The term homemaker is preferred by some to housewife or househusband because it is inclusive, defines the role in terms of activities, rather than relation to another or gender, and is independent of marital status. The term profession is applied to those persons who have specialized and technical skill or knowledge which they apply for a fee to certain tasks that ordinary and unqualified people cannot Family denotes a group of People affiliated by consanguinity affinity or co-residence A home is a place of Residence or Refuge. It is usually a place where an individual or a family can rest in and be able to store Personal property. A person's marital status describes their relationship with a significant other The terms stay-at-home mom and stay-at-home dad are also used, particularly if the person views their central role as caring for children. The euphemistic term "domestic engineer" has gone out of favor, being seen by some as satirical, as if to give a sense of mock dignity to a role held in low esteem by the speaker. Likewise, the term "housekeeper" has come to describe hired cleaning help, and is no longer used—other than in a derogatory way—to describe homemaking.
Traditionally the role of "homemaker" has been filled predominantly by women. Even to this day, homemaking is perceived by many societies as the natural role for women. A gender role is defined as a set of perceived behavioural norms associated particularly with Males or Females in a given social group or system In recent years there has been some political and societal backlash against feminist criticism regarding traditional roles for women. Feminism is a discourse that involves various movements theories, and Philosophies which are concerned with the issue of Gender difference, advocate This backlash may be attributed to the recent decades' progress of the feminist movement and its implications on society, and may be compared to the backlash that took place in postwar America. Post-War is the fifth studio album by M Ward. It was released on August 22 2006 by Merge Records. The backlash could be seen, at least in part, in both the increasing prominence of "professional" homemakers such as Martha Stewart, and a rise in Evangelical Christianity which views traditional roles as being conducive to the stability of the traditional family unit and the people therein. Martha Stewart (born Martha Helen Kostyra; August 3, 1941) is an American Business magnate, Television host, author Evangelicalism is a theological movement tradition and system of beliefs most closely associated with Protestant Christianity, which identifies with the Gospel However, homemaking is not always a lifetime commitment: many homemakers, for economic or personal reasons, return to the workplace
According to the 2000 Census (table QT-P26), half of all married couple families are dual-income, with both husband and wife working. In just under a quarter of families, only the husband worked. In 6. 4% of families, only the wife worked. 
In agriculture studies, the word "homemaker" is occasionally used referring to the person who does the majority of the chores within a farm's compound, as opposed to field and livestock work. Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture
The term "homemaker" is not used in the United Kingdom. Housewife is the preferred term in the UK and many other English speaking countries, and house-husband is commonly used to refer to a male stay-at-home partner.
In imperial China (excluding periods of the Tang dynasty when women had high status in society), women were bound to homemaking by the doctrines of Confucianism. Chinese civilization originated in various city-states along the Yellow River ( valley in the Neolithic era The Tang Dynasty ( Middle Chinese: dhɑng (June 18 618&ndashJune 4 907 was an imperial dynasty of China preceded by the Sui Dynasty and followed by Confucianism ( is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of the fifth century B When the husband was alive and able to work, the wife was usually forbidden to take a job outside the house. As Confucianism spread across East Asia, this social norm was also observed in Korea and Japan.
After the founding of the Republic of China in the early 20th century, these norms were gradually loosened and many women went out to make a living. REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES During the rule of the People's Republic of China, all women were freed from compulsory family roles. Talk People's Republic of China) PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARTICLE GUIDELINES During the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution, many women were required by the government to do work for which many were not physically suited. The Great Leap Forward ( of the People's Republic of China (PRC was an economic and social plan used from 1958 to 1960 which aimed to use China 's vast population The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in the People’s Republic of China was a struggle for power within the Communist Party of China that manifested into This policy was later abolished.
Still, in modern China, it is not common for women (particularly those in urban area) to be housewives. Even in wealthy families, most women are aware that a housewife is stripped of financial resources and is dependent on her husband. In most modern Chinese homes, women work simply because one person's income is insufficient to support the family, a decision made easier by the fact that it is common for Chinese grandparents to take care of their grandchildren before they are old enough to go to school. Nonetheless, the number of Chinese housewives has been steadily growing in recent years as China's economy makes it possible, and as part of the global backlash, though househusbands are almost unanimously frowned upon.
