|Henry Lee III|
1791 – 1794
|Preceded by||Beverley Randolph|
|Succeeded by||Robert Brooke|
|Born||January 29, 1756|
Dumfries, Virginia, British America
|Died||March 25, 1818|
Cumberland Island, Georgia, United States
Henry Lee III, called "Light Horse Harry", (January 29, 1756–March 25, 1818) was a cavalry officer in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. The Governor of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term Year 1791 ( MDCCXCI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1794 ( MDCCXCIV) was a Common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Beverley Randolph ( September 11, 1755 &ndash February 1797 was an American politician from Virginia. This article is about the governor of Virginia For the governor of St Events 904 - Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed Antipope Christopher. Year 1756 ( MDCCLVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Dumfries is a town in Prince William County, Virginia, United States. For American people of British descent see British American. British America consisted of the British Empire in continental North America Events 1199 - Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6. Year 1818 ( MDCCCXVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Cumberland Island is one of the Sea Islands. Cumberland is the largest in terms of continuously exposed land area of Georgia's Barrier islands It is located The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule The United States of America —commonly referred to as the The Federalist Party (or Federal Party) was an American political party in the period 1792 to 1816 with remnants lasting into the 1820s Events 904 - Sergius III comes out of retirement to take over the papacy from the deposed Antipope Christopher. Year 1756 ( MDCCLVI) was a Leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Events 1199 - Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6. Year 1818 ( MDCCCXVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common The Cavalry (from French cavalerie) is the second oldest of the Combat Arms, and as Soldiers or Warriors who fought mounted on The American Continental Army was an Army formed after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the colonies that became the United States of America In this article the inhabitants of the thirteen colonies that supported the American Revolution are primarily referred to as "Americans" with occasional references to "Patriots" He was the Governor of Virginia and a U.S. Congressman, as well as the father of American Civil War general Robert E. Lee. The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Robert Edward Lee (January 19 1807 &ndash October 12 1870 was a career United States Army officer, an Engineer, and among the most celebrated
Lee was born near Dumfries, Virginia, the son of Maj. Dumfries is a town in Prince William County, Virginia, United States. Gen. Henry Lee II (1730–1787) of "Leesylvania" and Lucy Grymes (1734–1792) the "Lowland Beauty". Henry Lee II (1730-1787 of “Leesylvania” Prince William Co His father was first cousin once removed to Richard Henry Lee, sixth President of the Continental Congress. Richard Henry Lee (January 20 1732 June 19 1794 was an American statesman from Virginia best known for proposing the motion in the Second Continental The President of the Continental Congress was the presiding officer of the Continental Congress, the convention of delegates that emerged as the first national government His mother was an aunt of the wife of Virginia Governor Thomas Nelson Jr. The Governor of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term Thomas Nelson Jr ( December 26, 1738 &ndash January 4, 1789) was an American planter soldier and statesman from Yorktown His great-grandmother Mary Bland was a great-aunt of President Thomas Jefferson and he descended once from King John of England, twice from King Edward I of England, once from King Jean de Brienne of Jerusalem, twice from King Edward III of England and once from King Pedro I of Castile. Thomas Jefferson (April 13 1743 – July 4 1826 was the third President of the United States (1801–1809 the principal author of the Declaration of Independence John (24 December 1167 &ndash 19 October 1216 reigned as a King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death Edward I (17 June 1239 – 7 July 1307 popularly known as Longshanks, was a King of England who achieved historical fame by conquering large parts of Wales and almost John of Brienne (c 1170 – 27 March, 1237) was a French nobleman who became King of Jerusalem by marriage and was later invited to become Latin Edward III (13 November 1312 &ndash 21 June 1377 was one of the most successful English monarchs of the Middle Ages. Peter (or Pedro; August 30, 1334 &ndash March 23, 1369) sometimes called the Cruel ( el Cruel) or With a view to a legal career, he graduated (1773) from The College of New Jersey (now Princeton University), but, soon afterwards, on the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, he became a general in the revolutionary forces. Princeton University is a private Coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey.
