Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at Hethel, Norfolk, England. Year 1952 ( MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. An entrepreneur is a person who has possession over a company enterprise, or Venture, and assumes significant accountability for the inherent risks and the outcome Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman ( 19 May 1928 - 16 December 1982) was an influential British designer inventor and builder in the automotive Hethel is a small village in Norfolk, England. It is located near the historic market town of Wymondham, and is approximately 10 miles (16 km south of Norfolk (ˈnɔrfək is a low-lying county in East Anglia, England, United Kingdom. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman ( 19 May 1928 - 16 December 1982) was an influential British designer inventor and builder in the automotive Sir Stirling Craufurd Moss OBE (born September 17, 1929 in London) is a retired racing driver from England. Rob Walker Racing Team was a privateer team in Formula One during the 1950s and 1960s Jim (or Jimmy) Clark OBE ( 4 March, 1936 &ndash 7 April, 1968) was a Scottish Formula One Norman Graham Hill ( February 15, 1929 – November 29, 1975) was a British racing driver and two-time Formula One World Ayrton Senna da Silva ( pronounced, March 21, 1960 &ndash May 1, 1994) was a Brazilian racing driver and triple For other uses of this term see Industry (disambiguation An industry (from Latin industrius, "diligent industrious" The automotive industry is the industry involved in the design development manufacture marketing and sale of Motor vehicles In 2007 more than 73 million motor vehicles In Marketing, a product is anything that can be offered to a Market that might satisfy a want or need A holding company is a company that owns part all or a majority of other companies' outstanding Stock. Proton is the Malaysian national Carmaker ( Malay Acronym for PeRusahaan OTOmobil Nasional, 'National Automobile Enterprise' A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A sports car is a term used to describe a class of Automobile. Auto racing (also known as automobile racing, motor racing or car racing) is a Motorsport involving Racing Cars It Hethel is a small village in Norfolk, England. It is located near the historic market town of Wymondham, and is approximately 10 miles (16 km south of Norfolk (ˈnɔrfək is a low-lying county in East Anglia, England, United Kingdom. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The company designs and builds race and production automobiles of light weight and high handling characteristics. Car handling and vehicle handling is a description of the way wheeled vehicles perform transverse to their direction of motion particularly during cornering and swerving
The company was formed as Lotus Engineering Ltd. by engineer Colin Chapman, a graduate of University College, London, in 1952. Anthony Colin Bruce Chapman ( 19 May 1928 - 16 December 1982) was an influential British designer inventor and builder in the automotive University College London ( UCL) is a multi-faculty university institution based in the United Kingdom and a constituent college of the University of London The first factory was in old stables behind the Railway Hotel in Hornsey. Hornsey is a district in London Borough of Haringey in north London in England Team Lotus, which was split off from Lotus Engineering in 1954, was active and competitive in Formula One racing from 1958 to 1994. 1950s Colin Chapman established Lotus Engineering Ltd in 1952 at Hornsey, UK. The Lotus Group of Companies was formed in 1959. This was made up of Lotus Cars Limited and Lotus Components Limited which focussed on road car and customer competition car production respectively. Lotus Components Limited became Lotus Racing Limited in 1971 but the newly renamed entity ceased operation in the same year. 
The company moved to a purpose built factory at Cheshunt in 1959  and since 1966 the company has occupied a modern factory and road test facility at Hethel, near Wymondham. For the Australian village of the same name see Cheshunt Victoria Cheshunt (pronounced) is a town in the Broxbourne district of Wymondham (ˈwɪndəm is an historic Market town and Civil parish in the English County of Norfolk. This site is the former RAF Hethel base and the test track uses sections of the old runway. RAF Hethel is a former World War II airfield used by the US during the Second World War (and briefly as an RAF station) in Norfolk, England
Chapman died of a heart attack in 1982, at the age of 54, having begun life an inn-keeper's son and ended a multi-millionaire industrialist in post-war Britain. A business magnate, sometimes referred to as a mogul, tycoon, baron, or industrialist, is a person who has reached a prominent place in The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The carmaker built tens of thousands of successful racing and road cars and won the Formula One World Championship seven times. A world championship(s is the top achievement for any sport or Contest. At the time of his death he was linked with the DeLorean scandal over the use of government subsidies for the production of the De Lorean DMC-12 for which Lotus had designed the chassis.
