Leo Kadanoff is a professor of physics (emeritus as of 2004) at the University of Chicago and the current President of the American Physical Society (APS). The University of Chicago is a Private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. The American Physical Society was founded in 1899 and is the World 's second largest organization of physicists behind the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. He is widely acknowledged for his contributions to statistical physics, chaos theory, and theoretical condensed matter physics. Statistical physics is one of the fundamental theories of Physics, and uses methods of Statistics in solving physical problems In Mathematics, chaos theory describes the behavior of certain dynamical systems – that is systems whose state evolves with time – that may exhibit dynamics that Condensed matter physics is the field of Physics that deals with the macroscopic physical properties of Matter.
Prof. Kadanoff was raised in New York City. He got both his undergraduate degree and doctorate in Physics from Harvard. After a post-doctorate at the Niels Bohr Institute in Copenhagen, he joined the Physics faculty at the University of Illinois in 1965.
His early research involved studies of superconductivity. In the late 1960s, he studied the organization of matter in phase transitions, and this research revolutionized the way physicists understand change of phase. In Thermodynamics, phase transition or phase change is the transformation of a thermodynamic system from one phase to another In his most important study, Kadanoff showed that sudden changes in material properties (for example, the magnetization of a magnet or the boiling of a fluid) could be understood in terms of scaling and universality. With his collaborators, he showed how all the experimental data then available for the changes, called second order phase transitions, could be understood in terms of these two ideas. These same ideas have now been extended to apply to a broad range of scientific and engineering problems, and have found numerous and important applications in urban planning, computer science, hydrodynamics, biology, applied mathematics and geophysics. In recognition of these achievements, he won the Buckley Prize of the American Physical Society (1977), the Wolf Prize in Physics (1980), the 1989 Boltzmann Medal of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics, and the 2006 Lorentz Medal. The Oliver E Buckley Condensed Matter Prize is an annual award given by the American Physical Society "to recognize and encourage outstanding theoretical or experimental The Boltzmann Medal is the most important prize awarded to Physicists that obtain new results concerning Statistical mechanics; it is named after the celebrated physicist Lorentz Medal is an award given every four years by the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.
In 1969 he moved to Brown University. Brown University is a highly esteemed private University located in Providence, Rhode Island and is a member of the Ivy League. He exploited mathematical analogies between solid state physics and urban growth to shed insights into the latter field, so much so that he contributed substantially to the statewide planning program in Rhode Island. In 1978 he moved to the University of Chicago, where he became the John D. The University of Chicago is a Private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. and Catherine T. MacArthur Distinguished Service Professor of Physics and Mathematics. Much of his work in the second half of his career involved contributions to chaos theory, in both mechanical and fluid systems.
Kadanoff was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1982 and it was widely expected that he would share the award with Kenneth G. Wilson of Ohio State University. The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik is awarded once a year by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Kenneth Geddes Wilson (born June 8, 1936) is an American Theoretical physicist. The Ohio State University ( OSU) is a Coeducational public Research university in the state of Ohio. To everyone's astonishment (including Wilson's) the award was presented solely to Wilson.
He was one of the recipients of the 1999 National Medal of Science, awarded by President Clinton. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and of the American Philosophical Society as well as being a Fellow of the American Physical Society and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. During the last decade, he has received the Quantrell Award (for excellence in teaching) from the University of Chicago, the Centennial Medal of Harvard University, the Onsager Prize of the American Physical Society, the Grande Medaille d'Or of the Academy des Sciences de l'Institut de France, and the National Medal of Science (U. S. ).
His textbook with Gordon Baym, Quantum Statistical Mechanics, is a classic in the field and has been widely translated. Gordon Baym is an American Theoretical physicist. He received his undergraduate degree at Cornell in 1956