Jacques Pierre Brissot (January 15, 1754 – October 31, 1793), who assumed the name of de Warville, was a leading member of the Girondist movement during the French Revolution. Events 588 BC - Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah 's reign Year 1754 ( MDCCLIV) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or Events 445 BC – Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem (see Nehemiah 91 NLTse Year 1793 ( MDCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The Girondists (in French Girondins, and sometimes Brissotins or "Baguettes" were a political faction in France within the Legislative The French Revolution (1789–1799 was a period of political and social upheaval in the History of France, during which the French governmental structure previously an Some sources give his name as Jean Pierre Brissot.
Brissotte was born at Chartres, where his father was an inn-keeper. Chartres is a town and commune and capital of the Eure-et-Loir department in north-central France It is located 96 km southwest of Paris He received an education, and entered the office of a lawyer at Paris. A lawyer, according to Black's Law Dictionary, is "a person learned in the law as an attorney, Counsel or Solicitor; a person Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city He married Félicité Dupont, they lived in london, and had three children. His first works, Théorie des lois criminelles (1781) and Bibliothèque philosophique du législateur (1782), dealt with philosophy of law topics, and showed the deep influence of ethical precepts theoretised by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Jurisprudence is the Theory and Philosophy of Law. Scholars of jurisprudence or legal philosophers hope to obtain a deeper understanding of the nature The first work was dedicated to Voltaire, and was received by the latter with much interest. François-Marie Arouet ( 21 November 1694 30 May 1778) better known by the Pen name Voltaire, was a French
Brissot became known as a writer, and was engaged on the Mercure de France, on the Courrier de l'Europe, and on other papers. The " Mercure de France " was a French gazette and Literary magazine first published from 1672 to 1724 (with an interruption in 1674-1677 under the title Devoted to the cause of humanity, he proposed a plan for the collaboration of all European intellectuals, and started in London a paper, Journal du Lycée de Londres, which was to be the organ of their views. An intellectual (from the adjective meaning "involving thought and reason" is a person who tries to use his or her Intelligence and analytical thinking, London ( ˈlʌndən is the capital and largest urban area in the United Kingdom. The plan was unsuccessful, and soon after his return to Paris Brissot was placed in the Bastille on the charge of having published a work against the government. The Bastille was a Fortress - Prison in Paris, known formally as Bastille Saint-Antoine —Number 232 Rue Saint-Antoine—best known today
He obtained his release after four months, and again devoted himself to pamphleteering, but was forced to retire for a time to London. A pamphlet is an unbound Booklet (that is without a hard cover or binding) On this second visit he became acquainted with some of the leading Abolitionists, and founded later in Paris an anti-slavery group Society of the Friends of the Blacks, of which he was president during 1790 and 1791. Abolitionism was a political movement of the 18th and 19th century which sought to make Slavery illegal particularly in the United States and British West Indies This article discusses systems of slavery within Africa the history and effects of the slavery trade upon Africa The Society of the Friends of the Blacks ( French: Société des amis des Noirs or Amis des noirs) was a group of French men mostly white, which As an agent of this society he paid a visit to the United States in 1788, and in 1791, and subsequently published his Nouveau Voyage dans les États-Unis de l'Amérique septentrionale (3 vols. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Year 1788 ( MDCCLXXXVIII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap Year 1791 ( MDCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common ). Brissot believed that American ideals could help improve French government. He was fond of their foreign polices. At one point he was interested in uprooting his whole family to America.
