French Ancien Régime Roman Catholic dioceses and ecclesiastical provinces were heirs of Late Roman civitates (themselves created out of Gaulish tribes) and provinces. Ancien Régime ( pronounced: /ɑ̃sjɛ̃ ʁeʒim/ refers primarily to the aristocratic social and political system established in In many rites of the Roman Catholic Church and in Anglican churches, a diocese is an administrative territorial unit administered by a Bishop. In the history of the Roman empire, civitas (pl civitates mainly referred to the condition of Roman Citizenship It was also used to describe a type of settlement Gaul (Gallia was the Roman name for the region of Western Europe comprising present day northern Italy, France, Belgium, western
Ecclesiastical provinces (colored) and dioceses of France in 1789
Most of them were created during the first Christianization of Gaul, in the 3rd to 5th centuries.
But, at several occasions during the Middle Ages or the Ancien Régime, new dioceses were created, replacing older ones or carved out of them. For instance, fighting against the Cathar heresy entailed the creation of many new dioceses in the early 14th century. All the same, in 1789, on the eve of the French Revolution, the ecclesiastical map of France still very much recalled that of Roman Gaul. The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an For Gaul before the Roman conquest see Gaul. Roman Gaul consisted of an area of provincial rule in the Roman Empire, in modern day This explains why many dioceses and provinces did not coincide with French borders, with their head cities lying in present-day Belgium, Germany or Switzerland. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Switzerland (English pronunciation; Schweiz Swiss German: Schwyz or Schwiiz Suisse Svizzera Svizra officially the Swiss Confederation
In 1790, this map was entirely revised to fit the new administrative map: dioceses were now to coincide with départements (the new administrative units). In the Terminology of Political geography and Historiography a National department (département departamento is an administrative Ancien Régime dioceses all disappeared, then, in 1790. Many former bishoprics remained heads of the new dioceses, but many cities lost their bishop. Even so, in those cities, the former cathedral very often kept its rank as a cathedral church. This explains why many post-Revolutionary episcopal sees bear the name of several cities. For instance, in the département of the Drôme, only the city of Valence retained its bishop, the former episcopal sees of Die and Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux being suppressed, but the bishop retained the title of bishop of Valence, Die and Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux. Valence ( Occitan Valença) is a commune in southeastern France, the capital of the department of Drôme, situated
Here follows a list of Ancien Régime dioceses, as of 1789, on the eve of the Revolution. With the exception of those dioceses which were created in the Late Roman period (before the 6th century), whose date of creation generally cannot be established, we provide the date of creation and, when appropriated of suppression of the bishopric. Dioceses whose sees were not within the borders of the kingdom of France are in brackets.
Listing of dioceses by church province
Province of Aix (Narbonensis Secunda)
Province of Arles (Viennensis Secunda)
out of which (1475):
- Archdiocese of Avignon — became a metropolitan see in 1475. Aix (ɛks or Aix-en-Provence ( Provençal Occitan: Ais de Provença in classical norm or Ais de Prouvènço in Mistralian norm to distinguish The former French Catholic diocese of Apt, in south-east France existed from the fourth century until the French Revolution. The former French Catholic diocese of Riez existed at least from Fifth century Gaul to the French Revolution. The former French diocese of Sisteron existed until the French Revolution. Arles (aʁl̥ Provençal Occitan: Arles in both classical and Mistralian norms is a City in the south of France, The former French Catholic Archbishopric of Arles had its episcopal see in the city of Arles, in southern France. The former French Catholic diocese of Orange existed in south-east France until the French Revolution. The former French diocese of Saint-Paul-Trois-Châteaux existed from the Sixth century to the French Revolution. The former French Catholic diocese of Toulon existed until the French Revolution. Avignon (/aviɲɔ̃/ in French) ( Provençal: Avinhon in classical norm or Avignoun in Mistralian norm is a commune
- Diocese of Carpentras
- Diocese of Cavaillon
- Diocese of Vaison
Province of Auch (Novempopulania)
Province of Besançon (Maxima Sequanorum)
- Archdiocese of Besançon
- Diocese of Basel
- Diocese of Belley — moved to Belley in 537 (former see in Nyon). The former Catholic Diocese of Lectoure was in south-west France The former French Catholic diocese of Lescar, in south-western France was suppressed after the French Revolution. The former Catholic Diocese of Oloron in south-west France was suppressed after the French Revolution, by the Concordat of 1801. The former French Catholic diocese of Comminges existed at least from the sixth century to the French Revolution. The former French Catholic diocese of Couserans existed perhaps from the Fifth century, to the French Revolution. Besançon (bəzɑ̃ˈsɔ̃ in French and Arpitan; German: Bisanz) is the capital and principal city of the Franche-Comté Bishopric of Basel may refer to either the Roman Catholic Diocese in Switzerland (German Bistum Basel, Latin Dioecesis Basileensis Nyon is a municipality in the district of Nyon in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.
