In Greek mythology, Heracles or Herakles ("glory of Hera", or "Glorious through Hera," Alcides (original name) "Ἥρα + κλέος, Ἡρακλῆς)" was a divine hero, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, nephew of Amphitryon and great-grandson (and half-brother) of Perseus. The Louvre Museum (Musée du Louvre located in Paris is the world's most visited art museum a historic monument and a national museum of France Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and Heroes the nature of the world and the origins and significance In the Olympian pantheon of classical Greek Mythology, Hera (ˈhɪərə or /ˈhɛrə/ Greek) or Here ( in Ionic and Homer A hero (from Greek grc ἥρως hērōs) in Greek mythology and Folklore, was originally a Demigod, the offspring of a mortal and Zeus (zjuːs in Greek: nominative: Zeús /zdeús/ genitive: Diós; Modern Greek /'zefs/ in Greek mythology In Greek mythology, Alcmene or Alcmena ( Greek:) was the mother of Heracles Amphitryon, or Amphitrion, in Greek mythology, was a son of Alcaeus, king of Tiryns in Argolis. Perseus, Perseos, or Perseas ( Greek: Περσεύς, Περσέως, Περσέας) the Legendary founder He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters. In Greek mythology, the Heracleidae or Heraclids were the numerous descendants of Heracles (Hercules especially applied in a narrower sense to the descendants The Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon ( Greek: Δωδεκάθεον Chthonic (from Greek χθόνιος khthonios "of the earth" from khthōn "earth" pertaining to the Earth; earthy subterranean In Rome and the modern West, he is known as Hercules, with whom the later Roman Emperors, in particular Commodus and Maximianus, often identified themselves. Roman mythology, or more appropriately Latin mythology, refers to the mythological beliefs of the Italic people inhabiting the region of Latium and its Modernity is a term that refers to the Modern era. It is distinct from Modernism, and in different contexts refers to cultural and intellectual movements of the Hercules is the Roman name for the Mythical Greek hero Heracles, son of Zeus and the mortal Alcmena. The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman State during the imperial period (starting at about 27 BC Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus ( August 31, 161 – December 31, 192) was a Roman Emperor who ruled from 180 to 192 (also with The Romans adopted the Greek version of his life and works essentially unchanged, but added anecdotal detail of their own, some of it linking the hero with the geography of the Central Mediterranean. Details of his cult were adapted to Rome as well. This article discusses cult in the original and typically ancient sense of "religious practice" (cultus
Extraordinary strength, courage, ingenuity, and sexual prowess with both males and females were among his characteristic attributes. Gallantry redirects here Or see Gallant for other meanings Courage, also known as bravery, will, intrepidity Although he was not as clever as the likes of Odysseus or Nestor, Heracles used his wits on several occasions when his strength did not suffice, such as when laboring for the king Augeas of Elis, wrestling the giant Antaeus, or tricking Atlas into taking the sky back onto his shoulders. grc-Latn Odysseus or la Ulysses ( Greek grc-Latn Odysseus; Latin: la Ulixes or more commonly Ulysses) oʊˈdɪsiəs In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerênia ( Greek: Νέστωρ) was the son of Neleus and Chloris, and the King of Pylos. In Greek mythology, Augeas (or Augeias, Greek: Ἀυγείας whose name means "bright" was king of Elis and husband of Epicaste Elis, or Eleia ( Greek, Modern Ήλιδα Ilida, Ancient Ēlis, Doric: Alis, Elean: Walis) is an ancient http//enwikipediaorg/wiki/ImageHerkules_und_Ant%C3%A4us_(Mantegna In Greek mythology, Atlas (Eng /'æt ləs/ Gk Ἄτλας was the primordial Titan who supported the heavens Together with Hermes he was the patron and protector of gymnasia and palaestrae. Hermes ( Greek,, ˈhɝmiːz in Greek mythology, is the Olympian god of boundaries and of the travelers who cross them of Shepherds and The gymnasium in Ancient Greece functioned as a training facility for competitors in public Games It was also a place for socializing and engaging in intellectual For the sports arena in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania see Palestra.  His iconographic attributes are the lion skin and the club. The Nemean lion ( Modern Greek: Λέων της Νεμέας (Léōn tēs Neméas Latin: Leo Nemaeus was a vicious monster in Greek mythology that lived A club (also known as cudgel, baton, truncheon, night stick, and bludgeon) is among the simplest of all weapons These qualities did not prevent him from being regarded as a playful figure who used games to relax from his labors and played a great deal with children.  By conquering dangerous archaic forces he is said to have "made the world safe for mankind" and to be its benefactor.  Heracles was an extremely passionate and emotional individual, capable of doing both great deeds for his friends (such as wrestling with Thanatos on behalf of Prince Admetus, who had regaled Heracles with his hospitality, or restoring his friend Tyndareus to the throne of Sparta after he was overthrown) and being a terrible enemy who would wreak horrible vengeance on those who crossed him, as Augeas, Neleus and Laomedon all found out to their cost. In Greek mythology, Thanatos (in Ancient Greek, θάνατος &ndash " Death " was the Daemon personification In Greek mythology, Admetus /æd 'mi təs/ was a king of Pherae in Thessaly, succeeding his father Pheres after whom the city was named In Greek mythology, Tyndareus Τυνδαρεύς (or Tyndareos Τυνδάρεως) was a Spartan king son of Oebalus The city of Sparta ( Doric Σπάρτα Attic Σπάρτη Neleus was the son of Poseidon and Tyro, brother of Pelias. Tyro was married to Cretheus (with whom she had one son Aeson) but loved In Greek mythology, Laomedon was a Trojan king son of Ilus, brother of Ganymedes and father of Priam, Astyoche
Many popular stories were told of his life, the most famous being The Twelve labors of Heracles; Alexandrian poets of the Hellenistic age drew his mythology into a high poetic and tragic atmosphere. The Twelve Labours of Hercules (Greek Δωδεκαθλος, dodekathlos) age a series of archaic episodes connected by a later continuous narrative concerning  His figure, which initially drew on Near Eastern motifs such as the lion-fight, was known everywhere: his Etruscan equivalent was Hercle, a son of Tinia and Uni. The Etruscans were a people of unknown origin living in Northern Italy, who were eventually integrated into Roman culture and politically became part of the Roman Republic The Etruscan bright sky god Tinia (also Tin, Tins or Tina) was the highest god in Etruscan mythology, the Etruscan equivalent of the Roman
Heracles was the greatest of Hellenic chthonic heroes, but unlike other Greek heroes, no tomb was identified as his. Chthonic (from Greek χθόνιος khthonios "of the earth" from khthōn "earth" pertaining to the Earth; earthy subterranean Heracles was both hero and god, as Pindar says heroes theos; at the same festival sacrifice was made to him, first as a hero, with a chthonic libation, and then as a god, upon an altar: thus he embodies the closest Greek approach to a "demi-god". Pindar (ˈpɪndɚ (or Pindarus, Greek:) (probably born 522 BC in Cynoscephalae a village in Boeotia; died 443 BC in Argos) was an Ancient A libation (spondee in Greek) is a Ritual pouring of a drink as an offering to a god. The term " demigod " meaning "half-god" is used to describe mythological figures whose one parent was a god and whose other parent was human  The core of the story of Heracles has been identified by Walter Burkert as originating in Neolithic hunter culture and traditions of shamanistic crossings into the netherworld. 
