John the Blind (Luxembourgish: Jang de Blannen; German: Johann der Blinde von Luxemburg; Czech: Jan Lucemburský; 10 August 1296 – 26 August 1346) was the Count of Luxembourg from 1309, King of Bohemia, and titular King of Poland from 1310. Luxembourgish (lb Lëtzebuergesch Luxembourgeois Luxemburgisch Luxemburgs Lussimbordjwès also called Luxembourgian, also spelled Luxemburgish, is one of The German language (de ''Deutsch'') is a West Germanic language and one of the world's major languages. Czech (ˈʧɛk čeština ˈʧɛʃcɪna in Czech is a West Slavic language with about 12 million native speakers it is the majority language in the Events 612 BC - Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire Events 1071 - Battle of Manzikert: The Seljuk Turks defeat the Byzantine Army at Manzikert. For other uses of Luxembourg see Luxembourg (disambiguation The territory of Luxembourg was ruled successively by Counts This is a list of rulers of Bohemia. Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, and Lusatia are territories which are or have Poland, or at least its nucleus was ruled at various times either by książęta (Dukes(ca He was the eldest son of the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VII and his wife Margaret of Brabant. The Holy Roman Emperor (Römischer Kaiser or Römisch-Deutscher Kaiser Romanorum Imperator was the elected monarch ruling over the many varying numbers of states Henry VII ( Heinrich; c 1275 (or 1279 &ndash 24 August 1313) was the King of Germany (or Rex Romanorum) from 1308 and Margaret of Brabant ( 4 October 1276 &ndash 14 December 1311, Genoa) was the daughter of John I Duke of Brabant and
John was French by education, but deeply involved in the politics of Germany. In 1310, John married Elisabeth, heiress of Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, and thereby became King of Bohemia and so one of the seven prince-electors of the Holy Roman Empire. Wenceslaus III Premyslid ( Czech and Slovak Václav, German: Wenzel III, Hungarian Vencel, Polish The Prince-Electors (or simply Electors) of the Holy Roman Empire ( German: Kurfürst ( pl The Holy Roman Empire ( HRE; German Heiliges Römisches Reich (HRR, Latin Sacrum Romanum Imperium (SRI was a union of territories in The object of the hostility of the Czech nobility, however, he gave up the administration of Bohemia and embarked on a life of travel, spending time in Luxembourg and the French court. His travels took him to Silesia, Poland, Lithuania, Tyrol, Northern Italy, Papal Avignon, and Languedoc, where he was governor from 30 November 1338 to November 1340. Etymology One theory claims that the name Silesia is derived from the Silingi, who were most likely a Vandalic (East Germanic people Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lietuvos Didžioji Kunigaikštystė old literary Lithuanian Didi Kunigiste Letuvos, Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje Tyrol is a region in Western Central Europe, which included the present day Austrian state of Tyrol (consisting of North Tyrol and East Related categories Central Italy Southern Italy Insular Italy Northeast Italy History See also History of the Papacy Catholics recognize the Pope as a successor to Saint Peter, who Jesus named as the "shepherd" and Avignon (/aviɲɔ̃/ in French) ( Provençal: Avinhon in classical norm or Avignoun in Mistralian norm is a commune Languedoc ( in French Lengadòc in Occitan) is a former Province of France, now continued in the modern-day ''régions'' of Languedoc-Roussillon Events 1700 - Battle of Narva — A Swedish army of 8500 men under Charles XII defeats He lost his eyesight from ophthalmia, while crusading in Lithuania with the Teutonic order. Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania (Lietuvos Respublika is a Country in Eastern often referred to as Northern Europe or in the The Teutonic Order is a German Roman Catholic religious order.
He retained his crown even after Elisabeth's death in 1330. His second wife was Beatrice, daughter of Louis I, Duke of Bourbon. Louis I of Bourbon, le Boiteux, the Lame ( Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, 1279 &ndash January 29 1342) was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
He was killed whilst fighting alongside the French against the English at the Battle of Crécy, part of the Hundred Years' War. England is a Country which is part of the United Kingdom. Its inhabitants account for more than 83% of the total UK population whilst its mainland The Hundred Years' War (Guerre de Cent Ans was a prolonged conflict lasting from 1337 to 1453 between two royal houses for the French throne vacant with the extinction of the senior The chronicler Froissart left the following account of John's last actions:
. . . for all that he was nigh blind, when he understood the order of the battle, he said to them about him: 'Where is the lord Charles my son?' His men said: 'Sir, we cannot tell; we think he be fighting. ' Then he said: 'Sirs, ye are my men, my companions and friends in this journey: I require you bring me so far forward, that I may strike one stroke with my sword. ' They said they would do his commandment, and to the intent that they should not lose him in the press, they tied all their reins of their bridles each to other and set the king before to accomplish his desire, and so they went on their enemies. The lord Charles of Bohemia his son, who wrote himself king of Almaine and bare the arms, he came in good order to the battle; but when he saw that the matter went awry on their party, he departed, I cannot tell you which way. The king his father was so far forward that he strake a stroke with his sword, yea and more than four, and fought valiantly and so did his company; and they adventured themselves so forward, that they were there all slain, and the next day they were found in the place about the king, and all their horses tied each to other.
After the battle, legend states that John's personal crest (a pair of black wings) and motto Ich dien ("I Serve") were adopted in slightly modified form by Edward, the Black Prince, and since then they have been part of the badge of the Prince of Wales. The word crest is often mistakenly applied to a Coat of arms. Edward of Woodstock, Prince of Wales, KG (15 June 1330 – 8 June 1376 popularly known as The Black Prince, was the eldest son of King Edward The Prince of Wales's feathers is the Heraldic badge of the Prince of Wales. Prince of Wales (Tywysog Cymru is a title traditionally granted to the Heir Apparent to the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom (and formerly the Kingdom
John was succeeded as King of Bohemia by his eldest son Charles (later Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor). Charles IV ( Czech: Karel IV, German: Karl IV, Hungarian: IV Károly; 14 May 1316 &ndash In Luxembourg, he was succeeded by his son by his second wife, Wenceslaus.
According to the Cronica ecclesiae pragensis benesii krabice de weitmile, before he died at the Battle of Crécy, he cried: "God willing, it will never happen that a Bohemian king runs off a fight!"
He was married two times:
First, to Elizabeth I of Bohemia. In this marriage he had the following children:
Second (December 1334), to Beatrix of Bourbon, daughter of Louis I, Duke of Bourbon. Louis I of Bourbon, le Boiteux, the Lame ( Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, 1279 &ndash January 29 1342) was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis This marriage produced two children:
|Henry V of Luxembourg||Margaret of Bar||Baldwin of Avesnes||Félicité of Coucy||Henry III, Duke of Brabant||Alice of Burgundy||Louis II of Flanders||Margaret of Brabant|
|Henry VI of Luxembourg||Beatrice of Avesnes||John I, Duke of Brabant||Margaret of Flanders|
|Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor||Margaret of Brabant|
|John I of Bohemia|
John of BohemiaBorn: 10 August 1296 Died: 26 August 1346
Henry of Carinthia
|King of Bohemia|
|Count of Luxemburg|