This is a list of the origins of computer-related terms or terms used in the computing world (i. e. , a list of computer term etymologies). Etymology is the study of the History of Words &mdash when they entered a language from what source and how their form and meaning have changed over time It relates to both computer hardware and computer software. Typical PC hardware A typical Personal computer consists of a case or chassis in a tower shape (desktop and the following parts Motherboard
Names of many computer terms, especially computer applications, often relate to the function they perform, e. g. , a compiler is an application that compiles (programming language source code into the computer's machine language). A compiler is a Computer program (or set of programs that translates text written in a computer language (the source language) into another In Computer science, source code (commonly just source or code) is any sequence of statements or declarations written in some Human-readable Machine code or machine language is a system of instructions and data executed directly by a Computer 's Central processing unit. There are other terms however whose history would indicate that it had less to do with the functionality, and hence are of etymological value. This article lists such terms.
- ABEND — this term is short for abnormal end, and refers to a program stopping prematurely due to a bug. "Abend" redirects here For other uses see the wiktionary box Computer programs (also software programs, or just programs) are instructions for a Computer. A software bug (or just “bug” is an error flaw mistake Failure, fault or “undocumented feature” in a Computer program that prevents it It is more commonly associated with mainframe programs, as this is its origin. Another purported origin of the term is that ABEND is called "abend" because it is what system operators do to the computer late on Friday when they want to call it a day, and hence is from the German word "Abend" meaning "Evening". This is untrue.
- Ada programming language — named after Ada Lovelace, who is considered by many to be the first programmer. Ada is a structured, Statically typed, imperative, and object-oriented high-level computer Programming language Augusta Ada King Countess of Lovelace (10 December 1815 London England &ndash 27 November 1852 Marylebone, London England born Augusta Ada Byron, was the only
- Apache — the web server from the Apache Software Foundation.
- Originally this name was chosen by an author just because it was a catchy name. Soon enough, it was suggested that the name was indeed appropriate, because its founders got started by applying patches to code written for NCSA's httpd daemon. The National Center for Supercomputing Applications ( NCSA) is one of five original centers in the National Science Foundation 's Supercomputer Centers Program and a The NCSA HTTPd was a Web server originally developed at the NCSA by Robert McCool and others In Unix and other computer multitasking Operating systems a daemon (ˈdiːmən or /ˈdeɪmən/ is a Computer program that runs in the background The result was "a patchy" server.
- awk — a computer pattern/action language, name made up of the surnames of its authors Alfred V. AWK is a general purpose Programming language that is designed for processing text-based data either in files or data streams and was created at Bell Labs in the 1970s Aho, Peter J. Alfred Vaino Aho (born 9 August 1941, Timmins Ontario) is a Canadian Computer scientist. Weinberger, and Brian W. Peter Jay Weinberger is a Computer scientist who works at Google Kernighan
- B programming language — B was created by Ken Thompson as a revision of the BCPL programming language. Brian Wilson Kernighan (ˈkɛrnɪhæn the 'g' is silent (born 1942 Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is a Computer scientist who worked at B is a programming language that was developed at Bell Labs. It is almost extinct as it was replaced by the C language. Kenneth Lane Thompson (born February 4 1943) commonly referred to as Ken Thompson (or simply
- biff — a command to turn on asynchronous email notification on Unix systems. Biff is a mail notification system for UNIX. Usage When a new mail message is delivered biff alerts the recipient so he can read it immediately Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer Actually named after a dog at U. C. Berkeley, who would bark when mail was delivered. (The dog belonged to Heidi Stettner, validation of this from Eric Cooper. )
- bit — Claude E. Shannon first used the word bit in a 1948 paper. A bit is a binary digit, taking a value of either 0 or 1 Binary digits are a basic unit of Information storage and communication Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30 1916 – February 24 2001 an American Electronic engineer and Mathematician, is "the father of Information Shannon's bit is a portmanteau word for binary digit (or possibly binary digit). The binary numeral system, or base-2 number system, is a Numeral system that represents numeric values using two symbols usually 0 and 1. In Mathematics and Computer science, a digit is a symbol (a number symbol e He attributed its origin to John W. Tukey. John Wilder Tukey ( June 16, 1915 &ndash July 26, 2000) was an American Statistician. See .
- Bon programming language — Bon was created by Ken Thompson and named after his wife Bonnie. Bon was a Programming language created by Ken Thompson while he worked on the MULTICS Operating system. However according to an encyclopedia quotation in Bon's manual, it was named after a religion (likely Tibetan) whose rituals involve the murmuring of magic formulas. Definitions of Tibet See also Definitions of Tibet Name In English The English word Tibet, like the word for Tibet in most European 
- booting or bootstrapping — The term booting or bootstrapping a computer was inspired by the story of the Baron Munchhausen where he pulls himself out of a swamp by the straps on his boots. In Computing, booting ( booting up) is a bootstrapping process that starts Operating systems when the user turns on a Computer system This is the history of bootstrapping or booting which began in the 1880s as a leather strap and evolved into a group of metaphors that share a common meaning a self-sustaining Karl Friedrich Hieronymus Freiherr von Münchhausen ( 11 May 1720 &ndash 22 February 1797) (sometimes spelled Munchausen
- Bug — a fault in a computer program which prevents it from working correctly. A software bug (or just “bug” is an error flaw mistake Failure, fault or “undocumented feature” in a Computer program that prevents it Computer programs (also software programs, or just programs) are instructions for a Computer.
- The term is often (but erroneously) credited to Grace Hopper. Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper ( December 9 1906 – January 1 1992) was an American Computer scientist and United In 1946, she joined the Harvard Faculty at the Computation Laboratory where she traced an error in the Harvard Mark II to a moth trapped in a relay. The Harvard Mark II was an electromechanical computer built at Harvard University under the direction of Howard Aiken and was finished in 1947 A moth is an Insect closely related to the Butterfly, both being of the order Lepidoptera. A relay is an electrical Switch that opens and closes under the control of another Electrical circuit. This bug was carefully removed and taped to the log book. (See picture).
- However, use of the word "bug" to describe defects in mechanical systems dates back to at least the 1870s, perhaps especially in Scotland. Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Thomas Edison, for one, used the term in his notebooks.
- byte — the term was coined by Werner Buchholz in 1956 during the early design phase for the IBM Stretch computer. A byte (pronounced "bite" baɪt is the basic unit of measurement of information storage in Computer science. The IBM 7030, also known as Stretch, was IBM 's first Transistorized Supercomputer. It was coined by mutating the word bite so it would not be accidentally misspelled as bit. A byte is a small grouping of bits.