Heracles' role as a culture hero, whose death could be a subject of mythic telling (see below), was accepted into the Olympian Pantheon during Classical times. The Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon ( Greek: Δωδεκάθεον This created an awkwardness in the encounter with Odysseus in the episode of Odyssey XI, called the Nekuia, where Odysseus encounters Heracles in Hades:
Ancient critics were aware of the problem of the aside that interrupts the vivid and complete description, in which Heracles recognizes Odysseus and hails him, and modern critics find very good reasons for denying that the verses beginning, in Fagles' translation His ghost I mean. . . were part of the original composition: "once people knew of Heracles' admission to Olympus," they would not tolerate his presence in the underworld," remarks Friedrich Solmsen, noting that the interpolated verses represent a compromise between conflicting representations of Heracles.
In Christian circles a Euhemerist reading of the widespread Heracles/Hercules cult was attributed to a historical figure who had been offered cult status after his death. Euhemerus (Εὐήμερος (working late fourth century BC was a Greek mythographer at the court of Cassander, the king of Macedon. Thus Eusebius, Preparation of the Gospel (10. 12), reported that Clement could offer historical dates for Hercules as a king in Argos: "from the reign of Hercules in Argos to the deification of Hercules himself and of Asclepius there are comprised thirty-eight years, according to Apollodorus the chronicler: and from that point to the deification of Castor and Pollux fifty-three years: and somewhere about this time was the capture of Troy. St Clement may refer to Pope Clement I, also known as St Clement of Rome (died c Argos ( Greek: Ἄργος, Árgos ˈaɾɣos is a city in Greece in the Peloponnese near Nafplio, which was its historic harbor Asclepius (pronounced /æsˈkliːpiːəs/, Greek, transliterated Asklēpiós; Latin Aesculapius) is the god of Medicine For the stars see Castor (star and Pollux (star, for the sculptural group in the Prado Museum, see Castor and Pollux (Prado, and for Troy ( Greek: grc Τροία Troia, also, Ilion; Latin: Trōia, Īlium, Hittite: Wilusa or "
Readers with a literalist bent, following Clement's reasoning, have asserted from this remark that, since Heracles ruled over Tiryns in Argos at the same time that Eurystheus ruled over Mycenae, and since at about this time Linus was Heracles' teacher, one can conclude, based on Jerome's date—in his universal history, his Chronicon—given to Linus' notoriety in teaching Heracles in 1264 BCE, that Heracles' death and detification occurred 38 years later, in approximately 1226 BCE. Tiryns (in ancient Greek Τίρυνς and in modern Τίρυνθα is a Mycenaean Archaeological site in the Greek nomos of In Greek mythology, Eurystheus was king of Tiryns, one of three Mycenaean strongholds in the Argolid: Sthenelus was his father "Lion Gate" redirects here For other uses see Lions' Gate (disambiguation. Linus (in Greek Linos (Λῖνος may refer to any of three sons of Apollo from Greek mythology: Son of Apollo and Urania, he Jerome (c 347 – September 30, 420) ( Latin: Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus; Εὐσέβιος Σωφρόνιος Ἱερώνυμος
The ancient Greeks celebrated the festival of the Herakleia, which commemorated the death of Heracles, on the second day of the month of Metageitnion (which would fall in late July or early August). The Herakleia were ancient Festivals honoring the divine hero Heracles. What is believed to be an Egyptian Temple of Heracles in the Bahariya Oasis dates to 21 BCE. This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. El-Waha el-Bahariya or Bahariya ( Arabic: الواحة البحرية meaning the "northern oasis" is an Oasis in Egypt.