Homemakers are usually financially dependent on members of the household who are employed; however, people working full-time (particularly under "at-will employment" arrangements) benefit from the unwaged work provided by the homemaker, the maintenance of such work in his/her absence would cost money (child care, cooking, housecleaning, teaching, transporting). At-will employment is a doctrine of American law that defines an Employment relationship in which either party can break the relationship with no liability provided As of May 2007, the average annual salary of a homemaker in the U. May 2007 is the fifth month of that year It began on a Tuesday and 31 days later ended on a Thursday. S, if correlated to the total cost of outsourcing each element of her work to an external contractor, would be approximately $138,000. Working Moms would earn $85,876 annually for the "mom job" portion of their work, in addition to their actual "work job" salary. 
In previous decades, there used to be a large amount of courses mandatory for young women to learn the skills of housekeeping. In high school, courses included cooking, nutrition, home economics, family and consumer science or food and cooking hygiene. Cooking is the process of preparing Food by applying Heat, selecting measuring and combining of ingredients in an ordered procedure for producing safe and edible Nutrition (also called nourishment or aliment) is the provision to cells and Organisms of the materials necessary (in the form of food to support Family and consumer sciences is an academic discipline that combines aspects of social and natural science Family and consumer sciences is an academic discipline that combines aspects of social and natural science Food safety is a scientific discipline describing handling preparation, and storage of Food in ways that prevent Foodborne illness. Today, these courses have been mostly abolished, and many modern women would be more likely to explore resources on the topic of child development and managing children's behavior.
Househusbands or Stay at home dads are seen in increasing numbers in Western culture (especially Canada and the northern U. A stay-at-home dad is a term used to describe a male parent who is the main Caregiver of the children and the home Country to "Dominion of Canada" or "Canadian Federation" or anything else please read the Talk Page S. ), since the late 20th century. The twentieth century of the Common Era began on In East Asian nations such as Japan and South Korea this practice is less common. For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea and often referred to as Korea ( Korean: 대한민국 tɛː
There are several reasons why there has been an increase in househusbands over the past few years.
Depending on the country or region in which a stay-at-home dad lives, he might find more or less social support for his decision. In some regions where traditional roles prevail, a stay-at-home dad might be shunned by the stay-at-home mom peer group. In order to find support for their choice, men have created and joined many support networks.
However, despite the gains of the acceptance of the househusband, there are still many men who are trying to find acceptance in this role.
One 2002 study suggested stay-at-home dads may face a higher risk of heart disease.  The reasons for the alleged health risk, however, are not specified.
Some modern women are embracing the role of full-time parent. Most of these women have left the paid workforce so that they can raise their children, particularly through their early years before entering kindergarten. There is considerable variability within the "stay-at-home" mom population with regard to their intent to return to the paid workforce. Some work from their home, some do part-time work, some intend to return to part or full time work when their children are in school, and others may never return to the paid workplace. Similarly, there is considerable variation in the "stay-at-home" mom's attitude towards domestic work not related to caring for children.
Some may embrace a traditional role of "housewife," where the woman cooks and cleans in addition to caring for children. But many modern homemakers see their primary role as that of child-care providers -- supporting their children's physical, intellectual, and emotional development. These homemakers can be found in cooperative preschools and volunteering in numerous community organizations. Other aspects of home care (shopping, cooking, cleaning, yard work, home repairs, money managing) is shared equally with their husbands or partners.
Many feminists, such as Betty Friedan, have criticised the marginalisation of women as 'homemakers'. Feminism is a discourse that involves various movements theories, and Philosophies which are concerned with the issue of Gender difference, advocate Betty Friedan ( February 4, 1921 – February 5, 2006) was an American feminist, activist and Feminists generally suggest that 'homemaking' should be an appropriate role for a parent of either sex, believing that gender roles do not have any basis other than social conditioning. Also, they maintain that women can become socially isolated by being tied to their home. While some feminists denigrate and insult "stay-at-home moms", at times coming as far as calling them slaves of the patriarchy, others argue that feminism respects all choices people make. Patriarchy is the structuring of Society on the basis of Family units where fathers have primary responsibility for the welfare of hence authority over They would argue that the goal of feminism is not to close off any options for women, but to create opportunities for women to pursue careers in traditionally male occupations, as well as providing males an option to pursue roles that so far have been perceived as "strictly female".
Some feminists as well as certain non-feminist economists (particularly historical materialists) also point out that the monetary contribution of homemakers' work to society is ignored in standard formulations of economic output, such as GDP or employment figures. An economist is an expert in the Social science of Economics. Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. Homemakers work many unrecorded hours a week, while depending on their partner's employment to provide health insurance and household income. The term health insurance is generally used to describe a form of Insurance that pays for medical expenses Proponents of collective economics point out that homemakers' work does not contribute to the general economy, and should not be rewarded with tax breaks. A tax break is a tax Saving. This includes Tax exemption, an exemption from all or certain Taxes of a state or nation in which part of