Ma Lik GBS JP (23 February 1952—8 August 2007), born in Guangzhou, Guangdong with family roots in Xiamen, Fujian, was a Legislative Councillor, and was the Chairman of the Democratic Alliance for Betterment of Hong Kong (DAB), a pro-Beijing political party in Hong Kong. The existing Hong Kong honours system was created after transfer of government of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China as a special administrative region A Justice of the Peace ( JP) is a Puisne Judicial officer appointed by means of a commission to keep the peace Events 1455 - Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western Book printed from Movable Year 1952 ( MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Events 1220 - Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Guangzhou ( Jyutping: Gwong²zau¹; Yale: Gwóngjàu) is the Capital and a Sub-provincial city Guangdong ( EFEO: Kouangtong; Pinyin Guǎngdōng; Postal map spelling: Kwangtung) is a province on the This article is about the People's Republic of China province The Legislative Council ( LegCo) is the Unicameral Legislature of Hong Kong. The Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong (DAB ( or 民建聯 in short formerly known as The Democratic Alliance for the Betterment of Hong Kong A political party is a Political organization that seeks to attain and maintain political power within Government, usually by participating in electoral Hong Kong ( officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a territory located on China 's south coast on the Pearl River Delta, and borders
Ma attended the Pui Kiu Middle School, graduated with a Bachelor's degree (with Honours) from the Department of Chinese from United College, Chinese University of Hong Kong. History The school was founded in 1946 by Chinese investors from Southeast Asia and overseas Chinese United College can refer to United College St Andrews United College of Hong Kong The Chinese University of Hong Kong, commonly referred to as CUHK, is the second oldest university in Hong Kong He was a teacher in Sun Kiu Middle School, a Pro-Chinese Communist Party secondary school in Hong Kong. The Communist Party of China ( CPC) ( also known as the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the the Deputy Publisher of the Hong Kong Commercial Daily, and a local Deputy to the National People's Congress
Ma was formerly the Secretary General of the DAB, and became the Chairman of the DAB in December 2003 Chairman, Mr. The Hong Kong Commercial Daily ( Chinese 香港商報 (HKCD is a Business -oriented Newspaper, published in Broadsheet format A similar term is "National Congress" which is a less common translation of People's Political Consultative Conference. Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. Jasper Tsang Yok-sing resigned following the poor performance of the party in the November 2003 District Council elections in which the pro-democratic camp won 150 seats, while DAB secured only 62 seats out of the 205 DAB candidates fielded. Jasper Tsang Yok-sing GBS JP ( Chinese: 曾鈺成 Pinyin Zeng Yucheng (born 1947 in Guangzhou, Republic of China Year 2003 ( MMIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. The District Councils, formerly District Boards until 1999 are the local councils for the 18 Districts of Hong Kong. Ma was re-elected leader on April 25, 2007. Events 1607 - Eighty Years' War: The Dutch fleet destroys the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar.
Ma served in the Basic Law Promotion Steering Committee, Hong Kong Cheshire Home Foundation, and Committee on the Promotion of Civic Education. The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, or simply Hong Kong Basic Law, serves as the Constitutional document He was formerly the Chief Editor of the Hong Kong Commercial Daily, Deputy Secretary General of the Basic Law Consultative Committee, Director of Treasure Land International Property Consultants, General Manager of The Hong Kong Institute for Promotion of Chinese Culture, and member of the Selection Committee for the First Government of HKSAR.
