James B. Hartle is an American physicist. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the A physicist is a Scientist who studies or practices Physics. Physicists study a wide range of physical phenomena in many branches of physics spanning He has been a professor of physics at the University of California, Santa Barbara since 1966, and he is currently a member of the external faculty of the Santa Fe Institute. The University of California Santa Barbara ( UCSB) is a selective research-oriented public university located on the Pacific Ocean in Santa Barbara County California The Santa Fe Institute (SFI is a non-profit research institute located in Santa Fe New Mexico, United States, dedicated to the study of Complex systems Hartle is known for his work in general relativity, astrophysics, and interpretation of quantum mechanics. General relativity or the general theory of relativity is the geometric theory of Gravitation published by Albert Einstein in 1916 Astrophysics is the branch of Astronomy that deals with the Physics of the Universe, including the physical properties ( Luminosity, An interpretation of quantum mechanics is a statement which attempts to explain how Quantum mechanics informs our Understanding of Nature.
In collaboration with Murray Gell-Mann and others, Hartle developed an alternative to the standard Copenhagen interpretation, more general and appropriate to quantum cosmology, based on consistent histories. Murray Gell-Mann (born September 15, 1929) is an American Physicist who received the 1969 Nobel Prize in physics for his work The Copenhagen interpretation is an interpretation of Quantum mechanics. In Theoretical physics, Quantum cosmology is a field attempting to study the effect of Quantum mechanics on the creation of the universe or In Quantum mechanics, the consistent histories approach is intended to give a modern Interpretation of quantum mechanics, generalising the conventional Copenhagen
With Dieter Brill in 1964, he discovered the Brill-Hartle geon, an approximate solution realizing Wheeler's suggestion of a hypothetical phenomenon in which a gravitational wave packet is confined to a compact region of spacetime by the gravitational attraction of its own field energy. John Archibald Wheeler ( July 9, 1911 &ndash April 13, 2008) was an eminent American Theoretical physicist.
Working at the Enrico Fermi Institute at the University of Chicago in 1983, he developed the Hartle-Hawking wavefunction of the Universe in collaboration with Stephen Hawking. The Institute for Nuclear Studies was founded September 1945 as part of the University of Chicago with Samuel King Allison as director The University of Chicago is a Private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. Stephen William Hawking CH, CBE, FRS, FRSA (born 8 January 1942 is a British theoretical physicist. This specific solution to the Wheeler-deWitt equation is meant to explain the initial conditions of the Big Bang cosmology. The Big Bang is the cosmological model of the Universe that is best supported by all lines of scientific evidence and Observation.
Hartle is the author of a recent textbook on general relativity.