Joseph Wolpe (1915 – 1997) was born in Johannesburg, South Africa in 1915, but became an American citizen later in his life. Year 1997 ( MCMXCVII) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar Johannesburg ( Pronounced /jō-hān'ĭs-bûrg'/ is the largest city in South Africa. He is best known for developing what is now called systematic desensitization. Systematic desensitization is a type of behavioral therapy used in the field of Psychology to help effectively overcome Phobias and other Anxiety disorders This treatment developed as a result of his translational research with fearful animals. Systematic desensitization involves the imaginary exposure to a feared stimulus while simultaneously applying relaxation. Along with Arnold Lazarus he is considered one of the fathers of behavior therapy. Wolpe was professor of psychiatry at Temple University Medical School from 1965 to 1988. Psychiatry is a medical specialty which exists to study, prevent, and treat Mental disorders in Humans Psychiatric Temple University is a state-related public research University in Philadelphia. Year 1988 ( MCMLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar) He then moved to Los Angeles and taught at both UCLA and Pepperdine University. One of his best known books is The Practice of Behavior Therapy (4th Ed in 1991).
He developed the SUDS (Subjective Units of Disturbance Scale) for assessing the level of subjective discomfort or psychological pain. This article relates to psychology - for alternative usages of the acronym please see SUDS (disambiguation A SUDS or a Subjective Units