|Largest city||Korčula (5,889)|
|Population||16,182 (as of 2001)|
Korčula (Greek Κορκυρα Μελαινα, Latin Corcyra Nigra, Korkyra Melaina, Old-Slavic Krkar, Venetian and modern Italian Curzola) is an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia. Korčula (Curzola is an ancient fortified town on the protected east coast of the Island of Korčula, population 3232 (2001 geographically located at 42°57′N Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between The counties are primary territorial subdivisions of the Republic of Croatia. Split-Dalmatia County ( Splitsko-dalmatinska županija) is the central-southern Dalmatian county in Croatia. Korčula (Curzola is an ancient fortified town on the protected east coast of the Island of Korčula, population 3232 (2001 geographically located at 42°57′N Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. to make sure old Cyrillic letters are displayed properly (For example instead of just Ѣ write Ѣ Venetian or Venetan is a Romance language spoken by over two million people mostly in the Veneto region of Italy. Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy. An island (ˈaɪlənd or isle (/ˈaɪl/ is any piece of land that is completely surrounded by water in two dimensions above high tide and isolated from other significant Dubrovnik-Neretva county - Dubrovačko-neretvanska županija is the southernmost Croatian and Dalmatian county Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between The island has an area of 279 km² — it is 46. 8 km long and on average 7. 8 km wide — and lies just off the Dalmatian coast. Dalmatia ( Croatian: Dalmacija, see names in other languages) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, situated mostly in modern Its 16,182 (2001) inhabitants make it the second most populous Adriatic island after Krk. Krk ( Italian Veglia, German: Vegl; Latin Curicta) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea 96. 77% of the population are ethnic Croats, 1. Croats (Hrvati are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries 8 others (declared ethnicity, none over 1%), 1% others (undeclared). .
The island of Korčula belongs to the central Dalmatian archipelago, separated from the Pelješac peninsula by a narrow strait of Pelješac, between 900 and 3,000 meters wide (illustration, right). Pelješac ( Chakavian: Pelišac is a Peninsula in southern Croatia, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county. A strait is a narrow navigable Channel of water that connects two larger navigable bodies of water It is the sixth largest Adriatic island with a rather indented coast. This is a list of islands in the Adriatic. There are approximately 1200 islands in total 69 of which are inhabited The highest peaks are Klupca (568 m) and Kom (510 m). The climate is mild; an average air temperature in January is 9. 8 °C and in July 26. 9 °C; the average annual rainfall is 1,100 mm. The island is largely covered with Mediterranean flora including extensive pine forests. This article is about the tree For other uses of the term "pine" see Pine (disambiguation.
The island also includes the towns of Vela Luka and Blato and the coastal villages of Lumbarda and Račišće, and in the interior Žrnovo, Pupnat, Smokvica and Čara. Vela Luka is a village and municipality of Dubrovnik-Neretva County in western Croatia. Lumbarda is a small fishermen's village located on the Eastern Cape of the Island of Korčula ( Croatia) 7 kilometers away from the town of Korčula The main road runs along the spine of the island connecting all settlements from Lumbarda on the eastern to Vela Luka on the western end, with the exception of Račišċe which is served by a separate road running along the northern coast. Ferries connect the city of Korčula with Orebić on the Pelješac peninsula and Drvenik on the mainland (near Makarska). Municipality According to the 2001 census there were 4165 residents in the municipality of Orebić with 93% Croats. Another line connects Vela Luka with Split and the island of Lastovo. Split (Spalatum Ancient Greek: Aspálathos, Ασπάλαθος Spalato is the largest and most important Dalmatian city the second-largest Fast passenger catamarans connect those two ports with Split and the islands of Hvar and Lastovo. Split (Spalatum Ancient Greek: Aspálathos, Ασπάλαθος Spalato is the largest and most important Dalmatian city the second-largest Hvar ( local Croatian dialect: Hvor or For, Pharos Φαρος Pharina Lesina is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off Lastovo ( Italian: Lagosta, German: Augusta, Latin: Augusta Insula, Greek: Ladestanos, Illyrian The main Adriatic ferry line connects Korčula with Dubrovnik, Split, Zadar and Rijeka and in summer there are direct ferries to Italian Adriatic ports. ||-||-||-||-||-||-||} Dubrovnik (ˈdǔbro̞ːʋniːk Dalmatian: Ragusa; Latin: Ragusium, also Rhausium, Rhaugia; Split (Spalatum Ancient Greek: Aspálathos, Ασπάλαθος Spalato is the largest and most important Dalmatian city the second-largest Zadar is a city in Croatia on the Adriatic Sea, with a population of 72717 (2001 Rijeka (other Croatian dialects Rika and Reka, Reka Italian and Hungarian: Fiume, Sankt Veit am Pflaumb is
Korčula is the most populous Adriatic island with almost 20,000 inhabitants, although their number has slightly dropped between the censuses of 1991 and 2001. The island is divided into Korčula, Smokvica, Blato and Lumbarda municipalities.
