Vonnegut in 2004
|Born||Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. |
November 11, 1922
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States
|Died||April 11, 2007 (aged 84)|
New York, New York, United States
Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. Events 308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The City of New York New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. Nationality is a relationship between a Person and their State of Origin, Culture, association Affiliation and/or Loyalty The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A literary genre is a category of literary composition Genres may be determined by Literary technique, tone, Content, or even (as in the case of fiction Literary fiction is a term that has come into common usage since around 1970 principally to distinguish serious fiction (that is work with claims to Literary merit Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although in practice it is also found in the graphic and Performing arts In satire human Black comedy, also known as black humor or dark comedy, is a sub-genre of Comedy and Satire where topics and events that are usually regarded Louis-Ferdinand Céline was the Pen name of French writer and doctor Louis-Ferdinand Destouches (27 May 1894 &ndash 1 July 1961 Joseph Heller (May 1 1923 – December 12 1999 was an American Satirical novelist Short story writer and playwright William March (born William Edward Campbell September 18 1893 – May 15 1954 was an American World War I veteran short-story writer and novelist cited Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30 1835 – April 21 1910 better known by the Pen name Mark Twain, was an American Humorist, satirist Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950 who used the Pseudonym George Orwell, was an English writer Eugene Victor Debs (November 5 1855 &ndash October 20 1926 was an American union leader one of the founding members of the International Labor Union and the Industrial Powers Hapgood ( 28 December 1899 - 4 February 1949) was an American Trade Union Organizer and Socialist Party leader known George Bernard Shaw ( (26 July 1856 &ndash 2 November 1950 was an Irish Playwright. James Grover Thurber ( December 8, 1894 &ndash November 2, 1961) was an American Humorist and Cartoonist. Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 &ndash 11 May 2001 was an English author comic Radio dramatist William McGuire "Bill" Bryson, OBE, (born 8 December 1951 is a best-selling American Author of humorous books on Travel, as well Paul Benjamin Auster (born February 3, 1947, Newark New Jersey) is a Brooklyn -based author known for works blending Absurdism T Coraghessan Boyle (also known as TC Boyle, born Thomas John Boyle on December 2, 1948) is a U Jhonen Vasquez (born September 1, 1974) also known by his Pseudonyms Mr Louis Sachar (ˈsækɚ or "Sacker" (born March 20, 1954) is an American Author of children's books who is best known for George Saunders (born December 2, 1958) is an acclaimed American Writer of short stories is a popular contemporary Japanese Writer and Translator. His work has been described by the Virginia Quarterly Review as "easily accessible Carlton Mellick III ( July 2, 1977, Phoenix, Arizona) is an American author currently residing in Portland, Oregon Kula Shaker are an English multi-platinum selling Psychedelic rock band who came to prominence during the Britpop era Chris Bachelder (born 1971 is an American Writer, E-book pioneer and frequent contributor to the publications McSweeney's Quarterly Concern James Rivera is a Heavy metal singer he was the singer for Seven Witches between 2002 and 2005 John Winslow Irving (born March 2, 1942 as John Wallace Blunt Jr (November 11, 1922 – April 11, 2007) (pronounced /ˈvɒnəgət/) was a prolific and genre-bending American novelist known for works blending satire, black comedy, and science fiction, such as Slaughterhouse-Five (1969), Cat's Cradle (1963), and Breakfast of Champions (1973). Events 308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. Events 491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A novel (from Italian novella, Spanish novela, French nouvelle for "new" "news" or "short story Satire is often strictly defined as a literary genre or form; although in practice it is also found in the graphic and Performing arts In satire human Black comedy, also known as black humor or dark comedy, is a sub-genre of Comedy and Satire where topics and events that are usually regarded Slaughterhouse-Five or The Children's Crusade A Duty-Dance With Death (1969 by Kurt Vonnegut, is a Post-modern anti-war science-fiction novel For other uses see Cat's cradle (disambiguation. Cat's Cradle is a 1963 Science fiction Novel by Kurt Vonnegut Breakfast of Champions or Goodbye Blue Monday is a 1973 novel by the American author Kurt Vonnegut. 
