|I Walked with a Zombie|
|Directed by||Jacques Tourneur|
|Produced by||Val Lewton|
|Written by||Inez Wallace (story)|
Curt Siodmak and
|Music by||Roy Webb|
|Cinematography||J. Jacques Tourneur ( November 12, 1904 &ndash December 19, 1977) was a French - American Film director. Val Lewton ( 7 May  – 14 March) was an American Film producer and Screenwriter, who is best known for a sequence of nine brooding Curt Siodmak (1902&ndash2000 was a novelist and screenwriter author of the novel Donovan's Brain, which was made into a number of films James Ellison ( May 4, 1910 - December 23, 1993) was an actor born James Ellison Smith in Guthrie Center Iowa, son of Frances Marion Dee ( November 26 1909 &ndash March 6 2004) was an American Actress. Tom Conway ( September 15, &ndash April 22,) was a British film and radio actor and the brother of actor George Sanders. Roy Webb ( October 3 1888 – December 10 1982) was a film music composer Roy Hunt|
|Distributed by||RKO Radio Pictures Inc.|
|Release date(s)||March 17, 1943 (U. Events 45 BC - In his last victory Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger The year 1943 in film involved some significant events Events Top grossing films (U S. release)|
|Running time||69 min.|
I Walked with a Zombie is a 1943 horror film directed by Jacques Tourneur. English is a West Germanic language originating in England and is the First language for most people in the United Kingdom, the United States Year 1943 ( MCMXLIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Horror films are Movies that strive to elicit Fear, Horror and terror responses from viewers Jacques Tourneur ( November 12, 1904 &ndash December 19, 1977) was a French - American Film director.
It was the second horror film from producer Val Lewton for RKO Pictures; the first was the very successful Cat People, also directed by Tourneur. Val Lewton ( 7 May  – 14 March) was an American Film producer and Screenwriter, who is best known for a sequence of nine brooding Cat People is a Horror film produced by Val Lewton and directed by Jacques Tourneur. The film was edited by Mark Robson, who would later direct The Seventh Victim and The Ghost Ship for producer Lewton. Mark Robson ( December 4, 1913 – June 20, 1978) was a Canadian -born Film editor, Film director and The Seventh Victim ( is a horror Film noir starring Tom Conway, Jean Brooks, Isabel Jewell, Kim Hunter (in her first film The Ghost Ship ( is a Black-and-white film starring Richard Dix.
As was typical of many of Lewton's horror films, he was given the film's title and, with the aid of credited writers, he created the story around the title, in this case borrowing elements of Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre. Charlotte Brontë (ˈbrɒnti (21 April 1816 &ndash 31 March 1855 was a British Novelist, the eldest of the three famous Brontë sisters whose Novels Jane Eyre (dʒeɪn ɛə by Charlotte Brontë, published by Smith Elder & Company of London in 1847, is one of the most influential and Also typical of many Lewton films, the supernatural is treated ambiguously, and it's never entirely clear how some events should be interpreted. The term supernatural or supranatural ( Latin: super, supra "above" + natura "nature" pertains to entities events
In 2007, Stylus Magazine named it the fifth best Zombie movie of all time. Stylus Magazine was an online music and film magazine launched in 2002 zombie is a reanimated human corpse Stories of zombies originated in the Afro-Caribbean spiritual belief system of Vodou, which told of the people being controlled 
Betsy Connell (Frances Dee), a Canadian nurse, recalls her situation under which she "walked with a zombie". Frances Marion Dee ( November 26 1909 &ndash March 6 2004) was an American Actress. Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page zombie is a reanimated human corpse Stories of zombies originated in the Afro-Caribbean spiritual belief system of Vodou, which told of the people being controlled
Betsy is hired to care for Jessica Holland (Christine Gordon), the wife of Paul Holland (Tom Conway) who is the owner of a sugar plantation on the Caribbean island of Saint Sebastian. Tom Conway ( September 15, &ndash April 22,) was a British film and radio actor and the brother of actor George Sanders. Fundamentally a plantation is usually a large Farm or estate, especially in a tropical or semitropical country on which Cotton, Tobacco The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting She arrives on Saint Sebastian which is populated by the descendants of African slaves and a more educated white community of doctors and officials. Betsy is taken to Fort Holland where she is told the story of how the Hollands brought the slaves to the island and that the statue of "Ti-Misery" in the Hollands' courtyard comes from the figurehead of a slave ship — it is an effigy of Saint Sebastian with arrows in it. In politics a figurehead, by Metaphor with the carved figurehead at the prow of a sailing ship is a person who holds an important title or office yet executes little Slave ships were cargo Ships specially converted for the purpose of transporting slaves, especially newly purchased African slaves Saint Sebastian (traditionally died January 20, 287 was a Christian Saint and Martyr, who is said to have been killed while the Roman emperor
That night at dinner, Betsy is joined by Paul’s half-brother Wesley Rand (James Ellison) and told about their mutual mother, Mrs Rand (Edith Barrett). James Ellison ( May 4, 1910 - December 23, 1993) was an actor born James Ellison Smith in Guthrie Center Iowa, son of Edith Barrett ( 19 January, 1907 &ndash 22 February, 1977) was an American film actress While getting ready for bed, Betsy hears a woman crying from across the courtyard. She goes to investigate and ends up in the tower stairwell. She begins to ascend the stairs when she is cornered by Jessica Holland, who walks towards her like a ghost in a light robe, her eyes staring. Betsy screams for help, waking most of the household. Paul takes Jessica back to bed.