The island was first settled by Greek colonists from Corcyra (Corfu), who named it 'Black Corfu' after their homeland. Greek artefacts, including carved marble tombstones, are to be found in the island museum.
The island was part of the Roman province of Dalmatia until the Great Migrations. Dalmatia ( Croatian: Dalmacija, see names in other languages) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, situated mostly in modern The Migration Period, also called Barbarian Invasions, or sometimes Völkerwanderung ( German for "wandering of peoples" is the English name In the early 7th century, the Avar invasion is thought to have brought the Slavs into this region. The 7th century is the period from 601 to 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. The Caucasian Avars are a modern people of Caucasus, mainly of Dagestan. As the so-called barbarians began settling on the coast, the Romanised local population had to take refuge in the islands. Along the Dalmatian coast the Slavic migrants pouring in from the interior seized control of the area where the Narenta (Neretva) River enters the Adriatic, as well as the island of Korčula (Corcyra), that protect the river mouth. Neretva is a river in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia. The total length is 225 km of which 203 km are in Herzegovina, while the final 22 km are in the Christianizing of the Slavs began in the 9th century, but the early Slavic rural inhabitants of the island may well have fully accepted Christianity later. The 9th century is the period from 801 to 900 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. Accordingly, the population of the island in the early middle ages was described as being in the same group as the Neretvians of the coastal Principality of Pagania (the land of the Pagans). Pagania, Merania or Neretvia (the Narentine Frontier, Ancient Greek:, Italian: Narentani A principality (or princedom) is a monarchical feudatory or Sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of Prince Pagania, Merania or Neretvia (the Narentine Frontier, Ancient Greek:, Italian: Narentani
It is apparent that piracy on the sea emerged as the settlers of the coastal delta of the Neretva river quickly learnt maritime skills in their new environment. Marco Polo ( September 15 1254 – January 9 1324 at earliest but no later than June 1325 was a Venetian trader and explorer At first Venetian merchants were willing to pay annual tribute to keep their shipping safe from the infamous Narentine (Neretvian) pirates of the Dalmatian coast (predating the Uskok pirates based further north in Senj). Pagania, Merania or Neretvia (the Narentine Frontier, Ancient Greek:, Italian: Narentani Dalmatia ( Croatian: Dalmacija, see names in other languages) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, situated mostly in modern The Uskoci ( Pronounced: "uskoczy" meaning "Uskoks" Singular: Uskok) were Croatian Habsburg soldiers that inhabited After the 9th century, the island became a part of the Serbian realm. After that, the island was briefly under nominal Byzantine suzeiranity as a part of the theme of Serbia. In 998 the Principality of Pagania came under direct Venetian controll, but was returned to home control, this time by the Grand Principality of Zahumlje. A principality (or princedom) is a monarchical feudatory or Sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of Prince Pagania, Merania or Neretvia (the Narentine Frontier, Ancient Greek:, Italian: Narentani The Most Serene Republic of Venice ((Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta or Repùblica de Venesia Serenissima Repubblica A principality (or princedom) is a monarchical feudatory or Sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a monarch with the title of Prince Zachlumia ( Croatian: Zahumlje Serbian: Захумље also known as the Land of the Hum and Chelm, was a Medieval
In the 12th century, Korčula was conquered by a Venetian nobleman, Pepone Zorzi, and incorporated it briefly into the Republic of Venice. The Most Serene Republic of Venice ((Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta or Repùblica de Venesia Serenissima Repubblica Nobility is a government-privileged title which may be either hereditary (see Hereditary titles) or for a lifetime The Most Serene Republic of Venice ((Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta or Repùblica de Venesia Serenissima Repubblica Around this time, the local Korčulan rulers began to exercise diplomacy and legislate a town charter to secure the independence of the island, particularly with regard to internal affairs, given the presence of its more powerful neighbors.
