Cohen in 2007
|Birth name||Leonard Norman Cohen|
|Born||September 21, 1934|
|Origin||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Genre(s)||Folk , Folk Rock , Pop , World Music|
|Instrument(s)||Vocals, guitar, piano|
|Years active||1956 - Present|
Leonard Norman Cohen, CC, (born September 21, 1934 in Westmount, Quebec) is a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. Events 1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights. Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page A music genre is a categorical and typological construct that identifies musical sounds as belonging to a particular category and type of music that can be distinguished from other Folk music can have a number of different meanings including Traditional music: The original meaning of the term "folk music" was synonymous Folk rock is a musical genre combining elements of Folk music and rock music. Pop music as a genre features a noticeable rhythmic element catchy melodies and hooks, a mainstream style and conventional structure The term world music includes Traditional music (sometimes called Folk music or roots music of any culture that are created and played by indigenous musicians Singer-songwriter is a term that refers to Performers who write, compose and sing their own material including Lyrics A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified for the purpose of making Music. The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles The piano is a Musical instrument played by means of a keyboard that produces sound by striking steel strings with Felt covered hammers Year 1956 ( MCMLVI) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. In the Music industry, a record label can be a Brand and a Trademark associated with the Marketing of music recordings and Music Columbia Records is an American Record label founded in 1888 Columbia is the oldest surviving Brand name in pre-recorded sound being the first record company The Order of Canada is the highest civilian honour within the Canadian system of honours, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the order's Latin Events 1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights. Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page Singer-songwriter is a term that refers to Performers who write, compose and sing their own material including Lyrics A poet is a person who writes Poetry. Etymology From the Ancient greek: ποιέω, poieō: "I make or compose" A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story Cohen published his first book of poetry in Montreal in 1956 and his first novel in 1963. Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec
Cohen's earliest songs (many of which appeared on the 1967 album Songs of Leonard Cohen) were rooted in European folk music melodies and instrumentation, sung in a high baritone. Songs of Leonard Cohen is the debut album of Canadian musician Leonard Cohen. Folk music can have a number of different meanings including Traditional music: The original meaning of the term "folk music" was synonymous In Music, a melody (from Greek μελῳδία - melōidía, "singing chanting" also tune, voice, or This article is related to a series of articles under the main article Voice type. The 1970s were a musically restless period in which his influences broadened to encompass pop, cabaret and world music. Popular music is Music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and are disseminated by one or more Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring Comedy, Song, Dance, and Theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue &mdash a Restaurant The term world music includes Traditional music (sometimes called Folk music or roots music of any culture that are created and played by indigenous musicians Since the 1980s he has typically sung in lower registers (bass baritone and bass), with accompaniment from electronic synthesizers and female backing singers. A bass-baritone is a high-lying bass that shares certain qualities with the Baritone Voice type.
His work often explores the themes of religion, isolation, sexuality, and complex interpersonal relationships. A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Solitude is a state of Seclusion or Isolation, ie lack of contact with people or love Generally speaking human sexuality is how people experience and express themselves as sexual beings
Cohen's songs and poetry have influenced many other singer-songwriters, and more than a thousand renditions of his work have been recorded. He has been inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame and the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame and is also a Companion of the Order of Canada, the nation's highest civilian honour. The Canadian Music Hall of Fame honors Canadian musicians for their lifetime achievements in Music. The Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame ( Panthéon des Auteurs et Compositeurs Canadiens) is a Canadian Non-profit organization, founded in The Order of Canada is the highest civilian honour within the Canadian system of honours, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the order's Latin Cohen was inducted into the American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame with a speech by Lou Reed on March 10, 2008 for his status among the "highest and most influential echelon of songwriters". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is a Museum located on the shores of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland Ohio, United States Lewis Allan Reed (born March 2 1942 is an American rock Singer-songwriter and Guitarist. 
Cohen was born to a middle-class Jewish family to a father of Polish ancestry and Lithuanian Jewish mother, immigrant from Kaunas, in 1934 in Montreal, Quebec. PLEASE TAKE NOTE************ Lithuanian Jews (known in Yiddish and Yeshivish as Litvish (adjective or Litvaks (noun are Ashkenazi Jews with roots in the Kaunas ( ˈkoʊnəs is the second largest City in Lithuania and a former temporary capital. Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk He grew up in Westmount on the Island of Montreal. His father, Nathan Cohen, was the owner of a substantial Montreal clothing store, and died when Leonard was nine years old. Like many other Jews named Cohen, Katz, Kagan, etc. , his family made a claim of descent from the Kohanim: "I had a very Messianic childhood," he told Richard Goldstein in 1967. A kohen (or cohen, Hebrew כּהן "priest" pl כּהנִים kohanim or cohanim) has a separate status in Judaism. "I was told I was a descendant of Aaron, the high priest. This article is about Aaron the Levite in the Hebrew Bible, the Qu'ran, and other sources " He attended Herzliah High School, where he studied with poet Irving Layton. United Talmud Torahs of Montreal is a private Jewish day school system that includes an elementary and a High school on two campuses One located in the Irving Layton OC ( March 12, 1912 &ndash January 4, 2006) was a Canadian Poet. As a teenager he learned to play the guitar, subsequently forming a country-folk group called the Buckskin Boys. The guitar is a Musical instrument with ancient roots that is used in a wide variety of musical styles Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. His father's will provided Leonard with a modest trust income, sufficient to allow him to pursue his literary ambitions. In Common law legal systems a trust is an arrangement whereby Property (including real tangible and intangible is managed by one person (or persons or organizations
In 1951, Cohen enrolled at McGill University, where he was president of the McGill Debating Union. The Canadian University Society for Intercollegiate Debate ( CUSID generally and SUCDI in French) is the national organization which governs and represents His literary influences during this time included Yeats, Whitman and Henry Miller.  His first poetry book, Let Us Compare Mythologies (1956), was published under Louis Dudek as the first book in the McGill Poetry Series, while Cohen was an undergraduate. Let Us Compare Mythologies is the first poetry book by Canadian poet and songwriter Leonard Cohen. Louis Dudek ( February 6, 1918 - March 23, 2001) was a Canadian Poet and literary critic and publisher of Polish origin The Spice-Box of Earth (1961) made him well known in poetry circles, especially in his native Canada. The Spice-Box of Earth is Canadian Poet and Songwriter Leonard Cohen 's second collection of poetry
After graduation, Cohen spent a term in McGill's law school and a year (1956-7) at Columbia University, from which he dropped out. Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League.
