|Kay Bailey Hutchison|
|Assumed office |
June 14, 1993
Serving with John Cornyn
|Preceded by||Bob Krueger|
|Born||July 22, 1943 |
|Alma mater||University of Texas at Austin|
Kathryn Ann Bailey Hutchison, usually known as Kay Bailey Hutchison (born July 22, 1943), is the senior United States Senator from Texas. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. Events 1276 - While taking exile in Fuzhou in southern China, away from the advancing Mongol invaders, the remnants of the Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) John Cornyn III (born February 2 1952) is the junior United States Senator from Texas. Robert Charles Krueger (born September 19, 1935) American politician is a former U Events 1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. "Galveston" redirects here For the town in the US state of Indiana see Galveston Indiana. Ray L Hutchison (born September 1932 is a prominent Dallas, Texas, Attorney, who served in the Texas House of Representatives in the 1970s Alma mater is Latin for "nourishing mother" It was used in Ancient Rome as a title for the mother Goddess, and in Medieval The Episcopal Church is the official name of the Province of the Anglican Communion in the United States. Events 1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives Texas ( is a state geographically located in the South Central United States and is also known as the Lone Star State. She is a member of the Republican Party. In 2001, she was named one of "The 30 most powerful women in America" by Ladies Home Journal. Ladies' Home Journal is a Magazine which first appeared February 16, 1883 and eventually became one of the leading magazines of the 20th Century She is the first woman to represent Texas in the U. S. Senate.
Hutchison was born in Galveston to Kathryn Ella Sharp and Allan Abner Bailey, an insurance agent. "Galveston" redirects here For the town in the US state of Indiana see Galveston Indiana. She has two brothers, Allan and Frank. Hutchison grew up in La Marque, Texas. La Marque (formerly Lamarque) is a city in Galveston County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown Metropolitan Area. She divorced her first husband, a medical student. Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the termination of a Marriage.
In 2001, Hutchison adopted two children (daughter Kathryn Bailey and son Houston Taylor) with her second husband,  Ray Hutchison, whom she married in 1978. Ray L Hutchison (born September 1932 is a prominent Dallas, Texas, Attorney, who served in the Texas House of Representatives in the 1970s He has two grown daughters, Brenda and Julie, from a previous marriage. Ray Hutchison, also a former member of the Texas Legislature and unsuccessful candidate for Texas governor in 1978, is a senior partner with the law fim of Vinson & Elkins. Vinson & Elkins LLP (or V&E) is an international Law firm with offices in 13 major energy financial and political centers worldwide including Houston
Senator Hutchison and her family have their primary residence in Dallas, Texas. She has a second house in Virginia, where she lives when the Senate is in session, and where her children attend school. The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state
She received her bachelor of arts degree from the University of Texas at Austin in 1962, where she was a cheerleader in the 1960s, and a sister of Pi Beta Phi sorority. Year 1962 ( MCMLXII) was a Common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Cheerleading is a Sport that uses organized routines made from elements of Tumbling, Dance, jumps and stunting to direct spectators of events The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969 Pi Beta Phi ( ΠΒΦ) is an international sorority founded as I She received her J.D. from the University of Texas School of Law in 1967. Juris Doctor (abbreviated JD or JD, from the Latin, Teacher of Law) is a first professional graduate degree and Professional The University of Texas School of Law is an ABA -certified American Law school located on The University of Texas at Austin campus Year 1967 ( MCMLXVII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. Following her graduation from law school, she was the legal and political correspondent for KPRC-TV in Houston. KPRC-TV is the NBC television affiliate in Houston Texas, owned and operated by Post-Newsweek Stations, a subsidiary of the Washington Post Company
In 1972, Hutchison was elected to the Texas House of Representatives from a district in Houston. The Texas House of Representatives is the Lower house of the Texas Legislature. She served until 1976. Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. She was vice-chairman of the National Transportation Safety Board from 1976 to 1978. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB is an independent U Year 1976 ( MCMLXXVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) She was a candidate for election to the United States House of Representatives in 1982 for the Dallas-based 3rd District, but was defeated in the primary by Steve Bartlett. The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. Year 1982 ( MCMLXXXII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar) Harry Steven (Steve Bartlett (born September 19, 1947) is a former U She temporarily left politics and became a bank executive and successful businesswoman.