In 1776, he was promoted to captain of a Virginia dragoon detachment, which was attached to the 1st Continental Light Dragoons; and, in 1778, he was promoted to major and given the command of a small irregular corps, with which he won a great reputation as a leader of light troops. The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state A dragoon is a soldier intended primarily to fight on foot but trained also in Horse riding and cavalry combat especially The 1st Continental Light Dragoons also known as Bland's Horse was organized between 13 June and 10 September, 1776 in Williamsburg Major is a Military rank the use of which varies according to country This article is about a military unit For alternative meanings see Corps (disambiguation.
His services on the outpost line of the army earned for him the sobriquet of "Light Horse Harry". His greatest exploit was the brilliant surprise at the Battle of Paulus Hook in New Jersey, on August 19, 1779; for this feat he received a gold medal, a reward given to no other officer below a general's rank in the entire war. The Battle At four o'clock on the afternoon of August 8, 1779, Major Henry Lee with four hundred infantry and a troop of dismounted dragoons started from New Jersey ( is a state in the Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern regions of the United States. Events 43 BC - Octavian, later known as Augustus compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul. Year 1779 ( MDCCLXXIX) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common (See also Discovery of medal that Congress granted to Lee). The medal is on view with other pieces from Princeton University’s Numismatic Collection, including two pewter continental "dollars", large cents from 1793 and 1794, a silver dollar of 1794, the Thomas Jefferson inaugural medal of 1801 and an Indian Peace Medal of James Madison (Princeton class of 1771). Also included are a signed letter of Lee to the New Jersey quartermaster from 1780 and a signed letter of the same year from George Washington to Lee approving Lee’s plan to capture Benedict Arnold.
He was promoted to lieutenant colonel with a picked corps of dragoons (Lee's Legion) to the southern theater of war. Lieutenant Colonel ( Lieutenant-Colonel in English from the French grade 's spelling is a rank of Commissioned officer in the armies Lee's Legion (also known as the 2nd Partisan Corps) was a military unit within the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Here he rendered invaluable services in victory and defeat, notably at Guilford Court House, Camden and Eutaw Springs. Prelude Following the Battle of Cowpens, Cornwallis was determined to destroy Greene's army The Armies & Deployments Gates formed up first on the field He had around 3700 troops of which around only 1500 of them were regular troops He was present at Cornwallis's surrender at Yorktown, and afterwards left the army owing to ill health. Charles Cornwallis 1st Marquess Cornwallis ( 31 December 1738 &ndash 5 October 1805) was a British military commander and colonial The Siege of Yorktown or Battle of Yorktown in 1781 was a decisive victory by a combined assault of American forces led by General George Washington
During the infamous Whiskey Rebellion, Lee commanded the 13,000 militiamen sent to quash the rebels. The Whiskey Rebellion, less commonly known as the Whiskey Insurrection, was a popular uprising that had its beginnings in 1791 and culminated in an insurrection in 1794 in the However, this command existed more on paper than in actuality, as President George Washington and Alexander Hamilton, military men both, accompanied him. George Washington (February 22 1732 December 14 1799 served as the first President of the United States of America (1789&ndash1797 and led the
Between April 8–13, 1782, at "Stratford Hall", he married his second-cousin, Matilda Ludwell Lee (1766–1790), who was known as "The Divine Matilda". Stratford Hall Plantation in Westmoreland County Virginia, United States, was the home of four generations of the Lee family of Virginia including two Stratford Hall Plantation in Westmoreland County Virginia, United States, was the home of four generations of the Lee family of Virginia including two Matilda was the daughter of Hon. Philip Ludwell Lee, Sr. , Esq. (1727–1775) and Elizabeth Steptoe (1743–1789). Matilda's mother later married Philip Richard Fendall I, Esq. (1734–1805). Philip would eventually marry three wives, all Lee women. Thus, he was a cousin, brother-in-law, and stepfather-in-law to Light Horse Harry Lee. Fendall was the builder of the "Lee-Fendall House" in Alexandria, Virginia, on land purchased from Lee. The Lee-Fendall House is a historic house located at 614 Oronoco St Matilda bore three children before she died in 1790.