Kurt Vonnegut was born to fourth-generation German-American parents, son and grandson of architects in the Indianapolis firm Vonnegut & Bohn, on Armistice Day. German Americans ( German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of Ethnic German ancestry Armistice Day is the anniversary of the symbolic end of World War I on 11 November, 1918.  As a student at Shortridge High School in Indianapolis, Vonnegut worked on the nation's first daily high school newspaper, The Daily Echo. Shortridge High School is a Public high school located in Indianapolis Indiana. He attended Cornell University from 1940 to 1943, where he served as assistant managing editor and associate editor for the student newspaper, the Cornell Daily Sun, and majored in chemistry. The Cornell Daily Sun is an independent daily Newspaper published in Ithaca New York by students at Cornell University. Chemistry (from Egyptian kēme (chem meaning "earth") is the Science concerned with the composition structure and properties While attending Cornell, he was a member of the Delta Upsilon Fraternity, following in the footsteps of his father. Delta Upsilon ( ΔY) is the 6th oldest international all-male college Greek-letter social fraternity and is the first non-secret fraternity ever While at Cornell, Vonnegut enlisted in the U. S. Army. The army sent him to the Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) and the University of Tennessee to study mechanical engineering. Carnegie Mellon University (also known as CMU) is a private Research University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United The University of Tennessee (also known as UT) sometimes called the University of Tennessee Knoxville ( UT Knoxville, or UTK) is the flagship  On May 14, 1944, Mothers' Day, his mother, Edith S. Events 1264 - Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured in France making Simon de Montfort the Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Mother's Day is a day honoring Mothers celebrated on various days in many places around the world (Lieber) Vonnegut, committed suicide. 
Kurt Vonnegut's experience as a soldier and prisoner of war had a profound influence on his later work. As a Private with the 106th Infantry Division, Vonnegut was cut off from his battalion along with 5 other battalion scouts and wandered behind enemy lines for several days until captured by Wehrmacht troops on December 14, 1944. Wehrmacht (literally "defense force" was the name of the unified Armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945 Events 1287 - St Lucia's flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses killing over 50000 people Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar.  Imprisoned in Dresden, Vonnegut witnessed the fire bombing of Dresden in February 1945, which destroyed most of the city. Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Drježdźany is the Capital city of the German The Bombing of Dresden by the British Royal Air Force (RAF and United States Army Air Force (USAAF between 13 February and 15 February 1945 12 weeks Vonnegut was one of a few American prisoners of war in Dresden to survive, in their cell in an underground meat locker of a slaughterhouse that had been converted to a prison camp. A slaughterhouse, also called an abattoir (from the French verb abattre, "to strike down" or freezing works ( New Zealand The administration building had the postal address Schlachthof Fünf (Slaughterhouse Five) which the prisoners took to using as the name for the whole camp. Vonnegut recalled the facility as "Utter destruction", "carnage unfathomable. " The Germans put him to work gathering bodies for mass burial. "But there were too many corpses to bury. So instead the Nazis sent in troops with flamethrowers. A flamethrower is a mechanical device designed to project a long controllable stream of Fire. All these civilians' remains were burned to ashes. " This experience formed the core of one of his most famous works, Slaughterhouse-Five, and is a theme in at least six other books. Slaughterhouse-Five or The Children's Crusade A Duty-Dance With Death (1969 by Kurt Vonnegut, is a Post-modern anti-war science-fiction novel 
Vonnegut was freed by Red Army troops in May 1945. The Red Army ( Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия R aboche- K rest'yanskaya K rasnaya A rmiya Upon returning to America, he was awarded a Purple Heart for what he called a "ludicrously negligible wound," later writing in Timequake that he was given the decoration after suffering a case of "frostbite. The Purple Heart is a United States military decoration awarded in the name of the President to those who have been wounded or killed while serving For an alternate meaning of timequake, see Millennium (film. Timequake is a semi- autobiographical Frostbite ( congelatio in Medical terminology) is the Medical condition whereby damage is caused to Skin and other tissues "
After the war, Vonnegut attended the University of Chicago as a graduate student in anthropology and also worked as a police reporter at the City News Bureau of Chicago. The University of Chicago is a Private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. Anthropology (/ˌænθɹəˈpɒlədʒi/ from Greek grc ἄνθρωπος anthrōpos, "human" -λογία -logia) is the study of City News Bureau of Chicago, or City Press, was a News bureau that served as one of the first Cooperative News agencies in the United States According to Vonnegut in Bagombo Snuff Box, the university rejected his first thesis on the necessity of accounting for the similarities between Cubist painters and the leaders of late 19th century Native American uprisings, saying it was "unprofessional. Bagombo Snuff Box is an assortment of short stories written by Kurt Vonnegut published in 1999 Cubism was a 20th century Avant-garde Art movement, pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, that revolutionized European Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States " He left Chicago to work in Schenectady, New York, in public relations for General Electric. Schenectady (skəˈnɛktədi Θkahnéhtati in Tuscarora) is a City in Schenectady County, New York, United States New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous Public relations (PR is the practice of managing the flow of Information between an Organization and its Publics Public relations - often referred The University of Chicago later accepted his novel Cat's Cradle as his thesis, citing its anthropological content and awarded him the M. For other uses see Cat's cradle (disambiguation. Cat's Cradle is a 1963 Science fiction Novel by Kurt Vonnegut A. degree in 1971. 