|Topics in Greek mythology|
A major factor in the well-known tragedies surrounding Heracles is the hatred that the goddess Hera, wife of Zeus, had for him. Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and Heroes the nature of the world and the origins and significance The ancient Greeks proposed many different ideas about primordial deities in their mythology, which would later be largely adapted by the In Greek mythology, the Titans ( Greek: Tītā́n; plural Tītânes) were a race of powerful Deities that ruled during the legendary Zeus (zjuːs in Greek: nominative: Zeús /zdeús/ genitive: Diós; Modern Greek /'zefs/ in Greek mythology The Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon ( Greek: Δωδεκάθεον Pan ( Greek, Genitive) is the Greek god of shepherds and flocks of mountain wilds hunting and rustic music paein means to pasture In Greek mythology, a nymph is any member of a large class of mythological entities in human female form In Classical mythology, Dionysus or Dionysos (in Greek, Διόνυσος or Διώνυσος; associated with Roman The ancient Greeks had a large number of sea deities. The philosopher Plato once remarked that the Greek people were like frogs sitting around a pond -- their Chthonic (from Greek χθόνιος khthonios "of the earth" from khthōn "earth" pertaining to the Earth; earthy subterranean The Twelve Labours of Hercules (Greek Δωδεκαθλος, dodekathlos) age a series of archaic episodes connected by a later continuous narrative concerning "Achilleus" redirects here For the emperor with this name see Achilleus (emperor. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans after Paris of Troy stole Helen from her grc-Latn Odysseus or la Ulysses ( Greek grc-Latn Odysseus; Latin: la Ulixes or more commonly Ulysses) oʊˈdɪsiəs The Odyssey ( Greek: Ὀδύσσεια or Odússeia) is one of two major ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. Jason ( Greek: Ἰάσων, Etruscan: Easun, Laz: Yason) was a late ancient Greek mythological In Greek mythology, the Golden Fleece (Χρυσόμαλλον Δέρας is the fleece of the winged ram Chrysomallos (Χρυσόμαλλος Perseus, Perseos, or Perseas ( Greek: Περσεύς, Περσέως, Περσέας) the Legendary founder In Greek mythology, Medusa ( Greek: Μέδουσα (Médousa "guardian protectress" was a monstrous Chthonic female character gazing upon In Greek mythology, a gorgon ( Greek: γοργώ or γοργών transl Oedipus (pronounced /ˈɛdəpəs/ in American English or /ˈiːdəpəs/ in British English; Greek: Oidípous meaning "swollen-footed" The Seven against Thebes (Επτά επί Θήβας Epta epi Thēbas) is a mythic narrative whose classic statement is found in the play by Aeschylus (467 BCE For other uses see Theseus (disambiguation Theseus (Θησεύς was a Legendary king of Athens, son of Aethra, and fathered In Greek mythology, the Minotaur ( Greek:, Mīnṓtauros) was a creature that was part man and part bull. Buzyges redirects here For the Genus of Grass skipper Butterflies, see Buzyges (butterfly. The Eleusinian Mysteries (Ἐλευσίνια Μυστήρια were initiation ceremonies held every year for the cult of Demeter and Persephone Mystery Religions, Sacred Mysteries or simply Mysteries, were "religious cults of the Graeco-Roman In Greek mythology, satyrs (Σάτυροι Satyroi) are a troop of male companions of Pan and Dionysus – " Satyresses quot In Greek mythology, the centaurs (from Ancient Greek: Κένταυροι - Kéntauroi are a race of creatures composed of part Human Dragons play a role in Greek mythology. Ladon was a Dragon -like beast that was slain by Heracles in the garden of the Hesperides during the Twelve Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs and rituals practiced in Ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. A goddess is a Female Deity. Many Cultures have goddesses Often deities are part of a polytheistic system that includes several deities In the Olympian pantheon of classical Greek Mythology, Hera (ˈhɪərə or /ˈhɛrə/ Greek) or Here ( in Ionic and Homer Zeus (zjuːs in Greek: nominative: Zeús /zdeús/ genitive: Diós; Modern Greek /'zefs/ in Greek mythology A full account of Heracles must render it clear why Heracles was so tormented by Hera, when there are many illegitimate offspring sired by Zeus. Heracles was the fruit of the affair Zeus had with the mortal woman Alcmene. In Greek mythology, Alcmene or Alcmena ( Greek:) was the mother of Heracles Zeus made love to her after disguising himself as her husband, Amphitryon, home early from war (Amphitryon did return later the same night, and Alcmene became pregnant with his son at the same time, a case of superfecundation, where a woman carries twins sired by different fathers). Zeus (zjuːs in Greek: nominative: Zeús /zdeús/ genitive: Diós; Modern Greek /'zefs/ in Greek mythology Amphitryon, or Amphitrion, in Greek mythology, was a son of Alcaeus, king of Tiryns in Argolis. Superfecundation is the Fertilization of two or more ova from the same cycle by sperm from separate acts of sexual intercourse  Thus, Heracles' very existence proved at least one of Zeus' many illicit affairs, and Hera often conspired against Zeus' mortal offspring, as revenge for her husband's infidelities. His twin mortal brother, son of Amphitryon was Iphicles, father of Heracles' charioteer Iolaus. For the Butterfly Genus, see Iolaus (butterfly. In Greek mythology, Iolaus (in Greek, Ἰόλαος
On the night the twins sharing the same mother were to be born, Hera, knowing of her husband Zeus' adultery, persuaded Zeus to swear an oath that the child born that night to a member of the House of Perseus would be High King. In the Olympian pantheon of classical Greek Mythology, Hera (ˈhɪərə or /ˈhɛrə/ Greek) or Here ( in Ionic and Homer Perseus, Perseos, or Perseas ( Greek: Περσεύς, Περσέως, Περσέας) the Legendary founder Once the oath was sworn, Hera hurried to Alcmene's dwelling and slowed the birth by forcing Ilithyia, goddess of childbirth, to sit crosslegged with her clothing tied in knots, thereby causing Heracles to be trapped in the womb. Eileithyia (Εἰλείθυια was the Cretan goddess whom Greek mythology adapted as the goddess of childbirth and midwifery Meanwhile, Hera caused Eurystheus to be born prematurely, making him High King in place of Heracles. In Greek mythology, Eurystheus was king of Tiryns, one of three Mycenaean strongholds in the Argolid: Sthenelus was his father She would have permanently delayed Heracles' birth had she not been fooled by Galanthis, Alcmene's servant, who lied to Ilithyia, saying that Alcmene had already delivered the baby. In Greek mythology, Galanthis (or Galinthias) was the red-gold haired servant of Alcmene, who assisted her during the birth of Heracles. In Greek mythology, Alcmene or Alcmena ( Greek:) was the mother of Heracles Upon hearing this, she jumped in surprise, untying the knots and inadvertently allowing Alcmene to give birth. In Greek mythology, Alcmene or Alcmena ( Greek:) was the mother of Heracles
The child was originally given the name Alcides by his parents; it was only later that he became known as Heracles.  He was renamed Heracles in an unsuccessful attempt to mollify Hera. A few months after he was born, Hera sent two serpents to kill him as he lay in his cot. Heracles throttled a snake in each hand and was found by his nurse playing with their limp bodies as if they were child's toys.
After killing his music tutor Linus with a lyre, he was sent to tend cattle on a mountain by his foster father Amphitryon. Linus (in Greek Linos (Λῖνος may refer to any of three sons of Apollo from Greek mythology: Son of Apollo and Urania, he The lyre is a stringed musical instrument well known for its use in Classical Antiquity and later Here, according to an allegorical parable, "The Choice of Heracles", invented by the sophist Prodicus (ca. A parable is a brief succinct story in Prose or verse, that illustrates a Moral or Religious lesson Prodicus of Ceos ( Greek: Πρόδικος Pródikos, (c 465 BC - 415 BC was a Greek philosopher, part of the first generation of Sophists. 400 BCE), he was visited by two nymphs - Pleasure and Virtue - who offered him a choice between a pleasant and easy life or a severe but glorious life: he chose the latter. One of Heracles' challenges was put to him by King Thespius of Thespiae who wished him to kill the Lion of Cithaeron. Thespius (Θέσπιος was a legendary king of Thespiae, Boeotia. Thespiae ( Greek Θεσπιαι Thespiai) was an ancient Greek city in Boeotia. As a reward, the king offered him the chance to impregnate each of his 50 daughters. Accordingly, Heracles did this in one night (sometimes referred to as his 13th Labour).
