Reaction to 19th century Romanticism
|Mainstream popularity||ca. Romanticism is a complex artistic literary and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Paris (ˈpærɨs in English; in French) is the Capital of France and the country's largest city This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Types of woodwind instruments See also List of woodwind instruments Single-reed instruments use a reed, which is a thin cut The string section is the largest body of the standard Orchestra and consists of bowed String instruments of the Violin family. The harp is a Stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. The piano is a Musical instrument played by means of a keyboard that produces sound by striking steel strings with Felt covered hammers Chamber music is a form of Classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber 1890 to 1940|
The impressionist movement in music is a movement in European classical music, mainly in France, that began in the late nineteenth century and continued into the middle of the twentieth century. Classical music is a broad term that usually refers to mainstream music produced in or rooted in the traditions of Western liturgical and Secular music Like its precursor in the visual arts, musical Impressionism focused on suggestion and atmosphere rather than strong emotion or the depiction of a story as in program music. Impressionism was a 19th-century Art movement that began as a loose association of Paris -based Artists exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860s Programme music is a form of Art music intended to evoke extra-musical ideas images in the mind of the listener by musically representing a scene image or mood Musical Impressionism occurred as a reaction to the excesses of the Romantic era. Romantic Music is a Musicological term referring to a particular period theory compositional practice and canon in European music history from about 1815 to 1910 While this era was characterized by a dramatic use of the major and minor scale system, Impressionist music tends to make more use of dissonance and more uncommon scales such as the whole tone scale. In Music theory, the major scale or Ionian scale is one of the diatonic scales It is made up of seven distinct Notes plus an eighth Minor Scale was a test conducted by the United States Defense Nuclear Agency (now part of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency) involving the detonation In Music, a whole tone scale is a scale in which each Note is separated from its neighbours by the interval of a Whole step. Romantic composers also used long forms of music such as the symphony and concerto, while Impressionist composers favored short forms such as the nocturne, arabesque, and prelude. A symphony is a Musical composition, often extended and usually for Orchestra. The term Concerto (plural concertos or concerti) usually refers to a three part musical work in which one solo instrument is accompanied by an Orchestra A nocturne (from the French for "nocturnal" is usually a Musical composition that is inspired by or evocative of the Night. Arabesque or Arabesk ( Turkish: Arabesk is a genre termed so by Turkish musicologists for a type of sound to come out of Turkey in the 1950s and 1960s
Musical Impressionism was based in France, and the French composers Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel are generally considered to be the two "great" Impressionists. This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. Achille-Claude Debussy (aʃil klod dəbysi (August 22 1862 &ndash March 25 1918 was a French Composer. However, composers are generally not as accurately described by the term "Impressionism" as painters in the genre are. Painting (pān'tīng in Art, is the practice of applying Color to a Surface (support base such as e Debussy renounced it, saying, "I am trying to do 'something different' – in a way realities – what the imbeciles call 'impressionism' is a term which is as poorly used as possible, particularly by art critics. " Maurice Ravel composed many other pieces that aren't identified as Impressionist. Nonetheless, the term is widely used today to describe classical music seen as a reaction to 19th century Romanticism.
Accordingly, many musical instructions in "impressionist" pieces are written in French, as opposed to the traditional Italian. French ( français,) is a Romance language spoken around the world by 118 million people as a native language and by about 180 to 260 million people Italian ( or lingua italiana) is a Romance language spoken by about 63 million people as a First language, primarily in Italy.
Besides the two "great" impressionist composers, Claude Debussy and Maurice Ravel, other impressionists include Karol Szymanowski, Charles Griffes, Paul Dukas, and Ralph Vaughan Williams. Achille-Claude Debussy (aʃil klod dəbysi (August 22 1862 &ndash March 25 1918 was a French Composer. Karol Maciej Szymanowski (3 October 1882 in Tymoszówka (present-day Ukraine) – 28 March 1937 was a Polish Composer and Pianist Charles Tomlinson Griffes ( Elmira New York, September 17 1884 &ndash New York City, April 8 1920) was an American Paul Abraham Dukas (October 1 1865 &ndash May 17 1935 was a Parisian born French Composer and teacher of classical music. Ralph (reɪf Vaughan Williams OM (12 October 1872 &ndash 26 August 1958 was an English Composer of symphonies, Chamber music
Impressionism also influenced the music of Manuel de Falla, Frederick Delius, Isaac Albéniz, Erik Satie, Camille Saint-Saëns, Ottorino Respighi, and Francis Poulenc, as well as jazz musicians such as Bill Evans. Manuel de Falla y Matheu ( November 23, 1876 &ndash November 14, 1946) was a Spanish Composer of classical music Frederick Albert Theodore Delius CH (29 January 1862 &ndash 10 June 1934 was an English Composer born in Bradford in the West Riding of Yorkshire Isaac Manuel Francisco Albéniz i Pascual (iˈsak alˈβeniθ ( May 29, 1860 &ndash May 18, 1909) was a Spanish Pianist Alfred Éric Leslie Satie ( Honfleur, 17 May 1866 – Paris, 1 July 1925) was a French Composer and Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns (/ʃaʁl kamij sɛ̃sɑ̃s/ (9 October 1835 &ndash 16 December 1921 was a French Composer, Organist, conductor, and For the astronomer see Lorenzo Respighi (1824—1889 For the crater named after Lorenzo Respighi see Respighi (crater. See also, Rhône-Poulenc Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (fʀɑ̃sis ʒɑ̃ maʀsɛl pulɛ̃k January 7, 1899 – January 30, William John Evans (better known as Bill Evans) ( August 16, 1929 &ndash September 15, 1980) was one of the most famous and influential