|Scottish Gaelic: Cille Chuithbeirt|
Kirkcudbright shown within Scotland
|Population||3447 (as of 2001)|
|OS grid reference|
|Council area||Dumfries and Galloway|
|Lieutenancy area||The Stewartry of Kirkcudbright|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Police||Dumfries and Galloway|
|Fire||Dumfries and Galloway|
|UK Parliament||Dumfries and Galloway|
|Scottish Parliament||Galloway and Upper Nithsdale|
|List of places: UK • Scotland|
Kirkcudbright, (pronounced /kɚˈkuːbriː/ ("Kirr Coo Bree")) (Scottish Gaelic: Cille Chuithbeirt) is a town in the south of Scotland in Dumfries and Galloway. Scottish Gaelic ( Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. In Biology a population is the collection of inter-breeding organisms of a particular Species; in Sociology Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar. The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using Latitude and Longitude For local government purposes Scotland is divided into 32 areas designated as "council areas" which are all governed by unitary authorities designated as Dumfries and Galloway ( Gaelic: Dùn Phris agus an Gall-Ghaidhealaibh, d̪̊unˈfɾʲiʃ aɡ̊əs̪ əŋ ɡ̊auɫ̪ɣəɫ̪əv is one of 32 council areas The Lieutenancy areas of Scotland are the areas used for the ceremonial lord-lieutenants, the monarch 's representatives in Scotland. The Stewartry of Kirkcudbright (kɚˈkuːbriː Siorrachd Chille Chuithbheirt in Gaelic) or Kirkcudbrightshire (kɚˈkuːbriːʃɚ was formerly a Constituent country is a phrase used often by official institutions in contexts in which a country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged gives an overview of States around the world with information on the extent of their Sovereignty. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located A post town is a required part of all postal addresses in the United Kingdom, and a basic unit of the postal delivery system UK Postal codes are known as postcodes. UK postcodes are Alphanumeric. The, also known as the Dumfries postcode area, is a group of postal districts around Annan, Canonbie, Castle Douglas, Dalbeattie, The UK Telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Telephone Numbering Plan, is the system used for assigning Telephone numbers in the United There are a number of law enforcement agencies in the United Kingdom. Dumfries and Galloway Constabulary is the Police service for the council area of Dumfries and Galloway in Scotland. The fire service in the United Kingdom operates under separate legislative and administrative arrangements in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Dumfries and Galloway Fire and Rescue Service is the Statutory fire and rescue sercvice for the area of Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. SASDivmap copyjpg|right|200px]] Helimed5jpg|thumb|right|EC-135 G-SASA "Helimed 5" based at Glasgow City Heliport]] The Scottish Ambulance Service ( Scottish Scotland constitutes a single Constituency of the European Parliament. This is a list of the 646 constituencies currently represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, as at the 2005 general election Dumfries and Galloway is a County constituency of in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The Scottish Parliament ( Scottish Gaelic: Pàrlamaid na h-Alba; Scots: Scottish Pairlament) is the devlolved national unicameral Galloway and Upper Nithsdale is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament ( Holyrood) A Gazetteer of place names in the United Kingdom showing each place's County, Unitary authority or council area and its geographical coordinates This List of places in Scotland is a complete collection of lists of places in Scotland. A geographic coordinate system enables every location on the Earth to be specified in three coordinates using mainly a spherical coordinate system. Scottish Gaelic ( Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scotland ( Gaelic: Alba) is a Country in northwest Europethat occupies the northern third of the island of Great Britain. Dumfries and Galloway ( Gaelic: Dùn Phris agus an Gall-Ghaidhealaibh, d̪̊unˈfɾʲiʃ aɡ̊əs̪ əŋ ɡ̊auɫ̪ɣəɫ̪əv is one of 32 council areas
The town lies south of Castle Douglas and Dalbeattie, in the part of Dumfries and Galloway known as the Stewartry, situated at the mouth of the River Dee, some six miles from the sea. For the castle in South Lanarkshire see Douglas Castle Castle Douglas ( Gd Caisteal Dhùghlais) a town in the south of Dalbeattie ( Gaelic Dail Bheithe, "Valley of the Birch Trees " is a town in Dumfries and Galloway (formerly Kirkcudbrightshire Stewartry 1975-date The river Dee, in south-west Scotland, flows from its source in Loch Dee amongst the Galloway Hills, firstly to Clatteringshaws Loch, and then in It was the county town of the former county of Kirkcudbrightshire. The counties of Scotland were the principal divisions of Scotland until 1975 The Stewartry of Kirkcudbright (kɚˈkuːbriː Siorrachd Chille Chuithbheirt in Gaelic) or Kirkcudbrightshire (kɚˈkuːbriːʃɚ was formerly a
The early rendition of the name of the town was Kilcudbrit, derived from the Scottish Gaelic "Cille Chuithbeirt" (Chapel of Cuthbert), the saint whose mortal remains were kept here for seven years between exhumation at Lindisfarne and re-interment at Chester-le-Street. Scottish Gaelic ( Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. For the Dungeons & Dragons deity see Saint Cuthbert (Dungeons & Dragons St Cuthbert of Lindisfarne (c Lindisfarne () (variant spelling Lindesfarne is a Tidal island off the north-east coast of England. Chester-le-Street is the main town in the Chester-le-Street district of County Durham, England.
Spottiswood, in his account of religious houses in Scotland, mentions that the Franciscans or Grey Friars had been established at Kirkcudbright from the 12th century. John Spottiswoode ( Spottiswood, Spotiswood or Spotswood) ( 1565 - November 26, 1639) was an Archbishop of St Andrews No traces of the Greyfriars or Franciscan dwellings remain in the parish of Kirkcudbright.
In 1453, Kirkcudbright became a Royal burgh , and about a century later the magistrates of the town obtained permission from Queen Mary to use part of the convent and nunnery as a parish church. A royal burgh was a type of Scottish Burgh which had been founded by or subsequently granted a Royal charter. From around 1570, Sir Thomas Maclellan of Bombie, the chief magistrate, received a charter for the site, its grounds, and gardens. Maclellan dismantled the church in order to obtain material for his proposed castle and proceeded to have a very fine house, MacLellan's Castle, built on the site. MacLellan's Castle, in Kirkcudbright, south west Scotland, was the noble residence of the MacLellan family
After defeat at the Battle of Towton, Henry VI of England crossed the Solway in August 1461 to land at Kirkcudbright in support of Queen Margaret at Linlithgow. The Battle of Towton in the Wars of the Roses was the largest and bloodiest ever fought on British soil with casualties believed to have been about 28000 (perhaps Henry VI (6 December 1421 &ndash 21 May 1471 was King of England 1422–1461 (though with a Regent until 1437 and then 1470–1471 and a claimant to the kingdom The Solway Firth is a Firth that forms part of the border between England and Scotland, between Cumbria (including the Solway Plain) and Margaret of Anjou ( Marguerite d'Anjou, 23 March 1430 &ndash 25 August 1482) was the Queen consort of Henry VI of England The town also successfully withstood a siege in 1547 from the English commander Sir Thomas Carleton, but after the surrounding countryside had been overrun was compelled to surrender.
The Tolbooth was built between 1625 and 1629 and served not only as the tollbooth, but also the council offices, the Burgh and Sheriff courts, the criminal prison, and the debtors' prison. One of its most famous prisoners was John Paul Jones, hero of the American navy, who was born in nearby Kirkbean. John Paul Jones ( &ndash) was America's first well-known naval hero in the American Revolutionary War.
The Kirkcudbright Railway opened in 1864, but the railway line and station closed in 1965. Kirkcudbright was once the terminus of a railway Branch line.
The Stewartry Museum was founded in 1879 and was at first based in the Town Hall until it became too small. The Stewartry Museum is a local museum in Kirkcudbright, Scotland, which covers the past history of this part of Galloway. Year 1879 ( MDCCCLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The collection moved to a purpose-built site and contains the local and natural history of the eastern part of Galloway, formerly known as Kirkcudbrightshire and now known as the Stewartry. The Stewartry of Kirkcudbright (kɚˈkuːbriː Siorrachd Chille Chuithbheirt in Gaelic) or Kirkcudbrightshire (kɚˈkuːbriːʃɚ was formerly a Britain's earliest surviving sporting trophy, the Siller Gun , is part of the collection, as are paintings by many local artists.
The Tolbooth building is now used as an Arts Centre. 
Kirkcudbright has had a long association with the Glasgow art movement, which started when a colony of artists, including the Glasgow Boys and the famed Scottish Colourists, such as Samuel Peploe and F. C. B. Cadell, based themselves in the area over a 30-year period from 1880 to 1910. The Glasgow School was a circle of influential Modern artists and designers who began to coalesce in Glasgow, Scotland in the 1870s and flourished from The Scottish Colourists were a group of painters from Scotland whose work was not very highly regarded when it was first exhibited in the 1920s and 1930s but which in the late Samuel John Peploe ( 27 January, 1871 - 11 October, 1935) was a Scottish Post-Impressionist painter, noted Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell (1883&ndash1937 was a Scottish painter associated with the Scottish Colourists. Year 1880 ( MDCCCLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Year 1910 ( MCMX) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting
Many of them moved to the town from Glasgow, including E A Hornel, George Henry, and Jessie M King, and their presence led to Kirkcudbright becoming known as "the artists’ town", although this moniker may have originated more from tourist board publicity rather than local usage. Edward Atkinson Hornel (1864-1933 was a Scottish painter of landscapes flowers and foliage with children George Henry (1858-1943 was a Scottish painter, one of the most prominent of the Glasgow School. Jessie Marion King ( March 20 1875 - August 3 1949) was a Scottish painter and illustrator of Children's books
The whodunit Five Red Herrings by Dorothy L. Sayers involves the artistic community of Kirkcudbright. A whodunit or whodunnit (for "Who done it?" is a complex plot-driven variety of the detective story in which the puzzle is the main feature of interest Five Red Herrings is a 1931 Novel by Dorothy L Sayers. The first time it was published in the United States its title was Suspicious Characters Dorothy Leigh Sayers ( IPA: usually pronounced /ˈseɪɜrz/ although Sayers herself preferred /ˈsɛːz/ and encouraged the use of her middle initial to facilitate this  In 1975, the book was made into a film shot in the town, with Ian Carmichael playing the lead role of Lord Peter Wimsey. Ian Carmichael OBE (born 18 June 1920) is an English Film, stage, Television and Radio Actor Lord Peter Death Bredon Wimsey, a Fictional character, is a bon vivant sleuth in a series of detective novels and short stories by Dorothy
More recently, Kirkcudbright has been put on the map for being the home of Formula One racing driver David Coulthard, who attended school in the town and lived in the neighbouring village of Twynholm. David Marshall Coulthard, often called DC, (born 27 March 1971 in Twynholm, Kirkcudbrightshire) is a British Formula One racing driver Twynholm is a small village in Kirkcudbrightshire, Dumfries and Galloway.
The town also featured in the cult 1973 horror film The Wicker Man. Several parts of the town can be easily recognized in the film.