Condensed list of historical anniversaries.
External links and resources 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Events in December Union Day of Romania (1 December World AIDS Day ( December 1) National Day of Events in January Holidays New Year's Day - January 1 Coptic Christmas - January 7 Overview February was named after the Latin term februum, which means purification, via the purification ritual Februa held on February 15 in the New Year See also New Year The Ancient Romans began their consular year on January 1st since 153 BC Events 366 - The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers invading the Roman Empire. Events 1431 - Joan of Arc is handed over to the Bishop Pierre Cauchon. Events 46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. Events 1477 - Battle of Nancy: Charles the Bold is killed and Burgundy becomes part of France. Events 1066 - Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England. 1205 - Philip of Swabia becomes King Events 1325 - Alfonso IV becomes King of Portugal. 1558 - France takes Calais, the last continental Events 871 - Battle of Ashdown - Ethelred of Wessex defeats a Danish invasion army Events 475 - Byzantine Emperor Zeno is forced to flee his capital at Constantinople. Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war. Events 1055 - Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire. Events 475 - Basiliscus becomes Byzantine Emperor, with a coronation ceremony in the Hebdomon palace in Constantinople Events 532 - Nika riots in Constantinople. 888 - Odo Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks Events 1129 - Formal approval of the Order of the Templar at the Council of Troyes. Events 588 BC - Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah 's reign Events 27 BC - The title Augustus is bestowed upon Gaius Julius Caesar Octavian by the Roman Senate. Events 38 BC - Octavian marries Livia Drusilla. 1287 - King Alfonso III of Aragon invades Minorca Events 350 - Generallus Magnentius deposes Roman Emperor Constans and proclaims himself Emperor Events 1419 - Hundred Years' War: Rouen surrenders to Henry V of England completing his reconquest of Normandy. Events 250 - Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Events 1189 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade. Events 565 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus. Events 393 - Roman Emperor Theodosius I proclaims his nine year old son Honorius co-emperor Events 41 - Gaius Caesar (Caligula, known for his eccentricity and cruel Despotism, is Assassinated by his disgruntled Events 41 - After a night of negotiation Claudius is accepted as Roman Emperor by the Senate Events 1340 - King Edward III of England is declared King of France. Events 98 - Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva. Events 1077 - Walk to Canossa: The Excommunication of Henry IV Holy Roman Emperor is lifted Events 904 - Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed Antipope Christopher. Events 1648 - Eighty Years' War: The Treaty of Münster is signed ending the conflict between the Netherlands and Spain Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes Events in January Holidays New Year's Day - January 1 Coptic Christmas - January 7 Overview February was named after the Latin term februum, which means purification, via the purification ritual Februa held on February 15 in the Events in March American Red Cross Month Fire Prevention month ( The Philippines) Women's History Month ( United Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Events 962 - Translatio imperii: Pope John XII crowns Otto I Holy Roman Emperor, the first Holy Roman Emperor Events 1112 - Ramon Berenguer III of Barcelona and Douce I of Provence marry uniting the fortunes of those two states Events 211 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus dies leaving the Roman Empire in the hands of his two quarrelsome sons Events 1576 - Henry of Navarre converts to Roman Catholicism in order to ensure his right to the throne of France. Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats the combined army of Pompeian followers and Numidians under Metellus Scipio Events 457 - Leo I becomes emperor of the Byzantine Empire. 1074 - Battle of Montesarchio in which the Prince Events 421 - Constantius III becomes co- Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Events 474 - Zeno crowned as co-emperor of the Byzantine Empire. Events 1355 - The St Scholastica's Day riot breaks out in Oxford, England, leaving 63 scholars and perhaps 30 locals dead Events 660 BC - Traditional founding date of Japan by Emperor Jimmu. Events 1429 - English Forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army besieging Orleans from attack by the Events 1258 - Baghdad falls to the Mongols, and the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed Events 842 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German Events 590 - Khosrau II is crowned as king of Persia 1637 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor Events 1249 - Andrew of Longjumeau is dispatched by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to meet with the Khan of the Mongols Events 1500 - Battle of Hemmingstedt. 1600 - Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori Events 3102 BC - Epoch (origin of the Kali Yuga. 1229 - The Sixth Crusade: Frederick II Holy Events 197 - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum Events 1472 - Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a Dowry payment Events 362 - Athanasius returns to Alexandria. 