ISO 3166 is a three-part geographic coding standard for coding the names of countries and dependent areas, and the principal subdivisions thereof, published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). A Geocode ( G eospatial E ntity O bject Code) is representation format of a geospatial coordinate measurement used to provide a standard representation Standardization (or standardisation) is the process of developing and agreeing upon technical standards. In Communications a code is a rule for converting a piece of Information (for example a letter, Word, Phrase, or In Political geography and International politics, a country is a Political division of a geographical entity A dependent territory dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political Independence or Sovereignty as a Country subdivision refers to the division of a Country 's territory for the sake of its administration, description or other such purpose The official name is Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions.
The ISO 3166 standard is maintained by the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency (ISO 3166/MA), whose address is at the ISO central office in Geneva. Geneva (Genève is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French -speaking Originally it was located at the Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) in Berlin. Deutsches Institut für Normung eV ( DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardization) is the German national organization for Berlin is the capital city and one of sixteen states of Germany.
ISO 3166 was first published in 1974. It has been modified over the years, with subsequent editions published in 1981, 1988, and 1993. The most recent edition, its fifth, was published between 1997 and 1999.
Since the fifth edition, the standard has been divided into three parts:
There are ten experts with voting rights on the ISO 3166/MA. Five are representatives of the following national standards organizations:
The other five are representatives of major UN or other international organizations who are all users of ISO 3166-1:
There are also associated members but they do not participate in votes. Association française de Normalisation ( AFNOR) is the French national organization for Standardization and is that country's ISO member body This article is about the country For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic France topics. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the BSI Group, also known in its home market as the British Standards Institution (or BSI) is a multinational business services provider whose principal activity The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom, the UK or Britain,is a Sovereign state located Deutsches Institut für Normung eV ( DIN; in English, the German Institute for Standardization) is the German national organization for Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany ( ˈbʊndəsʁepuˌbliːk ˈdɔʏtʃlant is a Country in Central Europe. SIS Swedish Standards Institute, is an independent organization founded in 1922, with members from the private and public sector "Sverige" redirects here For other uses see Sweden (disambiguation and Sverige (disambiguation. The United Nations ( UN) is an International organization whose stated aims are to facilitate cooperation in International law, International security The International Atomic Energy Agency ( IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibit its ICANN (aɪkæn eye-can is the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. The Universal Postal Union ( UPU, French: Union postale universelle) is an International organization that coordinates postal policies among member The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE or ECE was established in 1947 to encourage economic cooperation among its member States