|Hwa Rang Do|
Hwa Rang Do is a Korean martial art that was created by Joo Bang Lee and his brother, Joo Sang Lee. Hanja is the Korean name for Chinese characters. More specifically it refers to those Chinese characters borrowed from Chinese and incorporated The Revised Romanization of Korean is the official Korean language Romanization system in South Korea. McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language Romanization systems along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which Korea is a geographic area composed of two sovereign countries a civilization and a former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. Martial arts are systems of codified practices and traditions of training for Combat. This martial art teaches and encourages fighting techniques, weapons, spiritual training, intellectual enhancement, and artistic pursuits. It has a very involved technique structure.
The name Hwa Rang Do is Korean for "The way of the Flowering Manhood". This article is mainly about the spoken Korean language See Hangul for details on the native Korean writing system It was named after the Hwarang, an elite youth order of the Silla kingdom during the Three-Kingdoms Period, in what is now Korea. The Hwarang were an elite group of male youth in Silla, an ancient Korean kingdom that lasted until the 10th century Silla (57 BC – 935 AD was one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. The Three Kingdoms of Korea ( refer to the ancient Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, which dominated the Korean peninsula The Hwarang were an order of youths, mostly from aristocratic families, who were educated in artistic, academic, and martial fields of study.
While the founders and practitioners of Hwa Rang Do claim that their techniques are inherited from the fighting methods used by the Hwarang, there is a great deal of controversy among modern historians regarding whether or not the Hwarang were primarily a warrior order. (For more information on this controversy, see the Hwarang article. The Hwarang were an elite group of male youth in Silla, an ancient Korean kingdom that lasted until the 10th century )
According to Joo Bang Lee, in 1942, a monk named Suahm Dosa took in he and his brother, Joo Sang Lee, to be trained. Year 1942 ( MCMXLII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar of the Gregorian calendar. (Note that "Dosa" is actually his title, and it is roughly equivalent to "hermit sage expert. ") They lived with him at the Suk Wang Sa Temple in the Ham Nam province of North Korea, before later escaping with him to Ohdae Mountain in South Korea during the communist take over. North Korea is the commonly used short form name for the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (or DPRK) a State located in East Asia, He had no formal syllabus to teach them, but rather taught whatever caught his fancy that morning. A syllabus is an Outline and Summary of topics to be covered in a course.
After their training by Suahm Dosa, the two brothers spent some time learning other martial arts before they set out to create their own martial art. They generated the syllabus from scratch, based on the techniques from Suahm Dosa that they could remember, and then started to teach it to the public. At this time, Joo Sang Lee moved to the United States to spread the martial art there. The United States of America —commonly referred to as the
In January of 1969, Suahm Dosa died. Year 1969 ( MCMLXIX) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. But before he did, he gave the Hwarang title of Do Joo Nim ("Owner of The Way") to Joo Bang Lee.  He gave it to the younger brother because he was the one still in Korea and, in Suahm Dosa's eyes, the one who cared more about the art. This did not sit well with Joo Sang Lee, and led to a falling out in later years.
In 1972, Joo Bang Lee moved (taking the World Headquarters of Hwa Rang Do with him) to California. He currently claims the title of "Supreme Grand Master" of Hwa Rang Do; it is supposed that he is the 58th successive holder of the title. 
The research of martial arts historians and testimony of contemporary martial artists dispute Joo Bang Lee's assertion that Hwa Rang Do is a martial art derived from the fighting techniques of an ancient warrior order. In addition to the aforementioned dispute regarding the nature of the Hwarang order itself,  it is known that he and his brother were both educated in other martial arts, from which the techniques of Hwa Rang Do could have been derived.  Likewise, their instructor, Suahm Dosa, was not a person of record or public renown and may not have existed.
Historians assert that many modern Korean martial arts were actually derived from the martial arts of other countries, primarily China and Japan.  When Japan occupied Korea during World War II and attempted to destroy the indigenous Korean culture, martial arts techniques were passed on. Chinese styles were passed on since China took in Korean refugees during this same period. Joo Bang Lee's detractors claim that Hwa Rang Do is an amalgamation of other, Japan-originated arts Joo Bang Lee learned, namely Hapkido. Hapkido (also spelled hap ki do or hapki-do) is a dynamic and eclectic Korean martial art.  Joo Bang Lee himself admitted, in the aforementioned interview, that in 1961 his own school was advertised "hwarangdo and hapkido. " Photographs taken from demonstrations organized by his school in the late 1960s display logos commonly associated with kuk sool won and hapkido. 
