Joseph Kosma (born Kozma József October 22, 1905 in Budapest, died August 7, 1969 outside Paris) was a Hungarian composer, of Jewish background. Events 202 BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus Year 1905 ( MCMV) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting Budapest ( also /ˈbʊ-/) is the capital city of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary it serves as the country's principal Political, Events 322 BC - Battle of Crannon between Athens and Macedon following the death of Alexander the Great. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Hungary (Magyarország 'mɔɟɔrorsaːg) officially in English the Republic of Hungary ( Magyar Köztársaság, literally Magyar (Hungarian Republic A composer (literally meaning 'one who puts together' is a person who creates Music, usually in the medium of notation, for Interpretation and Performance His parents taught stenography and typing. He had a brother, Akos. A maternal relative was the photographer László Moholy-Nagy. László Moholy-Nagy (ˈlaːsloː ˈmohoiˌnɒɟ July 20, 1895 &ndash November 24
Kosma started to play the piano at age 5, and later took piano lessons. After completing his education at the Gymnasium Franz-Josef, he attended the Academy of Music in Budapest, where he studied with Leó Weiner. He also studied with Béla Bartók in Academy Liszt. Béla Viktor János Bartók (March 25 1881&ndashSeptember 26 1945 was a Hungarian Composer and Pianist, considered to be one of the greatest He earned diplomas in composition and conducting. He won a grant to study in Berlin in 1928. There, he met Lilli Apel, another musician, whom he later married. Kosma also met and studied with Hanns Eisler in Berlin. Hanns Eisler ( July 6, 1898 &ndash September 6, 1962) was a German and Austrian Composer. He also became acquainted with Bertolt Brecht and Helene Weigel. (born; 10 February 1898&ndash14 August 1956 was a German Poet, Playwright, and Theatre director.
Kosma and his wife emigrated to Paris in 1933. Eventually, he met Jacques Prévert, who introduced him to Jean Renoir. Jacques Prévert (ʒak pʀeˈvɛʀ in French February 4, 1900 - April 11, 1977) was a French Poet and Screenwriter Jean Renoir (French ʁəˈnwaʁ ( September 15, 1894 – February 12, 1979) born in the Montmartre district of Paris During World War II and the Occupation of France, Kosma was placed under house arrest in the Alpes-Maritimes region, and was banned from composition. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including However, Prevert managed to arrange for Kosma to contribute music for films, with other composers fronting for him. Among his credits are the scores to these classic French films: The Testament of Doctor Cordelier (telefilm, 1959), La Grande Illusion, Les Enfants du Paradis (1945), and The Rules of the Game (1939). Grand Illusion (French La Grande Illusion) is a 1937 war Film directed by Jean Renoir (1894–1979 the son of artist Pierre-Auguste Les Enfants du Paradis (released as Children of Paradise in North America, but more correctly translated as Children of the Gods The Rules of the Game (original French title La Règle du jeu) is a 1939 Film directed by Jean Renoir about He was also known for writing the standard classical-Jazz piece "Les feuilles mortes" "Autumn Leaves" (with French lyrics by Jacques Prevert, and later English lyrics by Johnny Mercer), which was derived from music in Carne's film Les Portes de la Nuit (1946). Traditional pop or Classic pop or Standards music denotes in general Western (and particularly American popular music that either wholly predates the advent of " Autumn Leaves " is a much-recorded Popular song. Originally a 1945 French song " Les feuilles mortes " (literally "Dead Leaves" Jacques Prévert (ʒak pʀeˈvɛʀ in French February 4, 1900 - April 11, 1977) was a French Poet and Screenwriter John Herndon "Johnny" Mercer ( November 18, 1909 – June 25, 1976) was an American Songwriter and Singer
Kosma's mother and brother were killed by the Arrow Cross Nazi auxiliaries in 1944. The Arrow Cross Party ( Hungarian: Nyilaskeresztes Párt – Hungarista Mozgalom, literally "Arrow Cross Party-Hungarist Movement" was a Far-right Kosma himself was wounded in an explosion in August 1944 in France. Year 1944 ( MCMXLIV) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Kosma's father survived the war, and died in 1957. Joseph Kosma died in 1969 and was buried in the Cimetière de Montmartre in the Montmartre Quarter of Paris. Montmartre Cemetery ( Fr: Cimetière de Montmartre is a famous cemetery located at 37 Avenue Samson in the 18th ''arrondissement'' of Paris Montmartre is a hill (the butte Montmartre) which is 130 metres high giving its name to the surrounding district in the north of Paris in the 18th