The crying was actually being done by Alma (Theresa Harris), a maid of African descent. Paul explains that the misery of life for the slaves and their descendants means that "they still weep when a child is born—and make merry at a burial. "
The next morning, Betsy meets Jessica's physician, Dr. A physician, medical practitioner or medical doctor who practices Medicine, and is concerned with maintaining or restoring human Health Maxwell (James Bell), who explains that his patient's strange sleepwalking condition is caused by an incurable tropical fever. Sleepwalking (also called somnambulism or noctambulism) is a Parasomnia or Sleep disorder where the sufferer engages in
On a day off, Betsy goes to town and encounters Wesley Rand. While he drinks himself into a stupor, a calypso singer (Sir Lancelot) performs a song about how Jessica had an affair with Wesley but was struck down into a permanent state of shock when Paul would not let them leave. Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean Music which originated in Trinidad and Tobago at about the start of the 20th century Lancelot Victor Edward Pinard ( 24 March 1902 &ndash 12 March 2001) was a calypso singer and actor who used the name Sir Lancelot He stops and apologizes to Wesley when made aware of his presence. In the evening Betsy meets Mrs Rand, Wesley and Paul's mother, who is herself a doctor. At that moment the singer can be heard:
Her eyes are empty and she cannot talk,
Back at the Fort, as the night draws in, distant drums of a Voodoo ritual underscore an argument between Paul and Wesley during dinner. Paul is trying to cut down on Wesley's drinking but his half-brother accuses him of trying to impress Betsy and of driving Jessica insane in the first place.
Later, Betsy is drawn to the sound of Paul playing the piano. When he sees her approach, Paul apologizes for bringing her to the island and admits that he may have been the cause of his wife's condition. Over time, Betsy has been falling in love with Paul who is a cultured gentleman in spite of his moody personality. She determines to make him happy by curing Jessica.
Betsy administers insulin shock to Jessica with no effect. Hypoglycemia or hypoglycaemia is the medical term for a pathologic state produced by a lower than normal level of Glucose ( sugar) in the blood Alma the maid then tells her of how a Voodoo priest brought a woman out of a similar state of catatonia after the tragic death of her son. Catatonic is a syndrome of psychic and motoric-disturbances In the current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association Mrs Rand claims that it was just "a little practical psychology", but, ignoring her advice, Betsy takes her patient to the Houmfort (a place where the local voodoo worshippers assemble).
The two women set off on a nightmarish journey through billowing fields of cane, past animal sacrifices and to the crossroads guarded by the towering figure of the zombie Carre-Four (Darby Jones) (carrefour is French for crossroad). They finally reach the Houmfort where they watch the rituals being performed by a priest known as the Sabreur (Jieno Moxzer), who wields a saber. The sabre or saber (see spelling differences) is a kind of Sword that usually but not always has Visitors are given advice through a hole in a shack by another Voodoo priest. Betsy however is summoned inside where she is shocked to find that the priest is none other than Mrs Rand.
Mrs Rand explains that she uses Voodoo to convince the natives to accept standard medical practices and tells Betsy that Jessica can never be cured. Outside, Jessica's strange demeanor excites the locals who try out a test with the sword. It convinces them that she is a bloodless zombie. Betsy takes her back to the house.
The natives start to intensify their drumming and demand that Jessica be returned to them for "ritual tests". Tension starts to build in the area to the point that it worries even the white community, which has always taken Voodoo as a sort of joke. It's even suggested that Jessica should be sent to an asylum in Saint Thomas in the Virgin Islands. A psychiatric hospital (previously called insane asylum, mental hospital; or derogatorily looney bin, nut house or Funny Farm) is Saint Thomas is an Island in the Caribbean Sea, a County and constituent district of the United States Virgin Islands (USVI an unincorporated Later the Sabreur sends Carre-Four into the residence but, before he can seize Jessica, Mrs Rand appears and orders him back to the Houmfort.
