Marcel Mule (June 24, 1901 – December 19, 2001) was a French classical saxophonist. Events 972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces takes place Year 1901 ( MCMI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Events 324 - Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to mainstream music produced in or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and Secular music The saxophone (commonly referred to simply as sax) is a conical- bored transposing Musical instrument considered a member of the Woodwind
Marcel Mule was known worldwide as one of the great classical saxophonists, and many pieces were written for him, premiered by him, and arranged by him. Many of these pieces have become staples in the classical saxophone repertoire. The saxophone (commonly referred to simply as sax) is a conical- bored transposing Musical instrument considered a member of the Woodwind He is considered to be the founder of the Saxophone French School and the most representative saxophone soloist of his time, being a fundamental figure in the development of the instrument. Yet, his beginnings were very humble.
Marcel Mule was born in a village in Aube, France to a father who learned the saxophone while doing his military service and became director of the brass band of Beaumont-le-Roger. Aube is a department in the northeastern part of France named after the Aube River. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Beaumont-le-Roger is a commune in the department of Eure in the Haute-Normandie region in northern France. In a time when Paris lacked saxophone teachers, having contact with brass bands was the only way to learn to play the saxophone. His father introduced him to the saxophone at the age of 8, in addition to violin and piano. His father taught him to play with a "straight" tone (no vibrato), which was the custom of the day. Though Marcel exhibited the talent necessary to pursue a musical career, at a time when a musician's life was not easy, Mule’s father recommended that he choose a teaching career instead. Thus, he enrolled in the Ecole Normale, Evreux and received his diploma in 3 years. Évreux is a commune in Haute-Normandie in northern France in the Eure department, of which it is the capital He taught for only six months in a school in town before he was called up for military service.
The First World War brought Marcel to Paris to serve with the Fifth Infantry. It was there that he returned to music, playing in the military band in 1921. It was also during his time in Paris that he continued his music studies in harmony, piano and violin.
It wasn't until he concluded his military service that Marcel's musical career took off. In 1923, he completed an exam to become a member of the Garde Republicane. It provided a regular income for him. He became known for his beautiful sound, and became the saxophone soloist in the Garde, which caused him to be asked to play in concerts with Orchestras, such as the Opera Comique. The Opera Comique was a 19th-century opera house constructed between Wych Street and Holywell Street with entrances on the East Strand. As Mule admits, in that time people liked his sound, though he played like people did at that time, with a straight interiorised sound. It was during this period that he played frequently with modern dance bands, and where his exposure to American jazz bands, with their treatment of vibrato inspired him to experiment with and develop his trademark classical saxophone vibrato.
In 1927, Mule formed a saxophone quartet along with members of the Garde, under the name of Quatuor of the Garde Republicane. The saxophone (commonly referred to simply as sax) is a conical- bored transposing Musical instrument considered a member of the Woodwind In its earliest stage, (it was to last for some 40 years) there was no music for such groups. Mule transcribed the quartets of classical composers such as Albeniz' Sevilla and Mozart. Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz i Pascual (iˈsak alˈβeniθ ( May 29, 1860 &ndash May 18, 1909) was a Spanish Pianist His new ensemble achieved critical acclaim early on. As a consequence, important composers of the day, including Gabriel Pierné, Florent Schmitt and Alexander Glazunov, contributed their own works to an ever expanding repertoire for the instrument group. Henri Constant Gabriel Pierné ( Metz, 16 August 1863 &ndash Ploujean, Finistère, 17 July 1937 was a French Composer, conductor See also Florent Schmitt ( September 28 1870 – August 17 1958) was a French composer Aleksandr Konstantinovich Glazunov (Александр Константинович Глазунов Aleksandr Konstantinovič Glazunov; Glazounov Glasunow &ndash 21 March This influx of exciting new material proved essential for the establishment of the saxophone quartet as a viable, sustainable ensemble type.