1245 - Thomas, the first known Bishop of Finland Events 1495 - King Charles VIII of France enters Naples to claim the city's throne Events 1455 - Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western Book printed from Movable Events 303 - Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Events 138 - The Emperor Hadrian adopts Antoninus Pius, effectively making him his successor Events 747 BC - Epoch (origin of Ptolemy 's Nabonassar Era 364 - Valentinian I is proclaimed Events 1560 - The Treaty of Berwick, which would expel the French from Scotland, is signed by England and the Congregation Events 202 BC - coronation ceremony of Liu Bang as Emperor Gaozu of Han takes place initiating four centuries of the Han Dynasty 's rule Leap years Although the modern calendar counts a year as 365 days a complete revolution around the sun takes approximately 365 days and 6 hours Overview February was named after the Latin term februum, which means purification, via the purification ritual Februa held on February 15 in the Events in March American Red Cross Month Fire Prevention month ( The Philippines) Women's History Month ( United April holidays and events National Poetry Month - in United States National Sexual Assault Awareness Month - in United Events 86 BC - Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army enters in Athens, removing the Tyrant Events 986 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks. 1127 - Assassination of Charles the Good Events 1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England 1575 - Indian Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a Events 1079 - Omar Khayyám completes the Iranian calendar. 1454 - Thirteen Years' War: Delegates of Events 161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus Events 1618 - Johannes Kepler discovers the third law of planetary motion. Events 590 - Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia. Events 241 BC - First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands - The Romans sink the Carthaginian fleet bringing Events 1425 BC - Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty Events 538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving Events 1138 - Cardinal Gregorio Conti is elected Antipope as Victor IV, succeeding Anacletus II. Events 1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. Events 44 BC - Julius Caesar, Dictator of the Roman Republic, is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Events 597 BC - Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king Events 45 BC - In his last victory Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger Events 37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius ' will and proclaims Caligula emperor Events 1279 - A Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China. Events 1600 - The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden. Events 630 - Byzantine emperor Heraclius restores the True Cross to Jerusalem. Events 238 - Gordian I and his son Gordian II are proclaimed Roman emperor. Events 1174 - Jocelin, Abbot of Melrose, is elected Bishop of Glasgow. Events 1401 - Mongol emperor Timur sacks Damascus. 1603 - James VI of Scotland Events 1199 - Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6. Events 1026 - Pope John XIX crowns Conrad II as Holy Roman Emperor. Events 196 BC - Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt. 1309 - Pope Clement V excommunicates Events 37 - Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate. Events 1461 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Towton - Edward of York defeats Queen Margaret to become King Events 240 BC - 1st recorded Perihelion passage of Halley's Comet. Events 307 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Roman Emperor Events in March American Red Cross Month Fire Prevention month ( The Philippines) Women's History Month ( United April holidays and events National Poetry Month - in United States National Sexual Assault Awareness Month - in United MAY ( also known as: Mei メイ 메이 is a Korean singer well known in South Korea for singing the song "Miracle" Events 527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne Events 68 - Galba, Governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of Events 1043 - Edward the Confessor is crowned King of England. Events 1581 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. Events 456 - St Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato in the Battle of Thapsus Events 529 - First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in Jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Events 217 - Roman Emperor Caracalla is Assassinated (and succeeded by his Praetorian Events 193 - Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans) Events 879 - Louis III becomes King of the Western Franks. 1407 - the lama Events 491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I. Events 467 - Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Events 1111 - Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. 1204 - The Fourth Crusade sacks Constantinople Events 43 BC - Battle of Forum Gallorum: Mark Antony, besieging Julius Caesar 's assassin Decimus Junius Brutus in Events 1450 - Battle of Formigny: Toward the end of the Hundred Years' War, the French attack and nearly annihilate English Events 1178 BC - A Solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom Events 69 - After the First Battle of Bedriacum, Vitellius becomes Roman Emperor. Events 1025 - Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland. Events 1012 - Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich London. 