|Helsinki University of Technology|
|Motto:||Labor et scientia|
Latin for "Work and science"
|Type:||Public state university|
|Location:||Espoo, in Greater Helsinki, Finland|
|Funding:||€230 million per year |
Helsinki University of Technology (TKK) (Finnish: Teknillinen korkeakoulu; Swedish: Tekniska högskolan) is the premier technical university in Finland. A motto (from the Italian word motto, meaning witticism sentence is a phrase meant to formally describe the general motivation or intention of a social group Latin ( lingua Latīna, laˈtiːna is an Italic language, historically spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. The date of establishment or date of founding of an Institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point Year 1849 ( MDCCCXLIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common A public university is a University that is predominantly funded by public means through a national or subnational government as opposed to private universities. The word rector ("ruler" from the Latin regere and Rector meaning "Teacher" In Latin has a number of different meanings but all of them indicate an academic Employment is a Contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation Verb "studēre" Espoo (ˈespoː Esbo ( in Swedish) is the second largest city of Finland, with a population of approximately 240000 Greater Helsinki (Suur-Helsinki Swedish: Storhelsingfors) Capital Region ( Pääkaupunkiseutu, Huvudstadsregionen) Helsinki Finland, officially the Republic of Finland ( is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of northern Europe. Otaniemi ( Otnäs in Swedish is a district in Espoo, Finland. Please update other articles as well to avoid contradiction within Wikipedia e A website (alternatively web site or Web site, a back-construction from the Proper noun World Wide Web) is a collection of Web pages Finnish ( or suomen kieli) is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland (92% As of 2006) and by ethnic Finns outside Swedish ( is a North Germanic language spoken by more than nine million people predominantly in Sweden and parts of Finland, especially along the A university is an institution of Higher education and Research, which grants Academic degrees in a variety of subjects Finland, officially the Republic of Finland ( is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of northern Europe. It is located in Otaniemi, Espoo in the area of Greater Helsinki. Otaniemi ( Otnäs in Swedish is a district in Espoo, Finland. Espoo (ˈespoː Esbo ( in Swedish) is the second largest city of Finland, with a population of approximately 240000 Greater Helsinki (Suur-Helsinki Swedish: Storhelsingfors) Capital Region ( Pääkaupunkiseutu, Huvudstadsregionen) Helsinki
Helsinki University of Technology was founded in 1849 and received university status in 1908. Year 1849 ( MDCCCXLIX) was a Common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common Year 1908 ( MCMVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year It moved from Helsinki to Otaniemi campus area in 1966. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar.
The university has 246 professors and approximately 15,000 students in four faculties and 19 degree programmes. A faculty is a division within a University. The concept of a university with different faculties for different subjects dates back to Al-Azhar University, which had As per definition of a technical university in Finland, TKK only gives education leading to the Master's level degree, and higher. The following degrees are available: an engineer's degree (diplomi-insinööri, or DI), architect, landscape architect, Licenciate of Technology, and Doctor of Technology. An engineer's degree is a graduate Academic degree intermediate in rank between a Master's degree and a doctoral degree in the United States Diplomi-insinööri, in Swedish diplomingenjör, is a Finnish 6-year Engineer's degree comparable to a Master of Science in Engineering granted e An architect is a licensed individual who leads a design team in the Planning and Design of buildings and participates in oversight of Building Construction A landscape architect is a person involved in the planning design and sometimes oversight of an exterior landscape or space Licentiate (from Latin licentia docendi = permission/right to teach is the title of a person who holds an Academic degree called a License. The Doctor of Technology (DTech degree is conferred upon candidates after having completed a course of study in technology and a project of lengthy duration in a technologically-related For the education available, see reference 
TKK is known, among other things, for its Low Temperature Lab, which has set the world record for the lowest temperature, and has had several other notable scientific successes. TKK's mobile communications research and teaching is considered to be among the best in the world and TKK is also one of the leading universities in the world when it comes to the chemical technology involved in wood processing. Wood Processing is a form of a doing that is when you take a perfectly good piece of wood and you make it into a new piece Wood products includ Paper, from pulp The first commercialised total synthesis, the synthesis of camphor, was invented by Gustaf Komppa, the first professor of chemistry at TKK . In principle a total synthesis is the complete Chemical synthesis of complex organic Molecules from simpler pieces usually without the aid of biological } Camphor is a waxy white or transparent solid with a strong aromatic odor Gustaf Komppa (1867-1949 was a Finnish chemist best known for a world-first in commercializing Total synthesis, that of Camphor in 1903 Also, Nobel laureate Artturi Virtanen has held a position as professor at the chemistry department. This is a list of Nobel Prize Laureates awarded for their outstanding contributions to Humanitarian causes for Peace, work in Literature Artturi Ilmari Virtanen ( pronounced) ( January 15, 1895 &ndash November 11, 1973) was a Finnish chemist and recipient The aim of TKK is to rank among the top ten universities of technology in Europe.
