|Land Rover Discovery|
|Parent company||Rover 1989-1994|
Tata Motors 2008-
|Assembly||Solihull, England, United Kingdom|
|Layout||Front engine, four-wheel drive|
The Discovery is a four wheel drive on-road and off-road vehicle from the British car maker Land Rover. The automotive industry is the industry involved in the design development manufacture marketing and sale of Motor vehicles In 2007 more than 73 million motor vehicles Land Rover is an all-terrain vehicle and Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV manufacturer based in Solihull, England, now operated as part of the Jaguar The Rover Company was a British Motor vehicle manufacturing company originating in Coventry in 1904 which moved to Solihull after World War II ( BMW) (Bavarian Motor Works is an independent German automobile manufacturer founded in 1916 Ford Motor Company is an American Multinational corporation and the world's fourth largest automaker based on Worldwide vehicle sales, following Tata Motors Limited', formerly known as TELCO (TATA Engineering and Locomotive Company is a Multinational corporation headquartered in Mumbai Solihull (ˈsɒlɪhʌl or /ˈsəʊlihʌl/ is a large town in the West Midlands of England, with a population of 94753 England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories or do not fit well into any A sport utility vehicle ( SUV) is a generic marketing description for a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a Station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis In Automotive design layout specifies where on the car the Engine and Drive wheels are found A front-mounted engine describes the placement of an Automobile engine in front of the vehicle passenger compartment Four-wheel drive, 4WD, or 4x4 ("four by four" is a four-wheeled Vehicle with a drivetrain that allows all four Wheels to Four-wheel drive, 4WD, or 4x4 ("four by four" is a four-wheeled Vehicle with a drivetrain that allows all four Wheels to The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Land Rover is an all-terrain vehicle and Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV manufacturer based in Solihull, England, now operated as part of the Jaguar There have been three generations of the vehicle, which is less expensive than the company's top Range Rover model. Land Rover Range Rover Classic|Range Rover SportThe Range Rover is a Four-wheel drive luxury Sport utility vehicle (SUV produced by Land Rover in the The Discovery was introduced in the late 1980s and is the most popular model from Land Rover. It is less utilitarian than the Defender, but it is very competent off road. The Land Rover Defender is a British four wheel drive Off-road utility vehicle The current Discovery Series III is marketed in North America as the LR3.
|Also called||Honda Crossroad (Japan)|
|Body style(s)||4-door SUV|
|Engine(s)||2. In November of 1993 SUV's began to increade in popularity and Honda didn't have a capable off-road vehicle to offer For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. Some are still in production while others are of historical interest only A sport utility vehicle ( SUV) is a generic marketing description for a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a Station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis A sport utility vehicle ( SUV) is a generic marketing description for a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a Station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis 0L I4|
2. The straight-4 or inline-4 engine (often abbreviated I4 or L4) is a four cylinder Internal combustion engine with all four cylinders 5L TDI I5
3. Turbocharged Direct Injection (acronym TDI) is the technology used to describe and name modern turbocharged Diesel engines produced by Volkswagen The straight-5 or inline-5 is an Internal combustion engine with five cylinders aligned in one row sharing a single Engine block and Crankcase 9L 182 hp V8
|Wheelbase||100. A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of four cylinders in most cases set at a right angle to each other An automatic transmission (commonly "AT" or "Auto" is an Automobile Gearbox that can change Gear ratios automatically as the vehicle A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift or just 'stick' 'straight drive' or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in In both road and rail Vehicles the wheelbase is the distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels 0 in (2540 mm)|
|Length||178. 7 in (4539 mm)|
|Width||70. 6 in (1793 mm)|
|Height||77. 4 in (1966 mm)|
The Discovery was introduced into the United Kingdom in 1989. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located The company code-named the vehicle "Project Jay", and came close to calling it either "Highlander" or "Prairie Rover" until the decision was made to improve the overall branding strategy, eventually leading to the Land Rover name becoming detached from any specific model (at the launch of the "Defender" name. ) The new model was based on the chassis and drivetrain of the more upmarket Range Rover, but with a lower price aimed at a larger market segment and intended to compete with Japanese offerings. For the UK engine manufacturer see Powertrain Ltd. In a Motor vehicle, the term drivetrain, powertrain or powerplant
The Discovery was initially available in a three door version, partly to avoid eating into the market of the more expensive Range Rover. The five door became available the following year. Both were fitted with five seats, and an option was made available to have two further seats fitted in the "boot" area at the back of the car. In a move almost unique at the time, Land Rover employed an external consultancy, Conran Design Group in London, to design the interior. London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The brief was to ignore current car interior design and position the vehicle as a 'lifestyle accessory', a new concept in the late 80's which was enormously influential in automotive design in the years to follow. Discovery's Mk 1 interior incorporated a number of original features, though as with all design projects, many ideas shown on the original interior mock-ups constructed inside a Range Rover bodyshell at Conran's workshops were left on the shelf, such as a custom sunglasses holder built into the centre of the steering wheel (these were pre-airbag days). Despite this the design was unveiled to critical acclaim, and won a British Design Award in 1989.