- C programming language — Dennis Ritchie improved on the B programming language and called it New B. tags please moot on the talk page first! --> In Computing, C is a general-purpose cross-platform block structured Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie (born September 9, 1941) is an American computer scientist notable for his influence on C and other Programming B is a programming language that was developed at Bell Labs. It is almost extinct as it was replaced by the C language. He later called it C. (See also D).
- C++ — an object-oriented programming language and a successor to the C programming language. C++ (" C Plus Plus " ˌsiːˌplʌsˈplʌs is a general-purpose Programming language. Object-oriented programming (OOP is a Programming paradigm that uses " objects " and their interactions to design applications and computer programs tags please moot on the talk page first! --> In Computing, C is a general-purpose cross-platform block structured
- C++ creator Bjarne Stroustrup called his new language "C with Classes" and then "new C". Because of which the original C began to be called "old C" which was considered insulting to the C community. At this time Rick Mascitti suggested the name C++ as a successor to C. In C the '++' operator increments the value of the variable it is appended to, thus C++ would increment the value of C. A variable (ˈvɛərɪəbl is an Attribute of a physical or an abstract System which may change its Value while it is under Observation.
- Cookie — A packet of information that travels between a browser and the web server. HTTP cookies, or more commonly referred to as Web cookies tracking cookies or just cookies are parcels of text sent by a server to a Web client (usually
- The term was coined by web browser programmer Lou Montulli after the term "magic cookies" used by Unix programmers. A web browser is a software application which enables a user to display and interact with text images videos music games and other information typically located on a Louis J Montulli II (best known as Lou Montulli) is a programmer who is well known for his work in producing Web browsers In 1991 he wrote a text web browser A magic cookie or just cookie for short is a token or short packet of data passed between communicating programs where the data is typically not meaningful to the recipient Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer
- D -- Walter Bright designed D as an improved C, avoiding many of the design problems of C (eg, extensive pointer manipulation, unenforced array boundaries, . The D programming language, also known simply as D, is an object-oriented, imperative, multiparadigm System programming language . . ).
- Daemon — a process in an operating system that runs in the background. In Unix and other computer multitasking Operating systems a daemon (ˈdiːmən or /ˈdeɪmən/ is a Computer program that runs in the background
- It is falsely considered an acronym for Disk And Execution MONitor. According to the original team that introduced the concept, "the use of the word daemon was inspired by the Maxwell's Daemon of physics and thermodynamics (an imaginary agent which helped sort molecules with differing velocities and worked tirelessly in the background)" thus evading the Laws of Thermodynamics. Maxwell's demon was an 1867 Thought experiment by the Scottish Physicist James Clerk Maxwell, meant to raise questions about the possibility . The earliest use appears to have been in the phrase "daemon of Socrates", which meant his "guiding or indwelling spirit; his genius", also a pre-Christian equivalent of the "Guardian Angel", or, alternatively, a demigod (who bears only an etymological connection to the word "demon"). The term was embraced, and possibly popularized, by the Unix operating systems which supported multiple background processes: various local (and later Internet) services were provided by daemons. Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer This is exemplified by the BSD mascot, John Lasseter's drawing of a friendly imp (copyright Marshall Kirk McKusick). John Alan Lasseter (born January 12 1957 is an Academy Award -winning American Animator and the chief creative officer at Pixar and An imp is a mythological being similar to a Fairy or Demon, frequently described in Folklore and Superstition. Marshall Kirk McKusick (b January 19, 1954 in Wilmington Delaware) is a computer scientist, known for his extensive work on BSD Thus, a daemon is something that works magically without anyone being much aware of it. Note that an alternative spelling is 'daemon', which is sometimes slightly differentiated in purpose from 'demon'.
- Debian — a Linux distribution, a portmanteau of project creator Ian Murdock's name and that of his girlfriend (now wife) Debra. Debian ( pronounced) is a computer Operating system composed entirely of Free and open source software. A Linux distribution (also called GNU/Linux by distributions such as Debian, Fedora, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Mandriva and Ian Murdock (born April 28, 1973, in Konstanz, Germany) is the founder of the Debian distribution and Progeny Linux Systems
- finger — Unix command that provides information about users logged into a system
- Les Earnest wrote the finger program in 1971 to solve provide users who wanted information about other users on a network or system. Emacs is a class of feature-rich Text editors usually characterized by their extensibility A text editor is a type of program used for editing plain Text files Text editors are often provided with Operating systems or software development In Computer networking, the Name/Finger protocol and the Finger user information protocol are simple Network protocols for the exchange of human-oriented Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer Lester Donald Earnest was born in the United States on December 17 1930 Prior to the finger program, the only way to get this information was with a who program that showed IDs and terminal line numbers for logged—in users; people used to run their fingers down the "who" list. The standard Unix command who displays a list of users who are currently logged into a computer Earnest named his program after this phenomenon.
- Foobar — from the U. The term foobar is a common Placeholder name, also referred to as Metasyntactic variable, used in Computer programming or computer-related documentation S. Army slang acronym, FUBAR Both foo and bar are used as metasyntatic variables. FUBAR is an Acronym that commonly means "Fucked Up Beyond All Repair" (used to describe the state of some equipment or "Fucked Up Beyond All Recognition" A metasyntactic variable (ˌmɛtəsɪnˈtæktɪk ˈvɛəriəbl is a Placeholder name or an alias term commonly used to denote the subject matter under discussion
- Gentoo — a Linux distribution, named after a variety of penguin, the universal Linux mascot. The Gentoo Linux Operating system (ˈdʒɛntuː is a Linux distribution based on the Portage Package management system. A Linux distribution (also called GNU/Linux by distributions such as Debian, Fedora, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Mandriva and Penguins ( order Sphenisciformes, family Spheniscidae) are a group of aquatic, flightless Birds living almost The term mascot – defined as a term for any person animal or object thought to bring Luck – colloquially includes anything used to represent a group with a common
- GNU — a project with an original goal of creating a free operating system. GNU ( pronounced) is a computer Operating system composed entirely of Free software. An operating system (commonly abbreviated OS and O/S) is the software component of a Computer system that is responsible for the management and coordination
- Gnu is also a species of African antelope. The founder of the GNU project Richard Stallman liked the name because of the humour associated with its pronunciation and was also influenced by the song The Gnu Song , by Flanders and Swann which is a song sung by a gnu. Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16 1953 often abbreviated " rms " is an American software freedom activist The British duo "Flanders and Swann" were the actor and singer Michael Flanders (1922&ndash1975 and the composer pianist and linguist Donald Swann It is also an early example of a recursive acronym -- "GNU's Not Unix". A recursive acronym (or occasionally recursive initialism, and sometimes recursive backronym) is an Abbreviation that refers to itself in the
- Google — search engine on the web. Google Inc is an American public corporation, earning revenue from advertising related to its Internet search, e-mail, online
- The name started as an exaggerated boast about the amount of information the search-engine would be able to search. It was originally named 'Googol', a word for the number represented by 1 followed by 100 zeros. A googol is the Large number 10100 that is the digit 1 followed by one hundred zeros (in Decimal representation The word was originally invented by Milton Sirotta, nephew of mathematician Edward Kasner in 1938 during a discussion of large numbers and exponential notation. Edward Kasner (1878&ndash1955 ( City College of New York 1897 Columbia University M
- Gopher — an early distributed document search and retrieval network protocol on the Internet
- The source of the name is claimed to be three-fold: first, that it is used to "go-for" information; second, that it does so through a menu of links analogous to gopher holes; and third, that the mascot of the protocol authors' organization, the University of Minnesota, is Goldy the Gopher. For other uses see Gopher. Gopher is a distributed Document search and retrieval Network protocol designed The Minnesota Golden Gophers are the college sports team for the University of Minnesota.