Hutchison was elected Texas State Treasurer in 1990 and served until June 1993 when she ran against Senator Bob Krueger for the right to complete the last two years of Lloyd Bentsen's term. Robert Charles Krueger (born September 19, 1935) American politician is a former U Lloyd Millard Bentsen Jr ( February 11 1921 – May 23 2006) was a four-term United States senator (1971 until 1993 from Texas Bentsen had resigned in January 1993 to become Secretary of the Treasury in the Clinton administration. The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and until William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19 1946 served as the forty-second President of the United States Krueger had been appointed by Texas Governor Ann Richards to fill the seat until a replacement was elected. This article is about the American politician/teacher for the Australian-American actress see Ann Richards (actress.
A field of 24 candidates sought to fill Bentsen's unexpired term, in the May 1993 special election. . The top two vote-getters were Hutchison (593,338, or 29 percent) and Krueger (593,239, also 29 percent). Two conservative Republican congressmen, Joe Barton of Dallas (284,135 or 13. Joseph Linus "Joe" Barton (born September 15, 1949) is a Republican politician representing ( map in the U 9 percent) and Jack Fields of Houston (277,560, or 13. Jack Milton Fields Jr (born February 3, 1952) is a Texas Businessman and a former Republican member of the United States 6 percent) split pro-life voters (although Hutchison calls herself "pro-life", she does not advocate overturning Roe v. Wade). Overview See also Ethical aspects of abortion Pro-life individuals generally believe that human life should be valued either from conception or Implantation Roe v Wade, 410 US 113 (1973 is a controversial United States Supreme Court case that resulted in a Landmark decision regarding Their combined vote was 561,695, still a third-place finish. A fifth candidate, Democrat Richard W. Fisher, polled 165,564 votes (8. Richard W Fisher, born 1949 is currently the President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, having assumed that post in April 2005 1 percent); the remaining candidates had about 6 percent combined.
During the campaign Krueger charged that Hutchison was a "country club Republican" and insensitive to the feelings of minorities. "Country club Republican" is an expression most often negatively intended used to describe certain members of the United States Republican Party.  In January, the Houston Chronicle reported that both Hutchison and Fields had promised to serve a maximum of two six-year terms in the Senate as part of her support for term limit legislation for members of Congress. In April, the Dallas Morning News reported that Hutchison had repeated her pledge to serve only two terms in the U. S. Senate, if elected, and had also said term limits ought to cover all senators, including Senator Phil Gramm (R-TX), who had been elected in 1984 and re-elected in 1990. William Philip Gramm (born July 8 1942, in Fort Benning, Georgia, USA is an American politician who served as a Democratic (He would stay in the Senate until 2002. ) The term-limits legislation never passed, and Hutchison has said that she would not leave the senate in the absence of such legislation because doing so would unilaterally hurt Texas at the expense of other states in the seniority-driven Senate.
After the initial voting, most of the Barton and Fields voters switched to Hutchison, who won the runoff, 1,188,716 (67. 3 percent) to 576,538 (32. 7 percent). Lower turnout in the runoff resulted in a decrease in Krueger's vote total, by 17,000. Hutchison became the first woman to represent Texas in the U. S. Senate.
Following Hutchison's election in 1993, Texas has had two sitting Republican U. S. senators.
Shortly after the special election victory, Travis County authorities, led by Democratic district attorney Ronnie Earle, raided Hutchison's offices at the State Treasury looking for proof of allegations that Hutchison used state equipment and employees on state time to help with her campaign. Travis County is located in the US state of Texas. It is part of the Austin-Round Rock metropolitan area. Ronald Dale "Ronnie" Earle (born February 23, 1942) is the District Attorney for Travis County Texas She was indicted by a grand jury in September 1993 for official misconduct and records tampering. In the Common law, a grand jury is a type of Jury which determines whether there is enough evidence for a trial.
