Indianismo, sometimes Indigenismo, was a movement in Latin American literature that explored the beliefs and lifestyles of the Indigenous peoples during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Latin American literature rose to particular prominence during the second half of the 20th century largely thanks to the international success of the style known as Magical realism The term Indigenous Peoples or autochthonous peoples can be used to describe any Ethnic group who inhabit a geographic region with which they have the earliest historical Often the term is used specifically to refer to works produced during the 1920s and 1930s.
Prominent indianista writers include José María Arguedas, Miguel Angel Asturias, João Guimarães Rosa, Ciro Alegría, and Juan León Mera. José María Arguedas Altamirano ( 18 January 1911 &ndash 28 November 1969) was a Peruvian novelist poet and anthropologist who wrote Miguel Ángel Asturias Rosales (October 19 1899 – June 9 1974 was a Nobel Prize –winning Guatemalan Poet, Novelist, and Diplomat João Guimarães Rosa ( 27 June, 1908 - 19 November, 1967) was a Brazilian Novelist, probably the greatest Brazilian novelist Ciro Alegría Bazán (1909-1967 was a Peruvian Journalist, Politician, and Novelist. Juan León Mera Martínez ( June 28, 1832, Ambato &mdash December 13, 1894) was an Ecuadorian Poet, Novelist