- The name comes from a command in the Unix text editor ed that takes the form
g/re/p meaning search globally for a regular expression and print lines where instances are found. grep is a command line text search utility originally written for Unix. ed is the standard Text editor on the Unix operating system ed was originally written by Ken Thompson and contains one of the first implementations of "Grep" like "Google" is often used as a verb, meaning "to search".
- Hotmail — free email service, now part of MSN. Windows Live Hotmail, formerly known as MSN Hotmail and commonly referred to simply as Hotmail, is a free Webmail service of the Windows Live MSN (The M icro' s' oft N etwork is a collection of Internet services provided by Microsoft.
- Founder Jack Smith got the idea of accessing e-mail via the web from a computer anywhere in the world. Jack Smith, along with Sabeer Bhatia, founded the first free Web-based email service Hotmail, in 1995. When Sabeer Bhatia came up with the business plan for the mail service, he tried all kinds of names ending in 'mail' and finally settled for Hotmail as it included the letters "HTML" — the markup language used to write web pages. Sabeer Bhatia (सबीर भाटिया (born 1968 is the co-founder of Hotmail and an Entrepreneur. Mail, or post, is a method for transmitting information and tangible objects wherein written Documents typically enclosed in Envelopes and also HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant Markup language for Web pages It provides a means to describe the structure It was initially referred to as HoTMaiL with selective upper casing.
- i18n — short for internationalization. In Computing, Internationalization and localization (also spelled internationalisation and localisation, see spelling differences) are means of adapting
- "18" is for the number of letters between the i and the n. The term l10n (for localization) has failed to catch on to the same degree, but is used by some.
- ICQ — an instant messaging service. ICQ is an Instant messaging Computer program, which was first developed by the Israeli company Mirabilis, now owned by Time Warner 's
- ICQ is not an acronym. It is a play on the phrase "I seek you" (similar to CQ in ham radio usage). CQ is a code used by Wireless operators particularly those communicating in Morse code, but also by voice operators to make a general call (called a CQ call
- ID10T - pronounced "ID ten T" - is a code frequently used by a customer service representative (CSR) to annotate their notes and identify the source of a problem as the person who is reporting the problem rather than the system being blamed. ID-Ten-T Error (also seen as ID10T and ID107) is a term often used by Tech support operators and computer experts to describe a problem that is due to the This is a thinly veiled reference to the CSR's opinion that the person reporting the problem is an IDIOT. Example: Problem reported caused by ID10T, no resolution possible. See also PEBKAC. PEBKAC is an Acronym which stands for "Problem Exists Between Keyboard And Chair"
- Jakarta Project — a project constituted by Sun and Apache to create a web server for Java servlets and JSPs. The Jakarta Project creates and maintains Open source software for the Java platform. Sun Microsystems Inc ( is a multinational vendor of Computers computer components Computer software, and Information technology services The term web server can mean one of two things A Computer program that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from web clients which are The Java Servlet API allows a Software developer to add dynamic content to a Web server using the Java platform. JavaServer Pages ( JSP) is a Java technology that allows Software developers to dynamically generate HTML, XML or other types of documents
- Jakarta was the name of the conference room at Sun where most of the meetings between Sun and Apache took place. The conference room was most likely named after Jakarta, the capital city of Indonesia, which is located on the northwest coast of the island of Java. Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta) is the Capital and largest city of Indonesia. The Republic of Indonesia ( (Republik Indonesia is a Country in Southeast Asia. Java (Jawa is an Island of Indonesia and the site of its Capital city Jakarta.
- Originally called "D", but with the connotation of a near-failing mark on a report card the language was renamed Oak by Java-creator James Gosling, from the tree that stood outside his window. A programming language is an Artificial language that can be used to write programs which control the behavior of a machine particularly a Computer. James A Gosling OC, PhD (born May 19, 1955 near Calgary, Alberta, Canada) is a famous Software developer The programming team at Sun had to look for a substitute name as there was already another programming language called Oak. Sun Microsystems Inc ( is a multinational vendor of Computers computer components Computer software, and Information technology services "Java" was selected from a list of suggestions, primarily because it is a popular slang term for coffee, especially that grown on the island of Java. As the programmers drank a lot of coffee, this seemed an appropriate name.
- Kerberos — a computer network authentication protocol that is used by both Windows 2000 and Windows XP as their default authentication method. In computing a job (or process) is a term used to refer to a single instance of a program. Kerberos is a Computer network Authentication protocol, which allows individuals communicating over a non-secure network to prove their identity to one A computer network is a group of interconnected Computers. Networks may be classified according to a wide variety of characteristics Authentication (from Greek αυθεντικός real or genuine from authentes author is the act of establishing or confirming something (or someone as A security protocol ( cryptographic protocol or encryption protocol) is an abstract or concrete protocol that performs a security -related function Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptive, interruptible graphical and business-oriented Operating system designed to work with Windows XP is a family of 32-bit and 64-bit Operating systems produced by Microsoft for use on Personal computers including home and
- When created by programmers at MIT in the 1970s, they wanted a name that suggested high security for the project, so they named it after the Greek mythology character kerberos, (also spelled Cerberus), the mythical three-headed canine guarding Hades' gates. Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and Heroes the nature of the world and the origins and significance In Greek mythology, Cerberus or Kerberos ( Greek Κέρβερος Kérberos) the ker or Daimon of The reference to Greek mythology is most likely because Kerberos was developed as part of Project Athena. Project Athena was a joint project of MIT, Digital Equipment Corporation, and IBM.