The case against Hutchison was heard before State District Judge John Onion in February, 1994. During pre-trial proceedings, the judge announced that he would make no rulings on the admissibility of evidence prior to the trial. The evidence was to include data from tapes maintained by Treasury employees. Hutchison had allegedly given instructions that the data be deleted from the department's computers (during the course of the trial, these data — enclosed in a pizza box — were turned over to the Travis County DA's office).
This was a ruling DA Earle considered critical. Earle felt that it was a technique designed to torpedo his case, because Onion could rule mid-trial that certain important evidence was inadmissible under the Texas Rules of Evidence .
Following Onion's ruling, Earle declined to proceed with his case. Though he had intended to continue the case later, Onion declined to give Earle that opportunity. The judge instead swore in a jury and immediately ordered the panel to acquit Hutchison when no evidence had been presented to them by Earle. The acquittal barred any future prosecution of Hutchison.  Later that year, Earle granted reporters access to the files he had amassed to make his case against Hutchison. 
In 1994, the election for her first full term, Hutchison received 2,604,281 votes (60. 8 percent) to 1,639,615 votes (38. 3 percent) cast for Democrat Richard W. Fisher, the son-in-law of the late Republican Congressman James M. Collins, who had also run in the special election the year before. Richard W Fisher, born 1949 is currently the President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, having assumed that post in April 2005 James Mitchell Collins ( April 29, 1916 - July 21, 1989) was a Republican who represented the Third Congressional District of
In 2000 she defeated Democrat Gene Kelly, with 4,082,091 (65 percent) to 2,030,315 (32. 2 percent). She carried 237 of the 254 counties, including one of the most Democratic counties, Webb County (Laredo). Webb County is a County located in the US state of Texas. In 2000 its population was 193117 Laredo ( "luh-RAID-o" in English in Spanish is the County seat of Webb County, Texas, United States This was the only time since the early 1900s that Webb County had supported a Republican candidate for any office on a partisan ballot. More than four million Texans voted for Hutchison that year — still the record highest number of actual votes ever cast in Texas for a non-presidential candidate (George W. Bush received 4,526,917 votes in Texas in the 2004 election).
Speculation began in 2004 that Hutchison would run for Governor of Texas in 2006, challenging current Governor Rick Perry in the Republican primary. The United States Senate election for Texas 2006 was held on November 7, 2006. Governors of Texas James Richard "Rick" Perry (born March 4, 1950) is a Republican Politician and the current Governor of Texas A primary election ( nominating primary) also referred to simply as a primary, is an election in which voters in a Jurisdiction select candidates However, on June 17, 2005, Hutchison announced that she would seek reelection to the Senate instead, reneging on an earlier promise to a two-term limit. Events 1462 - Vlad III the Impaler attempts to assassinate Mehmed II ( The Night Attack) forcing him to retreat Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Many political analysts speculated that she did not believe she could defeat Perry in the GOP primary because of his popularity among Christian conservatives, while her Senate seat was unlikely to face a serious threat.