- Diocese of Lausanne
Province of Bordeaux (Aquitania Secunda)
Province of Bourges (Aquitania Prima)
out of which (1678):
Province of Albi
- Archdiocese of Albi — became a metropolitan see in 1678. For the city in Calabria Italy see Albi Italy. Albi is a commune in southern France. Out of which:
- Diocese of Castres — created 1317. The Catholic Diocese of Castres in Southern France was created in 1317 from the Diocese of Albi.
- Diocese of Cahors
- Diocese of Mende — moved to Mende in the 6th century (former see was in Javols). Gévaudan is an historical area of France, nowadays situated in Lozère département.
- Diocese of Rodez, out of which:
- Diocese of Vabres — created 1317. The former French Catholic diocese of Vabres existed from 1317 to the French Revolution.
Province of Embrun (Alpes Maritimæ)
- Archdiocese of Embrun
- Diocese of Digne
- Diocese of Entrevaux — Actually in the hamlet of Glandèves. There is also an Embrun in Ontario Canada Embrun ( Latin: Ebrodunum, Ebrudunum, and Eburodunum) The former French Catholic archdiocese of Embrun was suppressed after the French Revolution. Glanate was a Gallo-Roman town on the right bank of the Var, which became the episcopal see of Glandève.
- Diocese of Grasse — Moved to Grasse in 1244 (former see in Antibes. The former French Catholic diocese of Grasse was from the fourth century until 1244 the diocese of Antibes. Antibes ( Provençal Occitan: Antíbol in classical norm or Antibo in Mistralian norm is a resort town in the Alpes-Maritimes Belonged to the province of Aix-en-Provence down to 1057.
- Diocese of Nice
- Diocese of Senez
- Diocese of Vence
Province of Genoa
(Province created in 1133: Northern Corsican sees belonged to this province)
- Diocese of Mariana — The bishop resides in Bastia
- Diocese of Nebbio — The bishop resides in Saint-Florent
Province of Lyon (Lugdunensis Prima)
- Archdiocese of Lyon, out of which:
- Diocese of Saint-Claude — Created 1742. The former French Catholic diocese of Senez existed from around the fifth or sixth century until the French Revolution. The former French Catholic diocese of Vence existed until the French Revolution. Genoa ( Genova, ˈdʒɛːnova in Italian; Zena in Genoese and Ligurian; Genua in Latin and archaically in English Bastia ( French & Corsican: Bastia) is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island Saint-Florent (San Fiurenzu is a commune in Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. ||-||} Lyon, also known as Lyons in English is a city in east-central France.
- Diocese of Autun
- Diocese of Langres, out of which:
- Diocese of Chalon-sur-Saône
- Diocese of Mâcon
Province of Mainz (Germania Prima)
Province of Narbonne (Narbonensis Prima)
- Archdiocese of Narbonne, out of which:
- Diocese of Alet — Created 1317. The former French Catholic diocese of Chalon-sur-Saône existed until the French Revolution. The former bishopric of Mâcon was located in Burgundy. History The city of Mâcon formerly the capital of the Mâconnais now of the Department of Saône-et-Loire Mainz (ˈmaɪ̯nʦ (Mayence is a City in Germany and the capital of the German federal state of Rhineland-Palatinate. The Bishopric was a client state of the Holy Roman Empire from the 13th century until 1803 Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. Narbonne ( Narbona in Catalan and in Occitan, the Roman Narbo) is a commune in southwestern France in the The former Catholic diocese of Narbonne existed from early Christian times until the French Revolution. The former French Catholic diocese of Alet was created in 1317 from territory up to then in the Diocese of Narbonne.