According to Kimm He-Young, Lee also studied under Kim Moo Hong, one of Choi Yong Sul's students, who was a major innovator in the art of hapkido. Choi Yong Sul (1904 - 1986 alternative spelling Choi Yong Sool, was the founder of the Martial art Hapkido. Kim was also the teacher of Kim Woo Tak who founded the hapki kuk sool kwan and may also have been the teacher of Suh In-Hyuk, founder of Kuk Sool Won although this is disputed by Suh. Kuk Sool Won is a Korean Martial arts system founded by In Hyuk Suh (the Kuk Sa Nim or Grandmaster) in 1958
There is also controversy surrounding Joo Bang Lee's former top student, Michael Echanis, who trained with Lee only briefly and was apparently promoted to high rank for commercial reasons involving his books and military connections. Michael D Echanis ( November 16, 1950 – September 1978 was a former United States Army Special Forces and 75th Ranger Battalion
Hwa Rang Do is a martial with over 4,000 techniques, as well as 108 weapons. These are taught in a progression as a student gains sashes (items to signify skill level attained), with many of the more difficult ones only taught after a black sash is achieved. Due to the extensive nature of the curriculum, typically attaining a black sash may take between 8 - 15 years. More dedicated students may possibly achieve it in less.
In Hwa Rang Do, practitioners are given sashes to signify their progression through the martial art. Before first dan (first black sash), the belt order goes from white to half-black:
After receiving a black sash, a practitioner earns the title Jo Kyo Nim (or alternatively, Yu Dan Ja), and can now be an instructor. In Education, a teacher is one who helps Students or pupils often in a School, as well as in a Family, religious or In addition, every degree of black sash has its own title, and shows a respective knowledge level. Note that there can only ever be one ninth degree and one tenth degree at any one time.
During the course of study up until black sash, a practitioner will learn a long form, eight basic techniques, around 30 "one step sparring" techniques and about the same number of self-defense techniques, and some short forms, every sash level. Sparring is a form of Training common to many Martial arts. Although the precise form varies it is essentially relatively 'free-form' fighting with enough rules Self-defense (or self-defence &mdash see spelling differences) is the act of defending oneself one's property or the well-being of another from physical harm In addition, three main weapons will be taught: The Ssang Jyel Bong (nunchaku), Jang Bong (long staff), and the Gum Mu (sword). A weapon is a Tool used either in Hunting, or attack or defence in Combat for the purpose of subduing enemy personnel or to destroy enemy weapons The nunchaku ( Chinese: 雙節棍双截棍 shuāng jié gùn; 兩節棍两截棍 liǎng jié gùn "Dual Section Staff" 二節棍二截棍 Defense against other weapons, such as the knife, are also taught, but training with those weapons does not occur until black sash. A knife is a handheld sharp-edged instrument consisting of handle attached to a Blade used for cutting Hwa Rang Do students will also have extensive study in grappling, joint manipulation and submission fighting, and new curriculum rollouts allow studying kumdo and weapon fighting earlier in the program.
Tae Soo Do is an abridged version of the Hwa Rang Do syllabus, also created by Joo Bang Lee, and is often used as an introductory course for students that have not practiced martial arts before. Tae Soo Do was the name some major Kwans (or schools of post- Korean war South Korea agreed to call their Martial art. After achieving a black belt in Tae Soo Do (it uses belts instead of the sashes from Hwa Rang Do), a student is given a yellow sash and is shifted into the Hwa Rang Do syllabus. A belt is a flexible band typically made of Leather or heavy Cloth, and worn around the Waist. Some new students are allowed to skip Tae Soo Do, and go straight into Hwa Rang Do. Typically this is an arrangement between the instructor and student, and is more common if the new student has extensive previous training. Some schools have a policy that all students wishing to learn Hwa Rang Do must obtain a TSD black belt. Programs also exist to get this very rapidly in the case of experienced students, but this requires a lot of dedication on the part of the student. While Tae Soo Do is easier and less comprehensive than Hwa Rang Do, it is a complete martial art in itself, and a student learns quite a lot of striking (kicking and punching), and the basics of joint locks, throws, grappling and simplified weapon forms. In many schools both Tae Soo Do and Hwa Rang Do are taught. A school (from Greek σχολεῖον - scholeion) is an Institution designed to allow and encourage Students (or "pupils"
Hwa Rang Do attempts to teach moral principles in additional to physical techniques, out of a belief that those who receive martial arts training must also be taught to use their skills responsibly. The foundation of Hwa Rang Do's code of behavior is the Meng Sae, which is composed of five rules and nine philosophical principles.
|Romanized Korean number||Aphorism||Transliteration|
|Il||Sa Kun E Choong||Loyalty to one's country|
|E||Sa Chin E Hyo||Loyalty to one's parents and teachers|
|Sam||Kyo Woo E Shin||Trust and brotherhood among friends|
|Sa||Im Jeon Moo Tae||Courage never to retreat in the face of the enemy|
|Oh||Sal Saeng Yoo Teak||Justice never to take a life without a cause|
Hwa = Flower
Rang = Man
Do = Way
The common English translations are 'The Way of the Flowering Manhood' or 'The Way of the Flowering Knights. ' The 'Man' idea in this title refers to an ideal man: one of honor, strength, responsibility, and virtue. The reason for the word 'Flower' is to state that just as a flower grows and then blooms, so should a man grow and then bloom into something beautiful. Also, just as a flower is beautiful just by being, so too should a man be honorable, loyal, strong, and virtuous by simply existing, without having to try to be any of these things. Obviously, since it is in the name of the Art, this idea is central to all aspects of Hwarangdo: one should be without needing to try to be. By this concept a practitioner is taught to be humble, strong, and honorable.