The International Tournée of Animation was an annual touring program of animated films selected and assembled from films from many countries around the world and which existed from about 1970 to the late 1980s. The bouncing ball animation (below consists of these 6 frames As released to cinemas, college campuses, and art museums and centers across the United States, a typical Tournée program ran about 105 minutes and consisted of 15 to 24 animated films in the 16mm format, each running from 1 or 2 minutes to 15 or 18 minutes each in length. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
An example of the typical range of countries represented comes from the 12th Tournée in 1978 which contained 24 films (including specially produced opening titles), 10 of which were from US sources, 3 from the National Film Board of Canada, 1 other independently-made Canadian film, 2 each from Italy, the Netherlands, and the UK (both from Richard Williams Animation), and 1 each from Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Poland, and Japan. The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is Canada's public film producer and distributor Italy (Italia officially the Italian Republic, (Repubblica Italiana is located on the Italian Peninsula in Southern Europe, and on the two largest The Netherlands ( Dutch:, ˈnedərlɑnt is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which consists of the Netherlands the Netherlands The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Richard Williams (born on March 19, 1933 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian Animator, Animation director See also Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian The state of Bulgaria (България transliterated bg-Latn ''Balgaria'' The country preserves the traditions (in ethnic name language and alphabet of the First Bulgarian Poland (Polska officially the Republic of Poland For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Altogether over twenty annual programs were prepared and presented; the 17th International Tournée of Animation was devoted entirely to the films of the National Film Board of Canada.
About 1966, several members of ASIFA-Hollywood (The Los Angeles branch of ASIFA, the International Animated Film Association) decided to put together an international animation program to be shown at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. ASIFA-Hollywood, a non-profit organization in Los Angeles, California, USA, which is a branch member of the Association Internationale du Film d'Animation The International Animated Film Association (Association International du Film d'Animation or ASIFA is an international non-profit organization The Los Angeles County Museum of Art, also known as LACMA, is an Art museum in Los Angeles County California. It was almost impossible to see quality animation in the US at that time. Prescott Wright became active with the group when he joined the American Film Institute in 1969 and, having worked previously in film distribution, he was asked to head the project when it was decided to show the program in other cities. Prescott J Wright (b Bronx, New York 8 May 1935 - d Albuquerque, New Mexico, 28 December 2006) The American Film Institute ( AFI) is an independent Non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967
Under Wright's guidance, the program became known as the "International Tournée of Animation" and, by late 1970, he began to book the program at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, university campuses, and other cultural institutions around the US. The San Francisco Museum of Modern Art ( SFMOMA) is a major Modern art Museum and San Francisco Landmark.
The animators were offered a generous contract as part of their agreement to enter their films in the Tournée. As producers, Wright and his associates received 50% of the gross, while the remaining 50% was split among the artists. About half of the money going to the animators was split evenly between each filmmaker and the remaining amount was split based the length of each short film. This meant that a very short film got slightly less one which was a minute or two longer.
Many of the films were acquired as a result of Wright's travels to a number of the international animated film festivals sponsored by ASIFA. These included festivals such as the Annecy International Animated Film Festival in France, the Zagreb Festival (which was then in Yugoslavia), the Ottawa International Animated Film Festival in Canada after 1976, and the Hiroshima International Animation Festival in Japan. The Annecy International Animated Film Festival ( Festival International du Film d'Animation d'Annecy) was created in 1960 and takes place at the beginning This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Zagreb (ˈzɑːgrɛb is the Capital and the largest city of Croatia. See also Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia ( Serbo-Croatian The Ottawa International Animation Festival was created in Ottawa, Canada in 1976 and it celebrated its 30th anniversary in 2006 Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page The International Animation Festival Hiroshima (広島国際アニメーションフェスティバル is a Biannual animation festival hosted in Hiroshima, For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Until the Iron Curtain collapsed, ASIFA helped bridge the gap between East and West by helping animators from Eastern Europe attend festivals in the West, to visit studios in the Europe and North America, and to show their films in-person. Prescott Wright and filmmakers John Halas along with the husband-and-wife team of John Hubley and Faith Hubley plus many others worked hard to further international relations and to arrange for these screenings in cities with ASIFA chapters. John Halas was a Hungarian animator (b 16 April 1912 Budapest, Hungary - d John Hubley ( May 21, 1914 – February 21, 1977) was an American Animator and animation director known for both his formal Faith Hubley ( 16 September 1924 - 7 December 2001) was an Academy Award -winning Animator, known for her experimental work
In the mid-1970s, the Tournée increased its visibility by being screened in cinemas, initially with the Landmark Theatres chain, but gradually seen in many smaller "art houses" across the country. Landmark Theatres is the largest art house Movie theater chain in the United States. In 1986 Prescott Wright sold the rights to the Tournées to the Expanded Entertainment group in Los Angeles which continued to organize them for several years with Wright's guidance.
Other packages of animated films began to emerge and be distributed from the late 1970s, including The Classic Festival of Animation , Spike and Mike's Sick and Twisted Festival of Animation, and The Animated Film Festival. Mellow Manor Productions Inc was founded by Craig ‘Spike’ Decker and Mike Gribble popularly known as “Spike & Mike