- Diocese of Carcassonne — Created late 6th century.
- Diocese of Montpellier — Created late 6th century. Moved to Montpellier in 1536 (former see in Maguelonne). Villeneuve-lès-Maguelone is a commune in the Hérault department in Languedoc-Roussillon in southern France.
- Diocese of Perpignan — Created late 6th century. Moved to Perpignan in 1602 (former see in Elne). Elne ( French: Elne, ɛln Catalan Elna) is a town and commune of southern France, in the former province of
- Diocese of Saint-Pons — Created 1317. The former French Catholic diocese of Saint-Pons-de-Thomières existed from 1317 until the French Revolution.
- Diocese of Agde
- Diocese of Béziers
- Diocese of Lodève
- Diocese of Nîmes, out of which:
- Diocese of Uzès
out of which (1317):
- Archdiocese of Toulouse — Became a metropolitan see in 1317. The former French Catholic diocese of Agde existed from about the Sixth century to the French Revolution - the last bishop Charles François de Saint Simon Sandricourt The Roman Catholic Diocese of Béziers was situated in France. The Bishopric of Lodève is a former Roman Catholic diocese in southern France. Its seat was Alès Cathedral. History About 570 Sigebert, King of Austrasia created a see at Arisitum (Alais taking fifteen parishes from From the arrival of Christianity in the 5th century until the French Revolution the southern French city of Uzès was the seat of a Bishop, a competitor Toulouse ( pronounced in standard French, and in the local accent ( Occitan: Tolosa, pronounced) is a city in southwest Out of which:
Province of Reims (Belgica Secunda)
- Archdiocese of Reims, out of which
- Diocese of Laon — Created late 5th century. The bishopric of Lavaur ( Tarn France) was in existence from 1317 to 1802 The former French Catholic diocese of Lombez existed from 1317 to the French Revolution. The former Catholic diocese of Mirepoix, in south-west France was created in 1317 by Pope John XXII from the Diocese of Pamiers. The former French Catholic diocese of Rieux existed from 1317 until the French Revolution. The former French Catholic diocese of Saint-Papoul was created in 1317 by Pope John XXII. Reims (alternative English spelling Rheims; riːmz in English and /ʁɛ̃s/ in French) is a city of the Champagne-Ardenne région of northern The diocese of Laon was a Catholic Diocese in France for around 1300 years up to the French Revolution.
- Diocese of Amiens
- Diocese of Beauvais
- Diocese of Châlons-en-Champagne
- Diocese of Senlis
- Diocese of Soissons
- Diocese of Noyon
- Diocese of Thérouanne — Suppressed 1553, out of which:
- Diocese of Boulogne — Created 1567. The former French Catholic diocese of Senlis existed from the sixth century at least to the French Revolution. The former French Catholic diocese of Noyon lay in the north-east of France around Noyon. The former French diocese of Thérouanne was suppressed in 1537 as a result of war damage to its see at Thérouanne, in the modern department of Pas-de-Calais. The former French Catholic diocese of Boulogne existed from 1567 to the French Revolution.
- Diocese of Saint-Omer — Created 1559. The former French Catholic diocese of Saint-Omer existed from 1559 until the French Revolution.