On the verge of abandoning writing, Vonnegut was offered a teaching job at the University of Iowa Writers' Workshop. The University of Iowa, is a major teaching service and Research university located on a campus in Iowa City Iowa, on the banks of the Iowa River The Program in Creative Writing, more commonly known as the Iowa Writers' Workshop, at the University of Iowa in Iowa City, Iowa is a graduate-level While he was there, Cat's Cradle became a best-seller, and he began Slaughterhouse-Five, now considered one of the best American novels of the 20th century, appearing on the 100 best lists of Time magazine and the Modern Library. Slaughterhouse-Five or The Children's Crusade A Duty-Dance With Death (1969 by Kurt Vonnegut, is a Post-modern anti-war science-fiction novel Time (trademarked in capitals as TIME) is a weekly American Newsmagazine, similar to Newsweek and 
Early in his adult life, he moved to Barnstable, Massachusetts, a town on Cape Cod. Barnstable is a city referred to as the Town of Barnstable, in the U The Commonwealth of Massachusetts ( is a state located in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Cape Cod (or simply the Cape to most New Englanders is a Peninsula nearly coextensive with Barnstable County Massachusetts and forming the easternmost 
The author was known as Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. , until his father's death in October 1957; after that he was known simply as Kurt Vonnegut. He was also the younger brother of Bernard Vonnegut, an atmospheric scientist who discovered that silver iodide could be used for cloud seeding, the process of artificial stimulation of rain. Dr Bernard Vonnegut ( August 29, 1914 – April 25, 1997) was an American atmospheric scientist credited with discovering Silver iodide ( Ag[[Iodine I]] is a Chemical compound used in Photography and as an Antiseptic in medicine Cloud seeding, a form of weather modification, is the attempt to change the amount or type of precipitation that falls from Clouds by dispersing substances
He married his childhood sweetheart, Jane Marie Cox, after returning from World War II, but the couple separated in 1970. He did not divorce Cox until 1979, but from 1970 Vonnegut lived with the woman who would later become his second wife, photographer Jill Krementz. Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the termination of a Marriage. Jill Krementz (born 19 February 1940) is a Photographer and Author.  Krementz and Vonnegut were married after the divorce from Cox was finalized.
He raised seven children: three with his first wife, three more born to his sister Alice and adopted by Vonnegut after she died of cancer, and a seventh, Lily, adopted with Krementz. Cancer (medical term Malignant Neoplasm) is a class of Diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled Two of these children have published books, including his only biological son, Mark Vonnegut, who wrote The Eden Express: A Memoir of Insanity, about his experiences in the late 1960s and his major psychotic breakdown and recovery; the tendency to insanity he acknowledged may be partly hereditary, influencing him to take up the study of medicine and orthomolecular psychiatry. Mark Vonnegut (born 11 May, 1947) is an American Pediatrician and Writer. The Eden Express A Memoir of Insanity, is a 1975 book by Mark Vonnegut, son of American writer Kurt Vonnegut, about his experiences Psychosis (from the Greek ψυχή "psyche" for mind or soul and -οσις "-osis" for abnormal condition with adjective psychotic Orthomolecular medicine is a form of Complementary and alternative medicine which aims to prevent and treat disease with substances which are natural to the body Orthomolecular psychiatry is a branch of Orthomolecular medicine, an Alternative medicine known for its claims that Dietary supplements and other unorthodox Mark was named after Mark Twain, whom Vonnegut considered an American saint. Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30 1835 – April 21 1910 better known by the Pen name Mark Twain, was an American Humorist, satirist A saint (from the Latin sanctus) is a human being to whom has been attributed (and who has generally demonstrated a high level of Holiness and Sanctity 
His daughter Edith ("Edie"), an artist, was named after Kurt Vonnegut's mother, Edith Lieber. Edith Vonnegut (born 1949 in Schenectady New York) is an American artist She has had her work published in a book titled Domestic Goddesses and was once married to Geraldo Rivera. His youngest daughter, Nanette ("Nanny"), was named after Nanette Schnull, Vonnegut's paternal grandmother. She is married to realist painter Scott Prior and is the subject of several of his paintings, notably "Nanny and Rose".
Of Vonnegut's four adopted children, three are his nephews: James, Steven, and Kurt Adams; the fourth is Lily, a girl he adopted as an infant in 1982. Nephew is a term referring to the son of one's Sibling. Sons of siblings-in-law are also informally referred to as nephews even though there is no blood relation James, Steven, and Kurt were adopted after a traumatic week in 1958, in which their father James Carmalt Adams was killed on September 15 in the Newark Bay rail crash when his commuter train went off the open Newark Bay bridge in New Jersey, and their mother—Kurt's sister Alice—died of cancer. Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a traumatic event. Events 668 - Eastern Roman Emperor Constans II is assassinated in his bath at Syracuse Italy. The Central Railroad of New Jersey constructed a four track railroad bridge that consisted of four main lift spans opening in 1926 replacing an outdated two track span built in 1901 New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. In Slapstick, Vonnegut recounts that Alice's husband died two days before Alice herself and her family tried to hide the knowledge from her, but she found out when an ambulatory patient gave her a copy of the New York Daily News a day before she herself died. Slapstick, or Lonesome No More! is a Science fiction Novel by American author Kurt Vonnegut. The Daily News of New York City is the fifth most-widely circulated daily Newspaper in the United States with a daily circulation of 703137 The fourth and youngest of the boys, Peter Nice, went to live with a first cousin of their father in Birmingham, Alabama as an infant. Birmingham (ˈbɝmɪŋhæm is the largest City in the US state of Alabama and is the County seat of Jefferson County. Lily is a singer and actress.
