Iranian Studies is an interdisciplinary field dealing with the study of the Iranian cultural region (or the Iranian "cultural continent"). Greater Iran (in Irān-e Bozorg, or fa ایرانزمین Irān-zamīn; the Encyclopedia Iranica uses the term It incorporates the study of history, literature, art and culture of Iran. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Iran topics. The terms Iranology and Iranistics are less commonly used. Iranian Studies is broader than and distinct from Persian Studies, which is the study of the modern Persian language and literature specifically. Persian Studies is the study of the Persian language and its literature specifically Persian literature ( spans two and a half millennia though much of the pre- Islamic material has been lost The discipline of Iranian Studies focuses on broad trends in culture, history, language and other aspects of a variety of Iranian peoples not only Persians, but Baluchis, Kurds, Pashtuns, Ossetians, Scythians, etc. The Iranian people are a collection of Ethnic groups defined along linguistic lines as speaking Iranian languages. layout and formatting it should ensure no clashes with the top of the infobox The Baloch ( بلوچ; alternative transliterations Baluch Balouch Bloach Balooch Balush Balosh Baloosh Baloush) are an Iranian people inhabiting Pashtuns ( Pashto: پښتون Paṣtūn, Paxtūn, also rendered as Pushtuns, Pakhtuns, Pukhtuns) also called The Ossetians (ирæттæ irættæ are an Iranic Ethnic group indigenous to Ossetia, a region that spans the Caucasus Mountains The Scythians or Scyths (Σκύθες Σκύθοι were an Iranian speaking people of horse-riding Nomadic pastoralists who dominated the Pontic
Ferdowsi, a Persian poet and thinker, is known as the founder of Iranian Studies. Hakīm Abū l-Qāsim Firdawsī Tūsī ( more commonly transliterated as Ferdowsi, (935&ndash1020 was a highly revered Persian Poet. In his masterpiece Shahnameh, he tried extensively to address Persian culture, literature, art, history and anthropology. Shāhnāmé, or Shāhnāma ((alternative spellings are Shahnama Shahnameh Shahname Shah-Nama, etc To best understand Iran and its people one must first attempt to acquire an understanding of its ancient culture Persian literature ( spans two and a half millennia though much of the pre- Islamic material has been lost The Iranian cultural region - consisting of the modern nations of Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and Anthropology (/ˌænθɹəˈpɒlədʒi/ from Greek grc ἄνθρωπος anthrōpos, "human" -λογία -logia) is the study of
In the ninth century, the Persian historian Jarir e Tabari made a distinct contribution to Iranian Studies with his book entitled History of the Prophets and Kings, which covers historical events till 915 AD. Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838-923 أبو جعفر محمد بن جرير الطبري was one of the earliest most prominent and famous Persian Historians Tarikh-e Mas'oudi, by the Persian historian and author Abolfazl Beyhaghi (995-1077), is one of the most creditable sources about the Ghaznavid Empire, and his fluent prose style has made the book considerable in Persian literature, too. TemplateInfobox Muslim scholars --> Abolfazl Beyhaghi (995-1077 Ibn Zeyd ibn Muhammad Abul-Fazl Mohammad ibn Hossein The Ghaznavid Empire was a Khorāṣānian Sunni Muslim state founded by a dynasty of Turkic Mamluk. Persian literature ( spans two and a half millennia though much of the pre- Islamic material has been lost
The Persian historian Ata Malek Joveyni was the first of several brilliant representatives of Persian historiography who flourished during the period of Mongol domination in Iran (1220–1336). Ala'iddin Ata-Malik Juvayni (1226 &ndash 1283 (Persian علاءالدين عطا ملك جويني was a Persian historian who wrote an account of the Mongol Empire Joveyni's magnum opus, the Tarikh-i jehan-gusha, is one of the most important works of Persian historiography. 
Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi was one of the greatest historians of 15th-century Persia. Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi was a Persian historian one of the greatest of 15th-century Iran. The work for which he is best known is the Zafernameh (The Book of Victory). It is a history of the Mongolian conqueror Timur (Tamerlane; 1370–1405) and was probably based on the history of the same name by Nizam ad-Din Shami, a work written at Timur's request. 