A two-seater, three-door Discovery Commercial version, lacking rear windows, was later offered by Land Rover Special Vehicles. Pre-1994, the Discovery was available with either the 2. 5 litre 200 Tdi engine or the 3. Turbocharged Direct Injection (acronym TDI) is the technology used to describe and name modern turbocharged Diesel engines produced by Volkswagen 5L Rover V8. The Rover V8 engine is a compact V8 Internal combustion engine with Aluminium Cylinder heads and Cylinder block, originally Early V8s used a twin SU carburettor system, moving over to Lucas fuel injection in 1990. A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of four cylinders in most cases set at a right angle to each other In the UK, V8 models are comparatively rare, the majority of Discovery owners preferring the more economical diesel engines. Consequently, resale prices of V8-engined vehicles are lower than the more popular diesel counterparts. In the North American market, the only engine available was the V8. A two litre petrol engine from the Rover stable was briefly available in a model known as the 2. 0 Mpi I4. The straight-4 or inline-4 engine (often abbreviated I4 or L4) is a four cylinder Internal combustion engine with all four cylinders This was intended to attract fleet managers, since UK (and also Italian) tax laws benefited vehicles under two litres. A combination of changes in taxation and the engine being underpowered for such a heavy vehicle led to the demise of this engine, despite the kudos of being the engine fitted to several Discoveries supplied to the British Royal family, most notably driven by Prince Philip around Windsor Great Park, in his position as Park Ranger of the park. The British Royal Family is the group of close relatives of the monarch of the United Kingdom. Windsor Great Park (locally referred to simply as the Great Park) is a large Deer Park of 5000 acres to the south of the town of Windsor A Park ranger is a person in lead of protecting and preserving parklands - national state or provincial parks
In 1994, many changes were made to the Discovery I; the 200Tdi and 3. 5L V8 engines were replaced with the 2. 5L 300TDi 4-cylinder and 3. 9L Rover V8 engines, the 300Tdi introducing a Bosch electronic emissions control for certain models and markets. At around this time a stronger R380 gearbox was fitted to all manual models. The newer models featured larger headlamps and a second set of rear lights in the bumper. The new rear lights had the wiring changed several times to meet real or expected European safety legislation. Some vehicles are left with an arrangement where the vulnerable bumper contains the only working direction-indicator lights; other examples have these lights duplicated in the traditional rear pillar location.
The designers of the original model had been forced to economise and use the "parts-bin" of the then parent-company, Rover. The 200 series used the basic bodyshell structure from the Range Rover, door handles from the Morris Marina, tail lights from the Austin Maestro van, and interior switchgear and instrumentation from the Rover "parts bin". The Morris Marina was a car manufactured by the Morris division of British Leyland throughout the 1970s a period of great turbulence and difficulty for the British The Austin Maestro is a mid-sized 5-door Hatchback Car that was produced from 1983 to 1994 initially by the Austin Rover subsidiary of British The Austin Rover Group ( ARG) was a British motor manufacturer The favour was returned when the facelifted Discovery dashboard was also fitted as part of the final facelift to the first-generation Range Rover, though with minor differences reflecting the vehicle's higher status, such as an analogue rather than digital clock.