In 1986 the company was bought by General Motors. General Motors Corporation ( GM) ( is a multinational automobile manufacturer founded in 1908 and headquartered in the United States. On August 27, 1993, GM sold the company, for £30 million, to A. Events 479 BC - Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) C. B. N. Holdings S. A. of Luxembourg, a company controlled by Italian businessman Romano Artioli, who also owned Bugatti Automobili SpA. Luxembourg (Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg Grand-Duché de Luxembourg Großherzogtum Luxemburg is a small Landlocked country in Western Europe, bordered by Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest Romano Artioli is an Italian entrepreneur and one-time owner of Bugatti and Lotus. Bugatti was founded in Molsheim, France, as a manufacturer of high performance automobiles by Ettore Bugatti, an Italian In 1996 a majority share in Lotus was sold to Perusahaan Otomobil Nasional Bhd (Proton), a Malaysian car company listed on the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange. Proton is the Malaysian national Carmaker ( Malay Acronym for PeRusahaan OTOmobil Nasional, 'National Automobile Enterprise' For the biogeographical region see Malesia Malaysia (məˈleɪʒə or /məˈleɪziə/ is a country that consists of thirteen states and The Bursa Malaysia ( or Malaysia Exchange, MYX previously known as Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange ( KLSE, Bursa Saham Kuala Lumpur
The company also acts as an engineering consultancy, providing engineering development—particularly of suspension—for other car manufacturers. Engineering is the Discipline and Profession of applying technical and scientific Knowledge and Suspension is the term given to the system of springs, Shock absorbers and linkages that connects a Vehicle to its Wheels Suspension The lesser known Powertrain department is responsible for the design and development of the 4 cylinder engine found in many of GM's Vauxhall, Opel, Saab, and possibly some Saturn cars. Vauxhall Motors is a British automobile company It is a subsidiary of General Motors Corporation (GM and is part of GM Europe. Adam Opel GmbH (commonly known as Opel) is a German automaker part of General Motors. Saab Automobile AB, better known as Saab, is a Swedish car manufacturer and currently a wholly-owned Subsidiary of General Motors. Saturn is a division of the General Motors Corporation and a brand of Automobiles It was established on January 7, 1985. It should however be noted that the current Lotus Elise and Exige models use the 1. Series 1 The design philosophy of Lotus is "Performance through light weight" first adopted by the founder of Lotus Colin Chapman. The Lotus Exige (pronounced ex-seej is a two-door two-seat Sports car made by Lotus Cars. 8L VVTL-i I4 from Toyota's late Celica GT-S and the Matrix XRS.
The company is organized as Group Lotus, which is divided into Lotus Cars and Lotus Engineering. Contrary to some rumours, there are no plans to create a Formula One Team. This is more likely to be due to the massive financial input required over and above any of the company's wishes.
Michael Kimberley took over as Acting Chief Executive Officer of the Company and its Group from May 2006. He currently chairs the Executive Committee of Lotus Group International Limited ("LGIL") established in February 2006, with Syed Zainal Abidin (Managing Director of Proton Holdings Berhad) and Badrul Feisal (non-executive director of Proton Holdings Berhad). LGIL is the holding company of Lotus Group Plc.
The company encouraged its customers to race its cars, and itself entered Formula One as a team in 1958. 1950s Colin Chapman established Lotus Engineering Ltd in 1952 at Hornsey, UK. A Lotus Formula One car driven by Stirling Moss won the marque's first Grand Prix in 1960 at Monaco in a Lotus 18 entered by privateer Rob Walker. Sir Stirling Craufurd Moss OBE (born September 17, 1929 in London) is a retired racing driver from England. Results from the 1960 Monaco Grand Prix held at Monaco on May 29, 1960 Classification The Lotus 18 is a Race car designed by Colin Chapman for use by Lotus in Formula Junior, Formula Two, and Formula One. Rob Walker Racing Team was a privateer team in Formula One during the 1950s and 1960s Major success came in 1963 with the Lotus 25, which—with Jim Clark driving—won Lotus its first F1 World Constructors Championship. The Lotus 25 was a racing car designed by Colin Chapman for the 1962 Formula 1 season Jim (or Jimmy) Clark OBE ( 4 March, 1936 &ndash 7 April, 1968) was a Scottish Formula One By season Clark's untimely death — he crashed a Formula Two Lotus 48 in April 1968 after his rear tyre failed in a turn in Hockenheim — was a severe blow to the team and to Formula One. Formula Two, abbreviated to F2, was a type of Formula racing. The Lotus 48 was a Formula 2 Car designed by Colin Chapman, based on a 1600 cc Ford FVA engine that was run around 1967 to 1970 on He was the dominant driver in the dominant car and remains an inseparable part of Lotus' early years. That year's championship was won by Clark's teammate, Graham Hill. Norman Graham Hill ( February 15, 1929 – November 29, 1975) was a British racing driver and two-time Formula One World
Lotus is credited with making the mid-engined layout popular for Indycars, developing the first monocoque Formula 1 chassis, and the integration of the engine and transaxle as chassis components. Champ Car, was the name for a class and specification of cars used in American Championship Car Racing for many decades primarily for use in the Indianapolis Monocoque, from the French for single ( mono) and shell ( coque) is a construction technique that supports structural load by using an object's external Lotus was also among the pioneers in Formula 1 in adding wings and shaping the undersurface of the car to create downforce, as well as the first to move radiators to the sides in the car to aid in aerodynamic performance, and inventing active suspension. The term downforce describes the downward pressure created by the aerodynamic characteristics of a Car that allows it to travel faster through a corner by holding
Even after Chapman's death, until the late 1980s, Lotus continued to be a major player in Formula 1. Ayrton Senna drove for the team from 1985 to 1987, winning twice in each year and achieving 17 pole positions. Ayrton Senna da Silva ( pronounced, March 21, 1960 &ndash May 1, 1994) was a Brazilian racing driver and triple However, by the company's last Formula 1 race in 1994, the cars were no longer competitive. Lotus won a total of 79 Grand Prix races. During his lifetime Chapman saw Lotus beat Ferrari as the first team to achieve 50 Grand Prix victories, despite Ferrari having won their first nine years sooner.
