BA, LLB (Syd), BCL(Hons) (Oxon), MP
|Assumed office |
3 December 2007
|Preceded by||Wayne Swan|
January 23, 2007 – December 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Ian Campbell|
|Succeeded by||Peter Garrett|
|Assumed office |
9 October 2004
|Preceded by||Peter King|
|Majority||2. The prefix The Honourable or The Honorable (abbreviated to " The Hon The Bachelor of Laws (abbreviated LLB, LLB or rarely LlB) is an undergraduate or bachelor degree in law offered in most Common law Bachelor of Civil Law or BCL is the name of various degrees in Law conferred by English-language universities The University of Oxford (informally "Oxford University" or simply "Oxford" located in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England is the A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a Parliament. Year 3 ( III) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Julian calendar. Events in December Union Day of Romania (1 December World AIDS Day ( December 1) National Day of Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Wayne Maxwell Swan (born 30 June 1954 is an Australian politician The Federal Division of Wentworth is a foundation division of the Australian Parliament, created at the Federation of the Australian Colonies as the Commonwealth The current Australian Minister for the Environment Heritage and the Arts is Peter Garrett, who took over from Malcolm Turnbull (who was titled Minister Events 393 - Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Events 1800 - War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Hohenlinden, French Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Ian or Iain Campbell may refer to Ian Campbell (apothecary, a former officer of the British Medical Household Ian Campbell 12th Duke Peter Robert Garrett AM MP (born 16 April 1953) is an Australian Musician and Politician. The Federal Division of Wentworth is a foundation division of the Australian Parliament, created at the Federation of the Australian Colonies as the Commonwealth Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " Peter Edward King (born 29 June 1952) Australian politician was a Liberal Party of Australia member of the Australian House of Representatives 5%|
|Born||24 October 1954 |
|Political party||Liberal Party of Australia|
|Spouse||Lucy Turnbull née Hughes|
|Children||Alexander and Daisy|
Malcolm Bligh Turnbull (born 24 October 1954) is an Australian politician, who served as the Federal Minister for Environment and Water Resources until November 2007. Events 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus the commander of the Danube armies loyal to Vespasian, defeat Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. Lucy Turnbull, née Hughes (born 1958) is an Australian Politician and former Lord Mayor of Sydney and is the wife of Federal Member for Wentworth Events 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus the commander of the Danube armies loyal to Vespasian, defeat Year 1954 ( MCMLIV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1954 Gregorian calendar) For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. The current Australian Minister for the Environment Heritage and the Arts is Peter Garrett, who took over from Malcolm Turnbull (who was titled Minister Federal elections for the Parliament of Australia were held on Saturday 24 November 2007 after a 6-week campaign in which 13 He is a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives, representing the Division of Wentworth in Sydney's eastern suburbs since October 2004. The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. The House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers of the Parliament of Australia; it is the Lower house, the Upper house being the Senate The Federal Division of Wentworth is a foundation division of the Australian Parliament, created at the Federation of the Australian Colonies as the Commonwealth Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 The Eastern Suburbs is a general term used to describe the metropolitan area directly to the east and south-east of the Sydney central business district in Sydney, Before entering parliamentary politics he practiced as a barrister, was a merchant banker, and was leader of the Australian Republican Movement. In banking, a merchant bank is a financial institution primarily engaged in international finance and long-term loans for multinational corporations and governments The Australian Republican Movement (ARM is a non-partisan lobby group advocating constitutional change in Australia to a Republican form of government from a constitutional After the Liberal Party's defeat at the Federal elections, and former Treasurer Peter Costello declining the role of Opposition Leader, Malcolm Turnbull announced his intention to run for Leader of the Liberal Party, but lost 42 votes to 45 to former Defence Minister Brendan Nelson. An election for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Australia was held on 29 November 2007 Brendan John Nelson, MP (born 19 August 1958 is an Australian politician and former Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of Australia, as leader  Turnbull has instead taken the role of Shadow Treasurer. In many Governments a treasurer is the person responsible for running the Treasury.