1995 (model year) marked the first year that the Discovery was sold in the United States. Airbags were incorporated into the design of the 1995 model to meet the requirements of US motor vehicle regulations, though they were not fitted as standard in all markets. 1995 models sold in the US utilised the 3. 9L V8 from the Range Rover SE models, later models saw a displacement increase to 4. Land Rover Range Rover Classic|Range Rover SportThe Range Rover is a Four-wheel drive luxury Sport utility vehicle (SUV produced by Land Rover in the 0L. 
As with all Land Rover vehicles designed since the Series models which had switchable two and four-wheel drive, the transmission is a permanent four wheel drive system, with a locking centre differential at the transfer box. The Land Rover Defender is a British four wheel drive Off-road utility vehicle Two wheel drive or 2WD describes vehicles with a Drivetrain that allows two Wheels to receive power from the Engine simultaneously Four-wheel drive, 4WD, or 4x4 ("four by four" is a four-wheeled Vehicle with a drivetrain that allows all four Wheels to Four-wheel drive, 4WD, or 4x4 ("four by four" is a four-wheeled Vehicle with a drivetrain that allows all four Wheels to A locking differential or locker is a variation on the standard automotive differential. This article deals with the concept of a differential in mechanical engineering. A transfer case is a part of a Four wheel drive system found in four wheel drive and All wheel drive vehicles In common with much of the rest of the Land Rover range, the handbrake acts on the transmission at the back of the transfer box.
In Japan, a badge-engineered version of the Series I was offered, called the Honda Crossroad. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. For a list of vehicles that have been badge engineered see List of badge engineered vehicles. (The Rover companies had cross-holding relationship with Honda U. The Rover Company was a British Motor vehicle manufacturing company originating in Coventry in 1904 which moved to Solihull after World War II () is a Multinational corporation, engine Manufacturer and engineering corporation headquartered in Japan. K. since early 80's. The relationship ended after Rover was taken over by BMW in 1994. ) (Honda revived the nameplate 'Crossroad' in another small sport utility vehicle in 2007. )
|Body style(s)||4-door SUV|
|Engine(s)||4. Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. Some are still in production while others are of historical interest only A sport utility vehicle ( SUV) is a generic marketing description for a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a Station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis 0L V8|
4. A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of four cylinders in most cases set at a right angle to each other 6L 217 hp V8
|Wheelbase||100. A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of four cylinders in most cases set at a right angle to each other In both road and rail Vehicles the wheelbase is the distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels 0 in (2540 mm)|
|Length||185. 2 in (4704 mm)|
|Width||74. 4 in (1890 mm)|
|Height||76. 4 in (1941 mm)|
The Series II Discovery debuted in 1998. Landrover promoted that the Discovery 'Series II had been extensively modified to the extent of no less than 720 'differences', albeit most were very subtle 'The interior and exterior was re-worked to be less utilitarian, but it was still very similar to the Series I. However, every body panel was new (and incompatible) except the rear door outer skin. The rear body was extended to improve load space but at the expense of added rear overhang, which adversely impacted off-road ability. However, overall off-road ability remains impressive and in practical terms, choice of tyres is far more relevant. Changes to the diesel engined models saw the 2495 cc Td5 (in-line direct-injected 5 cylinder) engine introduced, in line with the updated Defender models. The straight-5 or inline-5 is an Internal combustion engine with five cylinders aligned in one row sharing a single Engine block and Crankcase This electronically managed engine was smoother, producing more usable torque at lower revs than its 300 Tdi predecessor. The Td5 engine is often mistakenly attributed to BMW but the engine was derived from the Rover L-series passenger car engine and developed by Land Rover. The L-Series Engine is an Automotive Diesel engine built by Powertrain Ltd, a sister company of MG Rover. The 3948cc V8 petrol version was given a revised intake system, and rebadged as 4. A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of four cylinders in most cases set at a right angle to each other 0 litres at the same time, despite no actual increase in cc over the previous "3. 9". ACE (Active Cornering Enhancement, an electronically controlled hydraulic anti-roll bar system) was fitted to some versions, which reduced cornering roll to insignificant proportions. Self-levelling air springs were fitted to some models and European type-approval for 7-seat vehicles was only given for air-sprung cars.