Formula One Constructors' Championships (Drivers' Championship winner for Lotus)
Lotus car models
- Lotus Mk1 - 1948-1948 Austin 7 based car
- Lotus Mk2 - 1949-1950 Ford powered trials car
- Lotus Mk3 - 1951-1951 750 cc formula car
- Lotus Mk4 - 1952-1952 Trials car
- Lotus Mk5 - 1952-1952 750 cc formula car - never built
- Lotus 6 - 1953-1955 The first 'production' racer - about 100 built
- Lotus Seven - 1957-1970 Classic open sports car, a minimalist machine designed to manoeuvre a racing circuit and nothing else. By season The Formula One World Drivers' Championship (WDC is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile ( FIA) to the most successful Formula One Jim (or Jimmy) Clark OBE ( 4 March, 1936 &ndash 7 April, 1968) was a Scottish Formula One Jim (or Jimmy) Clark OBE ( 4 March, 1936 &ndash 7 April, 1968) was a Scottish Formula One Karl Jochen Rindt ( April 18, 1942 - September 5, 1970) was a German - Austrian racing driver Emerson Fittipaldi (born December 12, 1946 in São Paulo, Brazil) is a highly successful Brazilian automobile racing driver winning world championships Mario Gabriele Andretti (born February 28, 1940) is an Italian American former racecar driver and one of the most successful Americans in the The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975 The Lotus Mark 1 was the first car designed and built by Colin Chapman in 1948, while Chapman was still a student at the University of London. The car that came to be known as the Lotus Mk 2 was created in 1949 while Colin Chapman was serving with the RAF. Lotus Mk3 was a single seated Sports car built by Colin Chapman as a 750 Racer. Lotus Mk4 was a trials car by Colin Chapman built on a Austin 7 chassis Lotus Mk5 was a Prototype single seater Sports car by Colin Chapman that was never built After building multiple trials and Road racing cars Colin Chapman introduced his first 'production' car the Lotus 6, in 1952 See also Caterham Seven The Lotus Seven was a small simple lightweight two-seater open-top Sports car produced by Lotus Cars (initially called The rights to the Seven were sold in 1973 to Caterham Cars, who continue to produce it today. Caterham Cars is a manufacturer of specialist lightweight Sports cars based in Caterham, Surrey, England and part of the British motor Updated versions of this 1957 design are also produced by other specialty firms, including Westfield Sportscars and Donkervoort. Westfield Sportscars are manufacturers of both factory built and kit versions of several two-seater open top sportscars Donkervoort Automobielen BV is a producer of Sports cars based in Lelystad in The Netherlands.
- Lotus Mk8 - 1954-1954 sports racer
- Lotus Nine - 1955-1955 sports racer, based on Eight
- Lotus Ten - 1955-1955 sports racer, a more powerful Eight
- Lotus Eleven - 1956-1957 sports racer
- Lotus Twelve - Formula 2 and Formula 1 racecar (1956-1957)
- Lotus 13 - Designation not used
- Lotus 14 - 1957-1963 First production street car – the Elite
- Lotus 15 - 1958-1958 Sports racer – successor to the Eleven
- Lotus 16 - 1958-1959 F1/F2 car based on the Twelve
- Lotus 17 - 1959-1959 Sports racer update of the 15 – not successful
- Lotus 18 - 1960-1961 First mid-engined Lotus single seater – Formula Junior/F2/F1
- Lotus 19 - 1960-1962 Mid-engined sports racer – "Monte Carlo"
- Lotus 20 - 1961-1961 Formula Junior
- Lotus 21 - 1961-1961 Formula 1
- Lotus 22 - 1962-1965 Formula Junior/F3
- Lotus 23 - 1962-1966 Small displacement mid-engined sports racer
- Lotus 24 - 1962-1962 Formula 1
- Lotus 25 - 1962-1964 Formula 1 World Champion
- Lotus 26 - 1962-1971 Production street sports car – the original Elan. The Lotus Mark 8 car was Colin Chapman ’s first fully enclosed aerodynamic design The Lotus Eleven was a Racing car built in various versions by Lotus from 1956 until 1958 The Lotus 12 was an unsuccessful Formula Two Racing car. Colin Chapman 's first foray into single-seater racing the 12 appeared in 1957 Formula Two, abbreviated to F2, was a type of Formula racing. The Lotus Eleven was a Racing car built in various versions by Lotus from 1956 until 1958 The Lotus Elite name was used for two vehicles from Lotus Cars. The Lotus 16 was the second single-seat Racing car designed by Colin Chapman, and was built by his Lotus Cars manufacturing company for the The Lotus 17 was a Sports car racing model built by Lotus Cars in 1959 The Lotus 18 is a Race car designed by Colin Chapman for use by Lotus in Formula Junior, Formula Two, and Formula One. The Lotus 19 or Monte Carlo was a Mid-engine sports- Racing car designed by Colin Chapman of Lotus and built from 1960 until 1963 Lotus 20 was a Formula Junior car built by Lotus for the 1962 season as a successor to the Lotus 18. The Lotus 21 was a Formula One racing car designed by Colin Chapman. The Lotus 22 was a racing car built by Lotus cars in 1962 and a total of 77 cars were built The Lotus 23 was designed by Colin Chapman as a small-displacement sports Racing car. The Lotus 24 was a Formula One Racing car designed by Team Lotus for the 1962 Formula One season. The Lotus 25 was a racing car designed by Colin Chapman for the 1962 Formula 1 season The Lotus 26 (also known as Elan) was a British Sports car. Designed by Colin Chapman, the 26 was a Roadster (later a Coupé
