Jaén is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. In addition to its autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty Provinces. Spain () or the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España is a country located mostly in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. An autonomous community is a first-level political division of the Kingdom of Spain, established in accordance with the Spanish Constitution. Andalusia (Andalucía is an autonomous community of Spain. It is the most populous and the second largest in terms of land area It is bordered by the provinces of Córdoba, Ciudad Real, Albacete, and Granada. Córdoba (Arabic قرطبة) traditionally named Cordova in English is a province of southern Spain, in the north-central part of the Ciudad Real is a province of central Spain, in the southwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. Albacete is a province of central Spain, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. Granada is a province of southern Spain, in the eastern part of the autonomous community of Andalusia. Its capital is Jaén city. Jaén (جيان: Jayyān is a city in south-central Spain, the name is probably derived from the Arabic word Jayyan (crossroads of caravans
Its area is 13,484 km². To help compare Orders of magnitude of different geographical regions  Areas between 10000 km² and 100000 km² are listed here Its population is 657,387 (2003), of whom just about one-sixth live in the capital, and its population density is 48. 01/km². It contains 97 municipalities.
See List of municipalities in Jaén. This is a list of the municipalities in the province of Jaén, in the Autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain.
Although it is one of the least known provinces of Spain, it has many interesting sights. Jaén has four national parks (one of them the size of whole region of La Rioja), among many other protected natural areas. La Rioja is a province and autonomous community of northern Spain. The province also contains two important Renaissance cities, Úbeda and Baeza. The Renaissance (from French Renaissance, meaning "rebirth" Italian: Rinascimento, from re- "again" and nascere Úbeda ('uβeða is a town in the province of Jaén in Spain 's Autonomous community of Andalusia. Baeza is a town of approximately 15000 in Andalusia, Spain, in the province of Jaén, perched on a cliff in the Loma de Baeza, a mountain range These two cities have been recently declared Heritage of Humanity by the UNESCO. Cazorla, Segura y Las Villas
The annual chess tournament held in Linares attracts many of the world's best players. The annual Linares chess tournament, usually played around the end of February takes its name from the city of Linares in the Jaén province of Andalusia Linares is a city located in the Andalusian province of Jaén, Spain.
Jaén is the best and largest producer of olive oil in the world. Olive oil is a fruit oil obtained from the olive ( Olea europaea; family Oleaceae along with Lilacs Jasmine and ash trees It importance is shown as it produces around 60% of spanish production altogether.