|Regions with significant populations|
|Vietnam 317,557 (1999), Cambodia, United States|
|Jarai; Vietnamese as a second language|
|Traditional religion, Christianity|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Cham, E De, Malay, Filipino|
The Jarai (also Người Gia Rai, Gia Rai, or Gia-rai) is an ethnic group based primarily in Vietnam's Central Highlands. Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially The Kingdom of Cambodia ( formerly known as Kampuchea (, transliterated: Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) is a country in South East The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Jarai language is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by the Jarai ethnic group of Vietnam and Cambodia. Vietnamese ( tiếng Việt, or less commonly Việt ngữ) formerly known under French colonization as Annamese ( see Annam) The Cham people ( Vietnamese: người Chăm or người Chàm) are an ethnic group in Southeast Asia. The E De (also Ê Đê, Rhade, or Rade) are an ethnic group of the Hill Cham agglomeration of southern Vietnam (population 270348 Malays (Melayu are an Ethnic group of Austronesian peoples predominantly inhabiting the Malay Peninsula, the east coast of Sumatra, the coast Filipinos or the Filipino people are the citizens of the Philippines. Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially Tây Nguyên, translated as Western Highlands and sometimes also called Central Highlands, is one of the regions of Vietnam. The Jarai language is a member of the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian language family. The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 351 million speakers The Jarai language is related to the Cham language of central Vietnam, and the Malayo-Polynesian languages of Indonesia, Malaysia, Madagascar and the Philippines. The Jarai language is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken by the Jarai ethnic group of Vietnam and Cambodia. Cham is the language of the Cham people of Southeast Asia, and formerly the language of the kingdom of Champa in central Vietnam The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 351 million speakers The Republic of Indonesia ( (Republik Indonesia is a Country in Southeast Asia. For the biogeographical region see Malesia Malaysia (məˈleɪʒə or /məˈleɪziə/ is a country that consists of thirteen states and Madagascar, or Republic of Madagascar (older name Malagasy Republic) is an Island nation in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern The Philippines ( Filipino: Pilipinas, officially known as the Republic of the Philippines (fil ''Republika ng Pilipinas'' RP The speakers of Jarai number approximately 332,557. They are the largest of the upland ethnic groups of the Central Highlands known as Degar or Montagnards. The Degar (referred to by French colonists as Montagnard) are the Indigenous peoples of the Central Highlands of Vietnam.
The Jarai live primarily in the Gia Lai and Kon Tum Provinces, with some others in the Dak Lak Province and a few thousand in Ratanakiri, Cambodia. Gia Lai is a province in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. Administrative divisions The province is divided into one city ( Kon Tum Province lies in the Central Highlands region of Vietnam and shares borders with Laos and Cambodia. Ratanakiri is a province in northeastern Cambodia that borders Laos to the north Vietnam to the east Mondulkiri Province to the The Kingdom of Cambodia ( formerly known as Kampuchea (, transliterated: Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) is a country in South East Following the Vietnam War, many Jarai (as well as members of other Montagnard groups) who had been allied with the United States were resettled with their families in the United States, particularly in the state of North Carolina. The Vietnam War, also known as the Second Indochina War, or the Vietnam Conflict, occurred in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The United States of America —commonly referred to as the North Carolina ( is a state located on the Atlantic Seaboard in the southeastern United States
Traditionally, the Jarai live in small villages numbering 50-500 in population. The villages are laid out in a square, with single occupancy dwellings or communal longhouses arranged around a village center. Often the village center boasts a communal house, well, volleyball net or rice mill. Houses have traditionally been constructed entirely from bamboo, though in more recent times wooden houses with steel roofs have gained popularity, due to their durability. The Jarai have a matrilineal culture; that is, the lineage is traced through the mother rather than the father. Matrilineality is a system in which lineage is traced through the mother and maternal ancestors
The majority of Jarai are animists; believing that demons inhabit all of creation. Sacrifices of pigs, cows, and buffalo are periodically made to the spirits to appease them. In the 1970's, however, American missionaries under the Christian and Missionary Alliance brought Christianity to the Jarai. Year 1970 ( MCMLXX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A missionary is a member of a Religion who works to convert those who do not share the missionary's faith someone who proselytizes. The Christian and Missionary Alliance (C&MA is an Evangelical Protestant denomination within Christianity. Christianity ( Greek Χριστιανισμός from the word Xριστός ( Christ)is a monotheistic Religion centered on the life and teachings As a result, the number of Jarai Christians in Vietnam and Cambodia now numbers upwards of 100,000. Vietnam (ˌviːɛtˈnɑːm Việt Nam) officially The Kingdom of Cambodia ( formerly known as Kampuchea (, transliterated: Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) is a country in South East
The 1950s and 1960s saw the Degar movement gain popularity among the Jarai and their Montagnard brethren (Degar is a Rhade word meaning "sons of the mountain"). The Degar (referred to by French colonists as Montagnard) are the Indigenous peoples of the Central Highlands of Vietnam. The E De (also Ê Đê, Rhade, or Rade) are an ethnic group of the Hill Cham agglomeration of southern Vietnam (population 270348 The goal of the Degar was to create an independent state in the Vietnamese highlands, consisting entirely of indigenous people groups. The Degar (referred to by French colonists as Montagnard) are the Indigenous peoples of the Central Highlands of Vietnam. As a result of the movement, the Vietnamese government has become increasingly suspicious of the Jarai. Human rights abuses on the part of the government have become frequent among all Montagnards.
The Jarai perform their music on gongs, xylophones, zithers, and various other traditional instruments. This article is about the Internet Protocol Television channel Dock Rmah, a prominent Jarai musician living in the United States, received a Folk Heritage Award from the North Carolina Arts Council in 1996. Year 1996 ( MCMXCVI) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar)
As Vietnam now allows only six official religions, the Jarai are having more difficult times there. Canada is among the countries recently accepting refugees on the grounds of religious persecution.