Later in Thebes, Heracles married King Creon's daughter, Megara. Thebes ( Classic Greek Θῆβαι, Mod Θήβα) is a city in Greece, situated to the north of the Cithaeron range which divides Creon ( Attic Greek: Κρέων - Kreōn, meaning "ruler" is the name of two mythological Greek kings a mythological son of In Greek mythology, Megara ("great houses" was the oldest daughter of Creon, king of Thebes. However, Hera drove Heracles into a fit of madness during which he killed both Megara and their children. In Greek mythology, Megara ("great houses" was the oldest daughter of Creon, king of Thebes. After his madness has been cured with hellebore by Antikyreus, the founder of Antikyra, he realizing what he had done fled to the Oracle of Delphi. Commonly known as Hellebores, members of the genus Helleborus comprise approximately 20 species (ongoing fieldwork may see this figure change of Herbaceous Anticyra, or Antikyra the ancient (and modern name of a city in Phokis, Greece. Delphi ( Greek,) ( pronounce and dialectal forms) is an archaeological site and a modern town in Greece on the south-western Unbeknownst to him, the Oracle was guided by Hera. He was directed to serve King Eurystheus for 12 years and perform any task which he required, resulting in the Twelve Labors of Heracles. In Greek mythology, Eurystheus was king of Tiryns, one of three Mycenaean strongholds in the Argolid: Sthenelus was his father
Driven mad by Hera, Heracles slew his own wife and children. To expiate the crime, Heracles was required to carry out ten labors set by his arch-enemy, Eurystheus, who had become king in Heracles' place. In Greek mythology, Eurystheus was king of Tiryns, one of three Mycenaean strongholds in the Argolid: Sthenelus was his father Heracles accomplished these tasks, but Eurystheus claimed that the cleansing of the Augean stables and the killing of the Lernaean Hydra were not done by himself, and therefore set two further tasks, which Heracles performed successfully, thus bringing the total number of tasks up to twelve.
Not all writers gave the labors in the same order. Apollodorus (2. 5. 1-2. 5. 12) gives the following order:
After completing these tasks, Heracles joined the Argonauts in a search for the Golden Fleece. For other uses of this term see Argonaut. In Greek mythology, the Argonauts ( Ancient Greek:) were a band of heroes In Greek mythology, the Golden Fleece (Χρυσόμαλλον Δέρας is the fleece of the winged ram Chrysomallos (Χρυσόμαλλος They rescued heroines, conquered Troy, and helped the gods fight against the Gigantes. See Gigantes y cabezudos for the giant figures of Spanish culture He also fell in love with Princess Iole of Oechalia. In Greek mythology, Iole ( Ancient Greek:) was the daughter of Eurytus, king of Oechalia King Eurytus of Oechalia promised his daughter, Iole, to whoever could beat his sons in an archery contest. In Greek mythology, Eurytus is the name of numerous characters In Greek mythology, Iole ( Ancient Greek:) was the daughter of Eurytus, king of Oechalia Heracles won but Eurytus abandoned his promise. Heracles' advances were spurned by the king and his sons, except for one - Iole's brother Iphitus. Iphitos (or Iphitus) was a name attributed to five individuals in Greek mythology. Heracles killed the king and his sons–excluding Iphitus–and abducted Iole. Iphitos (or Iphitus) was a name attributed to five individuals in Greek mythology. Iphitus became Heracles' best friend. But once again, Hera drove Heracles mad and he threw Iphitus over the city wall to his death. Once again, Heracles purified himself through three years of servitude - this time to Queen Omphale of Lydia. For the city in Sicily formerly called Omphale see Daedalium. Defining Lydia Aside from a legend related by Herodotus, who states that the name Lydia came from king Lydus at the time of the fall of Troy
Omphale was a queen or princess of Lydia. For the city in Sicily formerly called Omphale see Daedalium. Defining Lydia Aside from a legend related by Herodotus, who states that the name Lydia came from king Lydus at the time of the fall of Troy As penalty for a murder, Heracles was her slave. He was forced to do women's work and wear women's clothes, while she wore the skin of the Nemean Lion and carried his olive-wood club. The Nemean lion ( Modern Greek: Λέων της Νεμέας (Léōn tēs Neméas Latin: Leo Nemaeus was a vicious monster in Greek mythology that lived The Olive ( Olea europaea) is a Species of small Tree in the family Oleaceae, native to the coastal areas of the eastern After some time, Omphale freed Heracles and married him. Some sources mention a son born to them who is variously named. For further details, see Omphale. For the city in Sicily formerly called Omphale see Daedalium. It was at that time that the cercopes, mischievous wood spirits, stole Heracles' weapons. In Greek mythology, the Cercopes ( Greek: Κέρκοπης Greek etymology kerkos, English translation: "tail" were mischievous forest He punished them by tying them to a stick with their faces pointing downward.
While walking through the wilderness, Heracles was set upon by the Dryopians. He killed their king, Theiodamas, and the others gave up and offered him Prince Hylas. In Greek mythology, Hylas ( Greek: Ὕλας) was the son of King Theiodamas of the Dryopians Other sources such as Ovid He took the youth on as his weapons bearer and beloved. Years later, Heracles and Hylas joined the crew of the Argo. In Greek mythology, the Argo (Ἀργώ was the ship on which Jason and the Argonauts sailed from Iolcus to retrieve the As Argonauts, they only participated in part of the journey. In Mysia, Hylas was kidnapped by a nymph. Mysia (Μυσία was a region in the northwest of ancient Asia Minor or Anatolia (part of modern Turkey) Heracles, heartbroken, searched for a long time but Hylas had fallen in love with the nymphs and never showed up again. In other versions, he simply drowned. Either way, the Argo set sail without them. Additional Notes: In the cult motion picture, Jason & The Argonauts, Hylas is killed, crushed by the bronze giant Talos as he falls dead. In the Cretan tales incorporated into Greek mythology, Tálos (Greek Τάλως Latin Talus or Tálon (Greek Τάλων was a giant man of bronze Also, there is reference made to a custom of the local people of the area, whereby every year they would pretend to search for Hylas, calling his name. Story of Heracles and Hylas
According to accounts in Hesiod's Theogony and Aeschylus' Prometheus Unbound Heracles shot and killed the eagle that had been torturing Prometheus who suffered Zeus' punishment for stealing fire from Olympians and giving it along with other knowhow to mortals. Hesiod ( Greek: Hesiodos) was an early Greek Poet and Rhapsode, who presumably lived around 700 BCE Theogony ( Greek: Θεογονία theogonia = the birth of God(s is a Poem by Hesiod describing the origins and genealogies Aeschylus (ˈɛskɨləs or /ˈiːskɨləs/ Greek: Ασχύλος, Aischylos, 525 BC/524 BC 456 BC/455 BC was an ancient Greek Playwright In Greek mythology, Prometheus (Προμηθεύς "forethought" is a Titan known for his wily intelligence who stole Fire from Zeus The Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon ( Greek: Δωδεκάθεον In the context of industrial property now generally viewed as intellectual property (IP know-how (or knowhow as it is sometimes written is a component in the transfer Death is the termination of the biological functions that define living Organisms It refers both to a specific Heracles freed the titan from his chains and his torments. In Greek mythology, the Titans ( Greek: Tītā́n; plural Tītânes) were a race of powerful Deities that ruled during the legendary Prometheus then made predictions regarding further deeds of Heracles.