- Linux — an operating system kernel, and the common name for the operating system which uses it. Linux (commonly pronounced ˈlɪnəks In Computer science, the kernel is the central component of most computer Operating systems (OS
- Linux creator Linus Torvalds originally used the Minix operating system on his computer, didn't like it, liked MS-DOS less, and started a project to develop an operating system that would address the problems of Minix. Linus Benedict Torvalds ( ˈtuːrvalds born December 28 1969 in Helsinki, Finland) is a Finnish software engineer MINIX is a Unix-like computer Operating system based on a Microkernel architecture. An operating system (commonly abbreviated OS and O/S) is the software component of a Computer system that is responsible for the management and coordination MS-DOS (short for M icro' s' oft D isk O perating S ystem is an Operating system commercialized by Microsoft. Hence the working name was Linux (Linus' Minix). He thought the name to be too egotistical and planned to name it Freax (free + freak + x). His friend Ari Lemmke encouraged Linus to upload it to a network so it could be easily downloaded. Ari Lemmke (born December 12, 1963) is the person who gave Linux its name Ari gave Linus a directory called linux on his FTP server, as he did not like the name Freax.
- Lisa — A personal computer designed at Apple Computer during the early 1980s. For the MOS 6502 assembler for Apple II computers see Lisa assembler. A personal computer ( PC) is any Computer whose original sales price size and capabilities make it useful for individuals and which is intended to be operated Apple Inc, ( formerly Apple Computer Inc, is an American Multinational corporation with a focus on designing and manufacturing Consumer electronics
- Apple stated that LISA was an acronym for Local Integrated Software Architecture; however, it is often inferred that the machine was originally named after the daughter of Apple co-founder Steve Jobs, and that this acronym was invented later to fit the name. Steven Paul Jobs (born February 24 1955 is the Co-founder, Chairman, and CEO of Apple Inc and former CEO of Pixar Animation Accordingly, two humorous suggestions for expanding the acronym included Let's Invent Some Acronym and Let's Invent Silly Acronyms.
- Lotus Software — Lotus founder Mitch Kapor got the name for his company from 'The Lotus Position' ('Padmasana' in Sanskrit). Lotus Software (called Lotus Development Corporation before its acquisition by IBM) is a Software company with headquarters in Westford, Mitchell David Kapor (born November 1, 1950) is the founder of Lotus Development Corporation and the designer of Lotus 1-2-3, the " The lotus position ( Devanāgarī: पद्मासन IAST: padmāsana; Japanese:) is a cross- Legged Sanskrit (sa संस्कृता वाक् saṃskṛtā vāk, for short sa संस्कृतम् saṃskṛtam) is a historical Kapor used to be a teacher of Transcendental Meditation technique as taught by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Transcendental Meditation or TM is the trademarked name of a Meditation technique introduced in 1958 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi (1917-2008 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi ( January 12, 1917 &ndash February 5 2008) founded and developed the Transcendental Meditation technique and
- Apple Macintosh, Mac — computer system from Apple Computer. Macintosh, commonly nicknamed Mac is a Brand name which covers several lines of Personal computers designed developed and marketed by Apple Inc Macintosh, commonly nicknamed Mac is a Brand name which covers several lines of Personal computers designed developed and marketed by Apple Inc Apple Inc, ( formerly Apple Computer Inc, is an American Multinational corporation with a focus on designing and manufacturing Consumer electronics
- from McIntosh, a popular type of apple. The McIntosh Red ( McIntosh, Mac) is an apple Cultivar with red and green skin a tart flavor and tender white flesh Jef Raskin, a computer scientist, is credited with this naming. Jef Raskin ( March 9, 1943 &ndash February 26, 2005) was an American Human-computer interface expert best-known for starting
- Mac OS — The operating system used in the Macintosh computer system. Mac OS is the trademarked name for a series of Graphical user interface -based Operating systems developed by Apple Inc An operating system (commonly abbreviated OS and O/S) is the software component of a Computer system that is responsible for the management and coordination Macintosh, commonly nicknamed Mac is a Brand name which covers several lines of Personal computers designed developed and marketed by Apple Inc
- from "Mac", a shortened form of Macintosh and a commonly used name for the Macintosh computer system (see elsewhere on this page), and "OS", the common abbreviation for "operating system".
- Memoization — the process of automatically modifying functions to include caching behavior. In Computing, memoization is an optimization technique used primarily to speed up Computer programs by having function calls avoid repeating In Computer science, a subroutine ( function, method, procedure, or subprogram) is a portion of code within a larger In Computer science, a cache (kæʃ like "cash") is a collection of data duplicating original
- Coined by Donald Michie in his 1968 paper Memo Functions and Machine Learning. Donald Michie ( November 11, 1923 – July 7, 2007) was a British researcher in Artificial intelligence.
- Mozilla — a web browser and successor to Netscape Communicator. Mozilla was the official public original name of Mozilla Application Suite by the Mozilla Foundation, currently known as SeaMonkey suite. A web browser is a software application which enables a user to display and interact with text images videos music games and other information typically located on a Netscape Communicator is an Internet suite that was produced by Netscape Communications Corporation.
- When Marc Andreessen, founder of Netscape, created a browser to replace the Mosaic browser, it was internally named Mozilla (Mosaic-Killer, Godzilla). Marc Andreessen (born July 9, 1971, in Cedar Falls Iowa and raised in New Lisbon Wisconsin, United States) is known as a entrepreneur Netscape Communications (formerly known as Netscape Communications Corporation and commonly known as Netscape) is an American computer services company Mosaic is the browser which popularized the World Wide Web. It was also a browser for earlier concepts such as Ftp, Usenet, and Gopher Etymology Name "Godzilla" is a combination of two Japanese words and. When Netscape's Navigator source code was made open source, Mozilla was the internal name for the open source version. Open source is a development methodology which offers practical accessibility to a product's source (goods and knowledge
- Nerd — A colloquial term for a computer person, especially an obsessive, singularly focused one. Nerd is a term often bearing a derogatory connotation or Stereotype, that refers to a person who passionately pursues Intellectual activities Esoteric
- Earlier spelling of the term is "Nurd" and the original spelling is "Knurd", but the pronunciation has remained the same. The term originated at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in the late 1940s. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, or RPI, is a Nonsectarian private Research University located in Troy, New York Students who partied, and rarely studied were called "Drunks", while the opposite — students who never partied and always studied were "Knurd" ("Drunk" spelled backwards). The term was also (independently) used in a Dr. Seuss book, and on the TV show Happy Days, giving it international popularity. Theodor Seuss Geisel (ˈsɔɪs ˈɡaɪzəl March 2 1904 – September 24 1991 was an American Writer and Cartoonist, better known by his pen name Happy Days is an American Television sitcom that originally aired from 1974 to 1984 on ABC.