The locking centre differential was still fitted, although the linkage to operate it was not attached, as Land Rover believed that the traction control and newly-developed Hill Descent Control would render it redundant. A traction control system ( TCS) also known as Anti-Slip Regulation ( ASR) on current production Vehicles are typically (but not necessarily Four-wheel-drive (FWD and All Wheel Drive (AWD vehicles such as the Australian made Ford Territory The mechanism itself was retained because the differential lock was needed to allow the Discovery to use single-axle rolling roads. Whilst the traction control system worked every effectively, it did not offer the same level of control and smooth operation as the vehicles fitted with the diff lock. Aftermarket manufacturers began offering kits to allow the lock to be fully operational. Customer demand saw the diff-lock controls fully reinstated as a cost option only (standard on top of range HSE/ES vehicles) on UK/Irish models. The "face-lift" models are easily identified by new "pocketed" headlamps which matched the Range Rover and face-lifted Freelander models. As with earlier models, however, this can be deceptive since kits are available to modify 1998 - 2002 vehicles with the newer lights.
A small number of Discovery II Commercial models were produced by Land Rover Special Vehicles, this time based on the five-door bodyshell but with the windows rendered opaque to give van-like appearance and security. Normal vehicles were exported to Republic of Ireland, where the rear side windows were smashed and rear seats were destroyed in the presence of a Revenue official, to offer a model that avoided the usurious Vehicle Registration Tax (saving approximately 40%).
In the final production run of the Discovery II, only two models were offerd for sale in the UK market, the 'base' Pursuit, which still retained a high level of equipment as 'standard' and the 'top spec' Landmark, which offered all Leather interior, twin sunroofs, ACE (Active Cornering Enhancement) 6 Disc CD player and Heated Windscreen. The final vehicles left the production lines in late May 2004 to make way for the all new Discovery 3 (LR3) models
The Commercials released by Special Vehicles came with rear self levelling suspension as standard, and on the 02+ facelifted vehicles the rendered windows are fixed in place so a retrofit of seats is not viable without significant effort. The last revision of this vehicle still had a high spec and came with climate control, roof bars, alloy wheels & marine ply boarding in the loadspace as standard.
|Body style(s)||4-door SUV|
|Engine(s)||2. Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. Some are still in production while others are of historical interest only A sport utility vehicle ( SUV) is a generic marketing description for a rugged automotive vehicle similar to a Station wagon but built on a light-truck chassis 7L V6 Diesel|
4. A V6 engine is a V engine with six cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of three cylinders Diesel or Diesel fuel (ˈdiːzəl in general is any Fuel used in Diesel engines The most common is a specific fractional distillate of petroleum 0L 216 hp V6
4. A V6 engine is a V engine with six cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of three cylinders 4L 300 hp V8
|Wheelbase||113. A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of four cylinders in most cases set at a right angle to each other In both road and rail Vehicles the wheelbase is the distance between the centers of the front and rear wheels 6 in (2885 mm)|
|Length||190. 9 in (4849 mm)|
|Width||75. 4 in (1915 mm)|
|Height||2005-06: 74. 1 in (1882 mm)|
2007-Present: 74. 5 in (1892 mm)
|Related||Land Rover Range Rover Sport|
On 2 April 2004, owners Ford Motor Company introduced a new Discovery 3 (or LR3 in North America) for the 2005 model year. The Range Rover Sport is a Mid-size Sport utility vehicle (SUV produced by Land Rover since the summer of 2005 Events 68 - Galba, Governor of Hispania, names himself legatus senatus populique Romani, breaking the line of "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again "
The Series II Discovery was long over-due for replacement. Although still a capable and popular vehicle, its chassis, coil-spring suspension and beam-axle layout had changed very little since the launch of the original Discovery in 1989. In turn, that vehicle used essentially the same underpinnings as the original Range Rover, launched in 1970. The Discovery II was beginning to lose sales to more sophisticated 'working' 4x4 vehicles from Japan (such as the Toyota Land Cruiser and Mitsubishi Shogun) and 'sports' 4x4s from Europe (such as the BMW X5 and Mercedes-Benz M-Class). The Toyota Land Cruiser is a series of Four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota Motor Corporation. The Mitsubishi Pajero (pəˈhɛroʊ pɑˈxɛroʊ is a Sport utility vehicle manufactured by Mitsubishi Motors. The BMW X5 is a Mid-size Crossover SUV sold by BMW since 1999 The Mercedes-Benz M-Class is a Mid-size Sport utility vehicle (SUV with light off-road capability first offered in 1997 as a 1998 model and built by the A replacement vehicle had been planned for many years, but the project had been delayed many times due to the break up of the Rover Group in 2000 and the need to replace the Range Rover in 2001.