On 13 June 1793, Henry Lee married the wealthy Anne Hill Carter (17 years his junior) at Shirley Plantation. Events 1525 - Martin Luther marries Katharina von Bora, against the Celibacy rule decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for Year 1793 ( MDCCXCIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Shirley Plantation is an estate located on the north bank of the James River in Charles City County Virginia. They had six children, one of whom died in infancy in 1796. Their fifth child, Robert Edward Lee would later gain fame as a Confederate general during the American Civil War. Robert Edward Lee (January 19 1807 &ndash October 12 1870 was a career United States Army officer, an Engineer, and among the most celebrated The War Department was established by the Confederate Congress in an act on February 21, 1861. Causes of the war See also Origins of the American Civil War, Timeline of events leading to the American Civil War The coexistence of a slave-owning South Anne Hill Carter was the daughter of Charles Carter, Esq. , of Shirley, and his wife Ann Butler Moore, and a descendant of Virginia Governor Alexander Spotswood and Robert Carter I, who was also a descendant of Thomas More and King Robert II of Scotland through the 2nd Earls of Crawford. Alexander Spotswood (c 1676 - 6 June 1740 was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the British Army and a noted Lieutenant Governor of Virginia Alexander Spotswood was Robert Carter also known as King Carter (1663 &ndash August 4 1732 of Lancaster County was a Colonist in Virginia and became one of the Sir Thomas More (7 February 1478 – 6 July 1535 from 1935 Saint Thomas More, was an English Lawyer, author and statesman who in his lifetime gained Marriages and issue His first wife was Elizabeth Mure, by her he had at least ten children King Robert III of Scotland .
Unfortunately for Lee and his family, he invested large sums in numerous, highly speculative schemes, including partnerships with Aaron Burr and merchant Robert Morris. This article discusses Aaron Burr (1756-1836 the US politician Robert Morris Jr (ˈmɒrɨs ( January 20, 1734 – May 9, 1806) was an American merchant and a signer to the United States Although financial speculation was not rare among the Founding Fathers, Lee's handling of his personal finances was notably incompetent, and subjected his family to financial hardship. In 1810, to meet the demands of his creditors and be released from debtor’s prison, Lee was forced to sell all of his possessions.
In 1785, he presented George Washington with twelve horse chestnut saplings as a token of friendship. For the South African Thoroughbred racehorse see Horse Chestnut (horse. Washington later gave two of these to his friend and aide, General Robert Brown. Washington planted his ten saplings on his estate at Mt. Vernon.
Brown planted his two at his home in Bath, Pennsylvania, near East Allen Township; the sole surviving tree managed to last 136 years until lightning damaged it beyond repair in 1921. Bath is a borough in Northampton County, Pennsylvania, United States. In 1928, 876 of its seeds were distributed to all of the 48 state universities at the time and various nations around the world. This symbol of outward friendship led to the recognition of Brown's Horse-chestnut as America's Friendship Tree.
From 1786 to 1788, Lee was a delegate to the Continental Congress, and in the last-named year in the Virginia convention, he favored the adoption of the United States Constitution. The Continental Congress was a convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that became the governing body of the United States during the The Commonwealth of Virginia ( is an American state The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme Law of the United States. From 1789 to 1791, he served in the General Assembly and, from 1791 to 1794, was Governor of Virginia. In the United States of America, a state legislature is a generic term referring to the legislative body of any of the country's 50 states. The following is a list of the Governors of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
In 1794, Lee accompanied Washington to help in the suppression of the "Whiskey Rebellion" in western Pennsylvania. The Whiskey Rebellion, less commonly known as the Whiskey Insurrection, was a popular uprising that had its beginnings in 1791 and culminated in an insurrection in 1794 in the The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania ( often colloquially referred to as PA (its abbreviation by natives and Northeasterners is a state located in the Northeastern A new county of Virginia was named after him during his governorship. Lee County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Henry Lee was a major general in the U.S. Army in 1798–1800. Major General or Major-General is a Military rank used in many countries The United States Army is a military organization whose primary mission is to "provide necessary forces and capabilities. From 1799 to 1801, he served in the United States House of Representatives of the Congress. The United States House of Representatives is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. The Sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government consisting of the United States Senate and the He wrote the famous phrase used by John Marshall in the address to Congress on the death of Washington—"first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen. "
On 27 July 1812, in Baltimore, while helping to resist the attack of a Democratic-Republican mob on his friend, Alexander Contee Hanson, editor of the Baltimore Federal Republican, which had opposed the War of 1812, Lee received grave injuries from which he never recovered. Events 1214 - Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England. Year 1812 ( MDCCCXII) a leap year started on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year Alexander Contee Hanson ( February 27, 1786 &ndash April 23, 1819) was an American lawyer publisher and statesman The War of 1812 was fought between the United States of America and the British Empire, particularly Great Britain and her North American colonies
Lee and about two dozen Federalists had taken refuge in the three-story office building on Charles Street. With the help of Brigadier General John Stricker and other city officials, Lee and the rest surrendered the following day and were escorted to the county jail a mile away. Laborer George Woolslager led a mob that forced its way into the jail and removed and beat the jailed Federalists and Lee over the next three hours. One Federalist, James M. Lingan, died.
