Margaret II of Avesnes (1311 – June 23, 1356) was Countess of Hainaut and Countess of Holland (as Margaret I) from 1345 to 1356. Events 1180 - First Battle of Uji, starting the Genpei War in Japan 1305 - The Flemish The counts of Hainaut were the rulers of the County of Hainaut, a historical region in the Low Countries. Counts of Holland ruled over the county of Holland in the Low Countries between the 10th and the 16th century Margaret was the daughter of William I, Count of Hainaut and his wife, Jeanne of Valois. William I Count of Hainaut (1286 &ndash June 7 1337) was Count William III of Avesnes Count William III of Holland and Count William II of Zeeland On 26 February 1324 in Cologne she married Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian. Events 747 BC - Epoch (origin of Ptolemy 's Nabonassar Era 364 - Valentinian I is proclaimed Louis IV ( 1 April[[ 282]] &ndash 11 October 1347) called the Bavarian, of the house of Wittelsbach, was the Duke of Bavaria
She succeeded in 1345 her brother William IV following his death in battle: The emperor was conferring Hainaut, Holland, Zeeland and Friesland upon his wife, and shortly later also upon their son William V. William II Count of Hainaut (1307– September 26 1345) was William IV of Avesnes, William IV of Holland and William III of Zeeland This article deals with the historical county of Hainaut for other meanings see Hainaut. Holland is a region in the western part of the Netherlands. A maritime and economic power in the 17th century Holland today consists of the Dutch provinces of Zeeland ( also called Zealand in English and Zeelandic, is a province of the Netherlands. Friesland ( West Frisian: Fryslân, Dutch Friesland) is a province in the north of the Netherlands and part of the bigger region known William I, Duke of Bavaria - Straubing ( Frankfurt am Main, May 12 1330 &ndash April 15 1389, Le Quesnoy The hereditary titles of Margaret's sisters, including Philippa of Hainaut who was Queen consort of Edward III of England, were ignored. Philippa of Hainault ( June 24 1311 &ndash August 15 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England. Edward III (13 November 1312 &ndash 21 June 1377 was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. Due to the dangerous hostility of the House of Luxemburg Louis had increased his power base ruthlessly. The House of Luxembourg was a mediæval Luxembourgian noble family Margaret then returned to Holland in 1346 to secure her position of power but did not manage to prevent the coronation of the Luxemburg Charles IV as anti-king in Aix-la-Chapelle by force. Charles IV ( Czech: Karel IV, German: Karl IV, Hungarian: IV Károly; 14 May 1316 &ndash An Antiking (Gegenkönig is a would-be King who due to succession disputes or simple political opposition declares himself king in opposition to a reigning monarch ( Ripuarian: Oche, Dutch: Aken, Spanish: Aquisgrán, Italian: Aquisgrana, French,
When Louis IV died on October 11, 1347, he was succeeded by his six sons. Events 1138 - A massive earthquake struck Aleppo, Syria. 1531 - Huldrych Zwingli is killed In 1349 the brothers decided to partition their possessions; Louis V, Duke of Bavaria kept Brandenburg and Tyrol, he and his younger brothers Louis VI the Roman and Otto V the Bavarian received Upper Bavaria. Louis V Duke of Bavaria, called the Brandenburger (May 1315 &ndash 18 September 1361 in Zorneding near Munich) was Duke of Brandenburg ( Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of the sixteen states of Germany. Tyrol is a region in Western Central Europe, which included the present day Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Louis VI the Roman (Ludwig VI der Römer May 7, 1328 &ndash May 17, 1365) was the first son of Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian from Otto V Duke of Bavaria (1346 – November 15, 1379) was duke of Bavaria and margrave-elector of Brandenburg. Upper Bavaria (Oberbayern is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the south of Bavaria around the city of Munich Stephen II, William and Albert received Lower Bavaria, Holland and Hainaut. Duke Stephen II of Bavaria (1319 &ndash 13 May 1375, Landshut) (German Stephan II mit der Hafte Herzog von Bayern) after 1347 Duke of William I, Duke of Bavaria - Straubing ( Frankfurt am Main, May 12 1330 &ndash April 15 1389, Le Quesnoy Duke Albert I or Albrecht ( July 25, 1336, Munich &ndash December 13, 1404, The Hague) was a feudal ruler Lower Bavaria (Niederbayern is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of the state Louis V and Stephen were no sons of Margaret and her youngest sons Albert and Otto were still minors. Louis VI released Holland and Hainaut for his brothers William and Albert in 1349 since he expected the Polish crown by his marriage with Cunigunde of Poland. In 1353 also Stephen released Holland and Hainault to his brother William.
Also Margaret had resigned her sovereignty in favour of her son William. In 1350, the nobles of Holland asked Margaret to return to Holland again. She then battled for the power in Holland and Hainaut for some years with her son William who had refussed to pay her alimony. The Hook and Cod wars (Hoekse en Kabeljauwse twisten comprise a series of wars and battles in Holland between 1350 and 1490 The Cod league was formed in May 23, 1350 by a number of supporters of William. Events 1430 - Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne On September 5 of the same year, the Hook league was formed. Events 1590 - Alexander Farnese 's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris. Soon afterward, these factions clashed, and a civil war began.
Edward III of England, Margaret's brother-in-law through her sister Philippa of Hainault, came to her aid, winning a naval engagement off Veere in 1351; a few weeks later the Hooks and their English allies were defeated by William and the Cods at Vlaardingen, an overthrow which ruined Margaret's cause. Edward III (13 November 1312 &ndash 21 June 1377 was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. Philippa of Hainault ( June 24 1311 &ndash August 15 1369) was the Queen consort of Edward III of England. Veere ( is a Municipality and a City in the southwestern Netherlands, on Walcheren in the province of Zeeland. There was a civil war in Holland and Hainaut (which was in a personal union with Holland in 1350 between the Hooks and the Cods. Edward III shortly afterwards changed sides, and the empress saw herself compelled (1354) to come to an understanding with her son, he being recognized as count of Holland and Zeeland, she of Hainaut. Margaret died two years later, leaving William, in possession of the entire Holland-Hainaut inheritance (July 1356). William was married to Matilda ("Maud" in the English style) of Lancaster, sister to Blanche of Lancaster. Maud Countess of Leicester ( 4 April, 1339 &ndash April 10, 1362) also known as Matilda Countess of Hainault, was a 14th century Blanche of Lancaster ( March 25, 1345 &ndash September 12, 1369 Bolingbroke Castle) Countess of Derby was an English
In 1324 she married Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor. Louis IV ( 1 April[[ 282]] &ndash 11 October 1347) called the Bavarian, of the house of Wittelsbach, was the Duke of Bavaria Their children were:
|Countess of Hainaut |
|Countess of Holland and Zeeland |
|Duchess consort of Bavaria|
Margarete Maultasch jointly with Elizabetta of Sicily, Cunigunde of Poland, Margaret of Brieg, Katharine of Bohemia
Mechtild of Nassau
|Countess (consort) Palatine of the Rhine|
Anna von Kärnten-Tirol
Title last held by
Bianca Lancia (possibly)
Isabella of England (definitely)'
|Empress of the Holy Roman Empire|
Anne of Świdnica
Beatrix von Silesia-Glogau and Isabel of Aragon
1324–1328 jointly with Isabel of Aragon
Blanche of Valois