Hutchison's Democratic opponent in the November 2006 general election was former Houston attorney and mediator Barbara Ann Radnofsky (born July 8, 1956), who had not previously run for public office. A general election is an Election in which all or most members of a given political body are up for election Barbara Ann Radnofsky (born July 8, 1956) was the Democratic nominee for the Texas U Events 939 - The Major Occultation or Ghaybat el-Kubra of Muhammad al-Mahdi 1099 - First Crusade: 15000 Year 1956 ( MCMLVI) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Radnofsky received 44 percent of the vote in the primary and won a runoff election against Gene Kelly with 60 percent of the vote. Kelly had been the unsuccessful Democratic nominee against Hutchison in 2000. Libertarian Scott Lanier Jameson (born July 1, 1966), a real estate consultant from Plano, also ran for the seat. The Libertarian Party is a United States political party founded on December 11 1971 "July 1st" redirects here For the Ayumi Hamasaki song see H (song. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. Plano (ˈpleɪnoʊ is a city in Collin and Denton Counties in the U
Radnofsky faced an uphill battle in a state that has not elected a Democrat statewide since 1994, as George W. Bush's landslide reelection as governor in 1998 had helped carry Republicans into all the other statewide offices. George Walker Bush ( born July 6 1946 is the forty-third and current President of the United States. In the August 2006 Rasmussen poll, Hutchison led her opponent by 30 percentage points — 61 to 31. . The Survey USA Poll, which is not a head-to-head matchup, but only lists approval ratings of incumbents, found Hutchison with a 61 percent approval rating.  The Zogby poll, in contrast, showed a closer result, but still showed Hutchison with a 17. 3 percent lead — the highest of any incumbent Republican Zogby tracks. . The authors stated ". . . Republican Sen. Kay Bailey Hutchison, who got 65 percent of the vote in 2000, is a safe bet to win a third term. "
On election night 2006, Hutchison won re-election to another term, winning 2,661,789 votes (61. 7%). Radnofsky won 1,555,202 votes (36. 04%).  Radnofsky only won in base Democratic areas, carrying only border counties with strong Hispanic majorities (such as El Paso and Hidalgo) and Travis County (Austin). Hutchison won everything else, taking more votes in 236 of the state's 254 counties.
On March 3, 2005, Ms. Hutchison had voted to make it harder for debtors to erase their debt in bankruptcy filings
On Feb 2, 2005, Hutchison sought to curtail the ability of plaintiffs to file class-action lawsuits against corporations 
Hutchison serves on the following Senate committees: Appropriations; Commerce, Science and Transportation; Rules and Administration; Veterans' Affairs. The US Senate Committee on Appropriations is a Standing committee of the United States Senate. The Senate Committee on Commerce Science and Transportation is a Standing committee of the United States Senate in charge of all senate matters related to the following The Senate Committee on Rules and Administration (also called the Senate Rules Committee) is responsible for the rules of the United States Senate, with administration The United States Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs is responsible for dealing with oversight of United States Veterans issues During her time in the Senate, Hutchison has been a strong supporter of NASA. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA, ˈnæsə is an agency of the United States government, responsible for the nation's public space program
In June of 2000, Hutchison and her Senate colleagues coauthored Nine and Counting: The Women of the Senate. In 2004, her book, American Heroines: The Spirited Women Who Shaped Our Country, was published.
From 2001 to 2007, Hutchison served as Chairwoman of the Senate Republican Conference (caucus), making her the fifth-ranking Republican in the Senate behind Majority Leader Bill Frist, Majority Whip Mitch McConnell and conference chairman Rick Santorum, and Policy Chairman Jon Kyl. William Harrison "Bill" Frist Addison Mitchell "Mitch" McConnell Jr (born February 20 1942 is the senior United States Senator from Kentucky. Richard John Santorum (born May 10, 1958) is a former United States Senator from the Commonwealth of This page is about the current Arizona Senator for his father a U In 2007, Hutchison succeeded Jon Kyl as the Policy Chair for Senate Republicans, the fourth ranking leadership position in the Republican caucus behind Minority Leader McConnell, Minority Whip Trent Lott, and conference chairman Kyl. This page is about the current Arizona Senator for his father a U Since 1947 the Republican members of the United States Senate have elected a policy committee chairman who is the fourth-ranking Republican behind the Republican Chester Trent Lott Sr (born October 9, 1941) is a former United States Senator from Mississippi and a member of the Republican Party
The National Journal ranked Hutchison as follows in its 2004 rankings, which are based on various key votes relating to economic policy, social policy, and foreign policy: "Economic: 26% Liberal, 73% Conservative; Social: 38% Liberal, 60% Conservative; Foreign: 0% Liberal, 67% Conservative. National Journal is a weekly magazine that reports on the current political environment and emerging political and policy trends Although a loyal Conservative Republican she has been known to cross over to the other side on a few issues. She is more likely to do this than either Phil Gramm or his successor John Cornyn. William Philip Gramm (born July 8 1942, in Fort Benning, Georgia, USA is an American politician who served as a Democratic John Cornyn III (born February 2 1952) is the junior United States Senator from Texas. " A poll that was released on June 19, 2007, shows that Hutchinson has an approval rating of 58%, with 34% disapproving. 