- Novell NetWare — a network operating system from Novell. NetWare is a Network operating system developed by Novell Inc An operating system (commonly abbreviated OS and O/S) is the software component of a Computer system that is responsible for the management and coordination Novell Inc ( is a global Software Corporation based in the United States specializing in enterprise operating systems such as SUSE
- Novell, Inc. was originally Novell Data Systems co-founded by George Canova. The name was suggested by George's wife who mistakenly thought that "Novell" meant "new" in French.
- Oracle — a relational database management system (RDBMS). Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply Oracle) is a Relational database management system (RDBMS produced and marketed by A Relational database management system (RDBMS is a Database management system (DBMS that is based on the Relational model as introduced by E
- Larry Ellison, Ed Oates and Bob Miner were working on a consulting project for the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency). Lawrence Joseph "Larry" Ellison (born August 17, 1944) is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder and CEO of Oracle Corporation near as long as it used to be several months ago It has been actively summarized and split into sub-articles and there is a dynamic talk page discussion of all The code name for the project was called Oracle (the CIA evidently saw this as a system that would give answers to all questions). An oracle is a person or agency considered to be a source of wise counsel or prophetic opinion an Infallible authority usually spiritual in nature The project was designed to use the newly written SQL database language from IBM. International Business Machines Corporation abbreviated IBM and nicknamed "Big Blue", is a multinational Computer Technology The project eventually was terminated but they decided to finish what they started and bring it to the world. They kept the name Oracle and created the RDBMS engine.
- The term comes from paku paku which is a Japanese onomatopoeia (written version of a noise) used for noisy eating; similar to chomp chomp. is an Arcade game developed by Namco and licensed for distribution A video arcade (also known as an amusement arcade in the United Kingdom in Japan or as an "arcade" is a venue where people play arcade video games Onomatopoeia (also spelled onomatopœia, from Greek: ονοματοποιΐα is a Word or a grouping of words that imitates the sound it is describing The game was released in Japan with the name Puck-Man, and released in the US with the name Pac-Man, fearing that kids may deface a Puck-Man cabinet by changing the P to an F.
- PCMCIA — the standards body for PC card and ExpressCard, expansion card form factors. In Computing, PC Card (originally '''PCMCIA''', or PCMCIA Card is the Form factor of a peripheral interface designed for Laptop computers ExpressCard is a Hardware standard replacing PC cards (also known as PCMCIA cards both developed by the Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
- The Personal Computer Memory Card International Association is an international standards body that defines and promotes standards for expansion devices such as modems and external hard disk drives to be connected to notebook computers. Modem (from mo dulator- dem odulator is a device that modulates an analog carrier signal to encode Digital information A hard disk drive ( HDD) commonly referred to as a hard drive, hard disk, or fixed disk drive, is a Non-volatile storage device A laptop computer, also known as a notebook computer, is a small Personal computer designed for mobile use. Over time, the acronym PCMCIA has been used to refer to the PC card form factor used on notebook computers. A twist on the acronym is People Can't Memorize Computer Industry Acronyms.
- PEBKAC - an acronym for "Problem Exists Between Keyboard And Chair", which is a code frequently used by a customer service representative (CSR) to annotate their notes and identify the source of a problem as the person who is reporting the problem rather than the system being blamed. PEBKAC is an Acronym which stands for "Problem Exists Between Keyboard And Chair" This is a thinly veiled reference to the CSR's opinion that the person reporting the problem is the problem. Example: PEBKAC, no resolution possible. See also ID10T. ID-Ten-T Error (also seen as ID10T and ID107) is a term often used by Tech support operators and computer experts to describe a problem that is due to the
- The fifth microprocessor in the 80x86 series. The Pentium brand refers to Intel 's single-core x86 Microprocessor based on the P5 fifth-generation Microarchitecture. A microprocessor incorporates most or all of the functions of a Central processing unit (CPU on a single Integrated See also X86 assembly language The generic term x86 refers to the most commercially successful Instruction set architecture in the history of Personal It would have been called i586 or 80586, but Intel decided to name it Pentium (penta = five) after it lost a trademark infringement lawsuit against AMD (the judgment was that numbers like "286", "386", and "486" could not be trademarked). According to Intel, Pentium conveys a meaning of strength, like titanium. Titanium (taɪˈteɪniəm is a Chemical element with the symbol Ti and Atomic number 22
- Since some early Pentium chips contained a mathematical precision error, it has been jokingly suggested that the reason for the chip being named Pentium rather than 586 was that Intel chips would calculate 486 + 100 = 585. 99999948.
- Perl was originally named Pearl, after the "pearl of great price" of Matthew 13:46. NOTES FOR EDITORS "Perl" is not an acronym (read the "Name" section below In Computer science, an interpreter normally means a Computer program that executes, i "Scripting" redirects here For other uses see Script. The Gospel of Matthew (Gk Κατά Ματθαίον Ευαγγέλιον is one of the four Canonical gospels in the New Testament and is a Synoptic gospel Larry Wall, the creator of Perl, wanted to give the language a short name with positive connotations and claims to have looked at (and rejected) every three- and four-letter word in the dictionary. Larry Wall (born September 27, 1954) is a Programmer and Author, most widely known for his creation of the Perl Programming He even thought of naming it after his wife Gloria. Before the language's official release Wall discovered that there was already a programming language named Pearl, and changed the spelling of the name. Although the original manuals suggested the backronyms "Practical Extraction and Report Language" and "Pathologically Eclectic Rubbish Lister", these were intended humorously. A backronym (or bacronym) is a Phrase that is constructed "after the fact" from a previously existing word or Abbreviation, the abbreviation
- Originally called "Personal Home Page Tools" by creator Rasmus Lerdorf, it was rewritten by developers Zeev Suraski and Andi Gutmans who gave it the recursive name "PHP Hypertext Preprocessor". PHP is a computer Scripting language. Originally designed for producing Dynamic web pages it has evolved to include a Command line interface capability "Scripting" redirects here For other uses see Script. Zeev Suraski (זאב סורסקי is an Israeli Programmer, PHP developer and co-founder of Zend Technologies. Andi Gutmans (אנדי גוטמנס is an Israeli Programmer with Swiss roots PHP developer and co-founder of Zend Technologies. Lerdorf currently insists the name should not be thought of as standing for anything, for he selected "Personal Home Page" as the name when he did not foresee PHP evolving into a general-purpose programming language.
