Kaza, qadaa, qaza, qazaa, or caza (Arabic: قضاء qaḍāʾ [qɑd̪ˁɑː], plural أقضية aqḍiyah [ɑqd̪ˁijɑ]; Ottoman Turkish pronunciation [kazaː]) is a term for a subnational entity in the Arab world and formerly throughout the Ottoman Empire. Arabic (ar الْعَرَبيّة (informally ar عَرَبيْ) in terms of the number of speakers is the largest living member of the Semitic language Ottoman Turkish (Osmanlıca or tr ''Osmanlı Türkçesi'' Ottoman Turkish ota-Latn ''lisân-ı Osmânî'' is the variety of the Turkish language that was used as the The Ottoman Empire (1299–1923 ( Old Ottoman Turkish: دولتْ علیّه عثمانیّه Devlet-i Âliye-yi Osmâniyye, Late Ottoman and Modern Turkish
The Ottoman pronunciation gives the usual English forms, kaza or caza.
In the Ottoman Empire, it was an administrative district subject to the jurisdiction of a judge (qazi) and governed by a kaymakam. Qadi (also known as Qazi or Kazi or Kadi) (قاضي is a judge ruling in accordance with the Sharia, Islamic religious law A kaymakam (also spelled kaimakam and caimacam) is the title used for the Governor of a provincial District in the Republic of It was a subdivision of a sanjak and corresponded roughly to a city with its surrounding villages. Sanjak and Sandjak (other variants sinjaq sanjaq) are the most common English transcriptions of the Turkish word sancak
The early Republic of Turkey continued to use the term kaza, but renamed them to ilçe in the 1920s. The 81 provinces of Turkey are divided into 923 Districts ( ilçeler; sing
The qadaa is used for: