Institutional memory is a collective of facts, concepts, experiences and know-how held by a group of people. In the context of industrial property now generally viewed as intellectual property (IP know-how (or knowhow as it is sometimes written is a component in the transfer As it transcends the individual, it requires the ongoing transmission of these memories between members of this group. Elements of institutional memory may be found in corporations, professional groups, government bodies, religious groups, academic collaborations and by extension in entire cultures. A corporation is a separate legal entity usually used to conduct business Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning "to cultivate" generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic
Institutional memory may be encouraged to preserve a group's ideology or way of work. An ideology is a set of beliefs aims and Ideas especially in politics Conversely, institutional memory may be ingrained to the point that it becomes hard to challenge if something is found to contradict that which was previously thought to have been correct.
Institutional knowledge is gained by organizations translating historical data into useful knowledge and wisdom. Memory depends upon the preservation of data and also the analytical skills necessary for its effective use within the organization.
Religion is one of the significant institutional forces acting on humanity's collective memory. A religion is a set of Tenets and practices often centered upon specific Supernatural and moral claims about Reality, the Cosmos Alternatively, the evolution of ideas in Marxist theory, is that the mechanism whereby knowledge and wisdom are passed down through the generations is subject to economic determinism. Marxism is the political philosophy and practice derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Economic determinism is the Theory which attributes primacy to the Economic structure over politics in the development of human history. In all instances social systems, cultures and organizations have an interest in controlling and using institutional memories.
Organizational structure determines the training requirements and expectations of behaviour associated with various roles. This is part of the implicit institutional knowledge. Progress to higher echelons requires assimilation of this, and when outsiders enter at a high level if they do not appreciate this morale and effectiveness tends to deteriorate.
Publishing has changed greatly in its organization, financing, distribution, and bottom line emphasis. The dissemination of knowledge in printed media has been consolidated under the control of a relatively few corporate publishers, many with ties to mass entertainment multi-national conglomerates. A corporation is a separate legal entity usually used to conduct business See also Entertainment (disambiguation and The Entertainer (disambiguation Entertainment is an activity designed to give people A conglomerate is a large Company that consists of seemingly unrelated Business sections
Memories were shared and sustained across generations before writing appeared. Some of the oral tradition can be traced, distantly, back to the dawn of civilization, but not all past societies have left any mark on the present. A Civilization is a society in which large numbers of people share a variety of common elements
Various types of organizational education systems exist, many threatened in the information age by newer technologies. Education encompasses both the Teaching and Learning of Knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency Information Age is a term that has been used to refer to the present era It is appropriate to maintain electronic access to significant historical archives, in repositories such as the Wikisource database or Project Gutenberg. History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology An archive refers to a collection of historical records and also refers to the location in which these records are kept Wikisource is a Wikimedia project to build a free, Wiki Library of Source texts along with translations into any language Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to Digitize, archive and distribute Cultural works Increasing archival activity in recent years, spurred by increasing use of electronic data retrieval systems, has necessitated enhancement of certain document repositories, while actually improving accessibility. An archive refers to a collection of historical records and also refers to the location in which these records are kept In Computer science, data is anything in a form suitable for use with a Computer. The teaching of mathematics, for instance, has been fundamentally altered by the algorithmic shortcuts enabled by calculators. Mathematics is the body of Knowledge and Academic discipline that studies such concepts as Quantity, Structure, Space and In Mathematics, Computing, Linguistics and related subjects an algorithm is a sequence of finite instructions often used for Calculation A calculator is device for performing mathematical calculations distinguished from a Computer by having a limited problem solving ability and an interface optimized for interactive