Before the Trojan War, Poseidon sent a sea monster to attack Troy. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans after Paris of Troy stole Helen from her In Greek mythology, Poseidon ( Greek:; Latin: Neptūnus) was the god of the Sea and as "Earth-Shaker" Troy ( Greek: grc Τροία Troia, also, Ilion; Latin: Trōia, Īlium, Hittite: Wilusa or The story is related in several digressions in the Iliad (7. 451-453, 20. 145-148, 21. 442-457) and is also found in Apollodorus' Bibliotheke (2. The Bibliotheca (in English: Library) in three books provides a grand summary of traditional Greek mythology and heroic Legends 5. 9). Laomedon planned on sacrificing his daughter Hesione to Poseidon in the hope of appeasing him. In Greek mythology, Laomedon was a Trojan king son of Ilus, brother of Ganymedes and father of Priam, Astyoche In Greek mythology, the most prominent Hesione was a Trojan princess daughter of King Laomedon of Troy, sister of Priam and second Heracles happened to arrive (along with Telamon and Oicles) and agreed to kill the monster if Laomedon would give him the horses received from Zeus as compensation for Zeus' kidnapping Ganymede. In Greek mythology, Telamon (in Greek, Τελαμών) son of the king Aeacus, of Aegina, and Endeis and brother of In Greek mythology, Oicles (also Oikleiês, Oecles, or Oecleus) was an Argive king father of Amphiaraus, son of Mantius Laomedon agreed. Heracles killed the monster, but Laomedon went back on his word. Accordingly, in a later expedition, Heracles and his followers attacked Troy and sacked it. Then they slew all Laomedon's sons present there save Podarces, who was renamed Priam, who saved his own life by giving Heracles a golden veil Hesione had made. In Greek mythology, Priam ( Greek Πρίαμος Priamos) was the king of Troy during the Trojan War and youngest son Telamon took Hesione as a war prize; they were married and had a son, Teucer. This article is about Teucer son of King Telamon of Salamis, for Teucer son of Scamander and Idaea, see King Teucer.
Heracles had numerous liaisons with women as well as with boys. Some of the former were linked with later dynasties which claimed descent from his offspring, collectively referred to as the Heracleidae. In Greek mythology, the Heracleidae or Heraclids were the numerous descendants of Heracles (Hercules especially applied in a narrower sense to the descendants
During the course of his life, Heracles married four times. His first marriage was to Megara, whose three children he murdered in a fit of madness. In Greek mythology, Megara ("great houses" was the oldest daughter of Creon, king of Thebes. Apollodoros (Bibliotheke) recounts that Megara was unharmed and given in marriage to Iolaus, while in Euripides' version Hercules shot Megara too. The Bibliotheca (in English: Library) in three books provides a grand summary of traditional Greek mythology and heroic Legends For the Butterfly Genus, see Iolaus (butterfly. In Greek mythology, Iolaus (in Greek, Ἰόλαος Euripides ( Ancient Greek:) (ca 480 BC–406 BC was the last of the three great tragedians of classical Athens (the other two being Aeschylus
His second wife was Omphale, the Lydian queen or princess to whom he was delivered as a slave. For the city in Sicily formerly called Omphale see Daedalium. Defining Lydia Aside from a legend related by Herodotus, who states that the name Lydia came from king Lydus at the time of the fall of Troy
His third marriage was to Deianira, for whom he had to fight the river god Achelous. Deïanira or Dejanira (Latinized in Greek, Δηϊάνειρα or Δῃάνειρα; Deïaneira 'man-destroyer' In Greek mythology, Achelous (English ækɨˈloʊəs Greek: (Achelōos was the patron deity of the "silver-swirling" Acheloos River, which (Upon Achelous' death, Heracles removed one of his horns and gave it to some nymphs who turned it into the cornucopia. The cornucopia ( Latin: Cornu Copiae) is a symbol of food and abundance dating back to the 5th century BC, also referred to as horn 'o' plenty ) Soon after they wed, Heracles and Deianira had to cross a river, and a centaur named Nessus offered to help Deianira across but then attempted to rape her. In Greek mythology, the centaurs (from Ancient Greek: Κένταυροι - Kéntauroi are a race of creatures composed of part Human In Greek mythology, Nessus (Νέσσος was a famous Centaur who was killed by Heracles, and whose tainted blood in turn killed Heracles Rape, also referred to as Sexual assault, is an Assault by a person involving Sexual intercourse with or Sexual penetration of another person Enraged, Heracles shot the centaur from the opposite shore with a poisoned arrow (tipped with the Lernaean Hydra's blood) and killed him. As he lay dying, Nessus plotted revenge and told Deianira to gather up his blood and spilled semen and, if she ever wanted to prevent Heracles from having affairs with other women, she should apply them to his vestments. Nessus knew that his blood had become tainted by the poisonous blood of the Hydra, and would burn through the skin of anyone it touched.