In 1936, facing concerts abroad, Mule left the Garde and dedicated himself to performing and composing. The quartet changed its name to Quartet de Saxophones de Paris, but later became referred to as simply the Quartet of Saxophones Marcel Mule. The ensemble was heard in concerts and recitals throughout France, Belgium, Holland, England, Switzerland, Germany, Italy and North Africa. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Holland is a region in the western part of the Netherlands. A maritime and economic power in the 17th century Holland today consists of the Dutch provinces of England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest North Africa or Northern Africa is the Northernmost Region of the African Continent, separated by the Sahara from Sub-Saharan It was a period of intense effort, which enabled him to reveal the true nobility and musical potential of the saxophone.
In 1944, Claude Delvincourt, director of the Paris Conservatoire, allowed for the reestablishment of a saxophone class, an offering which had been abandoned with the departure of Adolphe Sax in 1870. Claude Delvincourt ( January 12, 1888 - April 5, 1954) was a French Pianist and Composer of Classical music Antoine-Joseph 'Adolphe' Sax (November 6 1814 &ndash February 4 1894 was a Belgian Musical instrument designer and Musician ( Clarinetist Delvincourt entrusted the post to Marcel Mule, who was by then 43 years of age and highly respected in France and abroad. During his years at the Conservatoire, Mule taught over 300 students, many of whom went on to become famous saxophone performers and teachers in their own right.
In 1958, Mule's career culminated as he embarked on a twelve concert tour of the United States with the Boston Symphony Orchestra under the direction of Charles Munch. WikipediaWikiProject Classical music#Biographical_infoboxes --> Charles Münch (September 26 1891 &ndash November 6 1968 was an His program choice for the tour was Ibert's Concertino da Camera, and Tomasi's Ballade. Writing about the program, New York journalist Louis Biancolli called Mule the “Rubinstein of the saxophone”. (Just a few years earlier, a French journalist had qualified Marcel Mule as the “Pagainini of the saxophone”. )
According to Mule, the quality of sound depends on four conditions:
Mule’s methodic teachings follow these guidelines:
All these methods are widely explained in his books. Mule gave to the saxophone history a very extensive amount of teaching material, incomparable to anything that existed previously.
The books produced by Marcel Mule focused on the points mentioned above: technique (scales, arpeggios), articulation and tone production. Some of the study books created by Marcel Mule are:
Marcel Mule is universally recognized as a modern master of the classical saxophone and spiritual heir to Adolphe Sax. His labors as arranger and transcriber became central to the development of the repertoire for the instrument. His influence attracted the attention of some of the most important composers of the day, including D. Milhaud, A. Honegger and F. Schmitt whose new works consequently included the saxophone among their forces. Many of the most important figures in classical saxophone history have been Mule’s disciples, including Frederick Hemke, Eugene Rousseau, Daniel Deffayet (substitute of Mule in Paris Conservatoire from 1968 to 1988) and Claude Delangle (substitute of Deffayet from 1988).
Marcel Mule’s virtuosity in performance was combined with a capability to extract concepts from the playing and explain them to other people. In short, apart from being a fine performer, Mule was an extraordinary teacher who was able to relate his methods most effectively. His depth of character, warmth and enthusiasm earned the affection and respect of his colleagues and students while making inestimable contributions in establishing the saxophone as a viable voice for musical expression.
In 1967, Marcel Mule retired to a villa near the Mediterranean, with his saxophone, though he never played it again. As he said, it was time to let the new generations make their way through.
On June 24, 2001, all his many friends and alumni met with him to celebrate his centenary. Events 972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces takes place Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. A century (from the Latin centum, meaning one hundred is One hundred consecutive Years Centuries are numbered ordinally (e There were Guy Lacour, who was formely saxophone tenor in the Quartet, Michel Nouaux, Jean Ledieu, Jacques Person, Jean-Marie Londeix and others from France, but also from Sapin, Canada and the U.S. In October 2001, the Faculty of music of the University of Laval (Canada) paid an enthusiastic homage to the Master. (Guillaume Guy Lacour (born 8 June 1932 in Soissons, Aisne, France) is a French Composer of Classical music WikipediaAttribution policy --> This page is a list of the main nations of the Ace Combat series Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The United States of America —commonly referred to as the October 2001: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August -
A little over a month after the Laval visit, Marcel Mule died in his sleep at the age of 100. A centenarian is a person who has attained the age of 100 Years or more
Mule made many recordings over the course of his career, mostly on 78RPM and 33RPM records. Notable ones include: