|Lake type||polymictic, eutrophic|
|Primary outflows||Rio Grande de Catemaco|
|Surface area||72. Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that constitute the republic of Mexico. A lake (from Latin lacus) is a Terrain feature (or Physical feature) a body of Liquid on the surface of a world that is localized to the A eutrophic lake (Eu meaning good/well and trophic meaning food/nutrients is a lake with high Primary productivity, the result of high Nutrient content In Hydrology, the discharge or outflow of a River is the volume of Water transported by it in a certain amount of time A drainage basin is an extent of Land where Water from Rain or Snow melt drains downhill into a body of water such as a River, 54 km² (28. 01 square miles)|
|Average depth||7. 6 m|
|Surface elevation||340 m (1,115 ft)|
Laguna Catemaco is a lake located at the center of the Sierra de Los Tuxtlas in south central Veracruz, in east central Mexico. A lake (from Latin lacus) is a Terrain feature (or Physical feature) a body of Liquid on the surface of a world that is localized to the The Sierra de Los Tuxtlas ( Tuxtlas Mountains) are a Volcanic belt along the southeastern Veracruz Gulf coast in southcentral Mexico Veracruz, formally Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that constitute the republic of Mexico. The United Mexican States ( or commonly Mexico (ˈmɛksɪkoʊ () is a federal constitutional Republic in North America. In English the word lagoon generally describes a body of water exposed to the sea. A lagoon is a body of comparatively shallow salt or Brackish water separated from the deeper Sea by a shallow or exposed sandbank, coral In Mexican Spanish laguna seems to refer to that plus the word lake in general. Common usage in Mexico is Laguna de Catemaco, though scientific articles prefer the term Lake Catemaco (Lago Catemaco in Spanish).
Laguna Catemaco was formed millennia ago, when lava flow from Volcano San Martin Tuxtla blocked its current northern end, and stands now at 340 m (1,115 ft) above sea level. It is shallow, averaging 7. 6 m (25 feet), with a maximum depth of 22 meters located in the channel between Isla Agaltepec and the city of Catemaco. Catemaco is both a city and a Municipio (municipality in south central Veracruz, east central Mexico, within the volcanic mountains of the The circulation pattern is clockwise. The laguna drains via the Rio Grande de Catemaco and its water level is controlled by several dams which replaced historic waterfalls. The change in water level is more than can be explained by evaporation and outflow. Apparently the laguna sits upon fissures permitting water to percolate down.
The lake is polymictic (water turns over more than twice a year), well oxygenated, and contains excessive nutrients (eutrophic) because of fertilizer runoff from the neighboring farms and nurseries. A eutrophic lake (Eu meaning good/well and trophic meaning food/nutrients is a lake with high Primary productivity, the result of high Nutrient content Because of the excessive nutrients, Laguna Catemaco is one of the more productive lakes in Mexico, up to 1,800 tons annually. Large netting is prohibited to assure the livelihood of more than a thousand registered fishermen. A perch like fish introduced from Africa (Mojarra Tilapia), a sardine like Topote, and the snail Tegogolo are the most common catches. Topotes are a local dish of Catemaco, Veracruz, Mexico made from Threadfin Shad Dorosoma petenense The family Ampullariidae - commonly referred to as apple Snails - are large Tropical and Subtropical Amphibious
Lake Catemaco has a surface area of 72. 54 km² (28. 01 square miles), is formed like an elliptical parabola and is almost square with maximum width and axis of a little more than 10 km (6 miles), (10,250 m width and a WSW-ENE axis of 12,320 m). It contains about 552 million cubic meters of water (420,000 acre feet). The laguna is Mexico's #18 in size of water bodies, #7 in size of lakes & lagunas, #3 in size of lakes.
Prevailing climate is hot and humid with average temperature of 23. 4 °C (75 °F). Rainfall varies seasonally with averages of 2,068 mm (81 inches) recorded at Catemaco and 4,614 mm at Coyame. Catemaco is both a city and a Municipio (municipality in south central Veracruz, east central Mexico, within the volcanic mountains of the Winds from the Gulf of Mexico enter the Catemaco watershed through an opening in the surrounding sierra located to the north of the town of Coyame, and cross the lake in a NE-SW direction, blowing strongly over the lake throughout the year. The Gulf of Mexico ( Spanish: Golfo de México) is the ninth largest Body of water in the world Catemaco is both a city and a Municipio (municipality in south central Veracruz, east central Mexico, within the volcanic mountains of the From February to October, northeast winds are dominant. Colder and faster northern winds blow from November to January.
The tropical rainforest that once covered all the watershed of the lake has been severely decimated in the last few decades. Consequently sedimentation has greatly increased, affecting the clarity of its waters and if left uncontrolled will possibly fill in the lake in the far future.
The shoreline is irregular, with remnants of several volcanic cones and its perimeter is about 50 kilometers (30 miles) and would be an ideal venue for 50 km sporting events, if circumnavigation were possible. At present a gap in the lake shore road at Tepeyaga peninsula prohibits this.
There are several volcanic islands within the lake. Several of these islands are stocked with native and imported monkeys as a University of Veracruz research project. Universidad Veracruzana ( Spanish: University of Veracruz) a public autonomous University located in the Mexican state of Veracruz. This has led to more than 70 small boats scurrying tourists from Catemaco city across the lake to view the islands' free ranging monkeys. Catemaco is both a city and a Municipio (municipality in south central Veracruz, east central Mexico, within the volcanic mountains of the