Cohen applied a strong work ethic to his early and keen literary ambitions. He wrote poetry and fiction through much of the 1960s, and preferred to live in quasi-reclusive circumstances. After moving to Hydra, a Greek island, Cohen published the poetry collection Flowers for Hitler (1964), and the novels The Favourite Game (1963) and Beautiful Losers (1966). Hydra (Ύδρα ˈiðra is one of the Saronic Islands of Greece, located in the Aegean Sea between the Saronic Gulf and the Argolic Greece (Ελλάδα transliterated: Elláda, historically, Ellás,) officially the Hellenic Republic (Ελληνική Δημοκρατία Flowers for Hitler is Canadian poet Leonard Cohen 's third collection of poetry first published in 1964 by McClelland and Stewart. The Favourite Game is the first novel by Leonard Cohen. It was published by Secker and Warburg in the fall of 1963 Beautiful Losers is a Novel by Leonard Cohen. Published in 1966 by McClelland and Stewart, it was the Canadian novelist- The Favourite Game is an autobiographical bildungsroman about a young man finding his identity in writing. A bildungsroman (ˈbɪldʊŋsroˌmaːn "novel of formation" is a Novelistic genre that arose during the German Enlightenment (and is regarded by some as
In 1967, Cohen relocated to the United States to pursue a career as a folk singer-songwriter. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the His song "Suzanne" became a hit for Judy Collins. " Suzanne " is a song written by Canadian Poet and Musician Leonard Cohen. Judith Marjorie Collins (born May 1, 1939 in Seattle, Washington) is an American folk and standards Singer After performing at a few folk festivals, he came to the attention of Columbia Records representative John H. Hammond (who signed artists such as Bob Dylan, Bruce Springsteen, and Billie Holiday). Columbia Records is an American Record label founded in 1888 Columbia is the oldest surviving Brand name in pre-recorded sound being the first record company John Henry Hammond II ( December 15, 1910 – July 10, 1987) was a Record producer, musician and music critic from the 1930s to the Bob Dylan (born Robert Zimmerman, May 24 1941 in Duluth, Minnesota) is an American singer-songwriter author poet and painter who has been a major Billie Holiday (born Eleanora Fagan; April 7 1915 – July 17 1959 was an American Jazz singer and songwriter
The sound of Cohen's first album Songs of Leonard Cohen (1967) was too dark to be a commercial success, but was widely acclaimed by folk music buffs. Songs of Leonard Cohen is the debut album of Canadian musician Leonard Cohen. The year 1967 was an important year for Psychedelic rock, with releases from The Beatles ( Sgt He became a cult name in the UK, where the album spent over a year on the album charts. He followed up with Songs from a Room (1969) (featuring the often recorded "Bird on the Wire"), Songs of Love and Hate (1971), Live Songs (1973), and New Skin for the Old Ceremony (1974). Songs from a Room is the Canadian poet Leonard Cohen 's second Album. Events Perhaps the two most famous musical events of 1969 were concerts " Bird on the Wire " is one of Leonard Cohen 's Signature songs It was recorded 26 September 1968 in Nashville and included Songs of Love and Hate is Canadian singer/songwriter Leonard Cohen 's third album Events February 5 - Eric Burdon & War disbanding They never performed togeather again until April 21 2008 at the Royal Albert Hall Live Songs was the Canadian Singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen 's fourth album released during the three-year silence between Songs Events January-February January 9 - Mick Jagger 's request for a Japanese visa is rejected on account of a 1969 drug bust putting an abrupt end New Skin for the Old Ceremony was the Canadian Poet, Novelist, and Singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen 's fourth studio Events January - The Ramones form January - Joni Mitchell releases her monumental album Court and Spark, supported
In 1971, Cohen's music was used to great effect in the soundtrack to Robert Altman's film McCabe & Mrs. Miller. Robert Bernard Altman (February 20 1925 – November 20 2006 was an American Film director known for making films that are highly naturalistic, but with McCabe & Mrs Miller is a 1971 Western Motion picture by director Robert Altman. Though pulled from the existing Cohen catalog, the songs melded so seamlessly with the story that many believed they had been written for the film.
Throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, Cohen toured the United States, Canada and Europe. In 1973, Cohen toured Israel and performed at army bases during the Yom Kippur War. Events January-February January 9 - Mick Jagger 's request for a Japanese visa is rejected on account of a 1969 drug bust putting an abrupt end For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War or October War (מלחמת יום הכיפורים transliterated: Milkhemet Yom HaKipurim or מלחמת יום Beginning around 1974, his collaboration with pianist/arranger John Lissauer created a live sound praised by the critics, but which was never really captured on record. During this time, Cohen often toured with Jennifer Warnes as a back-up singer. Jennifer Jean Warnes (born March 3 1947 in Seattle, Washington) is an American singer and songwriter Warnes would become a fixture on Cohen's future albums and she recorded an album of Cohen songs in 1987, Famous Blue Raincoat. See also Musical groups established in 1987 Record labels established in 1987 Events Famous Blue Raincoat is the 6th album by Jennifer Warnes, and her first with the Private Music label Laura Branigan also sang back-up vocals with his band in the 1970s, but she never recorded with him. Laura Branigan (July 3 1957 – August 26 2004 was an American singer and actress of Irish ancestry
In 1977, Cohen released Death of a Ladies' Man (note the plural possessive case; one year later in 1978, Cohen released a volume of poetry with the coyly revised title, Death of a Lady's Man). Events Bohemian Rhapsody is named 'The Best Single Of The Last 25 Years' by BPI. Death of a Ladies' Man is the fifth of Leonard Cohen 's albums The album was produced by Phil Spector, well known as the inventor of the "wall of sound" technique, in which pop music is backed with thick layers of instrumentation, an approach very different from Cohen's usually minimalist instrumentation. Harvey Philip Spector (born December 26 1940) is an American Record producer and Songwriter. The Wall of Sound is a music production technique for pop and rock music recordings developed by Record producer Phil Spector at Gold Star Studios The recording of the album was fraught with difficulty; Spector reportedly mixed the album in secret studio sessions and Cohen said Spector once threatened him with a crossbow. Cohen thinks the end result is "grotesque", but also "semi-virtuous". 
In 1979, Cohen returned with the more traditional Recent Songs. See also Musical groups established in 1979 Record labels established in 1979 1979 in music (UK Recent Songs was the sixth studio album by Leonard Cohen, released in 1979 Produced by Cohen himself and Henry Lewy (Joni Mitchell's sound engineer) the album included performances by a jazz-fusion band introduced to Cohen by Mitchell and oriental instruments (oud, Gypsy violin and mandolin). Joni Mitchell, CC (born Roberta Joan Anderson on November 7 1943) is a Canadian Musician, Songwriter, and The oud ( عود ʿūd, plural أعواد, a‘wād; kaban; Persian: بربط barbat; ud The violin is a bowed String instrument with four strings usually tuned in Perfect fifths It is the smallest and highest-pitched member A mandolin is a musical instrument in the Lute family (plucked or strummed In 2001 Cohen released the live version of songs from his 1979 tour, Field Commander Cohen: Tour of 1979. Field Commander Cohen Tour of 1979 is a live album by Leonard Cohen released in 2001.
In 1984, Cohen released Various Positions, including the often recorded "Hallelujah". See also Events January 21 - " Relax " by Frankie Goes to Hollywood reaches number one in the UK singles chart it Various Positions, the seventh studio album by Leonard Cohen, was released in December 1984 (and February 1985 " Hallelujah " is a song by Canadian Singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen originally released on his 1984 studio album Various Positions Columbia declined to release the album in the United States, where Cohen's popularity had declined in previous years. Throughout his career, Cohen's music has sold better in Europe and Canada than in the U. S. ; he once satirically expressed how touched he is at the modesty the American company has shown in promoting his records.
In 1986 he made a guest appearance in the episode French Twist of the TV series Miami Vice. See also Musical groups established in 1986 Record labels established in 1986 Events January Miami Vice is an American Television series produced by Michael Mann for NBC. In 1987, Jennifer Warnes' tribute album Famous Blue Raincoat helped restore Cohen's career in the U. See also Musical groups established in 1987 Record labels established in 1987 Events Jennifer Jean Warnes (born March 3 1947 in Seattle, Washington) is an American singer and songwriter S. , and the following year he released I'm Your Man, which marked a drastic change in his music. I'm Your Man is a 1988 album by Leonard Cohen. It was widely considered Cohen's "comeback" album after the poorly promoted Various Positions Synthesizers ruled the album and Cohen's lyrics included more social commentary and dark humour. It was Cohen's most acclaimed and popular since Songs of Leonard Cohen, and "First We Take Manhattan" and the title song became two of his most popular songs. " First We Take Manhattan " is a song written by Leonard Cohen.