- Lotus 27 - 1963-1963 Formula Junior
- Lotus 28 - 1963-1966 Lotus version of the Ford Cortina street/racer
- Lotus 29 - 1963-1963 Indy car - Ford stock block
- Lotus 30 - 1964-1964 Large displacement sports racer (Ford V8)
- Lotus 31 - 1964-1966 Formula 3 space frame racer
- Lotus 32 - 1964-1965 Monocoque F2 and Tasman Cup racer
- Lotus 33 - 1964-1965 Formula 1 World Champion
- Lotus 34 - 1964-1964 Indy car - DOHC Ford
- Lotus 35 - 1965-1965 F2/F3/FB
- Lotus 36 - 1965-1968 Street sports car – "Elan"
- Lotus 37 - 1965-1965 a one-off Seven with IRS – "Three Seven"
- Lotus 38 - 1965-1965 Indy winning mid-engined car
- Lotus 39 - 1965-1966 Tasman Cup formula car
- Lotus 40 - 1965-1965 Improved(?) version of the 30
- Lotus 41 - 1965-1968 Formula 3, Formula 2, Formula B
- Lotus 42 - 1967-1967 Indy car – raced with Ford V8
- Lotus 43 - 1966-1966 Formula 1
- Lotus 44 - 1967-1967 Formula 2
- Lotus 45 - 1966-1974 Convertible (Drop Head Coupe) version of the "Elan"
- Lotus 46 - 1966-1968 Original Renault-engined Europa
- Lotus 47 - 1966-1970 Racing version of Europa
- Lotus 48 - 1967-1967 Formula 2
- Lotus 49 - 1967-1969 Formula 1 World Champion
- Lotus 50 - 1967-1974 Four-seat "Elan +2" production car
- Lotus 51 - 1967-1969 Formula Ford
- Lotus 52 - 1968-1968 Prototype "Europa" twincam
- Lotus 53 - 1968-1968 Small displacement sports racer never built
- Lotus 54 - 1968-1970 Series 2 "Europa" production car. Lotus 27 was a FJ version of the Lotus 25 F1 car for the 1963 formula junior season The Lotus 30 was a racing automobile, Colin Chapman 's first and only attempt at a Group Seven / Can Am racing machine and was first built in 1964 designed by The Lotus 31 was a Racing car produced by Lotus for the new 1-litre Formula 3 introduced in 1964 replacing the expensive Formula Junior The Lotus 32 was a Formula 2 racing car built by Team Lotus in 1964 The Lotus 33 designed by Colin Chapman, was a Formula One car built by Team Lotus. The Lotus 34 was a British Racing car built by Team Lotus for the 1964 Indianapolis 500. The Lotus 38 was the first mid-engined car to win the Indianapolis 500, in 1965, driven by the great Jim Clark. The Lotus 39 was a single seat Racing car produced by Team Lotus. The Lotus 41 was a Lotus Formula 3 and Formula 2 racing car which ran between 1966 - 1968 The Lotus 43 was a Formula One racing car designed by Colin Chapman for the 1966 season. The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975 The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975 The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975 The Lotus 48 was a Formula 2 Car designed by Colin Chapman, based on a 1600 cc Ford FVA engine that was run around 1967 to 1970 on The Lotus 49 was a Formula One racing car designed by Colin Chapman and Maurice Philippe for the 1967 F1 season The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975 The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975
- Lotus 55 - 1968-1968 F3
- Lotus 56 - 1968-1971 Indy turbine wedge/F1 turbine (56B)
- Lotus 57 - 1968-1968 F2 design study
- Lotus 58 - 1968-1968 F1 design study
- Lotus 59 - 1969-1970 F2/F3/Formula Ford
- Lotus 60 - 1970-1973 Greatly modified version of the Seven – AKA Seven S4
- Lotus 61 - 1969-1969 Formula ford wedge
- Lotus 62 - 1969-1969 (prototype Europa racer)
- Lotus 63 - 1969-1969 4-wheel drive F1
- Lotus 64 - 1969-1969 4-wheel drive Indy cars – did not compete
- Lotus 65 - 1969-1971 ("Federalized" Europa S2)
- Lotus 66 - designation not used
- Lotus 67 - 1970-1970 Proposed Tasman Cup car – never built
- Lotus 68 - 1969-1969 F5000 prototype
- Lotus 69 - 1970-1970 F2/F3/Formula Ford
- Lotus 70 - 1970-1970 F5000/Formula A
- Lotus 71 - Undisclosed design study
- Lotus 72 - 1970-1972 Formula 1 World Champion
- Lotus 73 - 1972-1973 F3
- Lotus 74 - 1971-1975 Europa Twin Cam production cars
- Lotus 75 - 1974-1982 Luxury 4 seat GT – "Elite II"
- Lotus 76 - 1975-1982 Fastback version of Elite II – "Eclat S1" – also 1974 F1
- Lotus 77 - 1976-1976 F1
- Lotus 78 - 1977-1978 F1 ground effects car
- Lotus 79 - 1978-1979 Formula 1 World Champion – also street GT "Esprit" (1975-1980)
- Lotus 80 - 1979-1979 F1