1529 - At the Second Diet of Speyer Events 1303 - The University of Rome La Sapienza is instituted by Pope Boniface VIII. Events 753 BC - Romulus and Remus found Rome ( traditional date) Events 1500 - Portuguese Navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral becomes the first European to sight Brazil. Events 215 BC - A temple is built on the Capitoline Hill dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Events 1479 BC - Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to Events 1607 - Eighty Years' War: The Dutch fleet destroys the anchored Spanish fleet at Gibraltar. Events 1467 - The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy. Events 1124 - David I becomes King of Scotland. 1296 - Battle of Dunbar: The Scots are defeated Events 1192 - Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title Events 1429 - Joan of Arc arrives to relieve the Siege of Orleans. Events 313 - Roman emperor Licinius unifies the entire Eastern Roman Empire under his rule April holidays and events National Poetry Month - in United States National Sexual Assault Awareness Month - in United MAY ( also known as: Mei メイ 메이 is a Korean singer well known in South Korea for singing the song "Miracle" Events in June Madaraka Day June 1 to commemorate when Kenya gained internal self-rule Events 305 - Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor. Events 1194 - King Richard I of England gives Portsmouth its first Royal Charter. Events 1491 - Kongo monarch Nkuwu Nzinga is baptised by Portuguese missionaries adopting the baptismal name of João Events 1256 - The Augustinian monastic order is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery when Pope Alexander IV Events 553 - The Second Council of Constantinople begins 1215 - Rebel Barons renounce their allegiance to King John Events 1527 - Spanish and German troops sack Rome; some consider this the end of the Renaissance. Events 558 - In Constantinople, the dome of the Hagia Sophia collapses Events 589 - Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo 1450 - Jack Cade's Rebellion: Kentishmen Events 1457 BC - Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC between Thutmose III and a large Canaanite coalition under the King of Events 1291 - Scottish Nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England. Events 330 - Byzantium is renamed ''Nova Roma'' during a dedication ceremony but is more popularly referred to as Constantinople Events 1191 - Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre. Events 1497 - Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola. Events 1264 - Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured in France making Simon de Montfort the Events 1252 - Pope Innocent IV issues the Papal bull Ad exstirpanda, which authorizes but also limits the Events 1204 - Baldwin IX Count of Flanders is crowned as the first Emperor of the Latin Empire. Events 1521 - Edward Stafford 3rd Duke of Buckingham, is executed for Treason. Events 1152 - Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine. Events 1535 - French explorer Jacques Cartier sets sail on his second voyage to North America with three ships 110 men and Events 325 - The First Council of Nicaea &ndash the first Ecumenical Council of the Christian Church is held Events 878 - Syracuse Italy is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily. Events 334 BC - The Greek army of Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus. Events 1430 - Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne Events 1218 - The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt. 1276 - Magnus Ladulås is crowned Events 1085 - Alfonso VI of Castile takes Toledo Spain back from the Moors. Events 451 - The Battle of Avarayr between Armenian rebels and the Sassanid Empire takes place Events 927 - Simeon the Great, Tsar of Bulgaria, dies 1120 - Richard III of Capua is anointed Events 585 BC - A Solar eclipse occurs as predicted by Greek philosopher and scientist Thales, while Alyattes is battling Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian defeats the Sassanid army in the Battle of Ctesiphon, under the walls of the Events 1416 - The Council of Constance, called by the Emperor Sigismund a supporter of Antipope John XXIII burns Jerome of Prague following Events 1279 BC - Rameses II (The Great (19th dynasty becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. MAY ( also known as: Mei メイ 메이 is a Korean singer well known in South Korea for singing the song "Miracle" Events in June Madaraka Day June 1 to commemorate when Kenya gained internal self-rule Events in July The traditional period known as "fence month" (the closed season for deer in England ended July 9 (date varied Events 193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is Assassinated 987 - Hugh Capet is elected Events 455 - The Vandals enter Rome, and plunder the city for two weeks Events 350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, proclaims himself Roman Emperor, entering Events 781 BC - The first historic Solar eclipse is recorded in China. Events 70 - Titus and his Roman Legions breach the middle wall of Jerusalem in the Siege of Jerusalem Events 1508 - Maximilian I Holy Roman Emperor, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year Events 1099 - The First Crusade: The Siege of Jerusalem begins Events 68 - The Roman Senate accepts emperor Galba. 