The Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso is a particle physics laboratory of the INFN, situated near the Gran Sasso mountain in Italy, between the towns of L'Aquila and Teramo. Particle physics is a branch of Physics that studies the elementary constituents of Matter and Radiation, and the interactions between them The Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN (National Institute for Nuclear Physics is the coordinating institution for nuclear, particle and Astroparticle Gran Sasso d'Italia is a mountain located in the Abruzzo region of central Italy. A mountain is a Landform that extends above the surrounding Terrain in a limited area with a peak Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest L'Aquila is a city and Comune of central Italy. Laid out within medieval walls on a hill in the wide valley of the Aterno river and surrounded Teramo ( Latin: Interamnia Praetutiana, Interamnia or more rarely Interamnium and Interamna) is a city in the central Italian In addition to a surface portion of the laboratory, there are extensive underground facilities beneath the mountain. According to its official website the Gran Sasso lab is, as of 2006, the largest underground particle physics laboratory in the world. Year 2006 ( MMVI) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The lab is located about 120km from Rome, within the Gran Sasso and the Monti della Laga National Park. Rome ( Roma ˈroma Roma is the capital city of Italy and Lazio, and is Italy's largest and most populous city with more than 2
Since late August 2006, CERN has directed a beam of muonic neutrinos to the Gran Sasso lab, 730km away, where they will be detected by the OPERA and ICARUS detectors, in a study of neutrino oscillations that will improve on the results of the Fermilab to MINOS experiment. The European Organization for Nuclear Research (Organisation Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire known as CERN Neutrinos are Elementary particles that travel close to the Speed of light, lack an Electric charge, are able to pass through ordinary matter almost Neutrino oscillation is a quantum mechanical phenomenon predicted by Bruno Pontecorvo whereby a Neutrino created with a specific Lepton Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ( Fermilab) located in Batavia near Chicago, Illinois, is a U In Greek mythology, Minos ( Ancient Greek:) was a mythical king of Crete son of Zeus and Europa.
The Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso is, as the three other european underground astroparticle laboratories Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane, Laboratorio subterráneo de Canfranc, and Boulby Underground Laboratory member of the coordinating group ILIAS.