The use of the album track "Everybody Knows" (co-written by Sharon Robinson) in the 1990 film Pump Up the Volume helped to expose Cohen's music to a younger audience. " Everybody Knows " is a song written by Canadian Singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen and collaborator Sharon Robinson. Sharon Robinson is an American songwriter Record producer, and vocalist Pump Up the Volume ( 1990) is a Comedy-drama written and directed by Allan Moyle and starring Christian Slater and Samantha Mathis In 1992, Cohen released The Future, which urges, (often in terms of biblical prophecy) perseverance, reformation, and hope in the face of grim prospects. This is a list of notable events in music that took place in the year 1992 See also Future. The Future is one of the most popular Leonard Cohen albums and has come to be recognized as his essential Etymology According to the Online Etymology Dictionary, the word bible is from Latin biblia, traced from the same word through Medieval Latin and Late Latin Three tracks from the album - "Waiting for the Miracle", "The Future" and "Anthem" - were featured in the controversial and violent movie Natural Born Killers. See also Future. The Future is one of the most popular Leonard Cohen albums and has come to be recognized as his essential Natural Born Killers is a 1994 Crime film Satire directed by Oliver Stone about Serial killers and their coverage by the
In the title track, Cohen prophesies impending political and social collapse, reportedly as his response to the L.A. unrest of 1992: "I've seen the future, brother: It is murder. The Los Angeles riots of 1992, also known as the Rodney King uprising or the Rodney King riots, were sparked on April 29, 1992 when a jury " In "Democracy," Cohen, criticizes America but says he loves it: "I love the country but I can't stand the scene. " Further, he criticizes the American public's lack of interest in politics and addiction to television: "I'm neither left or right/I'm just staying home tonight/getting lost in that hopeless little screen. "
Nanni Moretti's film Caro Diario (1993) features "I'm Your Man", as Moretti himself rides his Vespa along the streets of Rome. This page is very closely monitored and additions of external links if not discussed first are removed quickly
In 1994, following a tour to promote The Future, Cohen retreated to the Mount Baldy Zen Centre near Los Angeles, beginning what would become five years of seclusion at the center. Zen is a school of Mahāyāna Buddhism, referred to in Chinese as Chan. In 1996, Cohen was ordained as a Rinzai Zen Buddhist monk and took the Dharma name Jikhan, meaning 'silence'. The Rinzai school ( Japanese: Rinzai-shū, Chinese: línjì zōng) is one of the three Japanese Zen sects. Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices The Sanskrit term ( Devanāgarī: धर्म Pali transliteration dhamma) is an Indian spiritual and religious He left Mount Baldy in 1999.
In 2001, following the five years' seclusion as a Zen Buddhist monk at the Mt. Baldy Zen Center (where he served as personal assistant to Kyozan Joshu Sasaki Roshi), Cohen returned to music with Ten New Songs, featuring a heavy influence from producer and co-composer Sharon Robinson. See also 2001 in music (UK Musical groups established in 2001 Record labels Zen is a school of Mahāyāna Buddhism, referred to in Chinese as Chan. A Bhikkhu ( Pāli) or Bhiksu ( Sanskrit) is a fully ordained male Buddhist Monastic. Kyozan Joshu Sasaki, Roshi (born April 1, 1907) is a Japanese Rinzai Zen teacher who has lived in the United States since Ten New Songs is Leonard Cohen 's tenth studio Album, released in 2001 Sharon Robinson is an American songwriter Record producer, and vocalist With this album, Cohen shed the relatively extroverted, engaged, and even optimistic outlook of The Future (the sole political track, “The Land of Plenty,” abandoning stern commandment for yearning but helpless prayer) to lament and seek acceptance of varieties of personal loss: the approach of death and the departure of love, romantic and even divine. Ten New Songs' cohesive musical style (perhaps absent from Cohen's albums since Recent Songs) owes much to Robinson’s involvement. The album includes the song "Alexandra Leaving," which is a striking transformation of the poem "The God Abandons Antony" by the Greek poet Constantine P. Cavafy. " The God Abandons Anthony " is a poem by Constantine P Constantine P Cavafy, also known as Konstantin or Konstantinos Petrou Kavafis, or Kavaphes (Greek Κωνσταντίνος Π Although not Cohen’s bitterest album, it may rank as his most melancholic.
In October 2004, he released Dear Heather, largely a musical collaboration with jazz chanteuse (and current romantic partner) Anjani Thomas, although Sharon Robinson returns to collaborate on three tracks (including a duet). See also 2004 in music (UK Musical groups established in 2004 Record labels Dear Heather is Leonard Cohen 's eleventh studio album released in 2004 Anjani Thomas (born 10 July 1959) is an American Singer-songwriter and Pianist, best known for her work with singer-songwriter As light as the previous album was dark, Dear Heather reflects Cohen's own change of mood - he has said in a number of interviews that his depression has lifted in recent years, which he attributes to the neurological processes of aging. In the fields of Psychology and Psychiatry, the terms depression or depressed refer to both expected and pathologically chronic or severe Dear Heather is perhaps his least cohesive, and most experimental and playful album to date, and the stylings of some of the songs (especially the title track) frustrated many fans. In an interview following his induction into the Canadian Songwriters' Hall of Fame, Cohen explained that the album was intended to be a kind of notebook or scrapbook of themes, and that a more formal record had been planned for release shortly afterwards, but that this was put on ice by his legal battles with his ex-manager.
On October 8, 2005 Cohen alleged that his longtime former manager, Kelley Lynch, misappropriated over US$5 million from Cohen's retirement fund along with the publishing rights to his songs, leaving Cohen with only $150,000. Cohen was sued in turn by other former business associates. These events placed him in the public spotlight, including a cover feature on him with the headline "Devastated!" in Canada's Maclean's magazine. Maclean's is a Canadian weekly News magazine, reporting on Canadian issues such as politics pop culture and current events In March 2006, Cohen won the civil suit and was awarded US$9 million by a Los Angeles County superior court. In law a lawsuit is a civil action brought before a Court in which the party commencing the action the Plaintiff, seeks a legal or equitable remedy Lynch, however, ignored the suit and did not respond to a subpoena issued for her financial records.  As a result it has been widely reported that Cohen may never be able to collect the cash.  Cohen has been under new management since April 2005.