536 - St Silverius becomes Pope (probable Events 53 - Roman Emperor Nero marries Claudia Octavia 62 - Claudia Octavia commits Events 1190 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem Events 1184 BC - Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned according to the calculations of Eratosthenes. Events 1381 - Peasants' Revolt: in England, rebels arrive at Blackheath. Events 1525 - Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the Celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for Events 1276 - While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the Events 763 BC - Assyrians record a Solar eclipse that will be used to fix the Chronology of Mesopotamian history Events 1487 - Battle of Stoke Field, the last dying breath of the Wars of the Roses. Events 1462 - Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II ( The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat Events 618 - Coronation of the Chinese governor Li Yuan as Emperor Gaozu of Tang, the new Emperor of China, initiating three centuries Events 1179 - The Norwegian Battle of Kalvskinnet outside Nidaros. Events 451 - Battle of Chalons: Flavius Aetius ' defeats Attila the Hun. Events 524 - Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce. Events 217 BC - Battle of Raphia: Ptolemy IV of Egypt defeats Antiochus III the Great of the Seleucid kingdom. Events 1180 - First Battle of Uji, starting the Genpei War in Japan 1305 - The Flemish Events 972 - Battle of Cedynia, the first documented victory of Polish forces takes place Events 524 - Battle of Vézeronce, the Franks defeat the Burgundians Events 363 - Roman Emperor Julian is killed during the retreat from the Sassanid Empire. Events 1358 - Republic of Dubrovnik is founded 1709 - Peter the Great defeats Charles XII of Sweden Events 1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul. Events 512 - A Solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland. Events 350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the Usurper Events in June Madaraka Day June 1 to commemorate when Kenya gained internal self-rule Events in July The traditional period known as "fence month" (the closed season for deer in England ended July 9 (date varied Other names In Arabic, the month is called أغسطسص ʾUġusṭuṣ or آب ʾĀb; usage varies from place to place and "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Events 310 - Pope Miltiades is elected 626 - In fear of assassination Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival Events 324 - Battle of Adrianople Constantine I defeats Licinius, who flees to Byzantium. Events 836 - Pactum Sicardi, peace between the Principality of Benevento and the Duchy of Naples Events 1295 - Scotland and France form an alliance the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England. Events 1044 - The Battle of Ménfő takes place 1189 - Richard the Lionheart is crowned King of England Events 1456 - A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death Events 939 - The Major Occultation or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi 1099 - First Crusade: 15000 Events 455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. Events 48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium, Julius Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia. Events 911 - Signing of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between Charles the Simple and Rollo of Normandy. Events 1191 - Saladin 's garrison surrenders ending the two-year Siege of Acre. Events 1174 - William I of Scotland, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173-1174, is captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Events 1223 - Louis VIII becomes King of France upon the death of his father Philip II of France. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Christian soldiers take the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after the final Events 622 - The beginning of the Islamic calendar. 1054 - Three Roman legates fractured relations between the Western and Events 180 - Twelve inhabitants of Scillium in North Africa are executed for being Christians Events 390 BC - Roman - Gaulish Wars Battle of the Allia - a Roman army is defeated by raiding Gauls, Events 711 - Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic. Events 1304 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Fall of Stirling Castle - King Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold Events 356 BC - Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World Events 1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Events 1632 - Three hundred colonists bound for New France depart from Dieppe France. Events 1132 - Battle of Nocera between Ranulf II of Alife and Roger II of Sicily. Events 285 - Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler Events 657 - Battle of Siffin. 811 - Battle of Pliska; Byzantine Emperor Nicephorus Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Events 1540 - Thomas Cromwell is executed at the order of Henry VIII of England on charges of Treason. Events 1014 - Byzantine-Bulgarian Wars: Battle of Kleidion: Byzantine emperor Basil II inflicts a decisive defeat Events 1419 - First Defenestration of Prague. 1502 - Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off Events 30 BC - Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian 's forces but most of his army subsequently Events in July The traditional period known as "fence month" (the closed season for deer in England ended July 9 (date varied Other names In Arabic, the month is called أغسطسص ʾUġusṭuṣ or آب ʾĀb; usage varies from place to place and Events in September It is the start of the academic year in many countries in the Northern Hemisphere. Events 30 BC - Octavian (later known as Augustus enters Alexandria, Egypt, bringing it under the control of the Roman Events 338 BC - A Macedonian army led by Philip II defeated the combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Events 8 - Roman Empire General Tiberius defeats Dalmatians on the river Bathinus. Events 70 - The Destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans. Events 642 - Battle of Maserfield - Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Bernicia. Events 1538 - Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada. Events 322 BC - Battle of Crannon between Athens and Macedon following the death of Alexander the Great. Events 1220 - Sweden is defeated by Estonian tribes in the Battle of Lihula. Events 48 BC - Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus Events 612 BC - Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire Events 2492 BC - Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation Events 1099 - First Crusade: Battle of Ascalon - Crusaders under the command of Godfrey of Bouillon defeat Fatimid Events 3114 BC - According to the Lounsbury correlation the start of the Maya calendar. Events 1183 - Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures Events 778 - The Battle of Roncevaux Pass, at which Roland is killed Events 1384 - The Hongwu Emperor of Ming China, Emperor Dong hears a case of a couple who tore paper money bills while fighting Events 986 - A Byzantine army was destroyed in the pass of Trajan's Gate by the Bulgarians under the Comitopuli Events 293 BC - The oldest known Roman temple to Venus is founded starting the institution of Vinalia Rustica. Events 43 BC - Octavian, later known as Augustus compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul. Events 636 - Battle of Yarmouk: Arab forces led by Khalid ibn al-Walid take control of Syria and Palestine Events 1192 - Minamoto Yoritomo becomes Seii Tai Shōgun and the De facto ruler of Japan. Events 392 - Arbogast has Eugenius elected Western Roman Emperor. Events 79 - Mount Vesuvius begins stirring on the feast day of Vulcan the Roman god of fire Events 49 BC - Julius Caesar 's General Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River Events 1248 - The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III the Events 1071 - Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Army at Manzikert. Events 479 BC - Greco-Persian Wars: Persian forces led by Mardonius are routed by Pausanias, the Spartan Events 475 - The Roman General Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his Capital Events 708 - Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 708) Events 1363 - Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders— Chen Youliang and Events 1056 - Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill dying suddenly a few days later without children to succeed the Throne Other names In Arabic, the month is called أغسطسص ʾUġusṭuṣ or آب ʾĀb; usage varies from place to place and Events in September It is the start of the academic year in many countries in the Northern Hemisphere. October events and holidays Children's Book Week ( England) - First Week of October National Day ( China People's Republic Events 462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle. Events 44 BC - Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion. Events 36 BC - In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, Admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius Events 476 - Romulus Augustus, last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed when Odoacer proclaims himself Events 1590 - Alexander Farnese 's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris. Events 3114 BC - According to the Proleptic Julian calendar the current era in the Maya Long Count Calendar started Events 1251 BC - A Solar eclipse on this date might mark the birth of legendary Heracles at Thebes Greece. Events 70 - Roman forces under Titus sack Jerusalem. 1264 - The Statute of Kalisz Events 1000 - Battle of Svolder, Viking Age. 1379 - Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Events 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde. Events 9 - The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends 506 - The Bishops of Visigothic Gaul Events 1213 - Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort 5th Earl of Leicester, defeats Peter II of Aragon at the Events 509 BC - The Temple of Jupiter on Rome 's Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September Events 81 - Domitian becomes Emperor of the Roman Empire upon the death of his brother Titus. Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy. Events 1400 - Owain Glyndŵr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers Events 1176 - The Battle of Myriokephalon is fought 1462 - The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec Events 96 - Nerva is proclaimed Roman Emperor after Domitian is assassinated Events 335 - Dalmatius is raised to the rank of Caesar by his uncle Constantine I. Events 451 - The Battle of Chalons takes place in North Eastern France. Events 1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights. Events 66 - Emperor Nero creates the Legion I Italica. 1236 - The Lithuanians Events 1122 - Concordat of Worms. 1459 - Battle of Blore Heath, the first major battle of the English Events 622 - Prophet Muhammad completes his hegira from Mecca to Medina. Events 303 - On a voyage preaching the Gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France Events 46 BC - Julius Caesar dedicates a Events 489 - Odoacer attacks Theodoric at the Battle of Verona and is defeated again Events 48 BC - Pompey the Great is assassinated on orders of King Ptolemy of Egypt after landing in Egypt. Events 522 BC - Darius I of Persia kills the Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire. Events 1399 - Henry IV is proclaimed King of England. 