The Discovery 3 was an entirely new design, sharing not a single component with the outgoing model. Its styling is still traditional Land Rover, with function dictating the look, rather than fashion, and with lots of horizontal and vertical lines. It retains the key features of the Discovery, such as the stepped roofline and steeply-raked windscreen. The LR3 name was chosen for North American markets due to negative quality associations with the Discovery name and (according to Land Rover) a preference in the American market for alpha-numeric model designations (the Freelander 2 would also be re-designated for the North American market- in this case as the LR2). The Land Rover Freelander is a compact crossover SUV made by the British company Land Rover; currently a subsidiary of Tata Motors
Construction-wise, Land Rover developed an all-new method which they called Integrated Body Frame (IBF). The previous Discovery models had used a traditional, strong ladder-frame chassis. Whilst tough in off-road use, these are heavy and detract from the on-road handling of the vehicle. Monocoque vehicles are more rigid, giving improved high-speed handling, but can be damaged by the stresses involved in heavy off-road use. Monocoque, from the French for single ( mono) and shell ( coque) is a construction technique that supports structural load by using an object's external In the IBF the body, engine bay and passenger compartment is built as a monocoque, which is mated to a basic ladder-chassis holding the gearbox and suspension. It claimed to combine the virtues of both systems, but does make the Discovery 3 uncommonly heavy for its size stunting on-road performance and off-road agility, especially in soft ground such as sand. This was one of the reasons that the new Discovery became the first Land Rover to be offered with a rear locking differential. A locking differential or locker is a variation on the standard automotive differential.
Another big change was the fitting of Fully independent suspension (FIS). Independent suspension is a broad term for any Automobile suspension system that allows each wheel on the same Axle to move vertically (i Like the Series III Range Rover, this was an air suspension system, which allowed the ride-height of the vehicle to be altered by simply pumping up or deflating the air bags. Air suspension is a type of vehicle suspension powered by an engine driven or electric air pump or Compressor. The vehicle can be raised to provide ground clearance when off-road, but lowered at high speeds to improve handling. FIS has been seen as inferior to the older beam-axle when off-road due to its tendency to make the vehicle ground out. Land Rover developed 'cross-linked' air suspension to solve this problem- when needed, the suspension mimics the action of a beam axle (as one wheel drops, the other rises). Air suspension is a type of vehicle suspension powered by an engine driven or electric air pump or Compressor. Further more, if the chassis of the vehicle contacted the ground when the suspension was at its 'off road' height, the system sensed the reduction in load on the air springs and raised the vehicle an extra inch. In the UK and European markets, a coil-spring independent suspension system was offered on the base model. This model was unique in the range by having only 5 seats and only being available with the 2. 7-litre diesel engine. This model lacked the Terrain Response system (see below).
All this was designed to make the new vehicle suitable for a changing 4x4 market. Ultimate off-road ability was becoming less important compared to refined on-road manners. Land Rover were determined that the Discovery 3 would retain the brand's reputation as a top-performing off-road vehicle, whilst also being a good road car. Whilst the Discovery 3 was not as good in the handling stakes as some of the competition, it was much improved over the previous models and its off-road credentials remained intact.