On November 11, 1999, the asteroid 25399 Vonnegut was named in Vonnegut's honor. Events 308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Year 1999 ( MCMXCIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar) Asteroids, sometimes called Minor planets or planetoids', are bodies—primarily of the inner Solar System —that are smaller than planets but 25399 Vonnegut is an asteroid discovered on November 11 1999 by C 
On January 31, 2001, a fire destroyed the top story of his home. Events 1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon. 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. Vonnegut suffered smoke inhalation and was hospitalized in critical condition for four days. He survived, but his personal archives were destroyed. After leaving the hospital, he recuperated in Northampton, Massachusetts. Northampton is a city in Hampshire County, Massachusetts, United States.
Vonnegut smoked unfiltered Pall Mall cigarettes, which he claimed is a "classy way to commit suicide. Pall Mall Cigarettes are a brand of cigarettes produced by R J A cigarette ( French "small Cigar " from cigar + -ette) is a product consumed through Smoking and manufactured "
Vonnegut died on April 11, 2007, in Manhattan after a fall at his Manhattan home several weeks prior resulted in irreversible brain injuries. Events 491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Manhattan Island, in New York Harbor, is much the largest part of the Borough of Manhattan, one of the Five Boroughs which form the City of New York Brain damage, or Acquired brain injury, is the destruction or degeneration of Brain cells. 
Vonnegut's first short story, "Report on the Barnhouse Effect" appeared in the February 11, 1950 edition of Collier's (it has since been reprinted in his short story collection, "Welcome to the Monkey House"). The following is a complete list of literary works by author Kurt Vonnegut. " Report on the Barnhouse Effect " is a Kurt Vonnegut Short story that is part of the collection Welcome to the Monkey House. Collier's Weekly was an American Magazine founded by Peter Fenelon Collier and published from 1888 to 1957 His first novel was the dystopian novel Player Piano (1952), in which human workers have been largely replaced by machines. A dystopia (from the Greek δυσ- and τόπος alternatively cacotopia, kakotopia, cackotopia, or anti-utopia) is the vision of a society Player Piano, author Kurt Vonnegut's first Novel, was published in 1952. He continued to write short stories before his second novel, The Sirens of Titan, was published in 1959. The Sirens of Titan ( 1959) is a Comic science fiction Novel by Kurt Vonnegut.  Through the 1960s, the form of his work changed, from the relatively orthodox structure of Cat's Cradle (which in 1971 earned him a master's degree) to the acclaimed, semiautobiographical Slaughterhouse-Five, given a more experimental structure by using time travel as a plot device. For other uses see Cat's cradle (disambiguation. Cat's Cradle is a 1963 Science fiction Novel by Kurt Vonnegut Slaughterhouse-Five or The Children's Crusade A Duty-Dance With Death (1969 by Kurt Vonnegut, is a Post-modern anti-war science-fiction novel This article details time travel itself For other uses see Time Traveler.
These structural experiments were continued in Breakfast of Champions (1973), which included many rough illustrations, lengthy non-sequiturs and an appearance by the author himself, as a deus ex machina. Breakfast of Champions or Goodbye Blue Monday is a 1973 novel by the American author Kurt Vonnegut. A deus ex machina ( lat. ˈdeːus eks ˈmaːkʰina literally "god from a/the machine" is an improbable
Vonnegut attempted suicide in 1984 and later wrote about this in several essays. 
Breakfast of Champions became one of his best-selling novels. It includes, in addition to the author himself, several of Vonnegut's recurring characters. One of them, science fiction author Kilgore Trout, plays a major role and interacts with the author's character. Kilgore Trout is a Fictional character created by author Kurt Vonnegut.
In addition to recurring characters, there are also recurring themes and ideas. One of them is ice-nine (a central wampeter in his novel Cat's Cradle), said to be a new form of ice with a different crystal structure from normal ice. Ice-nine is a Fictional material conceived by writer Kurt Vonnegut in his novel Cat's Cradle. Bokononism is the fictional Religion practiced by many of the characters in Kurt Vonnegut 's novel Cat's Cradle. For other uses see Cat's cradle (disambiguation. Cat's Cradle is a 1963 Science fiction Novel by Kurt Vonnegut When a crystal of ice-nine is brought into contact with liquid water, it becomes a seed that "teaches" the molecules of liquid water to arrange themselves into ice-nine. A seed crystal is a small piece of Single crystal material from which a large Crystal of the same material typically is to be grown In Chemistry, a molecule is defined as a sufficiently stable electrically neutral group of at least two Atoms in a definite arrangement held together by This process is not easily reversible, however, as the melting point of ice-nine is 114. The melting point of a solid is the temperature range at which it changes state from solid to Liquid. 4 degrees Fahrenheit (45. Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736 a German Physicist who proposed it in 1724 8 degrees Celsius). The Celsius Temperature scale was previously known as the centigrade scale.