Much of the Otaniemi campus is designed by the world-renowned architect Alvar Aalto. Otaniemi ( Otnäs in Swedish is a district in Espoo, Finland. Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto ( February 3, 1898 — May 11, 1976) was a Finnish Architect and Designer, sometimes
In 1849, TKK was established in Helsinki by the Imperial decree of the Russian Emperor Nicholas I, Grand Duke of Finland as a "manufacture and handiwork school", with the name Helsingin teknillinen reaalikoulu, along with two other similar schools, situated in Vaasa and Turku. Helsinki (in Finnish;) or Helsingfors (in Swedish;) is the Capital and largest city of Finland. At different times a ruler of the territory of modern Russia bore the title of Kniaz (translated as Duke or Prince) Velikiy Kniaz (translated Grand Duke of Finland, or more correctly translated Grand Prince of Finland ( Storfurste av Finland Suomen suuriruhtinas was from around 1580 Vaasa ( Swedish: Vasa) is a city on the west coast of Finland. Turku, in Swedish Åbo ( pronounced,) is a city and the original capital of Finland on the southwest coast of Finland at the In 1872, the school's name was changed to Polyteknillinen koulu ("Polytechnical School") and in 1878, to Polyteknillinen opisto ("Polytechnical Institute"), while the two other manufacture and handiwork schools were demoted to institutions of lower level. Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Year 1878 ( MDCCCLXXVIII) was a Common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Common As the proportion of matriculation diploma holders in the student intake gradually increased, the school gained more social respectability. Abitur (from Latin abire = go away go off is a designation used in Germany and Finland for final exams that young adults take at the end of In 1908, TKK was given university status along with its present name, thus becoming the second university to be founded in Finland. Year 1908 ( MCMVIII) was a Leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar (or a Leap year In 1955, building of the new campus area started with the housing village. In 1966, TKK moved from Helsinki to the new campus in Otaniemi, Espoo.
TKK was also known under the abbreviations HUT and TH from its English language and Swedish language names, but in 2005 a decision was made to officially solely use the abbreviation TKK for branding reasons. Year 2005 ( MMV) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. A brand is a collection of Images and ideas representing an economic producer more specifically it refers to the descriptive verbal attributes and concrete symbols such as a
In 2005, Bologna process was implemented and in 2008, the organizational structure was changed. The purpose of the Bologna process (or Bologna accords is to create the European higher education area by making Academic degree standards and quality assurance standards There is a plan to merge TKK, Helsinki School of Economics and University of Art and Design Helsinki, although these schools would remain as sub-units of the new Aalto University. Helsinki School of Economics ( HSE, Finnish: Helsingin kauppakorkeakoulu) is the premier Business University in Finland University of Art and Design Helsinki ( Taideteollinen korkeakoulu in Finnish) is the largest Art university in the Nordic countries Aalto University (Aalto-yliopisto formerly fi Aalto-korkeakoulu, Aalto-universitetet formerly sv Aalto-högskolan) is a Finnish University
Nearly all programmes lead to the degree of diplomi-insinööri ("engineer with university diploma"), a Master's level degree taking six years to complete (as a median). Diplomi-insinööri, in Swedish diplomingenjör, is a Finnish 6-year Engineer's degree comparable to a Master of Science in Engineering granted e In Probability theory and Statistics, a median is described as the number separating the higher half of a sample a population or a Probability distribution The only exceptions to this are the architecture programmes that lead to the Master's level degrees of an architect or a landscape architect. From 2005, according to the Bologna process, all students must also complete an intermediate degree (tekniikan kandidaatti, TkK) before the DI or architect degree. The purpose of the Bologna process (or Bologna accords is to create the European higher education area by making Academic degree standards and quality assurance standards This degree is considered a Bachelor's degree and enables enrollment in foreign universities where a Bachelor degree is required. TKK does not offer Bachelor-level only programs; a student may only be accepted to study for the Master's level degree. TKK requires a Bachelor's degree from foreign students studying in English, because only Master's studies are completely in English.