out of which (1559):
- Archdiocese of Cambrai — Became a metropolitan see in 1559. Cambrai (Dutch Kamerijk; old spelling Cambray) is a French town and commune, in the Nord département,
- Diocese of Arras
- Diocese of Tournai)
- other dioceses in present-day Belgium, created in 1559. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those
Province of Mechelen/Malines
- Province and diocese of Mechelen created in 1559. Mechelen ( Mechlin in English is a Dutch-speaking city and municipality in the province of Antwerp, Flanders, Belgium. Mechelen-Brussel is the Dutch name of the only archbishopric in Belgium, and its ecclesiastical province that coincides with the country
- Diocese of Ypres — Created 1559. The former Catholic diocese of Ypres, in present-day Belgium, existed from 1559 to 1801
- other dioceses in present-day Belgium and the Netherlands, created in 1559. The Kingdom of Belgium is a Country in northwest Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts its headquarters as well as those The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands
Province of Pisa
(Province created out of the Province of Rome in 1092: central and Southern Corsican sees belonged to this province)
Province of Rouen (Lugdunensis Secunda)
Province of Tours (Lugdunensis Tertia)
Some dioceses of this province were part, in the 9th and 10th centuries, of an autonomous but
Short-lived Province of Dol
- Diocese of Dol — Created 6th century, was an autonomous archbishopric for about 1 1/2 centuries after the mid 9th century. Pisa is a city in Tuscany, central Italy, on the right bank of the mouth of the Arno River on the Ligurian Sea. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2 Aléria ( Ancient Greek, Alaliē and Latin Aleria) is a commune in the Haute-Corse Cervione is a commune of the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Vico is a commune of the Corse-du-Sud department of France on the island of Corsica. Rouen (ʁwɑ̃ in French) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and currently the capital The bishop of Lisieux was the Ordinary of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lisieux. Tours is a city in France the Préfecture (capital city of the Indre-et-Loire département, on the lower reaches of the river Dol-de-Bretagne (Dol Gallo: Dóu) is a commune in the Ille-et-Vilaine department in Bretagne in northwestern The Breton and French Catholic diocese of Dol existed from 848 to the French Revolution.
- Diocese of Quimper — Created 6th century.
- Diocese of Rennes — Out of which a short-lived diocese of Redon in the 15th century. Redon is a town and commune in the Ille-et-Vilaine department in Bretagne northwestern France.
- Diocese of Saint-Brieuc — Created 6th century.
- Diocese of Saint-Malo — Moved to Saint-Malo in the 12th century (former see was in Alet). The former Breton and French Catholic diocese of Saint-Malo existed from at least the seventh century until the French Revolution. The Alet is a river in southwestern France. The river is a right tributary of the Salat River.
- Diocese of Saint-Pol-de-Léon — Created 6th century.
- Diocese of Tréguier — Created 6th century. The former Breton and French diocese of Tréguier existed from about the Sixth century, or later to the French Revolution.
- Diocese of Vannes
Province of Sens (Lugdunensis Quarta)
out of which (1622):
Province of Paris
- Archdiocese of Paris — Became a metropolitan see in 1622. History Caesar mentions Agedincum in the territory of the Senones several times in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico, and the city retains The bishopric of Auxerre is a former French Roman Catholic diocese now a Titular see. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city
- Diocese of Chartres, out of which:
- Diocese of Meaux
- Diocese of Orléans
Province of Tarentaise (Alpes Grææ et Pœninæ)
- Archdiocese of Tarentaise — Its see was in Moûtiers. Moûtiers, historically also called Tarentaise, is a commune of the Savoie département, in the Rhône-Alpes The Archdiocese of Tarentaise (Tarantasiensis was a Roman Catholic diocese and Archdiocese in France, with its see in Moûtiers, in the Moûtiers, historically also called Tarentaise, is a commune of the Savoie département, in the Rhône-Alpes
- other sees in present-day Italy (diocese of Aosta) and Switzerland (diocese of Sion). The Roman Catholic Diocese of Sion (Bistum Sitten Dioecesis Sedunensis Évêché de Sion in the Swiss canton of Valais, is the oldest bishopric in Switzerland
Province of Trier (Belgica Prima)
Province of Vienne (Viennensis Prima)
The French Catholic diocese of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne has since 1966 been formally united with the Archdiocese of Chambéry.
- Archdiocese of Vienne
- Diocese of Die
- Diocese of Geneva — In the 16th century, following the Reformation, the see was moved to Annecy but kept its name. The Bishopric of Verdun was also a state of the Holy Roman Empire; it was located at the western edge of the Empire and was bordered by France the Duchy of Luxembourg Vienne is a commune in east central France, located 20 miles south of Lyon, on the Rhône River. The Archbishopric of Vienne, named after its episcopal see Vienne in the Isère département of southern France was a metropolitan Roman Catholic archdiocese The former French Catholic diocese of Die existed from 1678 to the French Revolution. The Diocese of Lausanne Geneva and Fribourg (Dioecesis Lausannensis Genevensis et Friburgensis is the name of a Roman Catholic Diocese in Switzerland Annecy ( Èneci / Ènneci in Arpitan language is a city in the Rhône-Alpes region in southeastern
- Diocese of Grenoble
- Diocese of Maurienne
- Diocese of Valence
- Diocese of Viviers
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