Although many of his novels involved science fiction themes, they were widely read and reviewed outside the field, not least due to their anti-authoritarianism. Authoritarianism describes a Form of government characterized by an emphasis on the Authority of the State in a republic or union For example, his seminal short story Harrison Bergeron graphically demonstrates how an ethos like egalitarianism, when combined with too much authority, engenders horrific repression. " Harrison Bergeron " is a Dystopian Science fiction Short story written by Kurt Vonnegut Jr Ethos (ˈiːθɒs (grc ἦθος ἔθος plurals ethe (ἤθη ethea (ἤθεα is a Greek word originally meaning "accustomed Egalitarianism (derived from the French word égal, meaning equal) is a political doctrine that holds that all people should be treated as equals and have
In much of his work, Vonnegut's own voice is apparent, often filtered through the character of science fiction author Kilgore Trout (whose name is based on that of real-life science fiction writer Theodore Sturgeon), characterized by wild leaps of imagination and a deep cynicism, tempered by humanism. Theodore Sturgeon (born Edward Hamilton Waldo on February 26, 1918; died May 8, 1985) was an American Science fiction In the foreword to Breakfast of Champions, Vonnegut wrote that as a child, he saw men with locomotor ataxia, and it struck him that these men walked like broken machines; it followed that healthy people were working machines, suggesting that humans are helpless prisoners of determinism. Locomotor Ataxia is inability to control one's body movements as intended Determinism is the philosophical Proposition that every event including human cognition and behaviour decision and action is causally determined Vonnegut also explored this theme in Slaughterhouse-Five, in which protagonist Billy Pilgrim "has come unstuck in time" and has so little control over his own life that he cannot even predict which part of it he will be living through from minute to minute. The Protagonist or main character is the central figure of a story. Vonnegut's well-known phrase "So it goes", used ironically in reference to death, also originated in Slaughterhouse-Five and became a slogan for anti-Vietnam War protestors in the 1960s. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia "Its combination of simplicity, irony, and rue is very much in the Vonnegut vein. "
With the publication of his novel Timequake in 1997, Vonnegut announced his retirement from writing fiction. For an alternate meaning of timequake, see Millennium (film. Timequake is a semi- autobiographical He continued to write for the magazine In These Times, where he was a senior editor, until his death in 2007, focusing on subjects ranging from contemporary U. In These Times is a politically progressive monthly magazine of news and opinion published by the Institute for Public Affairs in Chicago. S. politics to simple observational pieces on topics such as a trip to the post office. In 2005, many of his essays were collected in a new bestselling book titled A Man Without a Country, which he insisted would be his last contribution to letters. A Man Without a Country is a collection of essays published in 2005 by the author Kurt Vonnegut. 
An August 2006 article reported:
The April 2008 issue of Playboy will feature the first published excerpt from the upcoming posthumously published Vonnegut book. International holidays and other major events April 1 - April Fools' Day April 4 - Qingming Festival (Mainland Playboy is an American Men's magazine, founded in Chicago Illinois, by Hugh Hefner and his associates which has grown into Playboy An extract is a substance made by extracting a part of a Raw material, often by using a Solvent such as Ethanol or Water. It will be a collection of short stories never before published.
In April 2008, the only posthumous book by Vonnegut, Armageddon in Retrospect, was published. International holidays and other major events April 1 - April Fools' Day April 4 - Qingming Festival (Mainland Armageddon in Retrospect is a collection of non-fiction short stories about war and peace written by Kurt Vonnegut. It included never before published short stories by the writer and a letter that was written to his family during WWII when Vonnegut was captured as a prisoner of war. The book also contains drawings that Vonnegut himself drew and a few speeches that he gave. The introduction of the book was written by his son, Mark Vonnegut.