Blue Alert, an album of songs co-written by Anjani and Cohen, was released on May 23, 2006 to positive reviews. Blue Alert is a Jazz album recorded by Anjani, girlfriend and longtime backing singer of iconic Canadian singer-songwriter and poet Leonard Cohen Events 1430 - Siege of Compiègne: Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The album is sung by Anjani, who according to one reviewer "sounds like Cohen reincarnated as woman. . . . though Cohen doesn't sing a note on the album, his voice permeates it like smoke. " The album includes a recent musical setting of Cohen's "As the mist leaves no scar," a poem originally published in The Spice-Box of Earth in 1961 and adapted by Spector into "True Love Leaves No Traces" on Death of a Ladies' Man. The Spice-Box of Earth is Canadian Poet and Songwriter Leonard Cohen 's second collection of poetry
Cohen's new book of poetry and drawings, Book of Longing, was published in May 2006; in March a Toronto-based retailer offered signed copies to the first 1500 orders placed online, which saw the entire amount sold within hours. Toronto (təˈrɒntoʊ colloquially pronounced or) is the largest city in Canada and is the provincial capital of Ontario The book quickly topped bestseller lists in Canada. On May 13, 2006, Cohen made his first public appearance for thirteen years, at an in store event at a bookstore in Toronto. Events 1497 - Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Approximately 3000 people turned up for the event, causing the streets surrounding the bookstore to be closed. He sang two of his earliest and best-known songs: "So Long, Marianne" and "Hey, That's No Way To Say Goodbye", accompanied by the Barenaked Ladies and Ron Sexsmith. Barenaked Ladies (often abbreviated BNL or occasionally BnL) is a Juno -winning and Grammy -nominated Canadian Alternative Ronald Eldon Sexsmith (born 8 January 1964) is a Canadian Singer-songwriter from St Also appearing with him was Anjani, the two promoting her new CD, along with his book. 
2008 promised to be an important year in his career. January 13, 2008, Cohen quietly announced to fans a long-anticipated concert tour . Events 532 - Nika riots in Constantinople. 888 - Odo Count of Paris becomes King of the Franks 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common The tour, Cohen's first in 15 years, began May 11th in Fredericton, NB to wide critical acclaim. Fredericton (pronounced ˈfrɛdrɨktɨn is the capital of the Canadian province of New Brunswick, by virtue of the provincial It will encompass Canada and Europe, including performances at The Big Chill (music festival),  the Montreal Jazz Festival, and headlining the 2008 Glastonbury Festival on 29 June 2008. The Big Chill is an English festival of alternative and chill-out music started in 1994 For the classical music and theatre festivals co-founded by Rutland Boughton between 1914 and 1926 see Glastonbury Festival (1914-1925 The Events 512 - A Solar eclipse is recorded by a monastic chronicler in Ireland. 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common 
On March 7, 2008, Jeff Buckley’s version of Cohen's “Hallelujah”, went to number 1 on the iTunes chart after being performed by Jason Castro on the seventh season of the television series American Idol. Events 161 - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius dies and is succeeded by co-Emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus 2008 ( MMVIII) is the current year in accordance with the Gregorian calendar, a Leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Jeffrey Scott Buckley (November 17 1966 – May 29 1997 raised as Scotty Moorhead, was an American Singer-songwriter and Guitarist He was the son iTunes is a proprietary digital media player application introduced by Apple Inc Jason René Castro (born March 25, 1987) is an American Singer - Songwriter and the fourth place finalist on the seventh season The seventh season of American Idol, the annual reality show and singing competition began on January 15, 2008 and concluded 
A few days later, Cohen was inducted into the American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in recognition of his status among the "highest and most influential echelon of songwriters". The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is a Museum located on the shores of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland Ohio, United States 
In the 1960s, during his stay at Hydra, Cohen befriended the Scandinavian novelists Axel Jensen and Göran Tunström. Axel Buchardt Jensen ( February 12, 1932 &ndash February 13, 2003) was a Norwegian author Göran Tunström ( 14 May 1937 in Karlstad &ndash February 5 2000 in Stockholm) was a Swedish author from He lived there with Axel's wife Marianne Jensen (now: Ihlen Stang) and their son Axel after they broke up. The song "So Long, Marianne" is about her. An alternative theory, however, which may be but a local Montréal urban myth, is that Marianne refers to rue Marie-Anne in the inner core of Montréal, a street on which Cohen lived many years and in whose little park at the corner of Boulevard St. Laurent he was known to sit on occasion. For a long time it was believed that the character Lorenzo in Jensen's novel Joacim (1961) was based on Cohen, but Axel told him it was influenced by Tunström.
