Janine Haines, AM (8 May 1945–20 November 2004), Australian politician, was the first female federal parliamentary leader of an Australian political party. Order of Australia is an order of chivalry established by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia on 14 February 1975 "for the purpose of according recognition Events 589 - Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo 1450 - Jack Cade's Rebellion: Kentishmen Year 1945 ( MCMXLV) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar Events 284 - Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor. 762 - Bögü Khan of the Uyghurs, "MMIV" redirects here For the Modest Mouse album see " Baron von Bullshit Rides Again " For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Australia topics. A politician (from Greek " Polis " is an individual who is involved in influencing public decision making through the influence of Politics or a person An Australian Democrat, she was also the first member of that party to enter the federal parliament after the party's formation. The Australian Democrats is an Australian Political party espousing a centrist or Social liberal ideology The Parliament of Australia or Commonwealth Parliament is the legislative branch of government of Australia. She was pivotal in "shaping the Australian Democrats into a powerful political entity that held the balance of power in the Senate". 
She was born in Tanunda, South Australia, to a schoolteacher mother and policeman father, and travelled around South Australia with her parents and younger brother, due to her father's job. Tanunda is a town situated in the Barossa Valley region of South Australia, 70 kilometres north east of the state capital Adelaide. South Australia is a state of Australia in the southern central part of the country They eventually settled in Adelaide and she attended Brighton High School. She married Ian Haines, whom she met at Adelaide University where they were both studying mathematics, in 1967. The University of Adelaide (colloquially Adelaide University or Adelaide Uni) is a Public university located in Adelaide, South Australia They had two daughters, Melanie and Bronwyn. She taught English part-time and commenced an MA thesis on the poet John Shaw Neilson but this was interrupted when she suffered a severe whiplash injury in a car accident. John Shaw Neilson ( February 22, 1872 &ndash 12 May 1942) was an Australian Poet.
She died in 2004, at age 59, from a degenerative neurological condition, and was honoured with a state funeral in Adelaide.
She became the assistant of Robin Millhouse, an important player in the South Australian conservative party the Liberal and Country League. Robin Rhodes Millhouse QC (b 9 December 1929) has been at various times the South Australian Attorney General, the first Australian Democrats The Liberal and Country League (LCL was a major political party in South Australia throughout its forty year existence Millhouse founded the Liberal Movement and the short-lived New LM which merged into the Australian Democrats in 1977. The Liberal Movement ( LM) was a minor South Australian political party in the 1970s The New Liberal Movement (New LM was a South Australian political party that flourished during the mid-1970s
She was appointed to fill a casual vacancy in the Senate by the Labor premier Don Dunstan, on 14 December 1977. The Senate is the upper of the two houses of the Parliament of Australia. See Premiers of the Australian states for a description and history of the office of Premier Donald Allan Dunstan, AC, QC (21 September 1926 – 6 February 1999 was an Australian Politician. Events 1287 - St Lucia's flood: The Zuider Zee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses killing over 50000 people Also 1977 (album by Ash. Year 1977 ( MCMLXXVII) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays  Dunstan was constitutionally obliged to appoint a senator from the same party as the resigning Senator Steele Hall, who had been elected as a representative of the former Liberal Movement. Raymond Steele Hall (born 28 November 1928) was from 1968 to 1970 the 36th Premier of South Australia, senator for South Australia from 1974 The Liberal Movement ( LM) was a minor South Australian political party in the 1970s Hall had in fact joined the Liberal Party. The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. Controversially, Dunstan chose a member of the Australian Democrats, regarding it as the successor party to the Liberal Movement despite the fact that a majority of LM ex-members joined the Liberal Party. The Australian Democrats is an Australian Political party espousing a centrist or Social liberal ideology However, Haines had stood on the same Liberal Movement ticket from which Hall had been elected in 1975. 
Haines did not contest the Australian federal election, 1977, and her Senate term expired on 30 June 1978. Background and Issues The election is remembered for the "fistful of dollars" advertisements run by the government offering tax cuts to voters Events 350 - Roman usurper Nepotianus, of the Constantinian dynasty, is defeated and killed by troops of the Usurper Year 1978 ( MCMLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar) She was elected for a six-year term at the Australian federal election, 1980. Issues The mood in the electorate was moving against the Fraser Government by 1980 On 14 August 1986, she was chosen by Democrats members as Senate leader on the retirement of inaugural leader Don Chipp. Events 1183 - Taira no Munemori and the Taira clan take the young Emperor Antoku and the three sacred treasures Year 1986 ( MCMLXXXVI) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar) Donald Leslie Chipp, AO (21 August 1925 &ndash 28 August 2006 was an Australian politician and the inaugural leader of the Australian Democrats.
She remained Senate leader until resigning to contest the House of Representatives seat of Kingston in the March 1990 election, believing the Democrats needed a "high profile lower house presence". The House of Representatives is one of the two houses (chambers of the Parliament of Australia; it is the Lower house, the Upper house being the Senate The Division of Kingston is an Australian Electoral Division in South Australia covering the far-south metropolitan area of Adelaide.  She was unsuccessful in the face of a negative campaign waged against her by both major parties. She was succeeded as interim Senate leader for several months by deputy Dr Michael Macklin (Qld), pending the customary election of a new leader by party members, at which Janet Powell was successful. Dr Michael Macklin (born 25 February 1943) is an Australian educator and Fundraiser who was an Australian Democrats senator for Janet Frances Powell (born September 29, 1942) in Nhill Victoria, is an Australian politician In 2001, she supported her close friend Meg Lees for leadership of the party against Natasha Stott Despoja. Meg Heather Lees (born 19 October 1948) was a member of the Australian Senate from 1990 to 2005 representing the Natasha Jessica Stott Despoja (born 9 September 1969) is an Australian former politician and former leader of the Australian Democrats. 
After leaving parliament she worked in a number of public positions including being president of the Australia Privacy Charter Council and deputy vice-chancellor of the University of Adelaide. The University of Adelaide (colloquially Adelaide University or Adelaide Uni) is a Public university located in Adelaide, South Australia 
Haines was invested with membership of the Order of Australia (AM) on 11 June 2001. Order of Australia is an order of chivalry established by Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia on 14 February 1975 "for the purpose of according recognition Events 1184 BC - Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned according to the calculations of Eratosthenes. Year 2001 ( MMI) was a Common year starting on Monday according to the Gregorian calendar.
Janine Haines wrote a book Suffrage to Sufferance: One Hundred Years of Women in Politics (Allen and Unwin, North Sydney, 1992, ISBN 1-86373-365-5) which has been a prescribed text in universities and schools. Year 1992 ( MCMXCII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar)
|Leader of the Australian Democrats|
(interim) Michael Macklin