Hutchison is currently considered to be moderate on abortion issues, at least compared to most elected Republicans from Texas. Although she has served on the Advisory Board of The Wish List (Women in the Senate and House) Political Action Committee, which contributes to pro-choice female Republican candidates for Congress, she is no longer on the board  and the PAC did not endorse her in 2006. . In the past years NARAL has given her ratings of 0%, 7%, 20%, and 0%, indicating that her voting record mostly favored enacting proposed abortion restrictions. NARAL Pro-Choice America (pronounced "NAY-ral" is a Pro-choice organization in the United States that engages in political action to oppose restrictions 
While in the Texas House of Representatives (1973 to 1977), Hutchison worked to protect rape victims from having their names published with Sarah Weddington, the attorney who won the Roe v. Wade case. Sarah Ragle Weddington (born February 5, 1945 in Abilene Texas) is a American Attorney and lecturer Roe v Wade, 410 US 113 (1973 is a controversial United States Supreme Court case that resulted in a Landmark decision regarding She supports some abortion rights, but does not believe in taxpayer-funded abortions. Hutchison has also endorsed parental notification laws  and in 2006 sponsored legislation to prevent minors from being transported across state lines to circumvent such laws.
Hutchison proposed the "District of Columbia Personal Protection Act," which drew 31 cosponsors in the United States Senate, while drawing 157 cosponsors from the House. The United States Senate is the Upper house of the bicameral United States Congress, the Lower house being the House of Representatives This bill would have dismantled the handgun bans the city has had for thirty years. DC's law states that one may possess a rifle or shotgun as long as they are disassembled and inoperative, but not pistols. A rifle is a Firearm designed to be fired from the shoulder with a barrel that has a helical groove or pattern of grooves ("rifling" cut into the barrel walls A shotgun (also known as a scattergun) is a Firearm that is usually designed to be fired from the shoulder which uses the energy of a fixed shell to fire a number Hutchison formerly had resided in D. C. , but has since moved her family to Virginia, in addition to her de jure residence in Texas. The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state
In 2006, Hutchison received more campaign contributions from large oil and gas corporations than any other member of Congress.  In 2005, Hutchison voted against prohibiting oil leasing in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, and has supported legislation promoting drilling in the refuge in 2002 and 2003. The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge ( ANWR) is a National Wildlife Refuge in northeastern Alaska. In 2005 she also voted against including oil and gas smokestacks in the Environmental Protection Agency's mercury regulations. Mercury (ˈmɜrkjʊri also called quicksilver or hydrargyrum, is a Chemical element with the symbol Hg ( Latinized hydrargyrum  In 1999, she voted to remove funding for renewable and solar energy, although she has more recently stated she supports the development of alternative energy sources.  According to the League of Conservation Voters environmental scorecard, Hutchison received a rating of zero — the lowest possible score — in the 104th Congress. 
Senator Hutchison has been criticized for her recent positions regarding plans for a U. S. -Mexico border fence. She supports local consultation between communities along the border and the Department of Homeland Security to determine what type of fencing and security measures make sense in particular areas based on what those officials see on the ground. She has stated that bureaucrats in Washington are hardly positioned to determine the most effective measures, which areas of the border are experiencing the most significant problems, and how construction of the fence will impact local communities. Some, including the conservative advocacy group grassfire. org, criticize this position arguing that a consultation process will slow down construction of the fence and provide an opening for so called "open border" advocates to kill the fence project all together.