- Acronym for "Program for Internet News & Email". Pine was a Freeware, Text-based E-mail client developed at the University of Washington. An e-mail client, aka Mail User Agent (MUA aka e-mail reader is a frontend Computer program used to manage E-mail. It is also a recursive acronym for "Pine Is Not Elm" (in reference to Elm, another email client)
- Ping — computer network tool used to detect hosts
- The author of ping, Mike Muuss, named it after the pulses of sound made by a sonar called a "ping". Elm, a text-based E-mail client commonly found on Unix systems became popular as one of the first e-mail clients to use a Text user interface, and as a Ping is a Computer network tool used to test whether a particular host is reachable across an IP network it is also used to self test the network interface Michael John Muuss (October 16 1958 - November 20 2000 was the author of the Freeware network tool Ping. Sonar (which started as an Acronym for sound navigation and ranging) is a technique that uses Sound propagation (usually underwater to navigate Later Dave Mills provided the backronym "Packet Internet Groper". David L Mills (born June 3, 1938) was the first chairman of the Internet Architecture Task Force.
- PKZIP — compression or zipping tool. PKZIP is an archiving tool originally written by Phil Katz and marketed by his company PKWARE Inc The ZIP File format is a Data compression and archival format. It was written by Phil Katz and stands for Phil Katz's ZIP program. Phillip Walter Katz ( November 3, 1962 – April 14, 2000) better known as Phil Katz, was a Computer
- Python programming language — an interpreted scripting language. Python is a general-purpose High-level programming language. Its design philosophy emphasizes programmer productivity and code readability In Computer science, an interpreter normally means a Computer program that executes, i "Scripting" redirects here For other uses see Script. Named after the television series Monty Python's Flying Circus. Monty Python’s Flying Circus (also known as Flying Circus or during the final series just Monty Python) is a BBC Sketch comedy
- Radio button — a GUI widget used for making selections. A radio button or option button is a type of Graphical user interface widget that allows the user to choose one of a predefined set of options In computer programming a widget (or control) is an element of a Graphical user interface (GUI that displays an information arrangement changeable by the user
- Radio buttons got their name from the preset buttons in radio receivers. This article is about a radio receiver for other uses see Radio (disambiguation. When one used to select preset stations on a radio receiver physically instead of electronically, depressing one preset button would pop out whichever other button happened to be pushed in.
- Red Hat Linux — a Linux distribution from Red Hat. A Linux distribution (also called GNU/Linux by distributions such as Debian, Fedora, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Mandriva and In Computing, Red Hat Inc ( is a company dedicated to Free and open source software, and a major Linux distribution vendor
- Company founder Marc Ewing was given the Cornell lacrosse team cap (with red and white stripes) while at college by his grandfather. Marc Ewing is the creator and originator of the Red Hat brand of software most notably the Red Hat range of Linux operating system distributions Lacrosse is a full contact Team sport played using a solid rubber ball and long handled racket called a crosse or Lacrosse stick. People would turn to him to solve their problems, and he was referred to as "that guy in the red hat". He lost the cap and had to search for it desperately. The manual of the beta version of Red Hat Linux had an appeal to readers to return his Red Hat if found by anyone.
- Based on the surnames of the authors of this algorithm — Ron Rivest, Adi Shamir and Len Adleman. In Cryptography, RSA is an Algorithm for Public-key cryptography. Symmetry generally conveys two primary meanings The first is an imprecise sense of harmonious or aesthetically-pleasing proportionality and balance such that it reflects beauty or In Mathematics, Computing, Linguistics and related subjects an algorithm is a sequence of finite instructions often used for Calculation Public-key cryptography, also known as asymmetric cryptography, is a form of Cryptography in which the key used to encrypt a message differs from the key Ronald Linn Rivest (born 1947, Schenectady, New York) is a cryptographer. Adi Shamir (עדי שמיר born 1952 is an Israeli cryptographer. Leonard Max Adleman (born December 31, 1945) is a theoretical computer scientist and professor of Computer science and Molecular biology
- Samba software — a free implementation of Microsoft's networking protocol. Samba is a Free software re-implementation of SMB/CIFS networking protocol, originally developed by Australian Andrew Tridgell Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational Computer technology Corporation, which rose to dominate the Home computer The name samba comes from inserting two vowels into the name of the standard protocol that Microsoft Windows network file system use, called SMB (Server Message Block). In Computer networking, Server Message Block ( SMB) operates as an application-level network protocol mainly used to provide Shared access The author searched a dictionary using grep for words containing S M and B in that order; the only matches were Samba and Salmonberry.
- SCO UNIX — a UNIX variant from SCO. SCO OpenServer, previously SCO UNIX and SCO Open Desktop ( SCO ODT) is a closed source version of the Unix computer Operating system Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer Santa Cruz Operation ( SCO) was a Software company based in Santa Cruz California which was best known for selling three Unix variants for
- The company was called "Santa Cruz Operation", as its office was in Santa Cruz, California. Santa Cruz Operation ( SCO) was a Software company based in Santa Cruz California which was best known for selling three Unix variants for Santa Cruz is the County seat and largest city of Santa Cruz County, California, United States.
- sed — stands for stream editor, used for textual transformation of a sequential stream of text data. sed ( S tream ED itor refers to a Unix utility which (a parses text files and (b implements a Programming language which can apply textual transformations It is modelled after the ed editor. ed is the standard Text editor on the Unix operating system ed was originally written by Ken Thompson and contains one of the first implementations of
- shareware — coined by Bob Wallace to describe his word processor PC-Write in early 1983. The term shareware, popularized by Bob Wallace, refers to Copyrighted commercial Software that is Distributed without payment on a trial Bob Wallace ( May 29 Prior to this Jim Knopf (also known as Jim Button) and Andrew Fluegelman called their distributed software "user supported software" and "freeware" respectively, but it was Wallace's terminology that stuck. Jim Knopf, nicknamed Jim Button ("Knopf" meaning "button" in German) is considered by many to be one of the "fathers" of Shareware Andrew Cardozo Fluegelman ( November 27 1943 - c July 6 1985) was a publisher Programmer and Attorney best known
- While registering the domain, Slashdot-creator Rob Malda wanted to make the URL silly, and unpronounceable ("http://slashdot.org" gets pronounced as "h t t p colon slash slash slash dot dot org") Alternatively, many say that the Slashdot(/. Slashdot, often abbreviated as /, is a technology-related news Website owned by SourceForge Inc A blog (a contraction of the term " Web log " is a Web site, usually maintained by an individual with regular entries of commentary descriptions of ) name refers to the *NIX command line interpretation of the "root" directory, or a play on the website being the "root" of all tech news.
