In archaeology, a hoard is a collection of artifacts purposely buried in the ground. The British Museum is a Museum of human history and culture in London. Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek grc ἀρχαιολογία archaiologia – grc ἀρχαῖος archaīos In Archaeology, an artifact or artefact is any object made or modified by a human culture, and often one later recovered by some archaeological This would usually be with the intention of later recovery by the hoarder; hoarders sometimes died before retrieving the hoard, and these surviving hoards may be uncovered by metal-detectorists, members of the public and archaeologists much later. Metal detectors use Electromagnetic induction to detect Metal. Archaeology, archeology, or archæology (from Greek grc ἀρχαιολογία archaiologia – grc ἀρχαῖος archaīos Forgetfulness and physical displacement from the location of the hoard may contribute to failing to retrieve it.
Hoards provide a useful method of providing dates for artifacts through association as they can usually be assumed to be contemporary and therefore used in creating chronologies. Association in Archaeology has more than one meaning and is confusing to the Layman. Hoards can also be considered an indicator of the relative degree of unrest in ancient societies. Thus conditions in 5th century and 6th century Britain spurred the burial of hoards of which the most famous are the Hoxne Hoard, Suffolk; the Mildenhall Treasure, the Fishpool Hoard, Nottinghamshire, the Water Newton hoard, Cambridgeshire, and the Cuerdale Hoard, Lancashire, all preserved in the British Museum. The 5th century is the period from 401 to 500 in accordance with the Julian calendar in Anno Domini / Common Era. The 6th century is the period from 501 to 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian / Common Era. Great Britain during the Middle Ages (from the 5th century withdrawal of Roman forces from the province of Britannia Discovered by Metal detectorist Eric Lawes in the Village of Hoxne in Suffolk on 16 November 1992, the Hoxne Hoard Mildenhall Treasure is a major Hoard of 33 Roman Silver objects found in the Mildenhall area of the English county of Suffolk Water Newton is a village on the northern border of the English county of Cambridgeshire. The Cuerdale Hoard is a Hoard of over 8600 items including Silver coins and bullion The British Museum is a Museum of human history and culture in London.
Prudence Harper of the Metropolitan Museum of Art voiced some practical reservations about hoards at the time of the Soviet exhibition of Scythian gold in New York, 1975. The Metropolitan Museum of Art is an art museum located on the eastern edge of Central Park, along what is known as Museum Mile in New York City, Writing of the so-called "Maikop treasure" acquired from three separate sources by three museums early in the twentieth century, the Berliner Museen, the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, and the Metropolitan Museum, New York, Harper warned
Hoards may be of precious metals, coinage, tools or more rarely, pottery. The M acro E xpansion T emplate A ttribute L anguage complements TAL, providing macros which allow the reuse of code across A broader definition of a tool is an entity used to interface between two or more domains that facilitates more effective action of one domain upon the other Pottery is the Ceramic ware made by potters It also refers to a group of materials that includes Earthenware, Stoneware There are various classifications depending on the nature of the hoard. Categorization is the process in which ideas and objects are recognized, differentiated and understood.
A founder's hoard contains broken or unfit metal objects, ingots, casting waste, and often complete objects, in a finished state. An ingot is a material usually metal that is cast into a shape suitable for further processing These were probably buried with the intention to recover at a later time.
A merchant's hoard is a collection of various functional items which, it is conjectured, were buried by a traveling merchant for safety, with the intention of later retrieval.
A personal hoard is a collection of personal objects buried for safety in times of unrest.
A hoard of loot is a buried collection of spoils from raiding and is more in keeping with the popular idea of "buried treasure".
Votive hoards are different from the above in that they represent purposeful deposition of items, either all at once or over time for ritual purposes, without intent to recover them. A ritual is a set of actions often thought to have Symbolic value the performance of which is usually prescribed by a Religion or by the Traditions Furthermore, votive hoards need not be "manufactured" goods, but can include organic amulets and animal remains. An amulet ( the Elder|Pliny]] meaning "an object that protects a person from trouble" a close cousin of the talisman (from Arabic Votive hoards are often distinguished from more functional deposits by the nature of the goods themselves (from animal bones to diminutive artifacts), the places buried (being often associated with watery places, burial mounds and boundaries), and the treatment of the deposit (careful or haphazard placement and whether ritually destroyed/broken).