- Lotus 81 - 1980-1981 F1 – designation also used for Sunbeam Talbot rally car
- Lotus 82 - 1982-current Turbo Esprit street GT car
- Lotus 83 - 1980-1980 Elite series 2
- Lotus 84 - 1980-1982 Eclat series 2
- Lotus 85 - 1980-1987 Esprit series 3
- Lotus 86 - 1980-1983 F1 dual chassis – never raced
- Lotus 87 - 1980-1982 F1
- Lotus 88 - 1981-1981 F1 dual chassis car – banned
- Lotus 89 - 1982-1992 Lotus Excel GT – re-engineered Eclat
- Lotus 90 - Unreleased Elan/Toyota
- Lotus 91 - 1982-1982 F1
- Lotus 92 - 1983-1983 F1
- Lotus 93T - 1983-1983 F1 Turbo
- Lotus 94T - 1983-1983 F1 Turbo
- Lotus 95T - 1984-1984 F1 Turbo
- Lotus 96T - 1984-1984 Indy car project – abandoned
- Lotus 97T - 1985-1986 F1 Turbo
- Lotus 98T - 1986-1987 F1 Turbo
- Lotus 99T - 1987-1987 F1 Turbo – last Lotus F1 winner
- Lotus 100T - 1988-1988 F1 Turbo
- Lotus M100 - 1989-1995 Front-drive convertible "Elan"
- Lotus 101 - 1989-1989 F1
- Lotus 102 - 1990-1991 F1
- Lotus 103 - 1990-1990 F1 – not produced
- Lotus 105 - 1990-1990 Racing X180R IMSA Supercars Drivers Champ Doc Bundy
- Lotus 106 - 1991-1991 X180R roadgoing homolgation special
- Lotus 107 - 1992-1994 F1
- Lotus 108 - 1992 - 1992 a bicycle ridden by Chris Boardman to win a gold medal at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, also known as the "LotusSport Pursuit Bicycle". The Lotus 56 was designed by Maurice Philippe as Lotus 1968 entry in the Indianapolis 500, replacing the successful Lotus 38. The Lotus Type 62 race car was a development of the successful Type 47 and intended to race in the Appendix J Group 6 Prototype Class The Lotus 63 was an experimental Formula One car designed by Colin Chapman and Maurice Philippe for the 1969 season The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975 The Lotus 72 was a Formula One car designed by Colin Chapman and Maurice Philippe of Lotus for the 1970 Formula One season. The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975 The Lotus 76 was a Formula 1 car designed by Colin Chapman, Tony Rudd and Ralph Bellamy for the 1974 Formula One season. The Lotus 77 was a Formula One racing car designed by Colin Chapman, Geoff Aldridge and Martin Ogilvie for the 1976 Formula One season The Lotus 78 'wing car' was a formula one racing car used on the 1977 and 1978 seasons The Lotus 79 was a Formula One car designed in late 1977 by Colin Chapman, Martin Ogilvie, Tony Rudd and Peter Wright of Lotus The Lotus 80 was a Formula One car used by Team Lotus in. The car designed by Colin Chapman, Martin Ogilvie, Peter Wright and The Lotus 81 was a Formula 1 racing car built by Colin Chapman 's Lotus team for the 1980 Formula One season. The Lotus 88 was an innovative ground effect F1 car designed by Colin Chapman, Peter Wright, Tony Rudd and Martin Ogilvie The Type 89 Lotus Excel, built from 1982 to 1992 was a front-engined rear-wheel drive car based on the earlier Lotus Eclat, which itself was based The Lotus 91 was designed by Colin Chapman, Martin Ogilvie and Tony Rudd for the 1982 Formula One season. Lotus 95T was an F1 car designed by Gérard Ducarouge for Team Lotus ' use in the 1984 Formula One season. The Lotus type 96T was Team Lotus 's last Indycar. The project was the brainchild of former Formula 2 team owner Roy Winkelmann The Lotus 97T was a Formula One racing car designed and built by Team Lotus. The Lotus 98T was a development of the Lotus 97T of 1985 Of the four chassis built three were assigned to Ayrton Senna, now in his second year with Team Lotus The Lotus 99T was a Formula 1 car designed by Gérard Ducarouge for Lotus for use in the 1987 Formula One season. The Lotus 100T was a Formula 1 car designed by Gérard Ducarouge and Martin Ogilvie for Team Lotus, used during the 1988 Formula One season Lotus Elan is the name of two Convertible Cars and one fixed head Coupé produced by Lotus Cars. The Lotus 101 was Team Lotus ’s entry for the 1989 Formula One season. The Lotus 102 was a Formula One Racing car designed by Lotus for use in the 1990 Formula One season. The Lotus 107 was a Formula One car designed for the 1992 Formula One Season, it brought in a final frustratingly limited and short-lived period of competitiveness The Lotus Type 108 (originally known as LotusSport Pursuit Bicycle) is an Olympic pursuit bike The bicycle, cycle, or bike is a pedal-driven, human-powered vehicle with two wheels attached to a frame, one behind Chris Boardman (born 26 August 1968 in Hoylake) is a former English racing Cyclist who won an Individual pursuit Gold Final results for the Cycling competition at the 1992 Summer Olympics.
- Lotus 109 - 1994-1994 F1 – Last Lotus F1 car. The Lotus 109 was a Formula One car used by Team Lotus in the latter part of the 1994 Formula One season.
