The Housing and Development Board (Abbreviation: HDB; Simplified Chinese: 建屋发展局; Malay: Lembaga Pembangunan dan Perumahan; Tamil: வீடமைப்பு வளர்ச்சிக் கழகம் ) is the statutory board of the Ministry of National Development responsible for public housing in Singapore. For the HTML tag see HTML element. An abbreviation (from Latin brevis "short" The Malay language ( ISO 639-1 code MS is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people and people of other ethnic groups who reside in the Tamil (ta தமிழ்; t̪əmɨɻ is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of the Indian subcontinent. The statutory boards of the Singapore Government are organisations that have been given autonomy to perform an operational function The Ministry Of National Development (MND is a ministry of the Government of Singapore that directs the formulation and implementation of policies related to Public housing is a form of Housing tenure in which the property is owned by a Government authority which may be central or local Singapore It is generally credited with clearing up the squatters and slums of the 1960s and resettling residents into low-cost government-built housing. Squatting is the act of occupying an abandoned or unoccupied space or Building that the squatter does not own rent or otherwise have permission to use A slum, as defined by the United Nations agency UN-HABITAT, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing and squalor and lacking in tenure security
Shortly after independence, Singapore faced a serious problem of housing shortages. Independence is the Self-government of a Nation, Country, or State by its residents and population or some portion thereof generally exercising Singapore In response, the government passed the Housing and Development Act of 1960 which replaced the existing Singapore Improvement Trust with the Housing and Development Board. The Singapore Improvement Trust (SIT was a Government Organisation set up in 1927 by the British colonial government in Singapore in response
Led by Lim Kim San, its first priority during formation was to build as many low-cost housing units as possible, and the Five-Year Plan was introduced. Lim Kim San ( ( 30 November 1916 - 20 July 2006) was a Singaporean politician The housing that was initially built was mostly meant for rental by the low income group. The Home Ownership Scheme was also introduced to help this group of people to buy instead of rent their flats. Home Ownership Scheme ( Chinese 居者有其屋計劃 HOS for short is a Housing programme carried out by Hong Kong Housing Authority in Hong Kong Later, the people were allowed to use their Central Provident Fund money for downpayment. The Central Provident Fund ( Abbreviation: CPF; Chinese: 公积金 Pinyin: Gōngjījīn) is a compulsory comprehensive Social These efforts were however not successful enough then in convincing the people living in the squatter settlements to move into these flats. It was only later, after the Bukit Ho Swee Fire, that HDB's efficiency and earnestness won the people over. The Bukit Ho Swee Fire ( is a fire that broke out in the squatter settlement of Bukit Ho Swee, Singapore, on May 25, 1961 at 3
54,430 housing units were built between 1960 and 1965 by the HDB. Year 1960 ( MCMLX) was a Leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Year 1965 ( MCMLXV) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. Due to land constraints, high-rise and high-density flats were chosen.
The policies of the HDB were largely in line of the manifesto set out by the Singapore government; the government was promoting social cohesion and patriotism within the country. For the Roxy Music album see Manifesto (album. A manifesto is a public declaration of principles and intentions often Patriotism is commonly defined as love of and/or devotion to one's country In 1968, citizens were allowed to use their pension fund (Central Provident Fund) to purchase and own the homes they were renting to give them a stake of the country and as an incentive to work hard. The Central Provident Fund ( Abbreviation: CPF; Chinese: 公积金 Pinyin: Gōngjījīn) is a compulsory comprehensive Social In 1980, a quota was introduced to ensure that no particular racial group concentrated together to prevent sectarianism. Year 1980 ( MCMLXXX) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar) The term race or racial group usually refers to the concept of categorizing Humans into Populations or groups on the basis of various sets Sectarianism is Bigotry, Discrimination, Prejudice or Hatred arising from attaching importance to perceived differences between subdivisions To prevent social stratification that may lead to social conflict, the housing of different income groups are mixed together in estates and new towns. Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions (or stratification) between individuals or groups in Societies or Cultures. A housing estate is a group of buildings built together as a single development A new town, planned community or planned city is a City, Town, or Community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically
In the 1990s, the HDB concentrated on the upgrading of existing older flats, installing new facilities such as lifts that stop on every floor. The 1990s collectively refers to the years between and including 1990 and 1999 An elevator or lift is a Transport device used to move people or goods vertically from one floor to another Studio apartments were built specially to suit the needs of senior citizens in Singapore's aging society. A studio apartment ( studio flat in the United Kingdom) or an efficiency apartment or bachelor style apartment or Bachelorette However, some of these flats were quickly bought up by young working singles.