- Salman infotech — one of the system sounds introduced in Apple Computer's System 7 operating system in 1991. Apple Inc, ( formerly Apple Computer Inc, is an American Multinational corporation with a focus on designing and manufacturing Consumer electronics
- Apple Computer had a long litigation history with Apple Records, the Beatles' recording company. Apple Inc, ( formerly Apple Computer Inc, is an American Multinational corporation with a focus on designing and manufacturing Consumer electronics Apple Records is a record label founded by The Beatles in 1968 as a division of Apple Corps Ltd. The Beatles were a pop and rock band from Liverpool, England formed in 1960 Fearing that the ability to record musical sound would cause yet more legal action, the Apple legal department allegedly ordered the sound to be renamed from its original, musical name. So the developers changed the name to Sosumi ("So sue me"). Depending on who was asked, they quipped that it was Japanese for either "absence of sound" or "a light pleasing tone".
- Spam — unwanted repetitious messages, such as unsolicited bulk e-mail
- The term spam is derived from the Monty Python SPAM sketch, set in a cafe where everything on the menu includes SPAM luncheon meat. Spamming is the abuse of electronic messaging systems to indiscriminately send unsolicited bulk messages Electronic mail, often abbreviated to e-mail, email, or originally eMail, is a Store-and-forward method of writing sending receiving Monty Python (sometimes known as The Pythons) is the collective name of the six creators of Monty Python's Flying Circus, a British Television "Spam" is a popular Monty Python sketch, first televised in 1970 Name origin Introduced on July 5 1937, the name "Spam" was chosen in the 1930s when the product whose original name was far less memorable (Hormel While a customer plaintively asks for some kind of food without SPAM in it, the server reiterates the SPAM-filled menu. Soon, a chorus of Vikings join in with a song: "SPAM, SPAM, SPAM, SPAM, SPAM, lovely SPAM, wonderful SPAM", over and over again, drowning out all conversation.
- SPIM — a simulator for a virtual machine closely resembling the instruction set of MIPS )computer manufacturer) processors, is simply MIPS spelled backwards. SPIM is a MIPS processor simulator designed to run Assembly language code for this architecture MIPS stands for Millions of Instructions Per Second, from way back when that was something to boast of. In recent time, SPIM has also come to mean SPam sent over Instant Messaging. Spamming is the abuse of electronic messaging systems to indiscriminately send unsolicited bulk messages
- Swing — a graphics library for Java. Swing is a Widget toolkit for Java. It is part of Sun Microsystems ' Java Foundation Classes (JFC &mdash an API for providing
- Swing was the code-name of the project that developed the new graphic components (the successor of AWT). It was named after swing, a style of dance band jazz that was popularized in the 1930s and unexpectedly revived in the 1990s. The term " swing dance " commonly refers to a group of dances that developed concurrently with the swing style of Jazz music in the 1920s '30s and '40s although Jazz is an American Musical art form which originated in the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States Although an unofficial name for the components, it gained popular acceptance with the use of the word in the package names for the Swing API, which begin with
- Tomcat was the code-name for the JSDK 2. A task is "an execution path through address space" In other words a set of program instructions that are loaded in memory. The term web server can mean one of two things A Computer program that is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from web clients which are The Jakarta Project creates and maintains Open source software for the Java platform. 1 project inside Sun. Sun Microsystems Inc ( is a multinational vendor of Computers computer components Computer software, and Information technology services Tomcat started off as a servlet specification implementation by James Duncan Davidson who was a software architect at Sun. Davidson had initially hoped that the project would be made open-source, and since most open-source projects had O'Reilly books on them with an animal on the cover, he wanted to name the project after an animal. Open source is a development methodology which offers practical accessibility to a product's source (goods and knowledge O'Reilly Media (formerly O'Reilly & Associates) is an American media company established by Tim O'Reilly He came up with Tomcat since he reasoned the animal represented something that could take care of and fend for itself. WikipediaManual of Style (spelling, articles should conform to one overall spelling style of English typically the one most linked to the article topic (if it is geographic
- Troff — a document processing system for Unix
- Troff stands for "typesetter roff", although many people have speculated that it actually means "Times roff" because of the use of the Times font family in troff by default. See also Trough. TROFF may also refer to a command in the BASIC programming language. Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer Troff has its origins from Roff, an earlier formatting program, whose name is a contraction of "run off". roff was the first Unix Text-formatting Computer program, also the most important application run on the first machine specifically purchased to run
- Trojan horse (computing) — a malicious program that is disguised as legitimate software. This article refers to a form of Malware in computing terminology
- The term is derived from the classical myth of the Trojan Horse. The Trojan Horse was part of the Trojan War, as told in Virgil 's Latin Epic poem The Aeneid. Analogously, a Trojan horse appears innocuous (or even to be a gift), but in fact is a vehicle for bypassing security.
- Strictly speaking, TWAIN is not an acronym, but has often been referred to as an acronym for "Technology Without An Intelligent Name". TWAIN, widely known unoffically as "Technology Without an Interesting Name Historical precedent Scanners can be considered the successors of early telephotography input devices consisting of a rotating drum with a single Photodetector at
- Ubuntu Linux — a Debian-based Linux distribution sponsored by Canonical Ltd. Ubuntu Kubuntu Edubuntu Xubuntu Gobuntu --> Ubuntu Debian ( pronounced) is a computer Operating system composed entirely of Free and open source software. Linux (commonly pronounced ˈlɪnəks Canonical Ltd is a Private company founded (and funded by South African Entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth for the promotion of Free software The name derives from ubuntu, a South African ideology. Ubuntu, ùbúntú is an Ethic or humanist Philosophy focusing on people's allegiances and relations with each other
- Unix — an operating system. Unix (officially trademarked as UNIX, sometimes also written as Unix with Small caps) is a computer An operating system (commonly abbreviated OS and O/S) is the software component of a Computer system that is responsible for the management and coordination
- When Bell Labs pulled out of the MULTICS (MULTiplexed Information and Computing System) project, which was originally a joint Bell Labs/GE/MIT project, Ken Thompson of Bell Labs, soon joined by Dennis Ritchie, wrote a simpler version of the operating system for a spare DEC minicomputer, allegedly found in a corridor. Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) is the Research organization Multics ( Mult iplexed I nformation and C omputing S ervice was an extremely influential early Time-sharing Operating system Kenneth Lane Thompson (born February 4 1943) commonly referred to as Ken Thompson (or simply Dennis MacAlistair Ritchie (born September 9, 1941) is an American computer scientist notable for his influence on C and other Programming They needed an OS to run the game Space War which had been compiled under MULTICS. The new OS was called UNICS — UNIplexed operating and Computing System by Brian Kernighan. An alternative spelling was Eunuchs, it being a sort of 'reduced' MULTICS. It was later shortened to Unix.