Later, when Deianira suspected that Heracles was fond of Iole, she soaked a shirt of his in the mixture. Francisco de Zurbarán ( November 7 1598 &ndash August 27 1664) was a Spanish painter. Heracles' servant, Lichas, brought him the shirt and he put it on. In Greek mythology, Lichas was Hercules ' servant He brought the poisoned shirt from Deianira to Hercules because of her jealousy of Iole Instantly he was in agony, the cloth burning into him. As he tried to remove it, the flesh ripped from his bones. Heracles chose a voluntary death, asking that a pyre be built for him to end his suffering. A pyre (from the Greek: πυρά pyrá, from πυρ pýr, fire is a structure usually made of Wood, for burning a body as part of a After death the gods transformed him into an immortal, or alternatively, the fire burned away the mortal part of the demi-god, so that only the god remained. Because his mortal parts had been incinerated, he could now become a full god and join his father and the other Olympians on Mount Olympus. Mount Olympus (Όλυμπος also transliterated as Ólympos, and on Greek maps Óros Ólimbos) is the highest Mountain in Greece He then married Hebe. In Greek mythology, Hēbē ( Greek:) is the Goddess of youth ( Roman equivalent Juventas)
Another episode of his female affairs that stands out was his stay at the palace of King Thespios, who encouraged Heracles to make love to his daughters, all fifty of them, in one night. They all got pregnant and all bore sons. Many of the kings of ancient Greece traced their lines to one or another of these, notably the kings of Sparta and Macedon. The city of Sparta ( Doric Σπάρτα Attic Σπάρτη Macedon or Macedonia ( Greek grc Μακεδονία grc-Latn Makedonía) was the name of a kingdom centered in the northern-most
As symbol of masculinity and warriorship, Heracles also had a number of pederastic male beloveds. Etruscan civilization is the modern English name given to the culture and way of life of a people of ancient Italy Greek Pederasty, as idealised by the Greeks from archaic times onward was a relationship and bond between an adolescent boy and an adult man outside Plutarch, in his Eroticos, maintains that Heracles' eromenoi (male lovers) were beyond counting. Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus ( Greek: Μέστριος Πλούταρχος c In the pederastic tradition of Classical Athens, the eromenos ( Greek ἐρώμενος pl Of these, the one most closely linked to Heracles is the Theban Iolaus. Thebes ( Classic Greek Θῆβαι, Mod Θήβα) is a city in Greece, situated to the north of the Cithaeron range which divides For the Butterfly Genus, see Iolaus (butterfly. In Greek mythology, Iolaus (in Greek, Ἰόλαος Their story, an initiatory myth thought to be of ancient origin, contains many of the elements of the Greek pederastic apprenticeship in which the older warrior is the educator and the younger his helper in battle. A rite of passage is a Ritual that marks a change in a person's social or sexual status Thus, Iolaus is Heracles' charioteer and squire. In a notable testament to the closeness between the two heroes, Iolaus is also Heracles' symbomos, (altar-sharer). Unlike all other heroes and gods, each of whom had his or her own altar, sacrifices to either hero could be offered at one and the same altar. 
Also in keeping with the initiatory pattern of the relationship, Heracles in the end gave his pupil a wife, symbolizing his entry into adulthood. Iolaus's ritual functions paralleled his relationship with Heracles. He was a patron of male love—Plutarch reports that down to his own time, male couples would go to Iolaus's tomb in Thebes to swear an oath of loyalty to the hero and to each other—and he presided over initiations in the historical era, such as the one at Agyrion in central Sicily. Sicily ( Italian and Sicilian: Sicilia) is an autonomous region of Italy.  The tomb of Iolaus is also mentioned by Pindar. 
One of Heracles' best-known love affairs, and one frequently represented in ancient as well as modern art, is the one with Hylas. In Greek mythology, Hylas ( Greek: Ὕλας) was the son of King Theiodamas of the Dryopians Other sources such as Ovid Though it is of more recent vintage (dated to the third century) than that with Iolaus, it too exemplifies in detail the normal cycle of a youth's initiatory process, consisting of education through service to a warrior, including sexual relations, and concluding with promotion to adult status and marriage. Generally speaking human sexuality is how people experience and express themselves as sexual beings  
Sparta, as a warrior city where pederastic pedagogy—ostensibly of a chaste nature—was enshrined in the laws given by Lycurgus, the legendary legislator, also provided Heracles with an eromenos—Elacatas, who was honored there with a sanctuary and yearly games. The city of Sparta ( Doric Σπάρτα Attic Σπάρτη Pederasty or paederasty refers to an erotic relationship sexually expressed or not between an adolescent boy and an adult male outside his immediate family Pedagogy (ˈpɛdəgɒdʒi or paedagogy is the Art or Science of being a Teacher. Lycurgus ( Greek:, Lukoûrgos; 700 BC?&ndash630 BC was the legendary lawgiver of Sparta, who established the military-oriented reformation of In the pederastic tradition of Classical Athens, the eromenos ( Greek ἐρώμενος pl The myth of their love is an ancient one.  Abdera's eponymous hero, Abderus, was another of Heracles' beloveds. Abdera (Άβδηρα was a town on the coast of Thrace 17 km east-northeast of the mouth of the Nestos, and almost opposite Thasos. Abderus ( Greek:) was in Greek mythology a divine hero a son of Hermes by some accounts and Eponym of Abdera. In what is considered to be initiatory myth, he was said to have been entrusted with—and slain by—the carnivorous mares of Thracian Diomedes. The Mares of Diomedes were four man-eating horses in Greek mythology. Heracles founded the city of Abdera in Thrace in his memory, where he was honored with athletic games. Thrace (Тракия Trakiya or "Trakija" or Trakia, Θράκη Thráki, Trakya is a historical and geographic area in southeast Europe The topos of death in such stories is thought to symbolize the passage from one stage of life to another. 
Among the lesser-known myths is that of Iphitus. Iphitos (or Iphitus) was a name attributed to five individuals in Greek mythology. Heracles' subsequent murder of Iphitus is held to be evocative of an initiatory ritual.  Another such story is the one of his love for Nireus, who was "the most beautiful man who came beneath Ilion" (Iliad, 673). In Greek mythology, Nireus was a name attributed to the following individuals Nireus was a son of Poseidon and Canace. Ptolemy adds that certain authors made Nireus out to be a son of Heracles, a fact thought to authenticate this tradition.  The last in this category—despite the fact that Greek literature preserves no mention of this role—is the story of Philoctetes. In Greek mythology, Philoctetes (also Philoktêtês or Philocthetes, Φιλοκτήτης was the son of King Poeas of Meliboea He is also heir to the hero—and thus surely his disciple—and is the one who lights his pyre. Later he is the initiator of Neoptolemus, son of Achilles. In Greek mythology, Neoptolemus (also Neoptólemos or Pyrrhus; Greek Νεοπτόλημος "New War" was the son of the warrior Achilles "Achilleus" redirects here For the emperor with this name see Achilleus (emperor. 
