Jordan Park, known also as Jordan's Garden, set up in 1889 as the first public playground in Kraków, Poland, and perhaps as the first in Europe, was equipped with exercise fixtures modeled after playgrounds in the USA. Henryk Jordan ( July 23, 1842, Przemyśl – May 16, 1907, Kraków) was a Polish philanthropist Physician Kraków, in English also spelled Krakow or Cracow (ˈkrækaʊ M-W: krăk'ou krāk'ō is one of the largest and oldest cities in Poland Kraków, in English also spelled Krakow or Cracow (ˈkrækaʊ M-W: krăk'ou krāk'ō is one of the largest and oldest cities in Poland Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland The United States of America —commonly referred to as the It is located on the grounds of Kraków’s Błonia (city-owned grasslands used previously for pasturing cattle).
The original Jordan Park included a swimming pool, 12 playing and soccer fields, as well as numerous running and exercise tracks. Facilities were added for indoor activities in 1906, in case of bad weather. The park was also equipped with locker rooms and showers. On top of that, a free meal service was established for the children.
Jordan Park was Dr. Henryk Jordan's biggest achievement, brought to completion with the help from the director of Kraków City Parks, Bolesław Malecki. Henryk Jordan ( July 23, 1842, Przemyśl – May 16, 1907, Kraków) was a Polish philanthropist Physician
The concept of Jordan’s Gardens became very popular throughout interwar Poland. See also Second Polish Republic The History of interwar Poland starts with the recreation of independent Poland in 1918 and ends with the occupation of Similar gardens were opened in Warsaw, Płock, Kalisz and Lublin. Warsaw (Warszawa; also known by other names) is the Capital and Largest city of Poland. Płock is a city in central Poland, on the Vistula river with 131011 inhabitants Kalisz is a City in central Poland with 109800 inhabitants (1995 Lublin is the largest city in eastern Poland and the capital of Lublin Voivodeship with a population of 355954 In 1928 the Society of Jordan’s Gardens was established to oversee the building of all recreational facilities in the country.
The most innovative aspect of Jordan's idea of public parks was perhaps the change in public's perception: stressing the importance of physical education and making people realize that physical exercise is equally important to intellectual development of children, while shaping their personality.
Since the beginning, Jordan Park ran programs based solely on games and exercises. Classes were originally run by students of Kraków's universities, whose work was supervised personally by Jordan. Henryk Jordan ( July 23, 1842, Przemyśl – May 16, 1907, Kraków) was a Polish philanthropist Physician There were 14 fields of different shapes and sizes in the park, and many gymnastics devices. The main focus was on games, so that the participants wouldn't feel pressured but rather spent time exercising in a pleasant way. They practiced the javelin throw, archery, and organized walking on stilts, but also played team sports based on field competition. The javelin throw is a Track and field athletics throwing event where the object to be thrown is the javelin, a Spear -like object made of metal fiberglass Archery is the practice of using a bow or Crossbow to shoot Arrows Archery has historically been used in Hunting and Combat and has Stiltwalker parade 2004jpg|thumb|A stiltwalker participates in a parade dressed as a Court jester]] Stilts are poles posts or pillars used to allow a person or structure to Soccer, cricket and tennis were introduced, as well as common games such as "Chinese wall", "cat and mouse" and many others. Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a Team sport played between two teams of eleven players and is widely considered Cricket is a bat-and-ball team Sport that originated in England and is now played in more than 100 countries Tennis is a sport played between two players ( singles) or between two teams of two players each ( doubles) Activities were to be learned and practised outside the park as well, even if there weren't any sport facilities nearby.
In the middle of the park was a circular labyrinth of trimmed hornbeams (bot. Plants in the genus Carpinus ( Cár-pi-nus) are commonly called Hornbeams. Carpinus betulus) with a flower bed in its center. From 1907, there were 45 busts of famous Poles displayed in the park, ordered by Jordan and made by sculptors Alfred Daun and Michal Korpal.
On 21 June 1914 a monument of the founder Henryk Jordan, designed by Jan Szczepkowski, was unveiled in the center of the labyrinth on the park's 25th anniversary. Events 524 - Godomar, King of the Burgundians defeats the Franks at the Battle of Vézeronce. Year 1914 ( MCMXIV) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year During World War II the park was devastated but the 22 busts and the monument of Jordan were saved by F. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including Łuczywo. After the war the area of the park was enlarged to 21 hectares (52 acres), and the Society of Jordan’s Gardens reestablished. New playing fields and sport venues were added, including a toboggan slide, amphitheatre, and bicycle tracks. A toboggan is a simple Sled used on snow to carry one or more people (often children down a hill or other slope for recreation An amphitheatre (alternatively amphitheater) is an open-air venue for spectator sports concerts rallies or theatrical performances The center point of the park is a man-made pond, a place for group activities such as boat rowing and water bicycles. With regard to Watercraft, rowing is the act of propelling a boat using the motion of Oars in the water