In special relativity, a light cone (or null cone) is the pattern describing the temporal evolution of a flash of light in Minkowski spacetime. Special relativity (SR (also known as the special theory of relativity or STR) is the Physical theory of Measurement in Inertial Light, or visible light, is Electromagnetic radiation of a Wavelength that is visible to the Human eye (about 400–700 In Physics and Mathematics, Minkowski space (or Minkowski spacetime) is the mathematical setting in which Einstein's theory of Special relativity This can be visualized in 3-space if the two horizontal axes are chosen to be spatial dimensions, while the vertical axis is time.
The light cone is constructed as follows. Taking as event p a flash of light (light pulse) at time t0, all events that can be reached by this pulse from p form the future light cone of p, whilst those events that can send a light pulse to p form the past light cone of p.
Given an event E, the light cone classifies all events in spacetime into 5 distinct categories:
If space is measured in light-seconds and time is measured in seconds, the cone will have a slope of 45°, because light travels a distance of one light-second in vacuum during one second. A light-second is a Unit of length. It is defined as the Distance Light travels in an absolute Vacuum in one Second or 299792458 This vacuum means "absence of matter" or "an empty area or space" for the cleaning appliance see Vacuum cleaner. Since special relativity requires the speed of light to be equal in every inertial frame, all observers must arrive at the same angle of 45° for their light cones. In Physics, an inertial frame of reference is a Frame of reference which belongs to a set of frames in which Physical laws hold in the same and simplest This is ensured by the Lorentz transformation. In Physics, the Lorentz transformation converts between two different observers' measurements of space and time where one observer is in constant motion with respect to
Elsewhere, an integral part of light cones, is the region of spacetime outside the light cone at a given event (a point in spacetime). Events that are elsewhere from each other are mutually unobservable, and cannot be causally connected.
In general relativity, the future light cone is the boundary of the causal future of a point and the past light cone is the boundary of its causal past. General relativity or the general theory of relativity is the geometric theory of Gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1916 The causal structure of a Lorentzian manifold describes the causal relationships between points in the manifold In Geometry, Topology and related branches of mathematics a spatial point describes a specific point within a given space that consists of neither Volume The causal structure of a Lorentzian manifold describes the causal relationships between points in the manifold
In a curved spacetime, the light-cones cannot all be tilted so that they are 'parallel'; this reflects the fact that the spacetime is curved and is essentially different from Minkowski space. In vacuum regions (those points of spacetime free of matter), this inability to tilt all the light-cones so that they are all parallel is reflected in the non-vanishing of the Weyl tensor. SpaceTime is a patent-pending three dimensional graphical user interface that allows end users to search their content such as Google Google Images Yahoo! YouTube eBay Amazon and RSS In Differential geometry, the Weyl curvature tensor, named after Hermann Weyl, is the Traceless component of the Riemann curvature tensor.