The brothers of Stephen Nemanja Miroslav and Stracimir launched an attack on the island on 10 August 1184, raiding its fertile western part. Stefan Nemanja ( Old Church Slavonic: Стѣфань Serbian: Стефан Events 612 BC - Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire The island's inhabitants called the Republic of Ragusa (Dubrovnik) for help, which in turn captured all of Stracimir's galleys. The Republic of
The Statute of Korčula was first drafted in 1214. This legal document is the second oldest example of legislation among Slavs, with only the Russkaya Pravda of 11th and 12th Century Russia predating it. Ruskaya Pravda (Ру́сская пра́вда Russkaya Pravda; Archaic Правда Роська Pravda Ros'ka; Руська Правда Rus'ka Pravda It guaranteed the autonomy of the island, apart from her outside rulers - Grand Principality of Rascia, semi-independent (Grand) Principality of Zahumlje and the Republics of Ragusa and Venice. Raška ( alternative spellings have included Raschka, Rascia and Rassa) was the central and most successful Medieval Serbian Zachlumia ( Croatian: Zahumlje Serbian: Захумље also known as the Land of the Hum and Chelm, was a Medieval The Republic of The Most Serene Republic of Venice ((Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta or Repùblica de Venesia Serenissima Repubblica Captainies were created for every one of the 5 island's settlements for organized defense. Korčula had less than 2,500 inhabitants back then.
In 1221, Pope Honorius III gifted the island to the Princes of Krka (Šubićs). Pope Honorius III (1148 &ndash March 18 1227) born Cencio, was Pope from 1216 to 1227 Krka is a River in Croatia 's Dalmatia region with length circa 73 km it is famous for its numerous Waterfalls The river has its The Šubić were one of the twelve tribes which constituted Croatian statehood in the Middle Ages they held the county of Bribir (Varvaria in
In 1222, the Serbian King Stephen the First-crowned of Nemanja gifted his monasteries and lands on the island, referring to it as Krkar to his followers of the Benedictine Monastical Order on Mljet. Stefan II or Stephen II, known afterwards as Stefan Prvovenčani (lit The House of Nemanjić ( Serbian: Немањићи Nemanjići; Anglicised: Nemanyid; German: Nemanjiden) was a medieval Benedictine refers to the Spirituality and Consecrated life in accordance with the Rule of St Benedict, written by Benedict of Nursia in Monasticism (from Greek μοναχός, monachos, derived from Greek monos, alone is the religious practice in which one Mljet ( Latin: Melita, Italian: Meleda) is the most southerly and easterly of the larger Adriatic Islands of the
Doge Pietro II Orseolo assumed the title Dux Dalmatinorum ("Duke of the Dalmatians"). Pietro II Orseolo was the Doge of Venice from 991 to 1009He began the period of eastern expansion of Venice that lasted for the better part of 500 years During the 12th century the hereditary Counts of Korčula were loosely governed by the Hungarian crown and from the Republic of Genoa in turn, and also enjoyed a brief period of independence; but, in 1255, Marsilio Zorzi conquered the island's city and razed or damaged some of its churches during the process, forcing the Counts to return to Venetian supreme rule. A count is a Nobleman in European countries The word count comes from French comte, itself from Latin The Most Serene Republic of Genoa (Repubblica di Genova was an independent state in Liguria on the northwestern Italian coast from the 11th century The Most Serene Republic of Venice ((Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta or Repùblica de Venesia Serenissima Repubblica According to a local tradition, Marco Polo was born at Korčula in 1254 to an established family of merchants, although there is no irrefutable proof of this claim. Marco Polo ( September 15 1254 – January 9 1324 at earliest but no later than June 1325 was a Venetian trader and explorer What is more definite however is that the Republic of Genoa defeated Venice in the documented Battle of Korčula off the coast of Korčula in 1298 and a galley commander, Marco Polo, was taken prisoner by the victors to eventually spend his time in a Genoese prison writing of his travels. The naval Battle of Curzola was fought on September 9, 1298 between the fleets of Genoa and Venice. However some Italian scholars believe that he may have been captured in a minor clash near Ayas (in sources from those times: Laiazzo). Ayas is a small town in Yumurtalık district, Adana Province, Turkey, located east of the mouth of the Ceyhan River. The controversy of the birthplace of Marco Polo between the Venetian and Korčulan theories is the subject of debate up to the present day. The Adriatic island of Korčula ( Croatia), the former Venetian Curzola, is considered by some historians to host the birthplace of the famous
