The scudo (pl. scudi) was the name for a number of coins used in Italy until the 19th century. main - title Coin keywords numismatics coin review Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The name, like that of the French écu and the Spanish and Portuguese escudo, was derived from the Latin scutum ("shield"). This article is about the medieval and early modern French currency not the European Currency Unit (ECU or an Electronic control unit (ECU The escudo was the name of two distinct Spanish Currency denominations The escudo was the Currency of Portugal prior to the introduction of the Euro on 1 January 1999 and was removed from circulation on Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. A shield is a protective device meant to intercept attacks The term often refers to a device that is held in the hand as opposed to Armour or a Bullet proof vest From the 16th century, the name was used in Italy for large silver coins. Silver (ˈsɪlvɚ is a Chemical element with the symbol " Ag " (argentum from the Ancient Greek: ἀργήντος - argēntos gen Sizes varied depending on the issuing country.
First scudo d'argento (silver shield) was issued in 1551 by Charles V (1519-1556) in Milan. Charles V (24 February 1500 &ndash 21 September 1558 was Milan (Milano Milan (listen) is one of the largest cities in Italy, located in the plains of Lombardy. 
Under Maria Theresa and Joseph II the scudo d'argento had a weight of 23. Maria Theresa (Maria Theresia see also names in other languages; May 13, 1717 November 29 1780) was the Archduchess regnant Heir and co-regent Joseph was born in the midst of the early upheavals of the War of the Austrian Succession. 10 g and a finess of 896/1000. 
In the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (under the control of the Habsburg Austrian Empire), the Lombardy-Venetia scudo was equivalent to the Conventionsthaler and was subdivided into six lire. The Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia (Regno Lombardo-Veneto Lombardo-Venezianisches Königreich was a kingdom in northern Italy, and part of the Austrian Empire. For the history of these states before 1804 see Holy Roman Empire, Habsburg Monarchy, and articles on each of the component countries. The scudo was the currency of Lombardy-Venetia between 1816 and 1857 The Conventionstaler was a standard Silver coin of the Holy Roman Empire. Etymology The word Libra developed its Lira shape from Italian, a language famed for its loss of initial consonants in two-part clusters (ie
Before the Napoleonic Wars, the lira was subdivided into 20 soldo, each of 12 denari. The Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815 involved Napoleon's French Empire and a shifting set of European allies and opposing coalitions After, the lira was made up of 100 centesimi.
When Austria-Hungary decimalized in 1857, the scudo was replaced by the florin at a rate of 2 florin = 1 scudo. In the management of currencies, decimalisation (or decimalization) is the process of converting from traditional denominations to a " Decimal " The florin was the currency of Lombardy-Venetia between 1857 and 1866 Coins of ½ and 1 soldo were issued, equal to ½ and 1 kreuzer, for use in Lombardy and Venetia. The Kreuzer, in English usually kreutzer, was a silver coin and unit of currency existing in the Southern German states prior to the unification
In the Papal States, the Papal States scudo was the currency until 1866. The Papal States, State(s of the Church or Pontifical States (in Italian Stato Ecclesiastico, Stato della Chiesa, Stati della Chiesa The scudo (plural scudi) was the currency of the Papal States until 1866 Year 1866 ( MDCCCLXVI) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common It was divided into 100 baiocchi (sing. baiocco), each of 5 quattrini. It was replaced by the lira, equal to the Italian lira. The lira was the currency of the Papal States between 1866 and 1870 The lira (plural lire) was the Currency of Italy between 1861 and 2002
The Duchy of Modena and Reggio also issued scudi, worth four lire or one third of a tallero. The Duchy of Modena (in full the Duchies of Modena and Reggio) was a small Italian state that existed from 1452 to