Vonnegut's work as a graphic artist began with his illustrations for Slaughterhouse-Five and developed with Breakfast of Champions, which included numerous felt-tip pen illustrations, such as anal sphincters, and other less scatological images. Later in his career, he became more interested in artwork, particularly silk-screen prints, pursued in collaboration with Joe Petro III. Screen printing is a printing technique that uses a woven mesh to support an ink blocking stencil Joe Petro III ( May 3 1956 &ndash) is a second generation fine artist who works as a Sculptor in Bronze, Clay and printmaking
In 2004, Vonnegut participated in the project The Greatest Album Covers That Never Were, where he created an album cover for Phish called Hook, Line and Sinker, which has been included in a traveling exhibition for the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Phish is an American Jam band noted for their Musical improvisation, extended Jam sessions and cult following The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum is a Museum located on the shores of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland Ohio, United States
He was deeply influenced by early socialist labor leaders, especially Indiana natives Powers Hapgood and Eugene V. Debs, and he frequently quotes them in his work. Socialism refers to a broad set of economic theories of social organization advocating state or collective ownership and administration of the Means of production and distribution Powers Hapgood ( 28 December 1899 - 4 February 1949) was an American Trade Union Organizer and Socialist Party leader known Eugene Victor Debs (November 5 1855 &ndash October 20 1926 was an American union leader one of the founding members of the International Labor Union and the Industrial He named characters after both Debs (Eugene Debs Hartke in Hocus Pocus and Eugene Debs Metzger in Deadeye Dick) and Russian Communist leader Leon Trotsky (Leon Trotsky Trout in Galápagos). Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based Leon Trotsky ( Russian:, Lev Davidovich Trotsky, also transliterated Leo, Lyev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij He was a lifetime member of the American Civil Liberties Union and was featured in a print advertisement for them. The American Civil Liberties Union ( ACLU) consists of two separate Non-profit organizations the ACLU Foundation a 501(c(3 organization which focuses
Vonnegut frequently addressed moral and political issues but rarely dealt with specific political figures until after his retirement from fiction. (Although the downfall of Walter Starbuck, a minor Nixon administration bureaucrat who is the narrator and main character in Jailbird (1979), would not have occurred but for the Watergate scandal, the focus is not on the administration. Jailbird is a Novel by Kurt Vonnegut, originally published in 1979. The Watergate scandals were a series of Political scandals during the presidency of Richard Nixon that resulted in the Indictment of several of Nixon's ) His collection God Bless You, Dr. Kevorkian referenced controversial assisted suicide proponent Jack Kevorkian. God Bless You Dr Kevorkian, by Kurt Vonnegut, is a collection of short fictional Interviews written by Vonnegut and first broadcast on NPR. Assisted suicide is the process by which an individual who may otherwise be incapable is provided with the means (drugs or equipment to commit Suicide. Jack Kevorkian (kɛˈvɔrkiːɛn (born on May 26, 1928) is an Armenian-American
With his columns for In These Times, he began a blistering attack on the Bush administration and the Iraq war. In These Times is a politically progressive monthly magazine of news and opinion published by the Institute for Public Affairs in Chicago. The Iraq War, also known as the Second Gulf War, the Occupation of Iraq, or the War in Iraq, is an ongoing Military campaign "By saying that our leaders are power-drunk chimpanzees, am I in danger of wrecking the morale of our soldiers fighting and dying in the Middle East?" he wrote. Chimpanzee (often shortened to chimp) is the common name for the two extant Species of Apes in the Genus Pan. The Middle East is a Subcontinent with no clear boundaries often used as a synonym to Near East, in opposition to Far East. "Their morale, like so many bodies, is already shot to pieces. They are being treated, as I never was, like toys a rich kid got for Christmas. " In These Times quoted him as saying "The only difference between Hitler and Bush is that Hitler was elected. In These Times is a politically progressive monthly magazine of news and opinion published by the Institute for Public Affairs in Chicago. Hi and welcome to Wikipedia! Please understand that this article is frequently vandalized and vandalism is reverted immediately George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. "
In A Man Without a Country, he wrote that "George W. A Man Without a Country is a collection of essays published in 2005 by the author Kurt Vonnegut. Bush has gathered around him upper-crust C-students who know no history or geography. " He did not regard the 2004 election with much optimism; speaking of Bush and John Kerry, he said that "no matter which one wins, we will have a Skull and Bones President at a time when entire vertebrate species, because of how we have poisoned the topsoil, the waters and the atmosphere, are becoming, hey presto, nothing but skulls and bones. The United States presidential election of 2004 was held on Tuesday November 2, 2004, to elect the President of the United States. } John Forbes Kerry (born December 11 1943 is an American Politician who is currently serving his fourth term as the junior United States Senator Skull and Bones is an elite Secret society based at Yale University, in New Haven Connecticut. "