After the writings of Pope Martin IV in 1284 and Pope Honorius IV in 1286 to the Ragusan Archbishop, the Archbishop implaced a certain Petar as Bishop of Ston and Korčula - stacnensis ac Crozolensis. Pope Martin IV (between 1210 and 1220 &ndash March 28, 1285) born Simon de Brion, held the Papacy from February 21, 1281 Pope Honorius IV (c 1210 &ndash April 3, 1287) born Giacomo Savelli, was Pope for two years from 1285 to 1287 The Republic of In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated Bishop. In the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion and others this means that they lead In 1291, Ivan Kručić was in Korčula's city as the Bishop of Korčula. A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight Bishop Ivan contested his overlord, the Archbishop of Hvar, and wanted to unite Ston with his church domain. In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated Bishop. In the Roman Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion and others this means that they lead Hvar ( local Croatian dialect: Hvor or For, Pharos Φαρος Pharina Lesina is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off Ston is a village and municipality in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the Pelješac peninsula In 1300, Pope Boniface VIII finally founded the Korčula Bishopric under the Archbishopric of Ragusa (Dubrovnik). Pope Boniface VIII (c 1235 &ndash October 11, 1303) born Benedetto Caetani, was Pope of the Roman Catholic Church from 1294 The Roman Catholic Diocese of Dubrovnik is an ecclesiastical territory or Diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in southern Croatia. In 1333, as the Republic of Ragusa purchased Ston with Pelješac from the Serbian Empire, the suzeiranity of Ston's Roman Catholic Church with the peninsular was given to the Bishopric of Korčula. The Republic of Ston is a village and municipality in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the Pelješac peninsula Pelješac ( Chakavian: Pelišac is a Peninsula in southern Croatia, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county. The Serbian Empire ( Serbian: Српско Царство Srpsko Carstvo) was a medieval empire in the Balkans that emerged from the medieval
Curzola, as the Venetians called it, surrendered to the Kingdom of Hungary in 1358 according to the Treaty of Zara, but it surrendered to the Bosnian-Serbian King Stefan Tvrtko I in the Summer of 1390. The Kingdom of Hungary (short form Hungary) was a considerable state in Central Europe that existed from 1001 to 1918 then from 1919 to 1946 The Treaty of Zadar, also known as the Treaty of Zara, was a Peace treaty signed in Zadar, Dalmatia on Feb 18 1358 by which Historically and geographically the Region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna; Cyrillic: Босна lies mainly in the Dinaric Alps, ranging Stephen Tvrtko I ( Bosnian, Croatian: Stjepan Tvrtko; Serbian: Stefan Tvrtko, Cyrillic: Стефан (1338 However the Kingdom of Hungary restored rule of the island. and in December 1396 Croatian-Hungarian King Sigismund gifted it to Đurađ II Stracimirović of the Balšić dynasty of Zeta, who kept it up to his death in 1403, when it was returned under the Hungarian crown. Events in December Union Day of Romania (1 December World AIDS Day ( December 1) National Day of Đurađ II Stracimirović ( Serbian Cyrillic: Ђурађ II Страцимировић Балшић anglicized Djuradj or George; archaic version Đurđe The House of Balšić was a medieval Serbian dynasty that ruled Zeta. Zeta (Serbian Cyrillic Зета, Latin Zenta) was a principality whose territory was mostly Serbian territories that approximately encompass present-day In 1409 it again became a part of the Venetian Republic, purchased by the neighbouring Republic of Dubrovnik in 1413-1417, it still declared itself subjected to Venice in 1420. The Republic of In 1571 it defended itself so gallantly against the Ottoman navies at the Battle of Lepanto that it obtained the designation Fidelissima from the Pope. The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish The Battle of Lepanto ( Greek: Ναύπακτος Naupaktos, pron History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and From 1776 to 1797 Curzola succeeded Lesina as the main Venetian fortified arsenal in this region. Hvar ( local Croatian dialect: Hvor or For, Pharos Φαρος Pharina Lesina is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off The Most Serene Republic of Venice ((Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta or Repùblica de Venesia Serenissima Repubblica An arsenal is an establishment for the construction repair storage and issue of Weapons and Ammunition. According to the Treaty of Campoformio in 1797 in which the Venetian Republic was divided between the French Republic and the Habsburg Monarchy, Korčula passed on to the Habsburg Monarchy. The Treaty of Campo Formio was signed on October 17, 1797 (26 Vendémiaire Year VI of the French Republic by Napoleon Bonaparte and Count Ludwig Habsburg Monarchy (alternatively Habsburg Empire) refers to the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor Habsburg Monarchy (alternatively Habsburg Empire) refers to the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor
The French Empire invaded the island in 1806, joining it to the Illyrian Provinces. The Empire of the French (1804-1814 also known as the Empire of France, Greater French Empire, First French Empire, French Empire, or The Illyrian Provinces (Provinces illyriennes Ilirske province Ilirske pokrajne Province Illiriche were lands on the north and east coasts of the Adriatic Sea which were The Montenegrin Forces of Prince-Episcope Peter I Njegoš conquered the island with Russian naval assistance in 1807 during his attempt to construct another Serbian Empire. Prince, from the Latin root Princeps, is a general term for a Monarch, for a member of a monarch's or former monarch's family and is a A bishop is an ordained or consecrated member of the Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight Petar I Petrović Njegoš (St Peter of Cetinje) (1747-1830 ( Serbian Cyrillic: Петар I Петровић Његош Свети Петар Цетињски The Russian Empire ( Pre-reform Russian: Pоссійская Имперія Modern Russian: Российская Империя translit: Rossiyskaya The Serbian Empire ( Serbian: Српско Царство Srpsko Carstvo) was a medieval empire in the Balkans that emerged from the medieval However, the Great Powers decided to return the island to a the Austrian Empire in 1815, and it accordingly became a part of the Austrian crown land of Dalmatia. For the history of these states before 1804 see Holy Roman Empire, Habsburg Monarchy, and articles on each of the component countries. Austria (Österreich ( officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich Crown land is a designated area belonging to The Crown, the equivalent of an entailed estate that passed with the Monarchy and could not be Dalmatia ( Croatian: Dalmacija, see names in other languages) is a region on the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea, situated mostly in modern From 1867, Korčula was in the Cisleithanian part of Austro-Hungary. Cisleithania (Cisleithanien Předlitavsko was the name of the Austrian part of Austria-Hungary, the Dual monarchy created in 1867 and dissolved in 1918
During the First World War, the island (among other territorial gains) was promised to the Kingdom of Italy in the 1915 Treaty of London in return for Italy joining the war on the side of Britain and France. World War I (abbreviated WWI; also known as the First World War, the Great War, and the War to End All Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest However, after the war, Korčula became a part (with the rest of Dalmatia) of the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs in 1918. The State of Slovenes Croats and Serbs was a short-lived state formed from the southernmost parts of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy after its dissolution at the end of It was ruled by Italy in 1918 - 1921, after which it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes; known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1929. The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croato-Slovene ie Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija The Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croato-Slovene ie Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene: Kraljevina Jugoslavija In 1939, it became a part of the autonomous Croatian Banate. The Banovina of Croatia or Banate of Croatia ( Croatian, Bosnian, and Serbian: Banovina Hrvatska) was a province ( Banovina
During the Axis occupation of Yugoslavia from 1941, the Ustaše regime gave the island, together with most of Dalmatia, to Fascist Italy. The Axis powers also known as the Axis alliance Axis nations Axis countries or sometimes just the Axis were those Countries See also Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian For the militiamen of the Military Frontier, see Uskoci The Ustaša - Croatian Revolutionary Movement ( Croatian: Fascism is a totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest After the Armistice between Italy and the Allied powers in 1943, it was briefly held by the Yugoslav partisans who enjoyed considerable support in the region. Korcula was then occupied by the German Nazis and finally liberated in 1944. With the liberation of Yugoslavia in 1945, the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was formed, and Korčula became a part of the People's Republic of Croatia, one of the six Yugoslav Republics. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian: Croatia first appeared as a Duchy in the 7th century and then as a kingdom in the 10th century The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian: The state changed name to Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1953, and so did the Republic into Socialist Republic of Croatia. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Slovene, Macedonian: A republic is a State or Country that is not led by a hereditary Monarch, but in which the people (or at least a part of its people have impact on its Socialist Republic of Croatia ( Croato-Serbian and Croatian: Socijalistička Republika Hrvatska) was a Socialist state that was a Constituent After 1991, the island became a part of the independent Republic of Croatia, recognized in 1992. Croatia (Hrvatska ˈxȓvatska officially the Republic of Croatia ( Republika Hrvatska) is a southern Central European country at the crossroads between
The economy, besides tourism, is based on agriculture, namely the cultivation of grape vines, olives and fruit, and fishing and fish processing. Shipbuilding still exists although it was once more important to the local economy. Summer tourism has a long tradition on the island. Nautical and village agro-tourism have recently been developed.