There is also a series of lovers who are either later inventions or purely literary conceits. Among these are Admetus, who assisted in the hunt for the Calydonian Boar; Adonis; Corythus; and Nestor, who was said to have been loved for his wisdom. In Greek mythology, Admetus /æd 'mi təs/ was a king of Pherae in Thessaly, succeeding his father Pheres after whom the city was named The Calydonian Boar is one of the monsters of Greek mythology that had to be overcome by heroes of the Olympian age Adonis (Άδωνης also Άδωνις is a figure of West Semitic origin where he is a central cult figure in various Mystery religions, who enters Corythus is the name of six mortal men in Greek mythology Corythus, son of Paris and Oenone. In Greek mythology, Nestor of Gerênia ( Greek: Νέστωρ) was the son of Neleus and Chloris, and the King of Pylos. His role as eromenos was perhaps to explain why he was the only son of Neleus to be spared by the hero. Neleus was the son of Poseidon and Tyro, brother of Pelias. Tyro was married to Cretheus (with whom she had one son Aeson) but loved 
Telephus is the son of Heracles and Auge. In Greek mythology, the Heracleidae or Heraclids were the numerous descendants of Heracles (Hercules especially applied in a narrower sense to the descendants This article is about Telephus the son of Heracles. The name also refers to the father of Cyparissus. In Greek mythology, Auge (ˈɔːdʒiː a daughter of Aleus and Neaera and priestess of Athena Alea at Tegea, bore the hero Hyllus is the son of Heracles and Deianeira or Melite. Hyllus is also a genus of Jumping spiders. In Greek mythology, Hyllus (also Hyllas or Hylles) was Deïanira or Dejanira (Latinized in Greek, Δηϊάνειρα or Δῃάνειρα; Deïaneira 'man-destroyer' Melite was one of the Naiads, daughter of the river god Aegaeus, and one of the many loves of Zeus and his son Hercules. The sons of Heracles and Hebe are Alexiares and Anicetus. In Greek mythology, Hēbē ( Greek:) is the Goddess of youth ( Roman equivalent Juventas) Alexiares and Anicetus are minor twin gods in Greek Mythology. There is also, in some versions, reference to an episode where Heracles met and impregnated a half-serpentine woman, known as Echidna; her children, known as the Dracontidae, were the ancestors of the House of Cadmus.
This is described in Ovid's Metamorphoses Book IX. Publius Ovidius Naso ( March 20, 43 BC – 17 AD was a Roman poet known to the English -speaking world as Ovid who wrote on many topics including The Metamorphoses by the Roman poet Ovid is a narrative poem Having wrestled and defeated Achelous, god of the Acheloos river, Heracles takes Deianeira as his wife. In Greek mythology, Achelous (English ækɨˈloʊəs Greek: (Achelōos was the patron deity of the "silver-swirling" Acheloos River, which Deïanira or Dejanira (Latinized in Greek, Δηϊάνειρα or Δῃάνειρα; Deïaneira 'man-destroyer' Travelling to Tiryns, a centaur, Nessus, offers to help Deianeira across a fast flowing river while Heracles swims it. Tiryns (in ancient Greek Τίρυνς and in modern Τίρυνθα is a Mycenaean Archaeological site in the Greek nomos of In Greek mythology, the centaurs (from Ancient Greek: Κένταυροι - Kéntauroi are a race of creatures composed of part Human However, Nessus is true to the archetype of the mischievous centaur and tries to steal Deianara away while Heracles is still in the water. Angry, Heracles shoots him with his arrows dipped in the poisonous blood of the Lernaean Hydra. In Greek mythology, the Lernaean Hydra ( Greek: ( was an ancient nameless serpent -like Chthonic water beast that possessed numerous Thinking of revenge, Nessus gives Deianara his blood-soaked tunic before he dies, telling her it will "excite the love of her husband". The Shirt of Nessus, Tunic of Nessus, Nessus-robe, or Nessus' shirt in Greek mythology was the poisoned shirt that killed Hercules 
Several years later, Rumour tells Deianeira that she has a rival for the love of Heracles. A rumour or rumor (see spelling differences) is often viewed as "an unverified account or explanation of events circulating from person to person and Deianeira, remembering Nessus' words, gives Heracles the blood-stained shirt. Lichas, the herald, delivers the shirt to Heracles. However, it is still covered in the Hydra's blood from Heracles' arrows, and this poisons him, tearing his skin and exposing his bones. Before he dies, Heracles throws Lichas into the sea, thinking he was the one who poisoned him (according to several versions, Lichas turns to stone, becoming a rock standing in the sea, named for him). In Greek mythology, Lichas was Hercules ' servant He brought the poisoned shirt from Deianira to Hercules because of her jealousy of Iole Heracles then uproots several trees and builds a funeral pyre, which Poeas, father of Philoctetes, lights. A pyre (from the Greek: πυρά pyrá, from πυρ pýr, fire is a structure usually made of Wood, for burning a body as part of a In Greek mythology, Poeas, or Poias was one of the Argonauts and a friend of Heracles. As his body burns, only his immortal side is left, and Zeus apotheosises him, raising him to Olympus as he dies.
No one but Heracles' friend Philoctetes (in some versions: Poeas) would light his funeral pyre (in an alternate versions it is Iolaus who lights the pyre). In Greek mythology, Philoctetes (also Philoktêtês or Philocthetes, Φιλοκτήτης was the son of King Poeas of Meliboea In Greek mythology, Poeas, or Poias was one of the Argonauts and a friend of Heracles. For the Butterfly Genus, see Iolaus (butterfly. In Greek mythology, Iolaus (in Greek, Ἰόλαος For this action, Philoctetes (or Poeas) received Heracles' bow and arrows, which were later needed by the Greeks to defeat Troy in the Trojan War. Philoctetes confronted Paris and shot a poisoned arrow at him. See List of King Priam's children Paris ( Greek:; also known as Alexander or Alexandros, c The Hydra poison would subsequently lead to the death of Paris. See List of King Priam's children Paris ( Greek:; also known as Alexander or Alexandros, c The Trojan War, however, would continue until the Trojan Horse was used to defeat Troy. The Trojan Horse was part of the Trojan War, as told in Virgil 's Latin Epic poem The Aeneid. Troy ( Greek: grc Τροία Troia, also, Ilion; Latin: Trōia, Īlium, Hittite: Wilusa or
In Rome, Heracles was honored as Hercules, and had a number of distinctively Roman myths and practices associated with him under that name. Apulia ( Italian: Puglia) is a region in southeastern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east the Ionian Sea The Etruscans were a people of unknown origin living in Northern Italy, who were eventually integrated into Roman culture and politically became part of the Roman Republic Hercules is the Roman name for the Mythical Greek hero Heracles, son of Zeus and the mortal Alcmena.
