|Henry Woodfin Grady|
|Born||May 24, 1850|
Athens, Georgia, USA 
|Died||December 23, 1889|
Henry Woodfin Grady (May 24, 1850 – December 23, 1889) was a journalist and orator who helped reintegrate the states of the former Confederacy into the Union after the American Civil War. Events 1218 - The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt. 1276 - Magnus Ladulås is crowned For the game see 1850 (board game. 1850 ( MDCCCL) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link Athens-Clarke County is a unified city-county in Georgia, US, in the northeastern part of the state at the intersection of U The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 962 - Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city Year 1889 ( MDCCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule The United States of America —commonly referred to as the Events 1218 - The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt. 1276 - Magnus Ladulås is crowned For the game see 1850 (board game. 1850 ( MDCCCL) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link Events 962 - Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city Year 1889 ( MDCCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common A journalist (also called a newspaperman) is a person who practices Journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events trends The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861 During the American Civil War, the Union was a name used to refer to the federal government of the United States, which was supported by the twenty-three Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South As a teenager he witnessed probably the fiercest fighting of that war in his home state and lost his father to a Yankee bullet.
After his father's death he was raised by his mother in Athens, Georgia. He was educated in the classical tradition of a southern gentleman of the time at the University of Georgia (Bachelor of Arts in 1868) where he was a charter member of Eta Chapter of the Chi Phi Fraternity. "Classical literature" redirects here For literature in Classical languages outside the Graeco-Roman sphere see Ancient literature. The word tradition comes from the Latin traditionem acc of traditio which means "a giving up delivering up surrendering" and is used in a number of The University of Georgia ( UGA) is a public research University located in Athens, Georgia, the oldest and largest of the The Chi Phi (ΧΦ Fraternity is an American College social fraternity that was established as the result of three separate organizations that each were In 1867 he became a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society, and later attended the University of Virginia to study law, but became especially interested in Greek and Anglo-Saxon languages, history, and literature, which led to a career in journalism. The Phi Kappa Literary Society is a Literary society, located at the University of Georgia in Athens Georgia. The University of Virginia (also called UVa, UVA, Mr Jefferson's University, or The University) is a highly selective public research Greek (el ελληνική γλώσσα or simply el ελληνικά — "Hellenic" is an Indo-European language, spoken today by 15-22 million people mainly History is the study of the past particularly the written record Those who study history as a Profession are called Historians Etymology Literature is the Art of written works Literally translated the word means "acquaintance with letters" (from Latin littera letter
Grady was a life-long devoted member of the Chi Phi Fraternity. The Chi Phi (ΧΦ Fraternity is an American College social fraternity that was established as the result of three separate organizations that each were He was a charter member of the Eta Chapter of Chi Phi at the University of Georgia. In 1882 he was elected as the first Grand Alpha (National President) from the south after the union of the Northern and Southern Orders of Chi Phi in 1874.
Upon graduation he held a series of brief journalistic jobs with the Rome Courier, the Atlanta Herald, and the New York Herald. Rome News-Tribune is the local daily newspaper of Rome, Georgia. The New York Herald was a large distribution Newspaper based in New York City that existed between May 6, 1835 and 1924 After New York, Grady returned to the South as a reporter-editor for the Atlanta Constitution. New York ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States and is the nation's third most populous The Atlanta Journal-Constitution is the only major daily Newspaper in Atlanta Georgia, USA and its suburbs. In 1880, with borrowed money, he bought a one-fourth interest in the paper and began a nine-year career as one of Georgia's most celebrated journalists. The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule A journalist (also called a newspaperman) is a person who practices Journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events trends On the business end, he quickly built the newspaper into the state's most influential with a national circulation of 120,000.
In the tumultuous decades following the war when hatreds lingered in many, it was a conciliatory Grady who sought to establish a New South in which the past was put to rest. New South or New South Creed is a phrase that has been used intermittently since the American Civil War to describe the American South, in whole or in part "There was a South of slavery and secession - that South is dead. Secession (derived from the Latin term secessio is the act of withdrawing from an organization union or especially a political entity There is now a South of union and freedom - that South, thank God, is living, breathing, and growing every hour," he said in an 1886 speech before a dinner audience that included J. P. Morgan and H. M. Flagler at Delmonico's Restaurant before the New England Society of New York. Political freedom is the absence of interference with the sovereignty of an individual by the use of coercion or aggression John Pierpont Morgan ( April 17, 1837 &ndash March 31, 1913) was an American financier banker and art collector who Henry Morrison Flagler ( January 2 1830 &ndash May 20 1913) was an American tycoon, Real estate promoter Delmonico's Restaurant was one of the first continuously run Restaurants in the United States and is considered to be one of the first American Fine dining establishments The New England Society of New York is one of several prestigious lineage organizations in the United States and one of the oldest charitable societies in the country
He popularized an antithesis between the “old South” which “rested everything on slavery and agriculture, unconscious that these could neither give nor maintain healthy growth,” and a “new south” – “thrilling with the consciousness of growing power and prosperity”. As a social-economic system slavery is a legal institution under which a Person (called "a slave" is compelled to work for another Agriculture refers to the production of goods through the growing of plants and fungi and the raising of domesticated Animals The study of agriculture
