Joris Ivens (November 18, 1898, Nijmegen–June 28, 1989, Paris) was a Dutch documentary filmmaker and devout communist. Events 326 - The old St Peter's Basilica is consecrated 1302 - Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Year 1898 ( MDCCCXCVIII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Nijmegen (ˈnɛɪmeɣən) (obsolete spellings Nijmwegen Nymegen Nieumeghen &mdash Nimwegen in local dialect and in German, Nimègue in French Events 1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul. Year 1989 ( MCMLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar) Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt in one fashion or another to " Document " reality Communism is a Socioeconomic structure that promotes the establishment of an egalitarian, classless, stateless Society based He is generally respected as one of the foremost documentarists of the twentieth century but is criticised for his support for communist dictators like Joseph Stalin. Joseph Stalin ( ნამდვილი გვარი ჯუღაშვილი|Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili; March 5 1953 was General Secretary of the Communist Party According to author Stephen Koch in his book "The Breaking Point," Ivens was an active member of Comintern; among his tasks was to discredit the author, John Dos Passos, in the eyes of the international left, by having him labelled a "Trotskyist. "
Probably the best known of his early films is his 10-minute short Rain (Regen). Born into a wealthy family, Ivens went to work in his father's photo supply shop and from there developed an interest in film. He completed his first film at 13; in college he studied economics with the goal of continuing his father's business, but an interest in class issues distracted him from that path. Originally his work focused on technique--some argue that it had that focus at the cost of relevance, especially in Rain, filmed over 2 years and featuring impressive cinematography and a number of "characters" (but no information about them aside from what was visible) and in The Bridge (which showed a frank admiration of engineering and also featured a number of "characters" but again did not give any information about them).
In 1931 Ivens went to the Soviet-Union to make Song of Heroes, a propaganda film about the construction of the new industrial city of Magnitogorsk. Magnitogorsk (Магнитогóрск roughly translated as magnet-mountain city) is a mining and industrial city located by the Ural River in This city was mainly built by forced labourers, who however were portrayed by Ivens as communist volunteers. Ivens later referred to these forced labourers as 'weed'.
In 1933 he made Misère au Borinage (Borinage) with Henri Storck, a moving and militant documentary about life in a coal mining region. Henri Storck (1907 Ostend &ndash September 17, 1999) was a Belgian author film-maker and documentarist In 1943, he also directed two Allied propaganda films for the National Film Board of Canada. The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is Canada's public film producer and distributor 
From 1936 to 1945 Ivens lived in the United States and made anti-fascist and other propaganda films (including the propaganda piece for the Spanish loyalists The Spanish Earth, narrated by Ernest Hemingway). Fascism is a totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology A propaganda film is a Film, either a documentary -style production or a fictional screenplay that is produced to convince the viewer of a certain political point Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21 1899 — July 2 1961 was an American novelist short-story writer, and Journalist. Due to the US government crackdown on known or suspected Communists, Ivens left the United States. In 1946, commissioned to make a Dutch film about Indonesian "independence," Ivens resigned out of protest of what he considered ongoing imperialism. Imperialism has two meanings one describing an action and the other describing an attitude For about a decade Ivens lived in Eastern-Europe, working for several studio's there. His position concerning Indonesia and his taking sides for the Eastern Block in the Cold War annoyed the Dutch government. Over a period of many years, he was obliged to renew his passport every three or four months. According to later mythology however, he lost his passport for ten years, which is not true. From 1965 to 1970 he filmed life in North Vietnam during the war: 17e parallèle: La guerre du peuple (17th Parallel: Vietnam in War) and participated in the collective work Loin du Vietnam (Far from Vietnam).
From 1971 to 1977 he filmed How Yukong Moved the Mountain, a 763 minute documentary about the Cultural Revolution in China. Ivens was knighted by the Dutch government in 1989; he died on June 28 that same year. Events 1098 - Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul. Shortly before his death he made the last of more than 40 films Une histoire de vent (A tale of the wind).
Joris Ivens was awarded Lenin Peace Prize for the year 1967. The International Stalin Prize or the International Stalin Prize for Strengthening Peace Among Peoples (renamed Международная Ленинская премия «За