- vi — a text editor, initialism for visual, a command in the ex editor which helped users to switch to the visual mode from the ex mode. vi is a screen-oriented Text editor written by Bill Joy in 1976 for an early BSD release A text editor is a type of program used for editing plain Text files Text editors are often provided with Operating systems or software development ex, short for EXtended is a Line editor for Unix systems The original ex was an advanced version of the standard Unix editor ed, included the first version was written by Bill Joy at UC Berkeley. William Nelson Joy (born Nov 8, 1954) commonly known as Bill Joy, is an American Computer scientist.
- Vim — a text editor, acronym for Vi improved after Vim added several features over the vi editor. Vim is a Text editor first released by Bram Moolenaar in 1991 for the Amiga computer A text editor is a type of program used for editing plain Text files Text editors are often provided with Operating systems or software development vi is a screen-oriented Text editor written by Bill Joy in 1976 for an early BSD release Vim however had started out as an imitation of Vi and was expanded as Vi imitation.
- Virus — a piece of program code that spreads by making copies of itself. A computer virus is a Computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without permission or knowledge of the user Computer programs (also software programs, or just programs) are instructions for a Computer.
- The term virus was first used in print by Fred Cohen in his 1984 paper "Experiments with Computer Viruses", where he credits Len Adleman with coining it. Fred Cohen is an American Computer scientist and best known as the inventor of Computer virus defense techniques Leonard Max Adleman (born December 31, 1945) is a theoretical computer scientist and professor of Computer science and Molecular biology Although Cohen's use of virus may have been the first academic use, it had been in the common parlance long before that. A mid-1970s science fiction novel by David Gerrold, When H. David Gerrold, born Jerrold David Friedman ( January 24, 1944) in Chicago Illinois, is a Science fiction author who started his career A. R. L. I. E. was One, includes a description of a fictional computer program called VIRUS that worked just like a virus (and was countered by a program called ANTIBODY). The term "computer virus" also appears in the comic book "Uncanny X-Men" No. A comic book (often shortened to simply comic and sometimes called a comic paper or comic magazine) is a Magazine or Book of narrative The X-Men is a team of fictional Superhero characters in Comic books published by Marvel Comics. 158, published in 1982. A computer virus's basic function is to insert its own executable code into that of other existing executable files, literally making it the electronic equivalent to the biological virus, the basic function of which is to insert its genetic information into that of the invaded cell, forcing the cell to reproduce the virus.
- Wiki or WikiWiki — a hypertext document collection or the collaborative software used to create it. A wiki is a page or collection of Web pages designed to enable anyone who accesses it to contribute or modify content using a simplified Markup language. Collaborative software (also referred to as groupware or workgroup support systems) is software designed to help people involved in a common task achieve their
- Coined by Ward Cunningham, the creator of the wiki concept, who named them for the "wiki wiki" or "quick" shuttle buses at Honolulu Airport. Wiki wiki was the first Hawaiian term he learned on his first visit to the islands. The Hawaiian language (Hawaiian ‘Ōlelo Hawai‘i) is an Austronesian language that takes its name from Hawai'i, the largest island in the tropical The airport counter agent directed him to take the wiki wiki bus between terminals.
- Worm — a self-replicating program, similar to a virus. A computer worm is a self-replicating Computer program. It uses a network to send copies of itself to other nodes (computer terminals on the network and it may do so without Computer programs (also software programs, or just programs) are instructions for a Computer. A computer virus is a Computer program that can copy itself and infect a computer without permission or knowledge of the user
- The name 'worm' was taken from a 1970s science fiction novel by John Brunner entitled The Shockwave Rider. John Kilian Houston Brunner ( September 24, 1934 &ndash August 26, 1995) was a prolific British author of Science fiction The Shockwave Rider is a Science fiction novel by John Brunner, originally published in 1975. The book describes programs known as "tapeworms" which spread through a network for the purpose of deleting data. Researchers writing an early paper on experiments in distributed computing noted the similarities between their software and the program described by Brunner, and adopted that name.
- WYSIWYG - describes a system in which content during editing appears very similar to the final product. WYSIWYG (ˈwɪziwɪg or /ˈwɪzɪwɪg/ is an Acronym for W hat Y ou S ee I s W hat Y ou G
- Acronym for What You See Is What You Get, the phrase was originated by a newsletter published by Arlene and Jose Ramos, called WYSIWYG. It was created for the emerging Pre-Press industry going electronic in the late 1970s.
- X derives its name as a successor to a pre-1983 window system called W (the W Window System). A windowing system (or window system) is a component of a Graphical user interface (GUI and more specifically of a Desktop environment, which supports In Computer graphics, a bitmap or pixmap is a type of memory organization or Image file format used to store Digital images The The W Window System is a graphical windowing system and precursor in name and concept to the modern X Window System. X follows W in the alphabet.
- Yahoo! — internet portal and web directory. A web directory or link directory is a directory on the World Wide Web.
- Yahoo!'s history site says the name is an acronym for "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle", but some remember that in its early days (mid-1990s), when Yahoo! lived on a server called akebono. stanford. edu, it was glossed as "Yet Another Hierarchical Object Organizer. " The word "Yahoo!" was originally invented by Jonathan Swift and used in his book Gulliver's Travels. Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 Gulliver's Travels (1726 amended 1735 officially Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World in Four Parts It represents a person who is repulsive in appearance and action and is barely human. Yahoo! founders Jerry Yang and David Filo selected the name because they considered themselves yahoos.
- The file format was created by Phil Katz, and given the name by his friend Robert Mahoney. The ZIP File format is a Data compression and archival format. A file format is a particular way to encode information for storage in a Computer file. Phillip Walter Katz ( November 3, 1962 – April 14, 2000) better known as Phil Katz, was a Computer The compression tool Phil Katz created was called PKZIP. PKZIP is an archiving tool originally written by Phil Katz and marketed by his company PKWARE Inc Zip means "speed", and they wanted to imply their product would be faster than ARC and other compression formats of the time.
See also This is a list of company names with their name origins explained This is a list of etymological lists. General List of company name etymologies List of computer term etymologies
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