Turnbull's mother was writer and academic Coral Lansbury, but his parents separated when he was nine and he was brought up by his father. Coral Lansbury (1929 – 3 April 1991 was an Australian born writer and academic  He spent his first three years of school at Vaucluse Public School. He continued his primary education at Sydney Grammar Prep, St Ives. Sydney Grammar School (colloquially known as Grammar) is an independent, Secular, selective, Day school for boys located in He then went to Sydney Grammar School's Senior school at College Street in Sydney. He was Dux of his year throughout Preparatory and Senior School, and was also Senior Prefect in 1972. In 1987, in memory of his late father, he set up the Bruce Turnbull means-tested scholarship at Sydney Grammar School, which offers full remission of fees to a student who is unable to pay the school's fees.
Turnbull graduated from Sydney University with a double degree in law and arts. The University of Sydney (informally Sydney Uni or USyd) is the oldest university in Australia He then studied law at the University of Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar from 1978 to 1980. The University of Oxford (informally "Oxford University" or simply "Oxford" located in the city of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England is the Rhodes Scholarship Rhodes scholar redirects here Rhodes Scholar redirects here Rhodes scholars He studied for a Bachelor of Civil Law degree while at Oxford and then returned to Australia. Bachelor of Civil Law or BCL is the name of various degrees in Law conferred by English-language universities While at University in Sydney he worked as a political journalist for The Nation Review, Radio 2SM and Channel 9 covering state politics. Nation Review was an Australian Sunday newspaper which ceased publication in 1981 2SM is an Australian Radio station, licensed to and serving Sydney New South Wales, broadcasting on 1269 Kilohertz on the AM The Nine Network, or Channel Nine, is an Australian television network based in Willoughby, a suburb on the North Shore of Sydney While at Oxford he worked for The Sunday Times as well as contributing to a number of other newspapers and magazines in the United States and Australia. The Sunday Times is a Sunday Broadsheet Newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. He was married to Lucy Hughes in 1980 at Cumnor, near Oxford, while he was studying at Oxford, and he and Lucy returned to Australia later that year when he was admitted to the Bar. Lucy Turnbull, née Hughes (born 1958) is an Australian Politician and former Lord Mayor of Sydney and is the wife of Federal Member for Wentworth Cumnor is a Village west of Oxford, England with a Population of about 2000 Turnbull left the Bar in 1983 to become the General Counsel for Consolidated Press Holdings Limited, the Packer family's media group. He rose to the public's attention as the successful advocate in the Spycatcher trial (he blocked the British Government's attempts to suppress the memoirs of a former MI5 agent), and later wrote a book on the trial. SpyCatcher is an anti- Spyware program developed by Tenebril, for Microsoft Windows.
Turnbull has also had a career in business. He was General Counsel and Secretary for Australian Consolidated Press Holdings Group, the family company of Kerry Packer, from 1983 to 1985. ACP Magazines (ACP a member of the PBL Media group is an Australian media company that was founded in 1933 Kerry Francis Bullmore Packer, AC (17 December 1937 &ndash 26 December 2005 son of Sir Frank Packer, was an Australian publishing media and gaming tycoon During this time he defended Packer against the "Goanna" allegations made by the Costigan Commission. The Costigan Commission (officially titled the Royal Commission on the Activities of the Federated Ship Painters and Dockers Union) was a controversial Australian In partnership with Bruce McWilliam he established his own law firm, Turnbull McWilliam, in 1986 and in that year successfully defended Peter Wright in his battle with the British Government over his book Spycatcher. Peter Maurice Wright ( August 9, 1916 — April 27, 1995) was an English scientist and former MI5 counterintelligence In 1987, he established an investment banking firm, Whitlam Turnbull & Co Ltd in partnership with Neville Wran (former Labor Premier of New South Wales) and the former State Bank of NSW chief executive, Nicholas Whitlam (son of Gough Whitlam, former Labor Prime Minister of Australia). Neville Kenneth Wran AC QC (born 11 October 1926 was the Premier of New South Wales from 1976 until 1986 See Premiers of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Premier Nicholas Richard Whitlam born 6 December 1945 is an Australian businessman the son of former Prime Minister Edward Gough Whitlam and Margaret Whitlam Edward Gough Whitlam, AC, QC (born 11 July 1916 known as Gough Whitlam (ˈɡɒf goff is an Australian former politician and 21st The Prime Minister of Australia is the Head of government of the Commonwealth of Australia, holding office on commission from the Governor-General. Whitlam parted company with the others in 1990, and, from then until 1997, when Turnbull moved to become a managing director and later a partner of Goldman Sachs, the firm operated as Turnbull & Partners Ltd. Turnbull was also chair of a large Australia Internet Service Provider, Ozemail (1994-99), a director of FTR Holdings Ltd (1995-2004), chair and managing director of Goldman Sachs Australia (1997-2001) and a partner with Goldman Sachs and Co (1998-2001). The Goldman Sachs Group Inc, or simply Goldman Sachs ( is a large global Bank holding company that engages in Investment banking securities
In 1999 Turnbull sold OzEmail to the then telecommunications giant MCI Worldcom. Turnbull's stake was reportedly worth nearly A$60 million; he is now often quoted as having a net worth of some A$150 million, making him Australia's richest parliamentarian.
