Louis-Marcelin, marquis de Fontanes (March 6, 1757 – March 17, 1821) was a French poet and politician. Events 1079 - Omar Khayyám completes the Iranian calendar. 1454 - Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of Year 1757 ( MDCCLVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Events 45 BC - In his last victory Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger Year 1821 ( MDCCCXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person
Born in Niort (Deux-Sèvres), he belonged to a noble Protestant family of Languedoc which had been reduced to poverty by the revocation of the edict of Nantes. Niort is a commune of western France préfecture (capital of the Deux-Sèvres département. Deux-Sèvres is a French ''département''. ("Deux-Sèvres" is also a name occasionally used for Saint-Porchaire ware, a type of Faïence Protestantism refers to the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Languedoc ( in French Lengadòc in Occitan) is a former Province of France, now continued in the modern-day ''régions'' of Languedoc-Roussillon The Edict of Nantes was issued on April 13, 1598 by Henry IV of France to grant the Calvinist Protestants of His father and grandfather remained Protestant, but he was himself brought up as a Catholic. Catholic is an Adjective derived from the Greek adjective '' / 'katholikos' meaning "whole" or "complete". His parents died in 1774-1775, and in 1777 Fontanes went to Paris, where he found a friend in the dramatist Jean-François Ducis. Year 1777 ( MDCCLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Jean-François Ducis ( August 22, 1733 &ndash March 31, 1816) was a French Dramatist and adapter of Shakespeare
His first published poems, some of which were inspired by English models, appeared in the Almanach des Muses; Le Cri de mon coeur, describing his own sad childhood, in 1778; and La Fort de Navarre in 1780. His translation from Alexander Pope, L'Essai sur l'homme, was published with an elaborate preface in 1783, and La Chartreuse and Le Jour des morts in the same year, Le Verger in 1788 and his Epître sur l'édit en faveur des non-catholiques, and the Essai sur l'astronomie in 1789. Alexander Pope (21 May 1688 – 30 May 1744 is generally regarded as the greatest English Poet of the eighteenth century best known for his Satirical Year 1783 ( MDCCLXXXIII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or
Fontanes was a moderate reformer, and in 1790 he became joint-editor of the Modérateur. Year 1790 ( MDCCXC) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year He married at Lyon in 1792, and his wife's first child was born during their flight from the siege of that town. ||-||} Lyon, also known as Lyons in English is a city in east-central France. Fontanes was in hiding in Paris when the four citizens of Lyon were sent to the Convention to protest against the cruelties of Collot d'Herbois. Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois ( June 19, 1749 &ndash January 8, 1796) was a French actor dramatist essayist and revolutionary The petition was drawn up by Fontanes, and the authorship being discovered, he fled from Paris and found shelter at Sevran, near Livry, and afterwards at Andelys. Sevran is a commune in the northeastern suburbs of Paris, France. There are communes that have the name Livry in France: Livry, in the Calvados département Livry, in Les Andelys is a commune in the Eure department in Haute-Normandie in northern France.
On the fall of Robespierre he was made professor of literature in the École Centrale des Quatre-Nations, and he was one of the original members of the Institute. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (maksimiljɛ̃ fʁɑ̃swa maʁi izidɔʁ də ʁɔbɛspjɛʁ ( 6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) In the Memorial, a journal edited by Jean-François de la Harpe, he discreetly advocated reaction to the monarchical principle. Jean-François de La Harpe ( November 20 1739 &ndash February 11 1803) was a French Playwright, writer and Critic He was exiled by the Directory and made his way to London, where he was closely associated with Chateaubriand. The Executive Directory ( Directoire exécutif) was a body of 5 single-male Directors that held executive power in France following London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom.
He soon returned to France, and his admiration for Napoleon, who commissioned him to write an éloge on George Washington, secured his return to the Institute and his political promotion. Napoleon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821 was a French military and political leader who had a significant impact on the History of Europe. George Washington (February 22 1732 December 14 1799 served as the first President of the United States of America (1789&ndash1797 and led the In 1802 he was elected to the legislative chamber, of which he was president from 1804 to 1810. Year 1802 ( MDCCCII) was a Common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a Common year starting on Wednesday of the Other honors and titles followed. He has been accused of servility to Napoleon, but he had the courage to remonstrate with him on the judicial murder of the duc d'Enghien, and as grand master of the University of Paris (1808-1815) he consistently supported religious and monarchical principles. Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé duc d'Enghien (pronounced /dɑ̃ɡɛ̃/ the i is silent ( August 2, 1772 &ndash March 21, 1804) was The historic University of Paris (Université de Paris first appeared in the second half of the 13th century He acquiesced in the Bourbon restoration, and was made a marquis in 1817. Following the ousting of Napoleon I of France in 1814 the Allies restored the Bourbon Dynasty to the French throne A marquess (ˈmɑrkwɪs or marquis (/mɑrˈkiː/ is a Nobleman of hereditary rank in various European monarchies and some of their colonies He died on March 17, 1821 in Paris, leaving eight cantos of an unfinished epic poem entitled La Grâce sauve. Events 45 BC - In his last victory Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger Year 1821 ( MDCCCXXI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common year An epic is a lengthy Narrative poem, ordinarily concerning a serious subject containing details of heroic deeds and events significant to a culture or nation
The verse of Fontanes is polished and musical in the style of the 18th century. The 18th century lasted from 1701 to 1800 in the Gregorian calendar, in accordance with the Anno Domini / Common Era numbering system It was not collected until 1839, when Sainte-Beuve edited the Œuvres (2 vols. Saint Beuve redirects here For the eponymous saint see Beuve Abbess of Saint Pierre de Reims. ) of Fontanes, with a sympathetic critical study of the author and his career. But by that time the Romantic movement was in the ascendant and Fontanes met with small appreciation. Romanticism is a complex artistic literary and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the