Via the Greco-Buddhist culture, Heraclean symbolism was transmitted to the far east. Hercules, the Greek mythical hero also known as Heracles, has been an important figure in Western popular culture Greco-Buddhism, sometimes spelt Graeco-Buddhism, refers to the cultural Syncretism between Hellenistic culture and Buddhism, which developed An example remains to this day in the Nio guardian deities in front of Japanese Buddhist temples. Kongōrikishi (金剛力士 or Niō (仁王 are two wrath-filled and muscular guardians of the Buddha, standing today at the entrance of many Buddhist temples in For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Japan topics. Herodotus connected Heracles both to Phoenician god Melqart and to the Egyptian god Shu. Herodotus of Halicarnassus ( Greek: Hēródotos Halikarnāsseús) was a Greek Historian who lived in the 5th century BC ( 484 BC&ndash Phoenicia ( Phoenician: Phoenician nunsvg|12px|נ]]Phoenician nun Melqart, properly Phoenician Milk-Qart "King of the City" less accurately Melkart, Melkarth This article is about the country of Egypt For a topic outline on this subject see List of basic Egypt topics. In Egyptian mythology, Shu (meaning dryness and he who rises up) is one of the primordial gods a personification of air one of the Ennead of Temples dedicated to Heracles abounded all along the Mediterranean Sea coastal countries. For example the temple of Heracles Monoikos (i. e. the lone dweller), built far from any nearby town upon a promontory in what is now the Cote d'Azur, gave its name to the area's more recent name, Monaco. The French Riviera (Côte d'Azur Occitan: Còsta Azzura) is one of the most famous resort areas in the world extending along the Mediterranean Sea west For other uses see Monaco (disambiguation Monaco, officially the Principality of Monaco ( French: Principauté de Monaco; Monégasque
The gateway to the Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic ocean, where the southernmost tip of Spain and the northernmost of Morocco face each other, is, classically speaking, referred to as the Pillars of Hercules/Heracles, owing to the story that he set up two massive spires of stone to stabilise the area and ensure the safety of ships sailing between the two landmasses.
Organisations named after Heracles include the Greek football team Iraklis F.C.. See also GS Iraklis Thessaloniki Iraklis Thessaloniki FC (also known as Iraklis or The Old one is a Greek football club from Thessaloniki, Macedonia
Heracles was canonized by Aleister Crowley as a saint in Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica. Aleister Crowley, born Edward Alexander Crowley (ˈkroʊli (12 October 1875 – 1 December 1947 was a British Occultist Writer, mountaineer Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica ( EGC) or the Gnostic Catholic Church, is the ecclesiastical arm of Ordo Templi Orientis (OTO an international fraternal
Heracles appeared as an enemy of the Amazons in the pages of Wonder Woman. Hercules (also known as Heracles and Herakles) is a fictional Olympian god in the DC Universe based on the Greek Demigod He would later reconcile with them, though. There is also a Marvel Comics superhero named Hercules, that is a member of the superhero team The Avengers. Hercules is a Fictional character that appears in Comic books published by Marvel Comics. He claims to be the god of strength himself, descended from Olympus.
Hercules has appeared in several movies, such as a Disney animated movie that was loosely based on his myths, and the 1963 cult classic Jason and the Argonauts, where he appeared as a member of crew of the Argo, searching for the golden fleece. Hercules is a Fictional character who first appeared as the 1997 film of the same name and later in the midquel television series of the same name Jason and the Argonauts ( 1963) is a Columbia Pictures fantasy Feature film starring Todd Armstrong as the titular In television, Hercules is the mentor and ancestor of Herry Hercules from Class of the Titans. Class of the Titans is a Canadian animated Television series created by Studio B Productions and Nelvana.
Hercules has also appeared in a TV show in Toon Disney in India. Hercules is the Roman name for the Mythical Greek hero Heracles, son of Zeus and the mortal Alcmena.
Bibliography of reconstruction: Homer, Odyssey, 12. Homer ( Ancient Greek:, Homēros) is a legendary ancient Greek epic Poet, traditionally said to be the author of the epic poems the 072 (7th c. BC); Theocritus, Idylls, 13 (350–310 BC); Callimachus, Aetia (Causes), 24. Theocritus ( Greek: Θεόκριτος the creator of Ancient Greek Bucolic Poetry, flourished in the 3rd century BC Callimachus ( Greek:, 310 BC/305 BC-240 BC was a native of the Greek colony of Cyrene, Libya. Thiodamas the Dryopian, Fragments, 160. Hymn to Artemis (310–250? BC); Apollonios Rhodios, Argonautika, I. 1175 - 1280 (c. 250 BC); Apollodorus, Library and Epitome 1. 9. 19, 2. 7. 7 (140 BC); Sextus Propertius, Elegies, i. Sextus Aurelius Propertius was a Latin elegiac poet born around 50-45 BCE in Mevania (although other cities in the region of Umbria claim 20. 17ff (50–15 BC); Ovid, Ibis, 488 (AD 8 –18); Gaius Valerius Flaccus, Argonautica, I. Publius Ovidius Naso ( March 20, 43 BC – 17 AD was a Roman poet known to the English -speaking world as Ovid who wrote on many topics including Gaius Valerius Flaccus (died ca AD 90 was a Roman Poet who flourished in the " Silver Age " under the emperors Vespasian and Titus 110, III. 535, 560, IV. 1-57 (1st century); Hyginus, Fables, 14. Gaius Julius Hyginus (ca 64 BC &ndash AD 17 was a Latin author but whether a native of Spain or of Alexandria is not sure a pupil of the famous Argonauts Assembled (1st century); Philostratus the Elder, Images, ii. Philostratus, was the name of four Greek Sophists of the Roman imperial period: (c 24 Thiodamas (170–245); First Vatican Mythographer, 49. The Vatican Mythographer ( Mythographus Vaticanus) a major Hercules et Hylas