From 1993 to 2000, Turnbull was the chairman of the Australian Republican Movement. The Australian Republican Movement (ARM is a non-partisan lobby group advocating constitutional change in Australia to a Republican form of government from a constitutional He was an elected delegate at the Constitutional Convention in Canberra in February, 1998, and in 1999 published a book on the subject, called Fighting for the Republic. In Australian history the term Constitutional Convention refers to four distinct gatherings Canberra ( is the capital city of Australia With a population of over 340000 it is Australia's largest inland City. Following the unsuccessful 1999 referendum campaign to establish an Australian republic, in 2000 Turnbull retired as chairman of the Australian Republican Movement. The 1999 Australian referendum was a two-question Referendum held on 6 November 1999. A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its Turnbull left the board of Ausflag in 1994 after being asked for his resignation and in 2004 joined the Australian National Flag Association. Ausflag is a not for profit organisation that exists to promote debate on Australia's national symbols in particular the Flag of Australia. The Australian National Flag Association is a registered educational charity founded in Sydney on 10 May, 1983 at a public meeting in response to suggestions 
In May 2002, Turnbull appeared before the HIH royal commission and was questioned on Goldman Sachs' involvement on the possible privatisation of one of the acquisitions of the collapsed insurance company. HIH Insurance was Australia's second largest insurance company which was placed into provisional Liquidation on 15 March 2001. The term Royal Commission may also be used in the United Kingdom to describe the group of Lords Commissioners who may act in the stead of the Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of business from the Public sector (government to the Private sector (business The Royal Commissioner's Report made no adverse findings against him or Goldman Sachs.
Despite Turnbull's involvement with the republican movement, his frequent criticism of then Prime Minister John Howard during the referendum, and his business partnership with Neville Wran, he has always been politically aligned with the Liberal Party. See also Howard Government John Winston Howard AC (born 26 July 1939 was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia from 11 March Neville Kenneth Wran AC QC (born 11 October 1926 was the Premier of New South Wales from 1976 until 1986 The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. He was Federal Treasurer of the Liberal Party, and a member of the Liberal Party's Federal and New South Wales Executives, 2002-03, and was also a director of the Menzies Research Centre, the Liberal Party's research centre. The Menzies Research Centre in an Australian Think tank that began in 1994 to undertake research into Public policy issues
Turnbull first ran for Liberal Party preselection for the seat of Wentworth in the eastern suburbs of Sydney in 1981, but was beaten by Peter Coleman. In politics preselection is the process by which a Candidate is selected usually by a Political party, to contest an Election for political office The Federal Division of Wentworth is a foundation division of the Australian Parliament, created at the Federation of the Australian Colonies as the Commonwealth Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 (William Peter Coleman (born 15 December 1928) is an Australian writer/journalist and former politician  In 2003 Turnbull announced that he was seeking a seat in Federal Parliament. The Parliament of Australia or Commonwealth Parliament is the legislative branch of government of Australia. In early 2004 he won another hotly contested preselection battle for Wentworth, defeating Peter King, the sitting Liberal member. Peter Edward King (born 29 June 1952) Australian politician was a Liberal Party of Australia member of the Australian House of Representatives King ran for the seat at the 2004 election as an independent. Federal elections were held in Australia on 9 October, 2004. All 150 seats in the House of Representatives and 40 seats in the 76-member This turned the traditionally safe Liberal electorate into an electoral wildcard, the contest for the seat becoming a three man race between Turnbull, King and Labor candidate David Patch. During the campaign, Turnbull spent over $600,000 on electoral expenditure.  The Liberal vote fell 10 percent, but Turnbull still won.
