Mālavikāgnimitram (Devnagari:मालविकाग्निमित्रम्)("Mālavikā and Agnimitra") is a Sanskrit play by Kālidāsa. Sanskrit (sa संस्कृता वाक् saṃskṛtā vāk, for short sa संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam) is a historical A play, or stageplay, is a form of Literature written by a Playwright, almost always consisting of Dialogue between Fictional characters "Kalidasa" redirects here For the true bug Genus, see Kalidasa (insect. It is his first play. The principal characters of Mālavikāgnimitram are Mālavikā and Agnimitra.
The play tells the story of the love of King Agnimitra, the Shunga king of Vidisha , for the beautiful hand-maiden of his chief queen. Agnimitra (149 - 141 BCE was the second King of the Sunga Dynasty of Northern India For other uses of the term Sunga see Sunga (disambiguation The Sunga Empire (or Shunga Empire) is a Magadha WikipediaWikiProject Indian cities for details --> Vidisha or Besnagar or old name Bhelsa is a city in the central Indian state He falls in love with the picture of an exiled servant girl named Mālavikā. When the queen discovers her husband's passion for this girl, she becomes infuriated and has Mālavikā imprisoned, but as fate would have it, in the end she is discovered to be of royal birth and is accepted as one of his queens.
The play contains an account of the Rajasuya sacrifice performed by Pushyamitra, and an elaborate exposition of a theory on music and acting. Rajasuya was a sacrifice described in detail in the Mahabharata, performed by the ancient kings of India who considered themselves powerful enough to be an Emperor Pusyamitra Sunga (B ??? R 185-151 BCE D 151 BCE was the founder and first King of the Sunga Dynasty in Northern India