- Lotus 110 - Production version of type 108 bicycle
- Lotus 111 - The Lotus Elise
- Lotus 112 - Final partial F1 design, got as far as the monocoque buck
- Lotus 113 - Number not allocated
- Lotus 114 - 1995-1995
- Lotus 115 - 1997-1998 – Lotus GT Race Car
- Lotus 116 - The Vauxhall VX220 / Opel Speedster, a collaboration with GM 'type 116' forums
- Lotus 117 -
- Lotus 118 -
- Lotus 119 - Soapbox derby car Light vehicle out of carbon and aluminium, brakes discs, without engine, built for the race of the festival of speed of Goodwood
- Lotus 120 - 1998 Elise V6 code named M120 Was never produced
- Lotus 121 - 2006 Europa S
- Lotus Carlton - 1990-1992 Tuned version of the standard Vauxhall saloon (designated Lotus 104). The Lotus Type 108 (originally known as LotusSport Pursuit Bicycle) is an Olympic pursuit bike Series 1 The design philosophy of Lotus is "Performance through light weight" first adopted by the founder of Lotus Colin Chapman. The Lotus 112 was the proposed 1995 Formula One car of Team Lotus. The Lotus Elise GT1 (also known as the Lotus GT1 and known internally as Type-115) was a Race car developed for Grand tourer -style Sports The Opel Speedster/Vauxhall VX220 was a British -built Mid engined targa-topped, 2-seater Sports car introduced in the summer of 2000 Lotus 119 was a box car built by Lotus Cars to compete at the Soapbox Challenge that took place at the Goodwood Festival of Speed. The Lotus Carlton (in mainland Europe the Lotus Omega) was a Vauxhall Carlton saloon upgraded by Lotus Cars to be a 177 mph (285 kph sports
- Lotus Excel - 1985-1992
- Lotus Eclat - (1975-1982) Fastback version of the Elite. The Type 89 Lotus Excel, built from 1982 to 1992 was a front-engined rear-wheel drive car based on the earlier Lotus Eclat, which itself was based The Type 76 and Type 84 Lotus Eclat, built from 1974 to 1982 was a front engine rear drive coupe The rear roof line of the Elite was sloped down into a sporty fastback.
- Lotus Elite - Describes two cars, one an ultra-light two-seater coupé produced from 1957 to 1962, one an angular 3 door hatch with a back bone chassis produced from 1974 to 1982. The Lotus Elite name was used for two vehicles from Lotus Cars.
- Lotus Elan - A small light roadster that made use of the Lotus-trademark steel backbone frame, coupled with a fibre glass body. Lotus Elan is the name of two Convertible Cars and one fixed head Coupé produced by Lotus Cars. This car was the design inspiration for the 1990 Mazda MX-5 / Miata. Generations and overview Now in its third generation the MX5's first generation the NA, sold over 400000 units from 1989 to 1997 &mdash with a Straight-4
- Lotus Elan M100 - The second car that used the Elan name, released in 1989. Lotus Elan is the name of two Convertible Cars and one fixed head Coupé produced by Lotus Cars. It was a technical tour de force but one that also defied Lotus' 'performance through light weight' tradition, to its detriment. The idea of a front-drive Lotus, powered by a Japanese turbo-charged engine, was a brave concept and its cornering performance was undeniable. But the handling was negatively compared to the original Elan by some Lotus loyalists and its relatively high price (vs. , e. g. , the Mazda MX-5) meant that it was not a sales success.
- Lotus Europa - 1966-1975 mid-engine sports car. The Lotus Europa or Lotus Europe was a two door Mid-engined GT Coupé built by Lotus Cars from 1966 to 1975
- Lotus Esprit - A mid-engined sports car, launched in the early 1970s. Early Esprit (1976–80 S1 The Esprit was launched in October 1975 at the Paris motorshow and went into production in June 1976 replacing the Europa in the The Esprit shocked many at its launch; its geometric, laser-cut lines seemed far more futuristic than anything on the road—or on the cinema screen, for that matter. It was styled by Italian designer Giorgetto Giugiaro. Giorgetto Giugiaro (born August 7, 1938) is an Italian Automobile designer He was born in Garessio, Province of Cuneo The Esprit started with a light, 4-cylinder design, which went through several iterations of turbo-charging and electronic upgrades, before finally being replaced by a highly-advanced V8. The last Lotus Esprit rolled off the production line on 20 February 2004, after 28 years in production. Events 1472 - Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a Dowry payment "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " A total of 10,675 Esprits were built since production began in 1976.
The Lotus Elise
- Lotus Elise - The Elise incorporates many engineering innovations, such as an aluminum extrusion frame and a composite body shell. Series 1 The design philosophy of Lotus is "Performance through light weight" first adopted by the founder of Lotus Colin Chapman. The Elise has also spawned several racing variants, including an exotic limited series called the 340R, which has an open-body design echoing the famed Seven. The Lotus 340R was a limited edition Sports car manufactured by Lotus Cars in 2000 at their Hethel factory The Elise was recently introduced into the U. S. , with a Toyota engine, in order to pass strict U. The Toyota ZZ engine family is a Straight-4 Piston engine series S. emissions laws. The 1ZZ & 2ZZ Toyota engines used have a Lotus ECU with their own fuel mapping. Also see the related Tesla Roadster below. The Tesla Roadster is a fully electric Sports car. It is the first car produced by electric car firm Tesla Motors.
- Lotus Exige - A version of the Lotus Elise with a redesigned body to provide additional downforce (100 lb at 100 mph). The Lotus Exige (pronounced ex-seej is a two-door two-seat Sports car made by Lotus Cars. Additionally, the following Elise Sport Pack and Hardtop options are standard on the Exige. The car is street legal and the base 2006 model was available for $50,990. Lotus updated the Exige with the supercharged Exige S in 2007.