On 1 July 2003, the Building & Development Division of HDB was corporatized to form HDB Corporation Pte. Ltd. (HDBCorp in short). HDBCorp was later renamed as Surbana Corporation Pte. Ltd.
HDB's headquarters were previously located at Bukit Merah. Headquarters (HQ denotes the location where most if not all of the important functions of an organization are concentrated Bukit Merah is a Hill in Singapore. Previously it was a much larger hill that was situated at the present site of Henderson housing estate which lies opposite the They were moved to their new premises at the HDB Hub at 480 Lorong 6 Toa Payoh on 10 June 2002 . Etymology Toa Payoh is a Hokkien language reference to "big Swamp " ( toa is "big" and payoh means "swamp" Events 1190 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem See also 2002 (disambiguation Year 2002 ( MMII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. The existing Bukit Merah premises, known as Surbana One, became the headquarters for Surbana Corporation Pte. Ltd.
About 80-90% of Singapore's population are currently living in HDB flats, with high-density housing being a solution to the problem of overcrowding. Singapore There are a number of eligibility conditions in order for a flat to be purchased. A buyer must be a Singaporean citizen, and be 21 years of age and have a "proper family nucleus". The term nuclear family developed in the Western world to distinguish the Family group consisting of parents most commonly a Father and Mother Other requirements concern household status, time requirements, income and other special requirements. Income, refers to consumption opportunity gained by an entity within a specified time frame which is generally expressed in monetary terms 
Ownership in public housing is limited to a 99-year lease. There are several types of public and semi-public housing available, classified on the basis of the number of rooms and size of the flat. Semi-public housing is governed under HUDC instead of HDB and have a much larger floor area. Size is usually denoted by the terms such as four-room, five-room or similar, and is based on the number of rooms in addition to the living room but newer five-room apartments come with only 3-rooms and a dining room. A living room, also known as sitting room, lounge room or lounge (in the United Kingdom and Australia) is a room for entertaining A dining room is a room for consuming food In modern times it is usually adjacent to the Kitchen for convenience in serving although in Medieval times Some newer HDB developed flats in new towns include some condominium facilities.
Most of the residential housing developments in Singapore are publicly built. Thus, public housing in Singapore is not considered a sign of poverty or a lower standard of living; as compared to public housing in other developed countries where land constraint is a non-issue and property pricing is significantly cheaper. Very few people in Singapore live below the poverty line. The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of Income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate Standard of living in a given country
For example, an HDB 4-room flat depending on age, environment and surrounding amenities can have a sale value of between S$200,000 to above S$300,000 and an HUDC Executive maisonette above S$500,000. The dollar ( sign: $; code: SGD) is the Currency of Singapore. However, in contrast a privately developed condominium type housing can cost as much as S$1,000,000 and above. The largest HDB flats (in terms of floor area) ever built are two-storey Executive Masionettes built in the 1990s which can have floor area ranging from 160 - 190 m².
|Period||Room Type||Size in sq m (Avg)||Price (in S$) New||Price (in S$) Resale|
|1980s sharp rise@81||3 room||65||$50,000||-|
|1990s sharp rise@93 till 97||3 room||70||$120,000||$200,000|
|2000s 1||3 room||65||$110,000||$150,000|
|1 Average floor sizes was decreased for new flat build around year 2000 but with premium design finishing except 3-rm unit.|
Singapore maintains a quota system of ethnicities within the HDB program. There are strict requirements as to who can move into an HDB flat, based on whether they are Chinese, Indian, Malay, or that they belong to another race. Indians in Singapore —defined as persons of South Asian paternal Ancestry —form 9% of the country's citizens and permanent residents making them Singapore Population of the Malay in Singapore Singapore maintains that there must be a certain ratio of ethnicities within the HDB blocks, and any move-in or move-out must adhere to this policy. The HDB declares that this is to promote homogeny amongst Singapore's diverse population, in order to prevent racialism and racial segregation and preventing homogeneous racial blocks from forming. Racialism is an emphasis on race or racial considerations Racialism entails a belief in the existence and significance of racial categories but not necessarily in a
Other considerations for granting the application of an HDB flat include the priority given to buyers, as well as citizenship and residency requirements, based on the number of children.