Ma was active in the political circles in Hong Kong and Mainland China. Mainland China, Continental China, the Chinese mainland or simply the mainland, is a geopolitical term synonymous with the area that is under the jurisdiction Ma also wrote weekly and daily columns that appear in Hong Kong Economic Times, Ming Pao and The Sun. Hong Kong Economics Times (HKET is the largest Chinese-language financial Newspaper in Hong Kong with an average daily circulation of 82000 copies having been Ming Pao ( is a Chinese language Newspaper published by Ming Pao Group in Hong Kong. The Sun ( is one of the Newspapers in Hong Kong, first
Ma announced in 2004, prior to standing for election to the Legislative Council, that he had been diagnosed with colon cancer. He left for treatment in Guangzhou soon after the Tiananmen controversy he sparked. He died on 8 August, 2007 at 2pm in Guangzhou Sun Yat-sen University. Events 1220 - Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula. Guangzhou ( Jyutping: Gwong²zau¹; Yale: Gwóngjàu) is the Capital and a Sub-provincial city This article is about the Sun Yat-sen University located in the People's Republic of China; see also National Sun Yat-sen University in Taiwan  His body was transported back to Hong Kong on August 11, 2007. Events 2492 BC - Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The funeral was held on August 23. Events 79 - Mount Vesuvius begins stirring on the feast day of Vulcan the Roman god of fire He was cremated according to his wishes. Cremation is the act of reducing a Corpse by burning, generally in a crematorium furnace or crematory fire
Ma's death precipitated the Hong Kong Island by-election, 2007, which was won by Anson Chan on December 2, 2007. The Hong Kong Island by-election 2007 was precipitated by the death of the then chairman of the pro- Beijing DAB, Ma Lik on 8 August 2007 Anson Maria Elizabeth Chan Fang On Sang GBM GCMG (hon CBE JP ( (born 17 January 1940 was a member of the Legislative 
Tiananmen Square Massacre denial furore
On May 15, 2007, during an informal meeting Ma had with journalists to discuss political reform, Ma was asked on his views on the "Tiananmen massacre". The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 culminating in the Tiananmen Square Massacre (referred to in Chinese as the June Fourth Incident, to avoid confusion with two Ma caused huge furore which hit radio broadcasts, the front pages and editorials of several of the local newspapers, which cited him denying that clampdown of the protesters was a "massacre". 
He said of 4000 students at the scene, not everyone got killed; certain student leaders, namely Chai Ling, Wuerkaixi, Feng Chungde, and Hou Dejian, were able to leave the protest site without incident, therefore it is not a massacre. Chai Ling ( Chinese: 柴玲 Pinyin: Chái Líng) (born April 15, 1966 in Rizhao, Shandong Province, Wúěrkāixī ( or ( ئۆركەش دۆلەت / Ɵrkəx Dɵlət 17th February 1968 –) is a Chinese student leader of Uyghur ethnicity in  Comments which appeared to cause the most offense related to the alleged army tanks' rolling over protesters, and the PLA's cremation of victim's bodies on-site:
Ma questioned whether "Gweilos" (a racial epithet for Caucasians) should be the ones to interpret the truth about Tiananmen, and asserted that Hong Kong was "not mature enough", for believing a massacre took place. Gweilo (zh-hk [[wikt鬼佬 鬼佬]] Jyutping: gwai2 lou2 Cantonese kwɐ̌ɪ lə̌ʊ sometimes also spelt Gwailo) is a Cantonese The following is a list of ethnic slurs that are or have been used as insinuations or allegations about members of a given Ethnicity or to refer to them in a derogatory (critical Hong Kong lacked patriotism and national identity, and would thus not be ready for universal suffrage until 2022. Universal suffrage (also universal adult suffrage, general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of the right to vote to 
Ma also asked the Education Department to define massacre as events where over 4,000 were dead, which would make Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 not a massacre under the new definition. The Education Department (Abbreviation ED Traditional Chinese: 教育署 教育司署 before 1983 was a government department in the Hong Kong Government The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 culminating in the Tiananmen Square Massacre (referred to in Chinese as the June Fourth Incident, to avoid confusion with two He later withdrew the redefinition request.
Democrats and relatives of victims all attacked Ma for his comments. Szeto Wah called Ma "shameless", questioning if killings had to be on the scale of the Nanking Massacre to qualify. Szeto Wah ( Pinyin Situ Hua (born February 28, 1931, hometown Hoi Ping) currently the chairman of The Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic He said that "facts written in blood cannot be twisted by lies". Democrat Cheung Man Kwong criticised the attempt at "whitewash", and denounced Ma as "cold-blooded". Cheung Man Kwong (Chinese 張文光) (born 15 September 1954 in Hong Kong with family root in Taishan, Guangdong) is a member of Hong Kong Student leader of the protest, Wang Dan, said Ma was "utterly devoid of a conscience". Wang Dan (王丹 Pinyin: Wáng Dān (born February 26, 1969) a leader of the Chinese democracy movement, was one of the most visible of the  Albert Ho said: "Ma's remarks have put salt on the open historical wounds". Albert Ho Chun-yan ( born 1 December 1951 in Hong Kong with family roots in Zhongshan, Guangdong)
Outraged by Ma's comments, 127 "Tiananmen Mothers", led by Ding Zilin, demanded a retraction and a public apology for the humiliation he has heaped on those who died. The Tiananmen Mothers is a group of Chinese democracy activists promoting a change in the government's position over the suppression of the Tiananmen Square protests of 
The day after the remarks appeared in the headlines, Ma attended an RTHK radio phone-in, where he apologised for making "frivolous and giddy" remarks. Radio Television Hong Kong ( RTHK) ( is a Public broadcasting organisation in Hong Kong that is operated as an independent department in the government Ma claimed he was merely trying to bring the rash claims about the number and manner of deaths reported in the foreign press into proper perspective. He admitted he had perhaps been careless with his words, and would assume full responsibility for what he said. He stopped short of apologising for his comments in general.