1744 - France and Spain defeat the Events in September It is the start of the academic year in many countries in the Northern Hemisphere. October events and holidays Children's Book Week ( England) - First Week of October National Day ( China People's Republic Events in November All Saints' Day (formerly All Hallows Day a Christian holy day is celebrated on November 1, the day after Halloween Events 331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela. Events 1187 - Siege of Jerusalem: Saladin captures Jerusalem after 88 years of Crusader rule Events 42 BC - First Battle of Philippi: Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesar's Events 610 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas Events 869 - The Fourth Council of Constantinople is convened to decide about what to do about Patriarch Photius of Constantinople Events 105 BC - Battle of Arausio: The Cimbri inflict the heaviest defeat on the Roman army of Gnaeus Mallius Maximus Events 3761 BC - The epoch (origin of the modern Hebrew calendar ( Proleptic Julian calendar) Events 314 - Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae, and loses Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Events 680 - Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, is decapitated Events 1138 - A massive earthquake struck Aleppo, Syria. 1531 - Huldrych Zwingli is killed Events 539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon. Events 54 - Nero ascends to the Roman throne 409 - Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees Events 1066 - Norman Conquest: Battle of Hastings - In England on Senlac Hill seven miles from Hastings, the forces Events 533 - Byzantine General Belisarius makes his formal entry into Carthage, having conquered it from the Events 456 - Magister militum Ricimer defeats the Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and becomes master of the western Events 539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost Events 1009 - The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid Events 202 BCE - The Battle of Zama results in the defeat of Carthage and Hannibal. Events 1740 - Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony Events 1512 - Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg. Events 202 BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus Events 4004 BC - Creation of the world begins according to the calculations of Archbishop James Ussher 42 BC - Events 69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus the commander of the Danube armies loyal to Vespasian, defeat Events 1147 - The Portuguese, under Afonso I, and Crusaders from England and Flanders conquer Lisbon after a Events 740 - An Earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death Events 312 - Constantine the Great is said to have received his famous Vision of the Cross. Events 306 - Maxentius is proclaimed Roman Emperor. 312 - Battle of Milvian Bridge: Constantine Events 437 - Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II Events 637 - Antioch surrenders to the Muslim forces under Rashidun Caliphate after the Battle of Iron bridge. Events 445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 91 NLTse October events and holidays Children's Book Week ( England) - First Week of October National Day ( China People's Republic Events in November All Saints' Day (formerly All Hallows Day a Christian holy day is celebrated on November 1, the day after Halloween Events in December Union Day of Romania (1 December World AIDS Day ( December 1) National Day of Events 996 - Emperor Otto III issues a deed to Gottschalk Bishop of Freising which is the oldest known document using the name Ostarrîchi Events 1570 - A Tidal wave in the North Sea devastates the coast from Holland to Jutland, killing more than 1000 Events 644 - Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim Caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina. Events 1333 - Flood of the Arno River, causing massive damage in Florence as recorded by the Florentine chronicler Giovanni Villani Events 1499 - Publication of the Catholicon in Treguier ( Brittany) Events 355 - Roman Emperor Constantius II promotes his cousin Julian to the rank of Caesar, entrusting him with Events 1492 - The Ensisheim Meteorite the oldest Meteorite with a known date of impact strikes the Earth around noon in a Wheat Events 1519 - Hernán Cortés enters Tenochtitlán and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with great a Celebration Events 694 - Egica, a king of the Visigoths of Hispania, accuses Jews of aiding Muslims sentencing all Events 1444 - Battle of Varna: The crusading forces of King Vladislaus III of Varna (aka Ulaszlo I of Hungary and Wladyslaw Events 308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Events 764 - Tibetan troops occupy Chang'an, the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, for fifteen days Events 1002 - English king Ethelred orders the killing of all Danes in England, known today as the St Events 1533 - Conquistadors from Spain under the leadership of Francisco Pizarro arrive in Cajamarca, Inca Events 655 - Battle of Winwaed: Penda of Mercia is defeated by Oswiu of Northumbria. Events 534 - A second and final revision of the Codex Justinianus is published Events 284 - Diocletian is proclaimed emperor by his soldiers Events 326 - The old St Peter's Basilica is consecrated 1302 - Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Events 1095 - The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land Events 284 - Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor. 762 - Bögü Khan of the Uyghurs, Events 164 BC - Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family restores the Temple in Jerusalem. Events 498 - Kofi Aseidu- After the death of Anastasius II, Symmachus