Paul suggests that Betsy should return to Canada, as he is fearful of demeaning and abusing her as he did Jessica. She is convinced that he is not really like that.
The next day, Doctor Maxwell comes to announce that the native unrest has sparked an official inquiry into Jessica's illness. With obvious glee and satisfaction, Wesley pins the whole thing on Paul, but then Mrs Rand reveals that Jessica is not really ill but an actual zombie, a member of the living dead!
Although she had never actually taken Voodoo seriously before, Mrs Rand claims that when she discovered that Jessica was planning to run away with Wesley and break up her family, she felt herself possessed by a Voodoo god. She then put a curse on Jessica, turning her into a zombie.
Paul, Maxwell and Betsy dismiss all this, claiming that Jessica never actually died and that her heart is still beating — which would rule her out as being a zombie. Wesley, on the other hand, pays credence to his mother's story and becomes obsessed with freeing Jessica from her current state of being. He even asks Betsy if she would consider euthanasia but she refuses, claiming that as a nurse she is supposed to guard life not take it. Euthanasia (literally "good death" in Ancient Greek) refers to the practice of ending a life in a painless manner
The Sabreur uses a plastic doll made to look like Jessica and makes her walk out of the estate after Wesley has opened the gates. Then—it is not clear if he is prompted by the Sabreur or not—Wesley pulls an arrow from the statue of Ti-Misery and follows her. As the Sabreur stabs the doll with a pin, Wesley thrusts the arrow into Jessica. He then carries her into the sea as Carre-Four follows, staring blindly into the night.
Later, the natives discover the bodies of Jessica and Wesley floating in the surf and carry them back to Fort Holland, where Paul comforts Betsy.
Inspired by Jane Eyre, the film was also based on an article written by Inez Wallace for American Weekly Magazine . Jane Eyre (dʒeɪn ɛə by Charlotte Brontë, published by Smith Elder & Company of London in 1847, is one of the most influential and
The original screenplay put more emphasis on Jessica's past as a manipulative hussy. It even had a happy ending with Paul and Betsy back in Ottawa, married and enjoying the hustle and bustle of a modern city . Ottawa (ˈɒtəwə or sometimes /ˈɒtəwɑː/ is the Capital of Canada and the country's fourth largest municipality. This scene was not included in the final film.
I Walked. . . was a critical and financial success. It has since been acclaimed for its nuanced performances and haunting atmosphere, particularly the nightmare journey undertaken by Betsy and Jessica in the cane field. It is not a "zombie movie" in the common sense of the term, but it is arguably more accurate and sensitive in depicting Caribbean culture and Voodoo rites and beliefs than many horror films . zombie is a reanimated human corpse Stories of zombies originated in the Afro-Caribbean spiritual belief system of Vodou, which told of the people being controlled The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting Many modern critics are also quick to point out the complex and non-stereotyped way in which black characters are portrayed. 
Ambiguity is at the core of the film. It is not established for certain if Jessica is a zombie or not or that Voodoo magic is really effective. Medical explanations are given for Jessica's condition and Betsy gets past Carre-Four even after she has lost the Voodoo patch that she was told she needed in order to do so.
This film was referenced in the novel Kiss of the Spider Woman by Argentine novelist Manuel Puig. Kiss of the Spider Woman (Spanish El beso de la mujer araña) is a 1976 novel by the Argentine writer Manuel Puig. Manuel Puig (born Juan Manuel Puig Delledonne ( General Villegas, Argentina December 28, 1932 - Cuernavaca, Mexico July 22 In the book, two inmates pass the time by discussing the films one of them has seen. Though I Walked With A Zombie is not specifically mentioned, it is hinted at, as is Cat People, a previous Lewton-Tourneur film. Cat People is a Horror film produced by Val Lewton and directed by Jacques Tourneur.
Singer-Songwriter Roky Erickson, pioneer of the psychedelic rock genre and member of the 13th Floor Elevators, wrote a song titled "I Walked with a Zombie" which appeared his 1981 album "The Evil One". Roky Erickson (born Roger Kynard Erickson on July 15 1947) is an American Singer, Songwriter, Harmonica Psychedelic rock is a style of Rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. Since then, the bands R.E.M., Alice Donut and Elf Power have covered this song. REM is an American rock band formed in Athens, Georgia, in 1980 by Michael Stipe ( lead vocals) Peter Buck ( Guitar Alice Donut is a Rock and roll band from New York City. Formed in 1986, disbanded in 1996, and re-formed in 2001, the band toured Elf Power is an Indie rock band They are originally from Athens Georgia, and consist of guitarist/vocalist Andrew Rieger, keyboardist Laura The lyrics are simple, catchy, and possibly written to brainwash you into seeing the movie. LYRICS: "I walked with a zombie (3x) Last Night", and repeat. . .