From 1882 - 1886, along with Nathaniel E. Harris, he promoted the creation in Atlanta of the Georgia Institute of Technology, a state vocational-education school. Nathaniel Edwin Harris ( January 21, 1846 September 21, 1929) was an American lawyer and politician and Governor of Georgia The Georgia Institute of Technology, commonly known as Georgia Tech, or Tech, is a public, Coeducational Research university in
Grady was also praised for his great passion for political oratory (he supported Prohibition and a Georgia veterans' home for disabled or elderly Confederate soldiers), commitment to the new peace, and well-known sense of humor. Oratory is the art of (public speaking In ancient Greece and Rome, oratory was studied as a component of Rhetoric (that is composition and delivery Prohibition of alcohol, often referred to simply as prohibition, also known as Noble Experiment, refers to a Sumptuary law which prohibits Alcohol The Confederate States of America (also called the Confederacy, the Confederate States, and CSA) formed as the government set up from 1861
That sense of humor and quick wit got Grady through more than one difficult situation. Once at a banquet of northern elites, he was waxing eloquently about the brilliant prospects for northern investments in a New South determined to rise from the ashes of defeat. When Grady spotted General William T. Sherman in the audience, the celebrated Yankee soldier who was credited with defeating and burning much of Georgia, and particularly Atlanta, on his infamous march to the sea. Sherman's March to the Sea is the name commonly given to the Savannah Campaign conducted in late 1864 by Maj Without missing a beat, Grady acknowledged the general by noting that the people of Georgia thought Sherman an able military man, "but a might careless about fire. "
In another speech, Grady wanted to chastise gently his Southern audience for what he believed to be Georgia's economic shortcomings. Rather than pounding them with statistics, he entertained them with stories that made the points. He said,
"Once I attended an unusually sad funeral in Pickens County. The deceased was an unfortunate fellow of the one-gallus brigade, whose breeches struck him underneath the arm-pits and hit him at the other end at about the knee. . . They buried him in the midst of a marble quarry. They cut him through solid marble to make his grave, and yet the little headstone they put above him came from Vermont. They buried him in the heart of a pine forest and yet the rude pine coffin was imported from Cincinnati. They buried him within touch of an iron mine, and yet the nails in the coffin and the shovel they used was imported from Pittsburgh. They buried him by the side of the best sheep-grazing country on earth, and yet the wool inside the coffin and the wool bands they used in lowering his body were brought from the North. The South furnished nothing for that funeral but the hole in the ground and the corpse. "
Grady's prestige reached such a height that he became the only non-member ever to adjourn the Georgia Legislature. The Georgia General Assembly is the state legislature of the U It occurred on the election of Grover Cleveland to the presidency. Stephen Grover Cleveland (March 18 1837 June 24 1908 was both the twenty-second and twenty-fourth President of the United States. News of the close contest arrived at 11 a. m. during the Legislature's session. In his exuberance, Grady rushed to the Capitol with the announcement. He brushed past the door keeper and into the chamber shouting in senatorial tones, "Mr. Speaker, a message from the American people. " Sensing the purpose of the intrusion, the Speaker offered Grady a place by his side. However, Grady strode up the aisle to the Speaker's desk, grabbed the Speaker's gavel, and cried out, "In the name of the American people, I declare this House adjourned in honor of the election of the first Democratic President in twenty-five years. "
On December 12, 1889 he delivered a speech in Boston at Faneuil Hall, on "The Race Problem in the South. Events 627 - Battle of Nineveh: A Byzantine army under Emperor Heraclius defeats Emperor Khosrau II 's Persian Year 1889 ( MDCCCLXXXIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Faneuil Hall (ˈfænl̩ previously /ˈfʌnl̩/ located near the waterfront and today's Government Center, in Boston, Massachusetts, has been a marketplace " Grady was already ill, and where weather in points north was terrible, his condition worsened to the point that he barely made it back to the state of Georgia. By the time his weakened form made it to the depot at Atlanta, he was too exhausted to appreciate the reception prepared for him and had to be shielded from the crowd and escorted home by his physician. On December 23, he had descended to pneumonia and was dead by the end of the day. Events 962 - Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city Pneumonia is an inflammatory illness of the Lung. Frequently it is described as lung Parenchyma / alveolar inflammation and abnormal He was buried on Christmas Day 1889, because of family finances first in a friend's crypt at Oakland Cemetery but his body was moved to Westview Cemetery when it opened soon after. Oakland Cemetery can refer to Oakland Cemetery (Atlanta Georgia Oakland Cemetery (Dallas Texas Oakland Cemetery Westview Cemetery, located in Atlanta Georgia, is the largest cemetery in the South East comprising over 582 acres 50% of which is undeveloped
Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta and Grady County, Georgia are named for him, as well as Atlanta Public Schools' Henry W. Grady High School, and the Henry W. Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication at the University of Georgia. Grady Memorial Hospital, frequently referred to as Grady Hospital or simply Grady, is the largest Hospital in the state of Georgia Grady County is a County located in the US state of Georgia. As of 2000 the population was 23659 Atlanta Public Schools is a School district based in Atlanta, Georgia, United States. Henry W Grady High School is located in Midtown Atlanta, Georgia, United States. The Henry W Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication is a college within the University of Georgia (UGA in Athens, Georgia, United The University of Georgia ( UGA) is a public research University located in Athens, Georgia, the oldest and largest of the The journalism school annually awards the George Foster Peabody Awards. The George Foster Peabody Awards, better known as simply the Peabody Awards, are annual international awards for excellence in Radio and Television broadcasting