Since his election Turnbull has made a series of speeches on economic matters, particularly taxation, which some commentators have seen as implied criticisms of the policies of the Treasurer, Peter Costello, although Turnbull denies this. Peter Howard Costello (born 14 August 1957 is an Australian politician
Announcing his cabinet reshuffle on 24 January 2006, Australian Prime Minister John Howard promoted Turnbull from the backbench to Parliamentary Secretary, with special responsibility for water. Events 41 - Gaius Caesar (Caligula, known for his eccentricity and cruel Despotism, is Assassinated by his disgruntled Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. See also Howard Government John Winston Howard AC (born 26 July 1939 was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia from 11 March A Parliamentary Secretary is a member of a Parliament in the Westminster system who assists a more senior minister with their duties In this new capacity he reported directly to the Prime Minister. On 26 September 2006, John Howard announced the creation, within the department of the Prime Minister, of the new "Office of Water Resources" to address the problem of drought in Australia. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. See also Howard Government John Winston Howard AC (born 26 July 1939 was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia from 11 March Turnbull was in charge of this office until he was elevated by Prime Minister John Howard to head the Environment and Water Resources portfolio in January 2007.
In his position as Environment Minister, Turnbull approved a proposed $1. 7 billion Bell Bay Pulp Mill in Tasmania's north, near Launceston. The Bell Bay Pulp Mill, also known as the Tamar Valley Pulp Mill, is a proposed $2 billion Pulp mill which Gunns Limited is planning to build in the Launceston ( (short first vowel /ˈlɔːnsəstən/ is often incorrectly heard in other parts of Australia is a city in the north of the state of Tasmania, Australia  His final approval of the Bell Bay Pulp Mill project of Gunns Ltd came on the 4th of October 2007, allegedly influenced by Gunns' ongoing donations to the Liberal Party. The Bell Bay Pulp Mill, also known as the Tamar Valley Pulp Mill, is a proposed $2 billion Pulp mill which Gunns Limited is planning to build in the Gunns Limited ( is a major Forestry enterprise located in Tasmania, Australia.  Turnbull's approval followed a report by the Government's chief scientist Jim Peacock on the project's potential environmental impact, which requires the project to meet 48 "strict environmental" conditions. James (Jim Peacock AC is the former Chief Scientist of Australia, and the current President of the Australian Academy of Science. Critics have accused him of failing to assess the environmental cost of the mill in terms of forest destruction and greenhouse emissions. According to the Wilderness Society, the Pulp Mill will, amongst a number of other toxic emissions, increase Australia's yearly contribution to greenhouse gas emission by more than 2 per cent. This reportedly amounts to an extra 10 million tonnes of greenhouse gas a year
In February 2007 Turnbull was criticised for claiming a government allowance of $175 a night and paying it to his wife as rent while living in a townhouse owned by her in Canberra. 
During the 2007 election campaign, Turnbull announced that the then Government, would contribute $10 million to the investigation of an untried Russian technology that aims to trigger rainfall from the atmosphere, even when there are no clouds. Literature suggests that the technology is based on bogus science. The Australian Rain Corporation presented research documents written in Russian, explained by a Russian researcher who spoke to local experts in Russian .
Although Turnbull claimed that Australian Rain Corporation is Australian-based, investigations have shown that it is in fact 75% Swiss-owned. It was also revealed that a prominent stakeholder in the Australian Rain Corporation, Matt Handbury, is a nephew of Rupert Murdoch. is gay Bold text' Keith Rupert Murdoch', AC, KCSG (born Melbourne, March 11 1931 usually known as Rupert Murdoch, is an Australian-American Turnbull has refused to answer questions regarding Matt Handbury's contribution to the Wentworth Forum, the main fund-raising organisation for Turnbull's 2007 election campaign .
In 2007, Turnbull promised that his government, if elected, would grant same-sex couples death benefits in Commonwealth superannuation schemes, a similar promise to which was made three years prior during the 2004 Federal election campaign. 