Tehran University established several Iranology chairs, as ancient Iranian linguistics and culture, Persian literature, history and archeology. The University of Tehran ( also known as Tehran University and UT, is the oldest and largest university of Iran. The Iranian languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family and its subfamily Indo-Iranian. Many prominent figures hold these chairs during last century such as Abdolhossein Zarrinkoub, Zabihollah Safa, Ahmad Tafazzoli, Mehrdad Bahar, Jaleh Amouzgar and Badiozzaman Forouzanfar. Abdolhossein Zarinkoob (in عبدالحسين زرينکوب also spelled Zarrinkoub) was a prominent scholar of Iranian literature history of literature Persian Zabihollah Safa ( May 7, 1911 in Shahmirzad, Persia ( Iran) - April 29, 1999 in Lübeck, Germany Dr Ahmad Tafazzoli (1937 Isfahan - January 15, 1997 Tehran) ( was a prominent Persian Iranist and master of ancient Iranian literature Mehrdād Bahār (1930, Tehran – November 13 1994 Tehran ( was a prominent Iranist, linguist, mythologist and Persian Jaleh Amouzgar (born 2 December, 1939) is a world-class Iranist and a university professor Badǐ'ozzamān Forǔzānfar (c1899 Boshrooyeh in Ferdows County - 1970 Tehran) ( was a scholar of Persian literature, Iranian Moreover Shiraz University has also chairs in Iranology and many notable figures have been conducting world class research on Iranology there (e. Shiraz University (in Persian دانشگاه شیراز formerly known as Pahlavi University, is a Public university located in Shiraz Iran. g. Alireza Shapour Shahbazi, the world class Achaemenid archaeologist). Alireza Shapour Shahbazi (1942 Shiraz - 16 June 2006) ( was a prominent Persian Archeologist, Iranologist and a world expert on The Achaemenid Empire or Achaemenid Persian Empire ( haχɒmaneʃijɒn (558–330 BC was the first of the Persian Empires to rule over significant portions of
Early in 20th century a huge project was started by Persian linguist and historian Allameh Dehkhoda. Note In some Wikipedia articles the word "Dehkhoda" can refer to "Dehkhoda's Dictionary" or Dehkhoda himself His encyclopedic collection is the largest comprehensive Persian dictionary ever published, in 15 volumes (26000 pages).
Throughout history, there were several publications on Iranology, among them Sokhan, Yaqma, Rahnamay e Ketab and Kelk were considered the most significant. Kelk was founded by Ali Dehbashi and very soon became one of the most prestigious Iranology journal in the world. Ali Dehbashi ( is an Persian Iranologist, researcher and writer Bokhara Magazine (Kelk under a new name) is today the most most reputable Iranology journal. Ali Dehbashi and Iraj Afshar are main editors of the journal who put significant effort in promoting Iranology during last few decades. Iraj Afshar (born 1925 in Tehran) ( is a notable Iranian literary figure scholar of Persian literature, bibliographer historian cultural theorist 
University of Goettingen is the pioneer of Iranology in the West. The University of Göttingen ( German: Georg-August-Universität Göttingen) is a University in the city of Göttingen, Germany. In 2003 the hundredth anniversary of Iranology Department was held at Gottingen University. Among European countries, Germany contributed most to Iranology and Persian studies.  and 
European Iranologist Society has many international meetings in its periodical conferences in different universities and scientific centers all over the world. European Iranologist Society ( Societas Iranologica Europaea) runs an association of scholars working in the field of Iranian Studies based in Rome.
Academic studies and instruction of Persian language were launched in the United States in 1958. Since then, Iranology departments have been founded in numerous American universities such as Stanford University and Columbia University. Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University or simply Stanford, is a private Research university located in Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. Columbia University's Encyclopedia Iranica for example, which is the most reputable source of Iranian culture, involves prominent Iranists like Richard Nelson Frye and Ehsan Yarshater. Columbia University is a private University in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. Encyclopædia Iranica is a project whose goal is to create a comprehensive and authoritative English language Encyclopedia about the history culture and Richard Nelson Frye (born c 1920 is an American scholar of Iranian and Central Asian Studies, and Aga Khan Professor Emeritus Ehsan Yarshater ( born April 3, 1920, Hamadan, Iran) is the director of The Center for Iranian Studies and Hagop Kevorkian Professor Emeritus The encyclopedia remains the only precise and reliable large scale reference work on the lands, life, culture and history of all Iranian peoples and their interaction with other societies. The Iranian people are a collection of Ethnic groups defined along linguistic lines as speaking Iranian languages.
Other academic centers such as UT Austin operate Archnet, which is a database archiving documents pertaining to Iranian and Islamic architecture, in addition to offering PhD degrees in Persian language and culture. ArchNet (wwwarchnetorg is the world’s largest online databank of international architecture
The Yarshater lectureship is today the most prestigious honor in the field.
Also see Category:Iranologists. Reynold Alleyne Nicholson (or RA Nicholson; born in Keighley, Yorkshire, England on 18 August1868 died on Chester, Cheshire Richard W Bulliet is a professor of history at Columbia University who specializes in the history of Islamic society and institutions the history of Technology Richard Nelson Frye (born c 1920 is an American scholar of Iranian and Central Asian Studies, and Aga Khan Professor Emeritus See also Vladimir Osipovich Girshman (1867–1936 Mikhail Moiseevich Girshman, etc Shahrokh Meskoob (1924, Babol, Iran - April 12, 2005, Paris, France) ( was an outstanding Iranian writer translator Touraj Daryaee (born 1967 in Tehran Iran) is a contemporary Persian Iranologist and historian Vladimir Fedorovich Minorsky (Владимир Фёдорович Минорский February 5 1877 - March 25 1966 was a highly respected Russian Orientalist Warwick Ball is an Australian born Near Eastern archeologist In the past 30 years Ball has mainly excavated in Jordan, Iran, Iraq, Syria William C Chittick is a leading translator and interpreter of classical Islamic philosophical and mystical texts Zabihollah Safa ( May 7, 1911 in Shahmirzad, Persia ( Iran) - April 29, 1999 in Lübeck, Germany