Hutchison is the most senior female Republican senator, being elected in 1993. Next in line is Senator Olympia Snowe (R-ME), who was elected in 1994. Olympia Jean Bouchles Snowe McKernan (born February 21, 1947) is the senior United States Senator from Maine.
In February 2006, TheWhiteHouseProject. org  named Hutchison as one of its "8 in '08", a group of eight female politicians who could possibly be elected President in 2008.
Hutchison's name has been circulated as a possible Vice-Presidential candidate for Republican John McCain. Her strong record as a conservative, female politician from the American Southwest could induce the GOP to add her name to the ticket in an effort to balance any perceived gender gap between the parties, particularly if Hillary Clinton were to get the Democratic nomination for the Vice-Presidency in 2008. The Southwestern area of the United States could be defined as the states west of the Mississippi River, with the qualification of a certain northern limit such as the 37 Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26 1947 is the junior United States Senator from In February 2008, on ABC's This Week, Hutchinson said “I think that Sen. The American Broadcasting Company ( ABC) is an American Television network. This Week is one of the five network US Sunday morning political talk shows. McCain has a lot of options, I think he has to look at a lot of different factors. I don’t want to be vice president. "
Hutchison is also considered a possible candidate for the governorship of Texas in 2010.
In an interview with Texas Monthly, Hutchison said she would not seek re-election after this term and may leave as early as 2009, to allow a new senator to build seniority before the 2012 election. If she is elected governor in 2010, a temporary appointment will be made by the governor, perhaps by Hutchison herself. 
|Year||Democrat||Votes||Pct||Republican||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct||3rd Party||Party||Votes||Pct|
|1988||Lloyd Bentsen*||3,149,806||59%||Beau Boulter||2,129,228||40%||Jeff Daiell||Libertarian||43,989||1%|
|1993||Bob Krueger||576,538||33%||Kay Bailey Hutchison||1,188,716||67%|
|1994||Richard W. Fisher||1,639,615||38%||Kay Bailey Hutchison||2,604,218||61%||Pierre Blondeau||Libertarian||36,107||1%|
|2000||Gene Kelly||2,025,024||32%||Kay Bailey Hutchison||4,078,954||65%||Douglas Sandage||Green||91,329||1%||Mary J. Texas was admitted to the Union on December 29 1845. Its Senate seats were vacant during the Civil War. The United States Senate election of November 8 1988 was an election for the United States Senate in which in spite of the Republican victory by George Lloyd Millard Bentsen Jr ( February 11 1921 – May 23 2006) was a four-term United States senator (1971 until 1993 from Texas Eldon Beau Boulter (born February 23, 1942) is a Washington D The Libertarian Party is a United States political party founded on December 11 1971 Robert Charles Krueger (born September 19, 1935) American politician is a former U The US Senate election 1994 was an election held on November 8 in which the Republican Party was able to take control of the Senate from the Democrats Richard W Fisher, born 1949 is currently the President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, having assumed that post in April 2005 The Libertarian Party is a United States political party founded on December 11 1971 The US Senate election 2000 was an election for one-third of the seats in the United States Senate which coincided with the election of George W One of the Political parties in the United States, and similar in mission to many of the worldwide Green Parties, the Greens have been active as a third party Ruwart||Libertarian||72,657||1%|
|2006||Barbara Ann Radnofsky||1,555,202||36%||Kay Bailey Hutchison||2,661,789||62%||Scott Jameson||Libertarian||97,672||2%|
|Texas State Treasurer|
1991 – 1993
|United States Senate|
|United States Senator (Class 1) from Texas|
1993 – present
Served alongside: Phil Gramm, John Cornyn
|Party political offices|
|Vice-Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference|
2001 – 2007
|Chairman of the Senate Republican Policy Committee|
2007 – present