In 2005, Vonnegut was interviewed by David Nason for The Australian. The Australian, also referred to as The Oz, is a Broadsheet Newspaper published in Australia Monday through Saturday each During the course of the interview Vonnegut was asked his opinion of modern terrorists, to which he replied, "I regard them as very brave people. Terrorism is the systematic use of terror especially as a means of coercion " When pressed further Vonnegut also said that "They [suicide bombers] are dying for their own self-respect. It's a terrible thing to deprive someone of their self-respect. It's [like] your culture is nothing, your race is nothing, you're nothing . The term race or racial group usually refers to the concept of categorizing Humans into Populations or groups on the basis of various sets . . It is sweet and noble—sweet and honourable I guess it is—to die for what you believe in. " (This last statement is a reference to the line "Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori" ["it is sweet and appropriate to die for your country"] from Horace's Odes, or possibly to Wilfred Owen's ironic use of the line in his Dulce Et Decorum Est. Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori is a line from the Roman lyrical Poet Horace 's Odes (iii 2 Quintus Horatius Flaccus, ( Venosa, December 8, 65 BC - Rome, November 27, 8 BC known in the English-speaking world as Horace Wilfred Edward Salter Owen MC (18 March 1893 &ndash 4 November 1918 was an English Poet and Soldier, regarded by many as one of the leading "Dulce et Decorum Est" is a poem written by a British soldier and poet Wilfred Owen during the First World War in 1917 and published posthumously in 1920 ) Nason took offense at Vonnegut's comments and characterized him as an old man who "doesn't want to live any more . . . and because he can't find anything worthwhile to keep him alive, he finds defending terrorists somehow amusing. " Vonnegut's son, Mark, responded to the article by writing an editorial to the Boston Globe in which he explained the reasons behind his father's "provocative posturing" and stated that "If these commentators can so badly misunderstand and underestimate an utterly unguarded English-speaking 83-year-old man with an extensive public record of saying exactly what he thinks, maybe we should worry about how well they understand an enemy they can't figure out what to call. The Boston Globe (and Boston Sunday Globe) is the most widely circulated daily Newspaper in Boston and in New England, English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States "
A 2006 interview with Rolling Stone stated, " . Rolling Stone is a United States -based Magazine devoted to Music, Politics, and Popular culture that is published . . it's not surprising that he disdains everything about the Iraq War. The very notion that more than 2,500 U. S. soldiers have been killed in what he sees as an unnecessary conflict makes him groan. 'Honestly, I wish Nixon were president,' Vonnegut laments. 'Bush is so ignorant. ' "
Vonnegut described himself variously as a skeptic, freethinker, humanist, Unitarian Universalist, agnostic, and atheist. Religious skepticism is a type of Skepticism relating to Religion, but should not be confused with Atheism. Freethought is a philosophical viewpoint that holds that Beliefs should be formed on the basis of Science and Logic and should not be influenced Humanism is a broad category of ethical philosophies that affirm the dignity and worth of all people based on the ability to determine right and wrong by appealing to universal Unitarian Universalism ( UUism) is a theologically liberal Religion characterized by its support for a "free and responsible search for truth Agnosticism ( Greek: α- a-, without + γνώσις gnōsis, knowledge after Gnosticism) is the philosophical view that the Atheism 
Vonnegut's views on religion were unconventional and nuanced. While rejecting the divinity of Jesus, he was nevertheless an ardent admirer, and believed that Jesus' Beatitudes informed his own humanist outlook. Jesus of Nazareth (7–2 BC / BCE —26–36 AD / CE) The Beatitudes (from Latin beatus, meaning "blessed" or "happy" is the beginning portion of the Sermon on the Mount of the Gospel of  Despite describing freethought, humanism and agnosticism as his "ancestral religion," and despite being a Unitarian, he also spoke of himself as being irreligious. Irreligion is a lack of religion indifference to religion or hostility to religion  In a press release by the American Humanist Association (of which Vonnegut was a prominent member), he was described as being "completely secular in his outlook. The American Humanist Association (AHA is an educational organization in the United States that advances Humanism. Secularism is generally the assertion that governmental practices or institutions should exist separately from Religion or religious beliefs "
Vonnegut called himself a religious skeptic, and disbelieved in the supernatural. Religious skepticism is a type of Skepticism relating to Religion, but should not be confused with Atheism.  He considered religious doctrine to be "so much arbitrary, clearly invented balderdash," and believed people were motivated by loneliness to join religions. 
Vonnegut was descended from a family of German freethinkers, who were skeptical of "conventional religious beliefs. " His great-grandfather Clemens Vonnegut had authored a freethought book entitled Instruction in Morals, as well as an address for his own funeral in which he denied the existence of God, an afterlife, and Christian doctrines about sin and salvation. Kurt Vonnegut reproduced his great-grandfather's funeral address in his book Palm Sunday, and identified these freethought views as his "ancestral religion," declaring it a mystery as to how it was passed on to him. 
Vonnegut considered humanism to be a modern-day form of freethought, and advocated for it in various writings, speeches and interviews. His ties to organized humanism included membership as a Humanist Laureate in the Council for Secular Humanism's International Academy of Humanism. The Council for Secular Humanism (originally the Council for Democratic and Secular Humanism, or CODESH) is a secular humanist organization headquartered  Vonnegut also served as honorary president of the American Humanist Association (AHA), having taken over the position from his late colleague Isaac Asimov, and serving until his own death in 2007. Isaac Asimov (c January 2 1920 &ndash April 6 1992 ˈaɪzək ˈæzɪmʌv originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as, was a Russian  In a letter to AHA members, Vonnegut wrote: "I am a humanist, which means, in part, that I have tried to behave decently without expectations of rewards or punishments after I am dead. "
Vonnegut identified himself as a Unitarian or Unitarian Universalist,  and was at one time a member of a Unitarian congregation.  Palm Sunday reproduces a sermon he delivered to the First Parish Unitarian Church in Cambridge, Massachusetts concerning William Ellery Channing, who was a principal founder of Unitarianism in the United States. This article is about Dr William Ellery Channing the Unitarian theologian In 1986, Vonnegut spoke to a gathering of Unitarian Universalists in Rochester, New York, and the text of his speech is reprinted in his book Fates Worse Than Death. Also reprinted in that book was a "mass" by Vonnegut, which was performed by a Unitarian Universalist choir in Buffalo, New York.  Vonnegut identified Unitarianism as the religion that many in his freethinking family turned to when freethought and other German "enthusiasms" became unpopular in the United States during the World Wars.  Vonnegut's parents were married by a Unitarian minister, and his son had at one time aspired to become a Unitarian minister.  The Unitarian Universalist Association's website includes Vonnegut in its list of famous UUs. Unitarian Universalist Association (UUA in full the Unitarian Universalist Association of Congregations in North America, is a liberal religious association 
Near the end of his life Vonnegut said that his epitaph ought to read: "The only proof he needed for the existence of God was music. "
In his book Bagombo Snuff Box: Uncollected Short Fiction, Vonnegut listed eight rules for writing a short story:
Vonnegut qualifies the list by adding that Flannery O'Connor broke all these rules except the first, and that great writers tend to do that. Mary Flannery O'Connor ( March 25 1925 &ndash August 3 1964) was an American Novelist, Short-story
In Chapter 18 of his book Palm Sunday, "The Sexual Revolution", Vonnegut grades his own works. He states that the grades "do not place me in literary history" and that he is comparing "myself with myself. " The grades are as follows:
The last lines that Vonnegut wrote, in his last book, go thus:
When the last living thing
Has died on account of us,
How poetical it would be
If Earth could say,
In a voice floating up
From the floor
Of the Grand Canyon,
"It is done. Player Piano, author Kurt Vonnegut's first Novel, was published in 1952. The Sirens of Titan ( 1959) is a Comic science fiction Novel by Kurt Vonnegut. Mother Night is a novel by American author Kurt Vonnegut, first published in 1961 For other uses see Cat's cradle (disambiguation. Cat's Cradle is a 1963 Science fiction Novel by Kurt Vonnegut God Bless You Mr Rosewater, or Pearls Before Swine is a novel written by Kurt Vonnegut Jr Slaughterhouse-Five or The Children's Crusade A Duty-Dance With Death (1969 by Kurt Vonnegut, is a Post-modern anti-war science-fiction novel Welcome to the Monkey House is also an album by The Dandy Warhols. Happy Birthday Wanda June is a play by Kurt Vonnegut, and a 1971 film adaptation of the play directed by Mark Robson. Breakfast of Champions or Goodbye Blue Monday is a 1973 novel by the American author Kurt Vonnegut. Slapstick, or Lonesome No More! is a Science fiction Novel by American author Kurt Vonnegut. Jailbird is a Novel by Kurt Vonnegut, originally published in 1979. Palm Sunday is a 1981 collection of short stories speeches essays letters and other previously unpublished works by author Kurt Vonnegut Jr The Grand Canyon "
People did not like it here. ''
"I wish one and all long and happy lives, no matter what may become of them afterwards. Use sunscreen! Don’t smoke cigarettes. Cigars, however, are good for you. . . . Firearms are also good for you. . . . Gunpowder has zero fat and zero cholesterol. That goes for dumdums, too. "
"Tiger got to hunt, bird got to fly;
Man got to sit and wonder why, why, why;
Tiger got to sleep, bird got to land;
Man got to tell himself he understand. Born Ruffians are a Canadian Indie rock band originally from the small town of Midland Ontario, located near Georgian Bay. For other uses see Cat's cradle (disambiguation. Cat's Cradle is a 1963 Science fiction Novel by Kurt Vonnegut "
Fan sites and remembrances
Obituaries and memorials
|NAME||Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr.|
|SHORT DESCRIPTION||Novelist, Essayist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 11, 1922|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Indianapolis, Indiana, United States|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 11, 2007|
|PLACE OF DEATH||Manhattan, New York, United States|
Events 308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Year 1922 ( MCMXXII) was a Common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. The State of Indiana ( was the 19th US state admitted into the union The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 491 - Flavius Anastasius becomes Byzantine Emperor, with the name of Anastasius I. Year 2007 ( MMVII) was a Common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. Manhattan Island, in New York Harbor, is much the largest part of the Borough of Manhattan, one of the Five Boroughs which form the City of New York New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous The United States of America —commonly referred to as the