The engines used in the Discovery 3 were all taken from Land Rover's sister company, Jaguar. Jaguar Cars Limited is a luxury car manufacturer based in Coventry, England, now operated as part of the Jaguar Land Rover business A 2. 7-litre, 195 horsepower (145 kW) V6 diesel engine (the TdV6) was intended to be the biggest seller in Europe. A V6 engine is a V engine with six cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of three cylinders A diesel engine is an Internal combustion engine which operates using the Diesel cycle (named after Dr The Lion engine family was developed and manufactured at Ford's Dagenham Diesel Centre for use in PSA Peugeot Citroën vehicles (as DT17 as part of joint venture begun in For the US-market and as the high-performance option elsewhere, a 4. 4 litre petrol V8 of 300 horsepower (223 kW) was chosen. A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders mounted on the Crankcase in two banks of four cylinders in most cases set at a right angle to each other A 216 hp (161 kW) 4. 0-litre SOHC V6 petrol engine taken from the Ford stable was available in North America and Australia. Overhead camshaft, commonly abbreviated to OHC, Valvetrain configurations place the engine Camshaft within the Cylinder heads above the Before launch, there were rumours that Land Rover may introduce the diesel unit to the American market, but the use of high-sulphur diesel fuel there, for which the TdV6 is not designed, made this fitment unlikely.
The gearboxes on the Discovery 3 were also all-new. For the diesel engine, a 6-speed manual gearbox was standard. A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift or just 'stick' 'straight drive' or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in As an option, and as standard on the V8 engine, a 6-speed automatic transmission was available. An automatic transmission (commonly "AT" or "Auto" is an Automobile Gearbox that can change Gear ratios automatically as the vehicle Both came with a 2-speed transfer box and permanent 4-wheel-drive. A computer controlled progressively locking central differential ensured traction was retained in tough conditions. A similar differential was available on the rear axle to aid traction.
The Discovery 3 was fitted with Land Rover's full armoury of electronic traction control systems. Hill Descent Control (HDC) prevented vehicle 'runaways' when descending steep gradients and 4-wheel Electronic Traction Control (4ETC) prevented wheel spin in low-traction conditions. An on-road system, Dynamic Stability Control (DSC) prevented skidding when steering and braking at speed.
Arguably the biggest feature of the new vehicle was the innovative 'Terrain Response' system (this system won a Popular Science award in 2005). Previously, off-road driving had been a skill that many drivers found daunting. A wide-ranging knowledge of the vehicle was needed to be able to select the correct gear, transfer ratio, various differential systems and master various techniques required for tackling steep hills, deep water and other tough terrain. Terrain Response attempted to take away as many of the difficulties as possible. The driver selected a terrain type on a dial in the cab of the vehicle (the options are "Sand", "Grass, Gravel & Snow", "Mud & Ruts" and "Rock Crawl". ) The on-board computer systems then select the correct gearbox settings, adjust the suspension height, adjust the differential lock settings and even alter the throttle response of the engine suitable for the terrain. For example, in "Rock Crawl", the suspension is raised to its maximum height and set to allow maximum wheel articulation, the differentials are locked, the driver is prompted to switch to Low Range, and the throttle response is altered to provide low-speed control. In "Sand" mode, the traction control system is 'primed' to be more sensitive to any wheelspin, the differential locks are partly locked up and the throttle response is re-mapped to produce high power outputs with short pedal movement. The driver retained some manual control over the off-road systems, being able to select the Transfer Box ratio and the suspension height manually, although use of the Terrain Response system is needed to allow full use of the vehicles' capabilities.