- Lotus Exige S - An Exige with a supercharged engine providing 220 hp. The Lotus Exige (pronounced ex-seej is a two-door two-seat Sports car made by Lotus Cars. The non-S Exige and Elise have 190 hp (140 kW).
Lotus Europa S
- Lotus Europa S - The new Grand Tourer (GT)-inspired two-seater provides Lotus customers with a spectacular sports car, with significantly enhanced levels of touring and cruising capability. Lotus Europa S is a GT type two seater Automobile designed to complement the very successful Lotus Elise Sports car and its derivative A grand tourer ( Gran turismo) ( initialised GT) is a high-performance Automobile designed for long-distance driving It provides drivers with higher levels of practicality and refinement to complement the simplicity of the Lotus Elise and Exige models. Series 1 The design philosophy of Lotus is "Performance through light weight" first adopted by the founder of Lotus Colin Chapman. The Lotus Exige (pronounced ex-seej is a two-door two-seat Sports car made by Lotus Cars.
The Lotus Europa S follows the core Lotus philosophy of performance through light weight, obtained through the clever use of advanced and high-technology materials, including an extruded and bonded aluminium chassis, composite body panels and a very advanced composite energy-absorbing front crash structure.
- Lotus Esprit Replacement - Currently, Lotus Cars is designing a new version of the Esprit that is expected to go on sale in 2009. Early Esprit (1976–80 S1 The Esprit was launched in October 1975 at the Paris motorshow and went into production in June 1976 replacing the Europa in the It is expected to be powered by a BMW V8 engine similar to that used in BMW's 650i.
- Lotus 2-Eleven Weighing just 670 kg (1,500 lb) and with 252 bhp (188 kW) the Lotus 2-Eleven can sprint from 0-60 in 3. The Lotus 2-Eleven is a car produced by British car manufacturer Lotus. 8 seconds and has a top speed of 155 mph (249 km/h). Intended as a track day car it costs £39,995 but for an additional £1,100 Lotus will make the car fully road legal.
Lotus Exige 265E
- Lotus Exige 265E is an experimental Bioethanol car. Ethanol fuel is Ethanol (ethyl alcohol the same type of Alcohol found in Alcoholic beverages.
- Lotus Cortina—Lotus version of the famed Ford Cortina Mk. The Lotus-Cortina was a high-performance car, the result of collaboration between Ford and Lotus. The Ford Cortina is a mid sized family car built by Ford of Britain in various guises from 1962 to 1982 I.
- Lotus Talbot Sunbeam—Talbot's hot-hatch rally car of the early '80s. For the Sunbeam-Talbot or Sunbeam-Talbot-Darracq cars see Sunbeam Car Company The Chrysler Sunbeam is a small supermini 3-door Hatchback
- Vauxhall Lotus Carlton (also Opel Lotus Omega, internal name Lotus Type 104) - At the time (early 1990s) this was the fastest saloon car available, with a top speed of over 170 mph (274 km/h). The Lotus Carlton (in mainland Europe the Lotus Omega) was a Vauxhall Carlton saloon upgraded by Lotus Cars to be a 177 mph (285 kph sports
- The 1991 Dodge Spirit R/T with a version of the 2. Year 1991 ( MCMXCI) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar. The Dodge Spirit was introduced in January 1989 as a mid-size 5/6 passenger sedan by Dodge. 2 L K-car engine with a 16-valve DOHC head designed by Lotus with over 220 HP.
- Vauxhall VX220 (also Opel Speedster) - Lotus produced and based upon the same aluminium chassis design as the Lotus Elise. The Opel Speedster/Vauxhall VX220 was a British -built Mid engined targa-topped, 2-seater Sports car introduced in the summer of 2000 Series 1 The design philosophy of Lotus is "Performance through light weight" first adopted by the founder of Lotus Colin Chapman. Production of these models ended in 2005
- Lotus styled and assisted with the engineering of the Tesla Roadster, an electric sports car, as well as licensing some technologies to Tesla Motors and constructing the Roadster at their plant in Hethel. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The Tesla Roadster is a fully electric Sports car. It is the first car produced by electric car firm Tesla Motors. Hethel is a small village in Norfolk, England. It is located near the historic market town of Wymondham, and is approximately 10 miles (16 km south of 
- Lotus were responsible for most of the design, development, and testing, of the LT5 DOHC V8 powerplant for the Chevrolet Corvette ZR-1. General Motors ' Generation II LT small block V8 engine debuted in 1992 on the 1992 Chevrolet Corvette. For an outline of all the Chevrolet Corvette generations see See also Chevrolet Corvette The Chevrolet Corvette C4 is a Sports car introduced
- Lotus were responsible for various aspects of the Sinclair C5 electric tricycle. The Sinclair C5 was a Battery electric vehicle invented by Sir Clive Sinclair and launched in the United Kingdom on 10 January 1985.
- Lotus were responsible for the suspension calibration of the Toyota MR2 Mk. The Toyota MR2 is a two-seat mid-engined, Rear wheel drive Sports car produced by Toyota from 1984 until July 2007 when production stopped in I, the Toyota Supra Mk. Mark I (1979-1981 1979 In 1978 Toyota began production of the Mark I Supra in Japan, as the Toyota Celica XX. II and Mk. III, the Isuzu Piazza, the Isuzu Impulse as well as various Proton models. The Isuzu Piazza (also known as the Isuzu Impulse in the United States and the Holden Piazza in Australia) is a small sporty 3-door The Isuzu Piazza (also known as the Isuzu Impulse in the United States and the Holden Piazza in Australia) is a small sporty 3-door
- Lotus were responsible for the development of the Campro engine together with Proton, as well as its variable valve timing system, the Cam Profile Switching (CPS). The Campro engine is the first automotive Engine ever developed together with Lotus by the Malaysian carmaker Proton. Variable valve timing, or VVT, is a generic term for an Automobile Piston engine technology Currently available in the 1. 6-liter and 1. 3-liter variants, the Campro engine now powers most of Proton's newer models.