One DAB Vice Chairman Tam Yiu Chung defended Ma, but questioned the timing: "people will understand it gradually". Fearing political fallout, another DAB Vice Chairman, Lau Kong Wah (劉江華), distanced the party from Ma, saying that Ma had expressed "a personal opinion". . Chan Wing-kee (陳永棋), the head of ATV and CPPCC Standing Committee member declared Ma "a patriot" for his comments. Asia Television Limited ( is one of the two free-to-air television broadcasters in Hong Kong, the other being its arch-rival Television Broadcasts Limited (TVB The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference ( People's Political Consultative Conference . Chan furthermore denounced the perennial Legco debate on the June 4 incident as "unnecessary". Another CPPCC member, Chang Ka-mun, chimed in, saying it was "irrational" to compare June 4 to the Nanjing massacre.
The Central committee of the DAB declined any further action after their meeting on May 22, stating that Vice-Chairman Lau's response was adequate. There was no formal apology.
The annual vigil in memory of Tiananmen attracted an increased turnout in 2007. An estimated 55,000 people, more than a few of whom appear to have been spurred to attend by Ma's comments, packed Victoria Park, up from 44,000 one year earlier. Victoria ParkJPG|thumb|right|300px|Statue of Queen Victoria in Victoria Park]] Victoria Park ( is a Public park in Hong Kong, named after Queen Victoria
Political observers noted how some newspapers carried his remarks prominently on the front page, whilst others failed to mention them in their columns at all. Privately, some journalists stated that they thought Ma was sincere, yet they felt sorry that he was committing political suicide.
Analysts began commenting that Ma's remarks may be part of a concerted propaganda attempt by Beijing to dampen expectations for universal suffrage. Propaganda is a concerted set of messages aimed at influencing the opinions or behaviors of large numbers of people Universal suffrage (also universal adult suffrage, general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of the right to vote to Beijing is apparently fearful of the forthcoming debate over constitutional development in Hong Kong. 
More recently, some local loyalists have issued statements pushing back the date for universal suffrage. Most notably, Cheng Yiu-tong ruled out direct elections for the Chief Executive in 2012. The Chief Executive of Hong Kong ( is the head of Hong Kong Government and the principal representative of the Hong Kong. He further warned pro-democracy advocates that universal suffrage in 2017 was unlikely. He blamed the lack of progress on the "intransigence" of democrats, who blocked reform proposals put forward in December 2005. Cheng said that the electoral system would "march on the spot again in 2012". 
In October 20, 1999 the pro-Beijing group fiercely attacked Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK). Radio Television Hong Kong ( RTHK) ( is a Public broadcasting organisation in Hong Kong that is operated as an independent department in the government Ma lik publicly attacked RTHK from changing the role from a "watchdog" to a "mouthpiece" of the Hong Kong government. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China ( see pronunciation; conventional short 
Criticising Hong Kong
Ma lik criticised the rate at which Hong Kong is moving. And that it would take until 2022 for the public to have acquired enough patriotism to accept Communist party rule. The Communist Party of China ( CPC) ( also known as the Chinese Communist Party ( CCP) is the founding and ruling political party of the 
Confusingly, there are five to six people with the Chinese name 馬力 in the DAB. Apart from this Ma Lik, the others have the English name Malik and are of South Asian origin. Malik (ملك) as an Arabic word meaning " king " It has been adopted in various other mainly Asian languages for their ruling princes and to Hong Kong has a long-established South Asian population As of the 2006 by-census there were at least 44744 persons of South Asian descent in Hong Kong One of them (Malik Khan Muhammad) was appointed as a District Councillor. The District Councils, formerly District Boards until 1999 are the local councils for the 18 Districts of Hong Kong.  He was not reappointed after a member of his staff accused him of sexual harassment.