From the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789, Brissot became one of its most vocal supporters. Year 1789 ( MDCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common He edited the Patriote français from 1789 to 1793, and took a prominent part in politics. Upon the demolition of the Bastille, the keys to the fortress were presented to him. The Storming of the Bastille in Paris occurred on 14 July 1789. Famous for his speeches at the Jacobin Club, he was elected a member of the municipality of Paris, then of the Legislative Assembly, and later of the National Convention. The Jacobin Club was the largest and most powerful political club of the French Revolution. During the French Revolution, the Legislative Assembly was the legislature of France from October 1 1791 to September 1792. During the French Revolution, the National Convention or Convention, in France, comprised the Constitutional and legislative assembly
During the Legislative Assembly, Brissot's knowledge of foreign affairs enabled him as member of the diplomatic committee practically directing the foreign policy of France, and the declaration of war against Leopold II and the Habsburg Monarchy on April 20, 1792, and that against the Kingdom of Great Britain on February 1, 1793, were largely due to him. Leopold II (May 5 1747 March 1 1792 born Peter Leopold Joseph Anton Joachim Pius Gotthard, was Holy Roman Emperor from 1790 to 1792 and Grand Duke Habsburg Monarchy (alternatively Habsburg Empire) refers to the territories ruled by the Austrian branch of the House of Habsburg, and then by the successor Events 1303 - The University of Rome La Sapienza is instituted by Pope Boniface VIII. Year 1792 ( MDCCXCII) was a Leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year The Kingdom of Great Britain, also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain, was a State in northwest Europe, in existence from 1707 to 1800 Events 1327 - Teenaged Edward III is crowned King of England, but the country is ruled by his mother Queen Year 1793 ( MDCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common It was also Brissot who gave these wars the character of revolutionary propaganda. The French Revolutionary Wars were a series of major conflicts from 1792 until 1802 fought between the French Revolutionary government and several European states He was in many ways the leading spirit of the Girondists, who were also known as Brissotins.
The Encyclopedia Britannica 11th edition, remarked that: "Of the Girondists, Vergniaud was the better orator, but Brissot was quick, eager, impetuous, and a man of wide knowledge. The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911 is a 29-volume reference work that marked the beginning of the Encyclopædia Britannica The Girondists (in French Girondins, and sometimes Brissotins or "Baguettes" were a political faction in France within the Legislative Pierre Victurnien Vergniaud ( May 31, 1753 – October 31, 1793) was a French Orator and revolutionary. However, he was indecisive, and not qualified to struggle against the fierce energies roused by the events of the Revolution".
His party was defeated by the opposition of The Mountain. The Mountain (in French La Montagne) refers in the context of the history of the French Revolution to a political group whose members called Sentence of arrest was passed against the leading members of it on June 2, 1793; Brissot attempted to escape in disguise, but was arrested at Moulins. Events 455 - The Vandals enter Rome, and plunder the city for two weeks Year 1793 ( MDCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Brissot was very worried that they were going to kill him, so he fled with others. He was found without a passport, along with many other members of the Girondin. The Girondists (in French Girondins, and sometimes Brissotins or "Baguettes" were a political faction in France within the Legislative After a trial during which his demeanour was quiet and dignified, Brissot and several other Girondists were guillotined in Paris. The guillotine ( pronounced /ˈgijətin/ or /ˈgɪlətin/ in English in French was a device used for carrying out executions by Decapitation.
One aspect of Brissot’s career that was under devout scrutiny and question was his life after the Bastille. The Bastille was a Fortress - Prison in Paris, known formally as Bastille Saint-Antoine —Number 232 Rue Saint-Antoine—best known today The leading accusations were lead by Marat, Desmoulins, Robespierre, but mostly by historian, Darnton. Lucie Simplice Camille Benoist Desmoulins ( March 2, 1760 &ndash April 5, 1794) was a French journalist and politician who played Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre (maksimiljɛ̃ fʁɑ̃swa maʁi izidɔʁ də ʁɔbɛspjɛʁ ( 6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) They accused Brissot of being a Police Spy. Saying that he was plotting against the revolution he had once stood behind. Brissot was sent to court to defend himself on many occasions from these accusations. Darnton argues that Brissot on a personal level, was not in support of the Revolution, and had gone to a police station where he asked if he could be of assistance. When he was turned away, Darnton says, he proceeded to give them information. The only problem with his accusations are that the letters in which Darnton got his information were written fifteen years after the supposed incident. Fredrick Luna (writer of Interpreting Brissot) argues that this could not have been the case; Brissot was noted as leaving Paris as soon as he was released from the Bastille. The Bastille was a Fortress - Prison in Paris, known formally as Bastille Saint-Antoine —Number 232 Rue Saint-Antoine—best known today So if he was not in Paris, he would not have talked with the police. Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city Brissot had also written articles against Lenior, who had accused him of asking about being a Police Spy. This leads us to think that Lenior had a personal bias against Brissot, and would therefore make false statements. There were many other ideas presented by Darnton that have showed to be false; he wrote falsely about dates and family members in Brissots life, and accused him of hording money. This is also argued by Luna, saying that Brissot was always in debt. LUNA was a computer product line of OMRON Tateishi Electric from the late 1980s and the beginning of 1990s