According to biographer and filmmaker Harry Rasky, Cohen has been married once, to Los Angeles artist Suzanne Elrod, and although the two did have an important relationship in the 1970s, Cohen himself has said that 'cowardice' and 'fear' have prevented him from ever actually marrying  . Harry Rasky, CM, OOnt, BA LLD ( 9 May 1928 &ndash 9 April 2007) was a Canadian Documentary film Los Angeles (lɑˈsændʒələs los ˈaŋxeles in Spanish) is the largest City in the state of California and the American West He has two children with Elrod: a son, Adam, was born in 1972 and a daughter, Lorca, named after poet Federico García Lorca, was born in 1974. Federico García Lorca' ( 5 June 1898 &ndash 19 August 1936) was a Spanish Poet and dramatist also remembered as Adam Cohen began his own career as a singer-songwriter in the mid-1990s and currently fronts a band called Low Millions. The Low Millions are a pop-rock band from California. They launched their debut album Ex-Girlfriends in 2004 under the recording label Manhattan Records Elrod took the cover photograph on Cohen's Live Songs album and is pictured on the cover of the Death of a Ladies' Man album. Death of a Ladies' Man is the fifth of Leonard Cohen 's albums
Cohen and Elrod had split by 1979. Contrary to popular belief, "Suzanne", one of his best-known songs, refers to Suzanne Verdal, the former wife of his friend, the Québécois sculptor Armand Vaillancourt, rather than Elrod. " Suzanne " is a song written by Canadian Poet and Musician Leonard Cohen. Armand Vaillancourt is a Québécois Sculptor, painter and Performance artist born on September 3 1929 in the city of  In 1990, Cohen was romantically linked to actress Rebecca De Mornay. Rebecca De Mornay (born Rebecca J Pearch on August 29, 1959) is an American Film and Television actress He is now romantically involved with (and working with) Anjani Thomas. Anjani Thomas (born 10 July 1959) is an American Singer-songwriter and Pianist, best known for her work with singer-songwriter
Recurring themes in Cohen's work include love and sex, religion, psychological depression, and music itself. He has also engaged with certain political themes, though sometimes ambiguously so. Love and sexuality are common themes in popular music, yet Cohen's background as a novelist and poet enabled him to bring a darker, deeper edge to these themes. "Suzanne" mixes a wistful type of love song with a religious meditation, themes that are also mixed in "Joan of Arc. " "Famous Blue Raincoat" is from the point of view of a man whose marriage has been broken (in exactly what degree is ambiguous in the song) by his wife's infidelity with his close friend, and is written in the form of a letter to that friend, to whom he writes, "I guess that I miss you/ I guess I forgive you … Know your enemy is sleeping/ And his woman is free", while "Everybody Knows" deals in part with the harsh reality of AIDS: "… the naked man and woman/ Are just a shining artifact of the past. " Everybody Knows " is a song written by Canadian Singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen and collaborator Sharon Robinson. "
"Sisters of Mercy" evokes genuine love found in a hotel room encounter with two Edmonton women. Edmonton (ˈɛdmɨntɨn is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta. Some have claimed that "Chelsea Hotel #2" treats his affair with Janis Joplin rather unsentimentally and others that it reveals a much more complicated and mixed set of feelings than straightforward love. The Hotel Chelsea is a well-known residence for artists musicians and writers in the neighborhood of Chelsea in Manhattan, New York City. Janis Lyn Joplin ( January 19, 1943  – October 4, 1970) was an American singer songwriter and music arranger from Cohen discusses the song in an interview filmed for the tribute-concert movie []. He confirms that the subject is indeed Janis with some evident embarrassment. "She wouldn't mind," he declares, "but my mother would be appalled. " The title of "Don't Go Home with Your Hard-On" speaks for itself.
Cohen comes from a Jewish background, most obviously reflected in his song "Story of Isaac", and also in "Who by Fire," whose words and melody echo the Unetaneh Tokef, an 11th century liturgical poem recited on Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur. Judaism (from the Greek Ioudaïsmos, derived from the Hebrew יהודה Yehudah, " Judah " in Hebrew יַהֲדוּת Yahedut The Binding of Isaac, in Genesis, is a story from the Hebrew Bible in which God asks Abraham to sacrifice his son Isaac on Mount Moriah Unetanneh Tokef or Unesanneh Tokef (ונתנה תוקף is a Piyyut that has been a part of the Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur Rosh Hashanah (ראש השנה literally "head of the year" Biblical: ˈɾoʃ haʃːɔˈnɔh Israeli haʃaˈna Yiddish: hɑˈʃɔnə is a Jewish Yom Kippur (יוֹם כִּפּוּר ˈjɔm kiˈpur also known in English as the Day of Atonement, is the most solemn and important of the Jewish holidays Its Broader Judeo-Christian themes are sounded throughout the album Various Positions: "Hallelujah", which has music as a secondary theme, begins by evoking the biblical king David composing a song that "pleased the Lord," and continues with references to Bathsheba and Samson. Judeo-Christian (or Judaeo-Christian, sometimes written as Judæo-Christian) is a term used to describe the body of concepts and values which are thought to be held David, Arabic: داوود or داود dawud, "beloved" was the second king of the united Kingdom of Israel according to the Hebrew Bible According to the Hebrew Bible, Bathsheba (בת שבע Bat Sheva) was the wife of Uriah the Hittite and later of David, king of the Samson, Shimshon ( Hebrew: שמשון, Standard Šimšon Tiberian Šimšôn; meaning
In his early career as a novelist, Beautiful Losers grappled with the mysticism of the Catholic/Iroquois Catherine Tekakwitha. Catholic is an Adjective derived from the Greek adjective '' / 'katholikos' meaning "whole" or "complete". The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the "League of Peace and Power" the "Five Nations" the "Six Nations" or the "People of the Longhouse Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha or Blessed Catherine Tekakwitha (ɡɔdeli deɡɔkwidɔ in Mohawk (1656 – April 17, 1680) the daughter of a Mohawk Cohen has also been involved with Buddhism at least since the 1970s and in 1996 he was ordained a Buddhist monk. Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices However, he still considers himself also a Jew: "I'm not looking for a new religion. I'm quite happy with the old one, with Judaism. "
Having suffered from psychological depression during much of his life (although less so with the onset of old age), Cohen has written much (especially in his early work) about depression and suicide. Major depressive disorder, also known as major depression, unipolar depression, unipolar disorder, clinical depression, or simply depression The wife of the protagonist of Beautiful Losers commits a gory suicide; "Seems So Long Ago, Nancy" is about a suicide; suicide is mentioned in the darkly comic "One of Us Cannot Be Wrong"; "Dress Rehearsal Rag" is about a last-minute decision not to kill oneself; a general atmosphere of depression pervades such songs as "Please Don't Pass Me By" and "Tonight Will Be Fine. " As in the aforementioned "Hallelujah", music itself is the subject of many songs, including "Tower of Song", "A Singer Must Die", and "Jazz Police".