- Lotus has worked on the suspension of the Mahindra Scorpio to make it more stable at high speeds. The Mahindra Scorpio (sold in some European countries as the Goa) is a Sport utility vehicle manufactured by Mahindra and Mahindra Limited
- Lotus is partnering with ZAP on the design of their next electric vehicle, the ZAP-X, based on the APX concept vehicle. Founded in 1994 ZAP (short for Zero Air Pollution is a publicly-owned corporation (stock symbol ZAAP, as listed on OTC Bulletin Board) located in Santa The Electric Vehicle was an American Automobile manufactured only in 1899 ZAP-X is a Crossover Electric Vehicle previously expected to be launched in 2008 by ZAP Motors and Lotus Engineering based on the Lotus APX prototype
- APX (also known as the "Aluminium Performance Crossover")
The APX is an aluminium concept vehicle revealed at the 2006 Geneva Motor Show built on Lotus Engineering's Versatile Vehicle Architecture (VVA). The Lotus-Ford Twin Cam is a 1558 cc engine developed for the 1962 Lotus Elan and also used in a variety of other vehicles up until mid 1970's It is a common misconception that the Lotus 900 series engines were modified Vauxhall engines The Lotus 907 was an original design dual overhead cam 16 valve all alloy powerplant It is a common misconception that the Lotus 900 series engines were modified Vauxhall engines It is a common misconception that the Lotus 900 series engines were modified Vauxhall engines It is a common misconception that the Lotus 900 series engines were modified Vauxhall engines Early Esprit (1976–80 S1 The Esprit was launched in October 1975 at the Paris motorshow and went into production in June 1976 replacing the Europa in the The Lotus APX (APX stands for Aluminum Performance Crossover) is a Concept car created by the British automobile Marque, Lotus. Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at Hethel, Norfolk, England.
Whereas the VVA technology will be used in the creation of a new mid-engined sportscar for Lotus cars, the APX is in fact a high performance 7 seat MPV with four-wheel drive and a front mounted V6 engine from Lotus Engineering's Powertrain division. The engine was designed and developed to be available as a 2. 2 litre N/A and 3. 0 litre supercharged. A number of prototypes of both engines exist in full working order in a number of mule cars. A development mule or a test mule in the automotive industry is a vehicle equipped with experimental or Prototype components for testing
On September 20, 2007 Lotus Engineering released a five year construction plan in which new models would be created in the United States. It also states that there will be a rapid expansion of the US Lotus Engineering Program. Three new models are to be created around the 2010 year period, a 2+2 coupe, a brand new Lotus Excel, and of course the 2009 Esprit.
Lotus Engineering has established a group dedicated to hybrid and electric vehicles. 
- Gérard ('Jabby') Crombac, Colin Chapman: The Man and His Cars (Patrick Stephens, Wellingborough, 1986)
- Mike Lawrence, Colin Chapman: The Wayward Genius (Breedon Books, Derby, 2002)
- Ian H. Smith, The Story of Lotus: 1947-1960 Birth of a Legend (republished Motor Racing Publications, Chiswick, 1972)
- Doug Nye, The Story of Lotus: 1961-1971 Growth of a Legend (Motor Racing Publications, Chiswick, 1972)
- Robin Read, Colin Chapman's Lotus: The early years, the Elite and the origins of the Elan (Haynes, Sparkford, 1989)
- Anthony Pritchard, Lotus: All The Cars (Aston Publications, Bourne End, 1990)
- Doug Nye, Theme Lotus: 1956-1986 (Motor Racing Publications, Croydon, 1986)
- Peter Ross, Lotus - The Early Years 1951-54 (Coterie Press, Luton, 2004)
- Rémy Solnon, Lotus Esprit - le grand tourisme à l'anglaise (Editions Les Presses Littéraires, 2007)
Versatile Vehicle Architecture
Versatile Vehicle Architecture (VVA) is an effort by the Lotus car manufacturing company to reduce the investment needed for producing unique, niche-market cars by sharing a number of common components. Lotus Cars is a British manufacturer of sports and racing cars based at Hethel, Norfolk, England.
Cars produced using VVA
External links The Lotus APX (APX stands for Aluminum Performance Crossover) is a Concept car created by the British automobile Marque, Lotus. Early Esprit (1976–80 S1 The Esprit was launched in October 1975 at the Paris motorshow and went into production in June 1976 replacing the Europa in the Events 1481 - Battle of Westbrook - Holland defeats troops of Utrecht. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. For other people of this name see Jackie Stewart (disambiguation. Lower Formulae (1958 - 1967 Tyrrell Racing first came into being in 1958 running Formula Three cars for Ken Tyrrell and local stars RAF Hethel is a former World War II airfield used by the US during the Second World War (and briefly as an RAF station) in Norfolk, England Proton is the Malaysian national Carmaker ( Malay Acronym for PeRusahaan OTOmobil Nasional, 'National Automobile Enterprise'
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