legislation to help surviving heirs of Holocaust victims who have been unable to collect on life insurance policies owed to them. The Holocaust (from the Greek el ''ὁλόκαυστον'' (el-Latn holókauston holos, "completely" and kaustos, "burnt" also known as Life insurance or life assurance is a contract between the policy owner and the insurer, where the insurer agrees to pay a sum of money upon the occurrence of the 
On September 28, 2006, ABC News Chief Investigative Correspondent Brian Ross reported that, in 2005, Foley had sent email messages from his personal AOL account to a former Congressional page, asking the page to send a photo of himself to Foley, among other things. The Mark Foley scandal, which broke in late September 2006 centers on soliciting E-mails and sexually explicit instant messages sent by Mark Events 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. This article is about the American news organization See also ABC News (disambiguation ABC News is a division of American  Foley’s office confirmed that Foley had sent the messages but said it has a practice of asking for photos of individuals who may ask for recommendations and that the page had requested a recommendation.
The original news report prompted another page to come forward and on September 29, 2006, ABC News reported that it had seen excerpts of sexually explicit instant messages allegedly sent by Foley. Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. This article is about the American news organization See also ABC News (disambiguation ABC News is a division of American  The instant messages made repeated references to sexual organs and acts.
Kirk Fordham, Chief of Staff to Tom Reynolds and former Chief of Staff to Foley, said that he was with Foley on September 29, 2006 when ABC confronted him with the explicit IMs before they were publicized. Kirk Fordham (born April 4 1967 in Rochester New York, USA has served on the staff of various U Thomas M Reynolds (born September 3, 1950) commonly known as Tom Reynolds, is a Politician from the U Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.  Fordham then visited GOP headquarters to inform Reynolds and Speaker of the House Dennis Hastert; he returned with a one-sentence resignation letter that Foley signed. Speaker of the House is a political term referring to a number of people In the United Kingdom and Canada, the Speaker of the House See also Illinois's 14th congressional district special election 2008 John Dennis "Denny" Hastert (born January 2, 1942) is an Hastert and Reynolds let it be known that if Foley didn't resign, he would be expelled from the House. That same day, Foley tendered his resignation to Hastert as well as Florida Governor Jeb Bush. John Ellis "Jeb" Bush (born February 11, 1953) is an American Politician and was the 43rd Governor of Florida  Foley said in a statement, “I am deeply sorry and I apologize for letting down my family and the people of Florida I have had the privilege to represent. ”
Once the news report became more widely known, Foley's chances of retaining his seat in Congress were limited. Hastert said in an October 2 press conference that he would have demanded Foley's expulsion from the House had he tried to stay in office.  Even if he'd tried to get his seat back, polls showed him losing badly to his Democratic opponent, Tim Mahoney. Timothy Edward "Tim" Mahoney (born August 15, 1956) is the U
More pages came forward, alleging a history of inappropriate conduct by Foley dating back at least 10 years. Foley had been warned about the matter in 2005 by another House Republican and the House Clerk. Through his lawyer, Foley insisted he was not a pedophile and had never had sexual contact with any minor. The term pedophilia or paedophilia has a range of definitions as found in Psychology, law enforcement and the popular vernacular He explained that he had a drinking problem and had made the communications while intoxicated. Alcoholism is a term with multiple and sometimes conflicting definitions He checked himself into a rehab clinic on October 2, 2006. Events 1187 - Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar.  His lawyer also revealed that Foley was molested by a clergyman when he was between the ages of 13 and 15 adding that “Mark Foley wants you to know he is a gay man. ” Federal authorities said the explicit messages could result in Foley’s prosecution, under some of the same laws he helped to enact. 
There was widespread criticism of Republican leaders for their response to earlier warnings and inconsistencies in their statements. In particular, many called for Hastert to resign, including some conservative voices such as the editorial page of The Washington Times. Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favour Tradition, where tradition refers to various religious cultural or nationally defined The Washington Times is a daily Broadsheet Newspaper published in Washington D 
On October 19, 2006, the Sarasota Herald-Tribune stated that a Catholic priest named Anthony Mercieca told the newspaper about an intimate two-year relationship he had with Foley when the congressman was a teenage altar boy living in Lake Worth, Florida. Events 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The Sarasota Herald-Tribune is a daily Newspaper located in Sarasota Florida. Lake Worth is a city in Palm Beach County, Florida, which takes its name from the body of water along its eastern border originally called "Lake Worth"  The priest is retired and living in Malta. Malta, officially the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta is a European Microstate, comprising an Archipelago of three islands He acknowledged getting naked in saunas and possible "light touching", but denied contacts of a sexual nature. 
Shortly after Foley resigned, the Republican Party of Florida named State Representative Joe Negron to run as the Republican replacement candidate to face Mahoney. Joe Negron (born October 9, 1961) is a former member of the Florida House of Representatives who served from 2000 to 2006  In accordance with Florida election law, Foley’s name remained on the ballot.  Votes cast for Foley in the November election counted towards Negron’s total.  Mahoney called for a full investigation of Foley’s actions.  Foley's district had been held by Republicans since its creation in 1973 (it was the 10th District until 1983 and the 12th District until 1993. ) In an effort to use the scandal to his benefit, Negron used the slogan "Punch Foley for Joe!", instructing voters to "punch" Foley's name on the ballot to chastise him and support Negron. 
|1994||John Comerford||88,653||42%||Mark Foley||122,760||58%|
|1996||Jim Stuber||98,827||36%||Mark Foley||175,714||64%|
|1998||(no candidate)||Mark Foley||**|
|2000||Jean Elliott Brown||108,782||37%||Mark Foley||176,153||60%||John McGuire||Reform||7,556||3%||*|
|2002||(no candidate)||Mark Foley||176,171||79%||Jack McLain||Constitution||47,169||21%|
|2004||Jeff Fisher||101,247||32%||Mark Foley||215,563||68%|
|2006||Tim Mahoney||115,832||50%||Joe Negron***||111,415||48%||Emmie Ross||No Party Affiliation||6,526||3%|
**According to Florida law, the names of those with no opposition are not printed on the ballot and no totals need be submitted.
***Mark Foley's name was the one on the ballot, however, as noted above.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Florida's 16th congressional district
1995 – 2006
|NAME||Foley, Mark Adam|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Florida politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 8, 1954|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Newton, Massachusetts|
|DATE OF DEATH||living|
|PLACE OF DEATH|