Lee suffered extensive internal injuries as well as head and face wounds, and even his speech was affected. Lee later sailed to the West Indies in an attempt to heal his wounds. The Caribbean (ˌkærəˡbiən kæ'rəbiən Cariben|Caraïben or Caraïben; Caraïbe or more commonly Antilles; Caribe is a Region consisting He died at "Dungeness" on March 25, 1818 (Dungeness was built on Cumberland Island, Georgia by Nathanael Greene as a summer home). Events 1199 - Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6. Year 1818 ( MDCCCXVIII) was a Common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Common Cumberland Island is one of the Sea Islands. Cumberland is the largest in terms of continuously exposed land area of Georgia's Barrier islands It is located The State of Georgia ( is a state in the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule Nathanael Greene ( August 7 1742 &ndash June 19, 1786) was a Major general of the Continental Army in the American Greene's daughter Louisa was in possession of the house at the time of Lee's death.
Lee was buried with full military honors provided by an American fleet stationed near the St. Marys. For many years his body rested in the same little cemetery as Louisa's mother, Catherine, but in 1913 his remains were removed to the Lee family crypt at Lee Chapel, on the campus of Washington & Lee University in Lexington, Virginia. Lee Chapel is a National Historic Landmark in Lexington Virginia, on the campus of Washington & Lee University. Washington and Lee University is a private liberal arts college in Lexington Virginia, USA Lexington is an Independent city within the confines of Rockbridge County in the Commonwealth of Virginia. 
Lee wrote the valuable Memoirs of the War in the Southern Department (1812; 3rd ed. , with memoir by his son Robert E. Lee, 1869) while in debtor's prison.
His brother Richard Bland Lee was a U. Richard Bland Lee ( January 20, 1761 – March 12, 1827) was a planter jurist and politician from Fairfax County Virginia. S. Congressman from Virginia for three terms.
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911 is a 29-volume reference work that marked the beginning of the Encyclopædia Britannica The public domain is a range of abstract materials &ndash commonly referred to as Intellectual property &ndash which are not owned or controlled by anyone
|Governor of Virginia|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Virginia's 19th congressional district
March 4, 1799–March 3, 1801 (obsolete district)
The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a Biographical dictionary of all present and former members of the United States Congress as Beverley Randolph ( September 11, 1755 &ndash February 1797 was an American politician from Virginia. The Governor of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term This article is about the governor of Virginia For the governor of St Walter Jones ( December 18, 1745 &ndash December 31, 1815) was an eighteenth and nineteenth century politician and physician These are tables of congressional delegations from Virginia to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. Virginia Congressional District 19 is an obsolete congressional district in Virginia. Events 51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title Princeps iuventutis (head of the youth Year 1799 ( MDCCXCIX) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Events 1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England 1575 - Indian Year 1801 ( MDCCCI) was a Common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common year starting on Tuesday Edwin Gray ( July 18, 1743 &ndash 18?? was an eighteenth century and nineteenth century politician and lawyer from Virginia.