Social justice often shows up as a theme in his work, where he seems, especially in later albums, to expound a leftist politics, albeit with culturally conservative elements. In "Democracy" lamenting "the wars against disorder/ … the sirens night and day/ … the fires of the homeless/ … the ashes of the gay," he concludes that the United States is actually not a democracy. This is a specifically (and classically) leftist position, as is his observation (in "Tower of Song") that "the rich have got their channels in the bedrooms of the poor/ And there's a mighty judgment coming. " In the title track of The Future he recasts this prophecy on a pacifist note: "I've seen the nations rise and fall/ …/ But love's the only engine of survival. " In "Anthem," he promises that "the killers in high places [who] say their prayers out loud/ … [are] gonna hear from me. "
In "The Land of Plenty," he characterizes the United States (if not the opulent West in general) of benightedness: "May the lights in The Land of Plenty/ Shine on the truth some day. "
War is an enduring theme of Cohen's work which in his earlier songs, as indeed in his early life, he approached ambivalently. War is an international relations Dispute, characterized by organized Violence between National Military units In "Field Commander Cohen" he (perhaps metaphorically) imagines himself as a soldier/spy socializing with Fidel Castro in Cuba—where he had actually lived at the height of US-Cuba tensions in 1961, allegedly sporting a Che Guevara-style beard and military fatigues. Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born August 13 1926 is a Cuban revolutionary leader who was prime minister of Cuba from December 1959 to December 1976 and then president until The Republic of Cuba (ˈkjuːbə or) consists of the island of Cuba (the largest and second-most populous island of the Greater Antilles) Isla de la Ernesto "Che" Guevara (June 14 Following the Cuban revolution,Guevara reviewed This song was actually written immediately following Cohen's front-line stint with the Israeli air force, the "fighting in Egypt" documented in an (again perhaps metaphorical) passage of "Night Comes On:"
In 1973, Cohen, who had traveled to Jerusalem to sign up on the Israeli side in the Yom Kippur War, had instead been assigned to a USO-style entertainer tour of front-line tank emplacements in the Sinai Desert, at one of which he both came under fire and reportedly shared cognac with an unlikely self-professed fan, then-General Ariel Sharon. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Israel topics. Year 1973 ( MCMLXXIII) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar of the 1973 Gregorian calendar. Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם, he-Latn Yerushaláyim; Arabic: ar القُدس, ar-Latn al-Quds) is the The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War or October War (מלחמת יום הכיפורים transliterated: Milkhemet Yom HaKipurim or מלחמת יום "USO" redirects here for other uses see USO (disambiguation The United Service Organizations Inc The Sinai Peninsula or Sinai ( Coptic: sina; Egyptian Arabic: sina سينا Arabic, sina'a سيناء (אריאל Disillusioned by encounters with dead and wounded Israeli soldiers, and having expressed explicit support for the Israeli side  , he wrote his song "Lover Lover Lover", where the ending line is: "May it be a shield for you, a shield against the enemy. "
His recent politics continue a lifelong predilection for the underdog, the "beautiful loser. " Whether recording "The Partisan", a French Resistance song by Anna Marly and Emmanuel d'Astier, or singing his own "The Old Revolution", written from the point of view of a defeated royalist, he has throughout his career through his music expressed his sympathy and support for the oppressed. " The Partisan " ( "La Complainte du Partisan") is a song about the French Resistance in World War II. The French Resistance is the collective name used for the French Resistance movements which fought against the Nazi German Anna Marly (Анна Юрьевна Смирнова-Марли ( October 30 1917 &ndash February 15 2006) was a Russian born Emmanuel d'Astier de la Vigerie ( January 9 1900 &mdash June 12 1969) was a French Journalist, politician and member of the Although Cohen's fascination with war is often as metaphor for more explicitly cultural and personal issues, as in New Skin for the Old Ceremony, by this measure his most "militant" album.