Turnbull retained his New South Wales division at the 2007 election with a 1. Federal elections for the Parliament of Australia were held on Saturday 24 November 2007 after a 6-week campaign in which 13 5% swing towards him, despite a 4. 2% swing against his party nationwide. Following the defeat of John Howard in his electorate of Bennelong and the decision by deputy leader Peter Costello to not contest the leadership of the Liberal Party, there was widespread speculation that Turnbull would be the new Opposition Leader after his announcement on 25 November that he would contest the Liberal leadership but he was defeated by Brendan Nelson in a 45 to 42 vote. See also Howard Government John Winston Howard AC (born 26 July 1939 was the 25th Prime Minister of Australia from 11 March The Division of Bennelong is an Australian electorate in New South Wales. Peter Howard Costello (born 14 August 1957 is an Australian politician This is a List of Australian Leaders of the Opposition, who in Australian Federal Politics is a Member of Parliament in the Events 1034 - Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots dies Donnchad, the An election for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Australia was held on 29 November 2007 Brendan Nelson in turn appointed him Shadow Treasurer.  Shortly afterwards, fellow Opposition front bencher Nick Minchin suggested that Turnbull's failure to consult with party colleagues before declaring his opinion to the media on such issues as an apology to the Stolen Generations cost him the leadership. Nicholas Hugh Minchin (born 15 April 1953) Australian politician has been a Liberal member of the Australian Senate since July 1993  This led to a disagreement between the two and culminated in Minchin privately telling Turnbull that he was "too fucking sensitive"
Turnbull attacked Treasurer Wayne Swan as being "clueless" about the NAIRU economic indicator, after the Treasurer failed to answer Turnbull's question about it during Question Time on 18 February 2008. Wayne Maxwell Swan (born 30 June 1954 is an Australian politician The term NAIRU is an Acronym for N on- A ccelerating '''I'''nflation R ate of '''U'''nemployment. Question Time in a Parliament occurs when Backbenchers (members of the parliament who are not Ministers) ask questions of the Prime Minister which  In May 2008, Turnbull attacked Swan over the Federal Budget, concerning increased taxes, specifically those on luxury cars and certain alcoholic drinks, citing possible inflation. Luxury vehicle is a marketing term for a vehicle that provides luxury &mdash that which is beyond strict necessity &mdash in exchange for increased cost to the buyer 
Turnbull is married, with two children, Alexander (who works for Polygon Investment Partners LP in Hong Kong, and previously at Fortress Investment Group in New York) and Daisy, and lives in Sydney. Sydney (ˈsɪdniː is the most populous city in Australia, with a Metropolitan area population of approximately 4 His wife, Lucy Turnbull, née Hughes, a prominent businesswoman and a former Lord Mayor of Sydney. Lucy Turnbull, née Hughes (born 1958) is an Australian Politician and former Lord Mayor of Sydney and is the wife of Federal Member for Wentworth This is a list of the Mayors and Lord Mayors of the City of Sydney, a Local Government Area of New South Wales, Australia
Although Turnbull is a convert to Roman Catholicism he has found himself at odds with the Church's teaching on abortion and stem cell research. Turnbull supported legislation relaxing restrictions on abortion pill RU486 and he also voted for the legalisation of Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (therapeutic cloning). Mifepristone is a synthetic Steroid compound used as a pharmaceutical. Genetics and Developmental biology, somatic cell nuclear transfer ( SCNT) is a Laboratory technique for creating an Ovum with a donor He did so despite the vocal public opposition to both proposals by Cardinal George Pell, Archbishop of Sydney. George Pell AC (born 8 June 1941) is the Catholic Archbishop of Sydney, Australia and since 2003 a cardinal of the
Turnbull has written several books in relation to his contributions to the Republican debate, as well as his experiences during the Spycatcher trial. Notable examples of his writings include: "The Spycatcher Trial (1988)"; "The Reluctant Republic (1993, foreword by Robert Hughes)"; and "Fighting for the Republic: the Ultimate Insider's Account (1999)".
In 1994 a portrait of Malcolm Turnbull by artist Bill Leak won the People's choice award at the Archibald Prize. Bill Leak (born 1956 is the daily editorial cartoonist on The Australian newspaper The Archibald Prize is regarded as the most important Portraiture prize and is the most prominent of all arts prizes in Australia.
|Minister for the Environment and Water Resources|
Peter Garrett (Environment)
Penny Wong (Water)
|Parliament of Australia|
|Member for Wentworth|
2004 – present