is elected Pope in the Lateran Events 800 - Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Events 380 - Theodosius I makes his adventus, or formal Events 1034 - Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots dies Donnchad, the Events 43 BC - The Second Triumvirate alliance of Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus ("Octavian" later "Caesar Augustus" Events 1095 - Pope Urban II declares the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont For the town in Argentina, see 28 de Noviembre. Events Events 1777 - San Jose California, is founded as el Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe Events 1700 - Battle of Narva — A Swedish army of 8500 men under Charles XII defeats Events in November All Saints' Day (formerly All Hallows Day a Christian holy day is celebrated on November 1, the day after Halloween Events in December Union Day of Romania (1 December World AIDS Day ( December 1) National Day of Events in January Holidays New Year's Day - January 1 Coptic Christmas - January 7 Events 800 - Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican Events 1409 - The University of Leipzig opens 1755 - The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire Events 1800 - War of the Second Coalition: Battle of Hohenlinden, French "December 4th" redirects here For the song by Jay-Z, see December 4th (song. Events 63 BC - Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations. Events 1060 - Béla I of Hungary is crowned king of Hungary 1240 - Mongol invasion of Rus: Kiev Events 43 BC - Marcus Tullius Cicero assassinated 1696 - Connecticut Route 108, one of the oldest highways Events 1609 - Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room the second public library of Europe. Events 536 - Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city Events 1041 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium elevates her adoptive son to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael V Events 359 - Honoratus, the first known Prefect of the City of Constantinople, takes office Events 627 - Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II 's Persian Events 1294 - Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months Celestine hoped to return to his previous life Events 1287 - St Lucia's flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses killing over 50000 people Events 533 - Byzantine general Belisarius defeats the Vandals, commanded by King Gelimer, at the Battle of Events 755 - An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, initiating the An Shi Rebellion Events 546 - Gothic War (535–554: The Ostrogoths of King Totila Events 218 BC - Second Punic War: Battle of the Trebia - Hannibal 's Carthaginian forces defeat those of the Events 324 - Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor. Events 69 - Vespasian, formerly a general under Nero, enters Rome to claim the title of Emperor. Events 69 - The end of the Year of the four emperors: Following Galba, Otho and Vitellius, Vespasian Events 1790 - The Turkish fortress of Izmail is stormed and captured by Suvorov and his Russian armies Events 962 - Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city Events 563 - The Byzantine church Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is dedicated for the second time after being destroyed by Earthquakes Events 274 - Roman Emperor Aurelian Events 1481 - Battle of Westbrook - Holland defeats troops of Utrecht. Events 537 - The Hagia Sophia is completed 1512 - The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the Events 1065 - Westminster Abbey is Consecrated. 1308 - The reign of Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Events 1170 - Thomas Becket: Thomas Becket Archbishop of Canterbury is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II Events 1460 - Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield. 1816 - The Treaty of St Events 406 – Vandals, Alans and Suebians cross the Rhine, beginning an invasion of Gallia. History, formerly known as The History Channel, is a Satellite and Cable TV channel, with shows on historical events and persons&mdashoften History, formerly known as The History Channel, is a Satellite and Cable TV channel, with shows on historical events and persons&mdashoften The Associated Press ( AP) is an American News agency. The AP is a Cooperative owned by its contributing Newspapers radio An academic discipline or field of study is a branch of Knowledge which is taught or Researched at the college or university level See also Lists by country A Country is a geographical territory both in the sense of Nation (a cultural entity and State People denotes a group of Humans either with unspecified traits or specific characteristics (e This is a list of Timelines. Types of timelines Living graph Logarithmic timeline The pages listed below contain information about trends and events in particular centuries and millennia. See also List of centuries, History This is a list of Decades in history including links to corresponding articles with more information about them 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Events 1276 - While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the The following is a list of notable deaths in 2008. Names are listed by date of death not the date it was announced The Dewey Decimal Classification is a system of library classification made up of ten main classes or categories each divided into ten secondary classes or subcategories each The Library of Congress Classification ( LCC) is a system of Library classification developed by the Library of Congress.
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