As well as new mechanical and electronic systems, the Discovery 3 introduced much more advanced and modern design to the interior and exterior of the vehicle. The original 1989 Discovery's looks had been determined by limited funds and the consequent use of first-generation Range Rover components. These continued to influence the Series II. The Discovery 3 was able to have a fresh, minimalist style. Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art and design especially Visual art and music, where the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features The interior was much improved, with a highly flexible 7-seat layout. Unlike the older models, adults could comfortably use all 7 seats. Passengers in the rearmost row now entered through the rear side doors, instead of the tailgate as in previous versions. The driver benefited from a modern DVD navigation system. DVD (also known as " Digital Versatile Disc " or " Digital Video Disc " - see Etymology)is An automotive navigation system is a satellite navigation system designed for use in Automobiles. This system was unique to Land Rover because, in addition to the typical road map navigation, it included an off-road navigation and four-wheel drive information mode. When in four-wheel drive information mode, the screen showed a schematic of the vehicle, displaying the amount of suspension movement, angle the front wheels were steering, the status of the locking differentials and icons showing which mode the Terrain Response was in, and what gear was selected on automatic versions. A schematic is a diagram that represents the elements of a System using abstract graphic Symbols rather than realistic pictures
The vehicle was very well received by the press on its launch, with the Terrain Response system, vastly improved on-road dynamics and clever interior design being selected for wide praise. The new look was disliked by some (descriptions such as 'van-like' were used), and the large, blank rear panel, now devoid of the spare wheel, was a controversial point. Others pointed out that the diesel engine still lagged behind the competition in power (especially given the weight of the vehicle), but overall the vehicle scored highly. A high-point in the new Discovery's launch season came when Jeremy Clarkson of the BBC's Top Gear motoring show drove one to the top of Cnoc an Fhreiceadain, a 307 m mountain near Tongue in northern Scotland, where no vehicle had previously reached. Jeremy Charles Robert Clarkson (born 11 April 1960 is an English broadcaster Top Gear is a BAFTA, multi- NTA and International Emmy Award -winning BBC Television series about motor vehicles mainly Cnoc an Fhreiceadain (Hill of Watching is modest in height at 1008 feet but both commands the township of Coldbackie and provides dramatic views across to Kyle of Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Richard Hammond, also of Top Gear fame, lauded it as the "Best 4X4 of all time". Richard Mark Hammond (born 19 December 1969 nicknamed " Hamster " is a British Presenter of Radio and Television, Top Gear is a BAFTA, multi- NTA and International Emmy Award -winning BBC Television series about motor vehicles mainly
In Australia, the vehicle was awarded "4WD of the Year" by virtually all of the 4WD press, impressing often conservative journalists of "hard-core" magazines after it effortlessly ambled where the traditionally highly-rated Toyota LandCruiser and Nissan Patrol had to scramble. It was widely hailed as the first time that electronics actually out-performed trusted mechanical systems, although most sounded a note of caution about long-term reliability and serviceability. Despite these reviews, and a price tag very similar to the LandCruiser, it did not set the market alight.
Amongst the off-road driving and Land Rover enthusiast community, the all-new Discovery has gradually gained acceptance. Given the improved road-going qualities of the vehicle, many were worried that the vehicle's off-road abilities would be compromised, and others expressed doubts about relying on electronic systems in extreme conditions. However, by 2006, 2 years after the vehicle's launch, the vehicle's abilities and reliability have been proved both by the press and private owners. Land Rover and many aftermarket companies have developed off-road equipment such as winch, bull-bars, under-body protection kits, snorkels and roof-racks for the new Discovery, to optimise its off-road use. A winch is a mechanical device that is used to pull in (wind up or let out (wind out or otherwise adjust the " Tension " of a Rope or Wire rope
In 2006 Land Rover used the Discovery 3 in its G4 Challenge, alongside the Range Rover Sport. The Land Rover G4 Challenge is a global adventure competition with off road driving at its core run in support of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent The Range Rover Sport is a Mid-size Sport utility vehicle (SUV produced by Land Rover since the summer of 2005 The vehicles used are all in standard mechanical form, and are fitted with equipment from the standard Land Rover brochures.
The LR3 was nominated for the North American Truck of the Year award and won Motor Trend magazine's Sport/Utility of the Year for 2005. The North American Car of the Year is an Automobile award voted annually in January at the North American International Auto Show in Detroit. Motor Trend is one of the oldest Automobile magazines still publishing. Car of the Year is a phrase usually considered to have been invented by Motor Trend magazine in the 1950s for their annual award for best automobile It also won a Popular Science award on account of its ground-breaking on-board systems. For the 1935-1949 film series see Popular Science (film. Popular Science is an American monthly Magazine founded in 1872
The first all-new model placement since the Freelander, the Range Rover Sport is based on the Discovery 3 platform, rather than on the larger Range Rover. The Range Rover Sport is a Mid-size Sport utility vehicle (SUV produced by Land Rover since the summer of 2005