Cohen blends a good deal of pessimism about political/cultural issues with a great deal of humour and (especially in his later work) gentle acceptance. His wit contends with his stark analyses, as his songs are often verbally playful and even cheerful: In "Tower of Song," the famously raw-voiced Cohen sings ironically that he was "… born with the gift/ Of a golden voice"; the generally dark "Is This What You Wanted?" nonetheless contains playful lines "You were the whore at the Feast of Babylon/ I was Rin Tin Tin"; in concert, he often plays around with his lyrics (for example, "If you want a doctor/ I'll examine every inch of you" from "I'm Your Man" will become "If you want a Jewish doctor …"); and he will introduce one song by using a phrase from another song or poem (for example, introducing "Leaving Green Sleeves" by paraphrasing his own "Queen Victoria": "This is a song for those who are not nourished by modern love"). Irony is a literary or Rhetorical device, in which there is an incongruity or Discordance between what one says or does and what one means or The Whore of Babylon is one of several Christian allegorical figures of supreme Evil mentioned in the Book of Revelation in the Bible Babylon was a City-state of ancient Mesopotamia, the remains of which can be found in present-day Al Hillah, Babil Province, Iraq Rin Tin Tin (often billed as Rin-Tin-Tin in the 1920s and 1930s was the name given to several related German Shepherd dogs seen in films and television dramas
Cohen has also recorded such love songs as Irving Berlin's "Always" or the more obscure soul number "Be for Real" (originally sung by Marlena Shaw), chosen in part for their unlikely juxtaposition to his own work. Irving Berlin (11 May 1888 &ndash 22 September 1989 was a Russian-born American Composer and Lyricist, and one of the most prolific American songwriters Marlena Shaw is a singer Born Marlina Burgess in 1942 New Rochelle New York, Shaw was discovered by Chess Records in 1966
All albums released on Columbia Records
|Songs of Leonard Cohen||December 27 1967|
|Songs from a Room||April 1969|
|Songs of Love and Hate||March 1971|
|New Skin for the Old Ceremony||August 1974|
|Death of a Ladies' Man||November 1977|
|Recent Songs||September 1979|
|Various Positions||December 1984|
|I'm Your Man||February 1988|
|The Future||November 1992|
|Ten New Songs||October 9 2001|
|Dear Heather||October 26 2004|
|Cohen Live: Leonard Cohen in Concert||1994|
|Field Commander Cohen: Tour of 1979||2001|
|The Best of Leonard Cohen||1975|
|So Long, Marianne||1991|
|More Best of Leonard Cohen||1997|
|The Essential Leonard Cohen||2002|
Cohen's music has often been used in film soundtracks. Columbia Records is an American Record label founded in 1888 Columbia is the oldest surviving Brand name in pre-recorded sound being the first record company Songs of Leonard Cohen is the debut album of Canadian musician Leonard Cohen. Events 537 - The Hagia Sophia is completed 1512 - The Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the Songs from a Room is the Canadian poet Leonard Cohen 's second Album. Songs of Love and Hate is Canadian singer/songwriter Leonard Cohen 's third album New Skin for the Old Ceremony was the Canadian Poet, Novelist, and Singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen 's fourth studio Death of a Ladies' Man is the fifth of Leonard Cohen 's albums Recent Songs was the sixth studio album by Leonard Cohen, released in 1979 Various Positions, the seventh studio album by Leonard Cohen, was released in December 1984 (and February 1985 I'm Your Man is a 1988 album by Leonard Cohen. It was widely considered Cohen's "comeback" album after the poorly promoted Various Positions See also Future. The Future is one of the most popular Leonard Cohen albums and has come to be recognized as his essential Ten New Songs is Leonard Cohen 's tenth studio Album, released in 2001 Events 768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks. Dear Heather is Leonard Cohen 's eleventh studio album released in 2004 Events 740 - An Earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death Live Songs was the Canadian Singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen 's fourth album released during the three-year silence between Songs Cohen Live is a live album by Leonard Cohen released in 1994 The songs were recorded live in 1988 and 1993 Field Commander Cohen Tour of 1979 is a live album by Leonard Cohen released in 2001. The Best of Leonard Cohen is a Greatest hits album by Leonard Cohen, released in 1975 More Best of Leonard Cohen is a collection of Leonard Cohen songs released in 1997 The Essential Leonard Cohen is a career-spanning collection of Leonard Cohen songs released in 2002 Let Us Compare Mythologies is the first poetry book by Canadian poet and songwriter Leonard Cohen. The Spice-Box of Earth is Canadian Poet and Songwriter Leonard Cohen 's second collection of poetry The Favourite Game is the first novel by Leonard Cohen. It was published by Secker and Warburg in the fall of 1963 Flowers for Hitler is Canadian poet Leonard Cohen 's third collection of poetry first published in 1964 by McClelland and Stewart. Beautiful Losers is a Novel by Leonard Cohen. Published in 1966 by McClelland and Stewart, it was the Canadian novelist- Stranger Music is a 1993 book by Leonard Cohen. It compiles many of his published Poems as well as the lyrics to his songs Book of Longing is the first new poetry book by Leonard Cohen since 1984's Book of Mercy.
Many of Cohen's songs and poems have been interpreted (and sometimes translated in other languages) by other artists, occasionally receiving more popular attention than Cohen's own, typically minimalistic arrangements. Some of Cohen's most recorded songs include:
As of May 11, 2008, the site www.leonardcohenfiles.com had counted a total of 1,477 released versions of Cohen's songs.
In Eastern Europe, Cohen's songs enjoyed strong popularity from the very beginning of his career. The two countries of the old 'Eastern Bloc', where Leonard Cohen's songs met with undisputed critical recognition and acclaim, proved to be Hungary and Poland. Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland In Hungary, Cohen's popularity spawned from Budapest's strong and influential core of artists and musicians, a great number of whom were of Jewish descent, born in post-World War II years (1946-1949): András Kern (1948- ), a highly popular comedian-singer-actor-filmmaker, has been the greatest interpreter of Cohen's songs, with the recording, in 1998, of a whole album giving a Hungarian version of more than a dozen Cohen songs, their text loosely adapted from the original by Hungarian songwriter and lyricist, Péter Fábri (title of the Hungarian album: "Engem vársz", meaning 'You're Waiting For Me'). András Kern (born 1 January 1948 in Budapest, Hungary) is a Hungarian actor producer writer singer and comedian In Poland, Cohen was made popular mostly thanks to poet and singer Maciej Zembaty, who translated and performed Cohen's work. Maciej Zembaty (born 1944 in Tarnów) is a Polish artist writer journalist singer poet and comic Cohen was guest of Zembaty's radio show "Zgryz" in the 1980s.
|NAME||Cohen, Leonard Norman|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Canadian singer-songwriter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 21, 1934|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|DATE OF DEATH|
|PLACE OF DEATH|
CBC Radio One is the English-language news and information Radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Ideas is a long running scholarly Radio documentary show on CBC Radio One. Events 1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights. Year 1934 ( MCMXXXIV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Montreal, or Montréal in French ( pronounced in French, in English) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Quebec Quebec (kwɨˈbɛk Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page