Apart from numerous programs in Finnish language, the following Programs are exclusively for studies in English:
TKK is known for its state-of-the-art research in mobile communication. With a close collaboration with Nokia (headquarters 1. Nokia Corporation (pronunciation /'nɔkiɑ/),,) is a Finnish multinational Communications Corporation, headquartered 8 km from TKK) and Ericsson, TKK is currently playing an active role in determining of the future of mobile communication. Ericsson ( Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson) () one of the largest Swedish companies is a leading provider of telecommunication and data communication systems This research and other related work is carried out under the patronage of Department of Electrical and Communication Engineering. The Department consists of different laboratories and Centres of Excellence.
A Centre of Excellence (huippuyksikkö) is selected by the Academy of Finland to represent the top research in the country, and receives separate, fixed-period funding from the Academy. Cenex, or the Centre of Excellence For Low Carbon & Fuel Cell Technologies is a UK industry-led Public-private partnership, i The Academy of Finland (Suomen Akatemia is a governmental Funding body for Scientific research in Finland. Currently, the following units are designated Centres of Excellence. 
TKK is located in Otaniemi, Espoo. The University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto Helsingfors universitet is a University located in Helsinki, Finland since 1829 but founded The University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto Helsingfors universitet is a University located in Helsinki, Finland since 1829 but founded The University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto Helsingfors universitet is a University located in Helsinki, Finland since 1829 but founded Helsinki School of Economics ( HSE, Finnish: Helsingin kauppakorkeakoulu) is the premier Business University in Finland The University of Oulu ( Oulun yliopisto in Finnish) is the third largest university in Finland. The Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT (in Finnish until 2003 Lappeenrannan teknillinen korkeakoulu, LTKK and from 2003 Lappeenrannan Otaniemi ( Otnäs in Swedish is a district in Espoo, Finland. Several high-tech firms, the forest industry's experimental laboratory KCL, and business incubators Innopoli and Technopolis are also situated there. Business incubators are programs designed to accelerate the successful development of Entrepreneurial companies through an array of business support resources and services developed It is also directly adjacent to Keilaniemi, with Life Science Center and the headquarters of several firms (Nokia, Fortum, etc. Keilaniemi (Kägeludden is a district in the south-eastern part of Espoo, Finland. ). The area is connected by a 15-minute bus ride to the center of Helsinki.
TKK is known to have an active student community and technology students (teekkaris) are highly noticeable, as they wear a distinctive hat and often brightly colored overalls to many of their happenings. The community has also organised important charity events and a term of their invention, tempaus, has entered common language. TKK students are also famous for, and Finland's leading practitioners of, student pranks (similar to MIT hacks). A prank is defined as "acting like a clown or buffoon" or "dressing showily" or alternatively "a ludicrous or grotesque act done for fun and amusement" Hack (technology slang|Roof and tunnel hackingAn MIT hack is defined as a clever benign and ethical prank or practical joke at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Their most widely publicised stunt took place in 1961, when a team of students smuggled a statue of Paavo Nurmi onto the 300-year-old wreck of Regalskeppet Vasa just days before its lifting from the bottom of the sea. Year 1961 ( MCMLXI) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. Paavo Johannes Nurmi ( ( 13 June 1897 &ndash 2 October 1973) was a Finnish runner. History During the 17th century Sweden went from being a small poor and peripheral northern European kingdom of little influence to one of the major players in continental politics
The Student Union of Helsinki University of Technology (TKY, Finnish: Teknillisen Korkeakoulun Ylioppilaskunta) is the interest group for the students of the university. A students' union, student government, student senate, students' association, or guild of students is a Student Organization In 2006 it had 11,187 members, which includes all the students of the university, as is stipulated by Finnish law. It was founded in 1872. Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year
TKK is also one of the two universities in Finland to host one or more Nations, a Finnish type of student corporation. Corporation refers to different kinds of student organizations worldwide The only nation at TKK is Teknologföreningen (TF) and its goal is to unite Swedish-speaking students at TKK. Teknologföreningen is the only nation, a kind of Finnish student corporation, at the Helsinki University of Technology. Teknologföreningen was founded in 1872, that is, prior to the student union. Year 1872 ( MDCCCLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian Calendar (or a Leap year Teknologföreningen also has its own building opposite to Dipoli called Urdsgjallar, completed in 1966. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. TKK also used to have a Finnish-speaking student nation Tekniikan Ylioppilaat, but it was disbanded in 1972 and its functions given to the university student union. Year 1972 ( MCMLXXII) was a Leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The system with a separate Finnish-speaking nation in a university with an overwhelming majority of Finnish-speaking students was considered unnecessary. Most regional Finnsh-speaking nations at Helsinki University also accept TKK-students as members. The University of Helsinki (Helsingin yliopisto Helsingfors universitet is a University located in Helsinki, Finland since 1829 but founded .
The Otaniemi area is known as the only actual campus in Finland, where student housing is immediately adjacent to the university buildings. Otaniemi ( Otnäs in Swedish is a district in Espoo, Finland. A campus is traditionally the land on which a College or University and related institutional buildings are situated The housing area, known as Teekkarikylä (technology student village), is owned mostly by the student union and partly by HOAS (Helsinki Student Housing Fund). The housing is characterised by the presence of foreign students of many nationalities. As of 2005, the village offers housing for approximately 2,600 students.
Construction of the Otaniemi campus was started in 1950, in order for the first buildings to host the athletes of the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. Year 1950 ( MCML) was a Common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar of the Gregorian calendar. The 1952 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad, were an International Multi-sport event held in Helsinki, Finland An interesting fact is that some of the building material originally used for the campus came from the former Soviet Union embassy, which had been destroyed during World War II, as a result of bombings by Soviet Union itself. World War II, or the Second World War, (often abbreviated WWII) was a global military conflict which involved a majority of the world's nations, including The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR was a constitutionally Socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991 Later the student housing has been used for housing athletes again in a number of athletics events, sometimes to the dismay of the students that have to move out during the events. The quality of the Otaniemi student housing holds a high standard in international comparison.
The campus includes the former student union building and convention centre Dipoli, named as the second Poli, the second building of the polytechnic students. Dipoli is a conference center located in Otaniemi, Espoo, Finland as a part of the campus of the Helsinki University of Technology (TKK The original first building being located formerly in the Helsinki centre. Dipoli was designed by Reima and Raili Pietilä and was completed in 1966. Reima Pietilä ( August 25, 1923 – August 26, 1993) was a Finnish Architect. Year 1966 ( MCMLXVI) was a Common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. However in 1993 the building was transformed into a training centre of the university. Year 1993 ( MCMXCIII) was a Common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar) Although the student union has rented out the property due to high maintenance costs it is still regularly used for conventions, congresses and student parties.
In addition to the student union TKK students have formed numerous associations for studies, cultural activity and sports. In 2007, there were some 150 associations maintained by university students. In 2006, two-thirds of the student union members were members of "the guilds". The guilds are student associations uniting students inside their faculty, e. g. the Guild of Electrical Engineers.
Currently this list includes only the associations known to have English Wikipedia articles.